1949 After many years of misery through the depression and World War 11 postwar prosperity is starting to get underway with companies now able to supply the cars, Televisions and the other goods demanded in a consumer society. The cars got bigger, the TV's got bigger, with some 6.2 million new cars sold in the US and nearly 10 million Televisions in American homes, A new type of TV programme appeared we now call Soap Operas ( the name came from the fact many soap manufacturers sponsored the shows to catch the stay at home mum with advertising ) . China became a communist country and Russia had the Nuclear Bomb which increased the tension between East and West ( The Cold War ).


How Much things cost in 1949
Yearly Inflation Rate U.S.A. -0.95% UK 2.6%

Average Cost of new house $7,450.00 Average wages per year $2,950.00 Cost of a gallon of Gas 17 cents Average Cost of a new car $1,420.00 Minimum Hourly Wage Rate 70 cents per hour Bacon per pound 50 cents Dobbs Hat $8.50 Kitchen Table and Chairs $100.00 Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 1,911

What Events Happened in 1949

Germany
  • Berlin Blockadeofficially comes to an end on May 12th and the airlift ends on September 30th
More Information and Timeline for the Berlin Airlift
1. At the end of World War II, the Allied forces divided Germany into U.S., Great Britain, France, and Soviet Union controlled areas in 1945. With the Soviet Union's zone covering the eastern half of Germany and the other three zones covering the western half. The capital of Berlin was located on the eastern side but also divided into sections.
2. By 1948, the U.S., British, and French zones created a shared currency in an attempt to join their zones together to make them more economically strong.
3. The Soviet Union was angered by the attempt to unify the western half of the country and feared it would destabilize their half of the country with half West Berlin becoming a stronger capitalist force in the middle of their communist controlled area of Germany.
4. On June 24, 1948 the Soviet Union began a blockade of West Berlin so that West Germany could not communicate with the capital.
5. The Berlin Airlift began on June 26, 1948 when the Allies decided to deliver food and important supplies to West Berlin by air.
6. During the airlift, between 5,000 and 8,000 tons of supplies were delivered daily.
7. By May 12, 1949 the Soviet Union ended the blockade because it was clearly not successful in breaking up the Allies unification efforts in West Germany.
8. The Allies continued the airlift until September 30th, 1949 in order to stock up on supplies in West Berlin because they feared another Soviet blockade. This was one of the first major incidents and conflicts to happen in the Cold War.

Ecuador
  • 6.75 Richter scale earthquake in Ecuador kills 6000 and destroys 50 towns
Russia
  • Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb.
NATO
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Established
Germany
  • Federal Republic of Germany officially founded
Indonesia
  • Indonesia gains it's independence From Netherlands
China
  • The Communist People’s Republic of China is proclaimed under Mao Tse Tung.
More Information and Timeline for the People's Republic of China
Communist leader Mao Zedong establishes the People’s Republic of China on October 1st, 1949 after the Nationalist leader Chang Kai-Shek flees to Taiwan. The nationalists and communists had been in an on and off civil war for control of the country since the late 1920s. A new communist nation was created after the former government was forced to leave and took over the island of Taiwan. The People’s Republic of China officially replaced the Republic of China in the United Nations in 1971.

Taiwan
  • Republic of China / Taiwan on the island of Formosa comes into being following the defeat by Mao Tse Tung
Worldwide
  • The Geneva Convention is agreed providing an agreement on the treatment of prisoners.
More Information and Timeline for the Fourth Geneva Convention
The Fourth Geneva Convention was agreed upon on August 12, 1949. The previous three Geneva Conventions had primarily dealt with rules of war for combatants and the measure to protect civilians in the fourth Geneva Convention was largely a reaction to the atrocities committed against civilians during World War II. The Convention details the rules and guidelines for treating “protected persons” in times of armed conflict. It outlaws murder, torture, degradation and humiliation, hostage taking, and sentencing or executing persons in the absence of a court. While the rules were only binding on the original signatories of the Convention, by 1993 the UN stated that the Geneva Conventions had become customary international law to all nations.

U.S.
  • RCA Perfects a system for broadcasting color television
U.S.
  • First Polaroid Camera sold for $89.95
U.S.
  • President Harry S. Truman authorizes $16 million in aid for Palestinian refugees
U.S.
  • President Harry S. Truman gave his fair deal speech. He expressed his thoughts on how every American should expect a “fair deal” from the U.S. government.
U.S.
  • The Emmy Awards for US Television first presented
U.S.
  • First Volkswagen Beetle The Peoples Car sold in US
Germany
  • The first car with a Porsche badge is shown at the International Automobile Show in Geneva ( Porsche 356 )
UK
  • De-Havilland Comet first commercial passenger jet airliner takes it's first test flight on July 27th
South Africa
  • Apartheid Made official Policy of National party in South Africa
Canada
  • Newfoundland Joins Canada Confederation
United States





Technology


Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use ) 1949

The first automatic street lights are installed in New Milford, Connecticut
45 rpm Record USA

The world's first commercially available computer The Ferranti Mark 1 Released


Popular Culture

  • George Orwell's book Nineteen Eighty-Four is published
  • 45 rpm discs are introduced
  • First Polaroid Camera History sold for $89.95
  • "A" your adorable " by Perry Como
  • "Mule Train " by Frankie laine
  • FILM Twelve O'Clock High
  • First Polaroid Camera sold for $89.95
  • Frank Sinatra stars in "On The Town" with Gene Kelly
  • Rodgers and Hammerstein debut the musical "South Pacific" on Broadway

Born This Year

Larry Holmes November 3rd
Jeff Bridges December 4th
Lionel Richie June 20th
Bruce Springsteen September 23rd
John Belushi February 4th -- Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Patrick Duffy March 17th -- Townsend, Montana, U.S.
Gloria Gaynor September 7th -- Newark, New Jersey, United States
Maurice Gibb December 22nd -- Isle of Man
Andy Kaufman January 17th -- New York City, New York, United States
Jessica Lange April 20th -- Cloquet, Minnesota, U.S.
Meryl Streep June 22nd -- Summit, New Jersey, U.S.
Vera Wang June 27th -- New York, New York, U.S.
Sigourney Weaver October 8th -- Manhattan, New York, U.S.



1949 Calendar


Major World Political Leaders

Australia Prime Minister Ben Chifley Till 19 December
Australia Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies From 19 December
Brazil President Gaspar Dutra Canada Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent

China Chairman of the People's Republic of China Mao Zedong

France President Vincent Auriol

Germany Chancellor Konrad Adenauer From 15 September
India Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru

Italy Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi

Japan Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida Mexico President Miguel Alemán Valdés Russia / Soviet Union
Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars Joseph Stalin South Africa Prime Minister Daniel François Malan United States President Harry S. Truman United Kingdom Prime Minister Clement Attlee

Political Elections


Canadian Federal Election 1949 Louis St. Laurent ( Liberal ) defeats George A. Drew ( Progressive Conservatives ).