The People History Home

Years and Decades

  • 1923 100 Years Ago
    Prices : Electric Sewing Machine Price: $78.95
    Popular Music : Time Magazine is launched, The Ten Commandments directed by Cecil B. DeMille
    News Events :King Tut Burial Chamber, Yankee Stadium, Time Magazine, Insulin Used For Diabetes, Great Kanto earthquake

  • 1928 95 Years Ago
    Prices :Olympic Flyer Wagon $4.98
    Popular Culture : Mickey Mouse appears in Steamboat Willie, Home Pregnancy Test is first introduced
    News Events : The cartoon star Mickey Mouse appears in Steamboat Willie St. Francis Dam Some of the Southern California towns that suffered included Castaic, Saugus, Santa Paula, Saticoy, and Filmore. World - First Trans-Pacific Flight Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin

  • 1933 90 Years Ago
    Prices : Average wages per year $1,550.00
    Popular Culture : The original King Kong Movie is shown The First ever drive in Theatre is established in New Jersey
    News Events : 25% US unemployment, dust storms, Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany, Repeal of prohibition, Golden Gate Bridge

  • 1938 85 Years Ago
    Prices : Average wages per year $1,780.00
    Popular Culture : Orson Welles's radio adaptation of The War of the Worlds is broadcast, Seabiscuit and War Admiral have their long awaited race to decide the best horse -- Seabiscuit beats War Admiral
    News Events March of Dimes, (Fannie Mae - FNMA) Established, Neville Chamberlain declares (Peace in our time), War of the Worlds,

  • 1943 80 Years Ago
    Prices : Cost of a gallon of Gas 15 cents
    Popular Films :

    For Whom the Bell Tolls

    Heaven Can Wait

    Lassie Come Home

    News Events : Pentagon completed, Warsaw Jewish Ghetto Uprising, America sees it's first rationing, German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces

  • 1948 75 Years Ago
    Prices :Movie Ticket 60 Cents
    Popular Culture : The game of Scrabble is introduced
    News Events : Mahatma Gandhi is murdered, Porsche is founded, technology advances include Random Access Storage Device, Long Playing Record, Velcro and Transistor Radio, Apartheid begins in South Africa

  • 1953 70 Years Ago
    Prices : Average Cost of Rent $85.00 per month
    Popular Culture : Ian Fleming publishes his first James Bond novel, Casino Royale in the United Kingdom , Playboy Magazine's 1st issue features Marilyn Monroe as its first cover girl and nude centerfold.
    News Events : Korean War Ends, Polio Vaccine Developed, Queen Elizabeth II, North Sea flood, Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Mount Everest

  • 1958 65 Years Ago
    Prices : Average Cost of new house $12,750.00
    Popular Music : Elvis Presley , Billie Holiday , Ricky Nelson , Frank Sinatra
    News Events : NASA Formed, Munich air disaster, Wham-O company introduces the Hula Hoop, Sir Edmund Hillary reaches the South Pole,

  • 1963 60 Years Ago
    Prices : Cost of a gallon of Gas 29 cents
    Popular Culture : This was the year an Insurance firm State Mutual Life Insurance invented the Smiley Face found on anything and everything around the world including T Shirts , it's popularity was at it's peak in the 1960's
    News Events : President John F Kennedy assassinated, ZIP Codes Introduced, Beatlemania, Profumo Scandal, Alcatraz Closes, Ku Klux Klan dynamite Baptist Church

  • 1968 55 Years Ago
    Prices : Movie Ticket $1.50
    Popular Music : The Beatles with -- " Hey Jude " Simon and Garfunkel -- " Mrs Robinson " Marvin Gaye -- " I heard it through the Grapevine "
    News Events : Prague Spring Czechoslovakia, Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., The Poor Peoples March on Washington, D.C, Senator Robert Kennedy Assassinated, Redwood National Park created

  • 1973 50 Years Ago
    Prices : Component-type 8-track stereo tape player $44.50
    Popular Music : Pink Floyd " Dark Side Of The Moon " Rolling Stones with " Angie " Elton John with " Crocodile Rock "
    News Events OPEC Oil Embargo, Roe v. Wade Decision, Secretariat Triple Crown, US Troops withdrawn from Vietnam, Sears Tower is completed, IRA Bombing on UK Mainland

  • 1983 40 Years Ago
    Prices : Cost of a gallon of Gas 96 cents
    Popular Music : Final Episode of M*A*S*H airs record 125 million watch Cabbage Patch Dolls are sold in shops and become a success
    News Events : U.S Embassy bombed in Beirut, IRA Bomb Exploded outside Harrods, Ethiopia Famine Kills Millions, Cruise Missiles Deployed in Europe

  • 1993 30 Years Ago
    Prices : Average Income per year $31,230.00
    Popular Movies : Jurassic Park, Sleepless in Seattle , Schindler's List , Mrs. Doubtfire
    News Events :Brady bill signed into law, World Trade Center Bombing, Ethnic Fighting Bosnia, Beanie Babies Launched

  • 2003 20 Years Ago
    Prices : Cost of a gallon of Gas $1.83
    Popular Music :

    Elton John


    Christina Aguilera

    Limp Bizkit


    News Events :Human Genome Project, Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster, Final Concorde Flight, U.S. invasion of Iraq, Do Not Call List

  • 2013 10 Years Ago
    Prices : Cost of a gallon of Gas $3.80
    News Events : Boston Marathon Bombing, US Government Shut Down, Target Security Breach, Edward Snowden leaks information about the NSA's secret internet and cell-phone data gathering program, massive EF-5 tornado hits Moore, Oklahoma on May 20th

  • 1800s: A Century of Changes

    With the creation of the United States just prior to the turn of the century (the U.S. Constitution became effective in 1791), the 1800s saw much of the modern Western world establish itself. During the beginning of the 1800s many nations were created within areas of the "New World" and Africa was continually colonized. The U.S. doubled its size in 1803 with the Louisiana Purchase, and by the early to mid-1800s the development of the steam engine became the catalyst for the Industrial Revolution. Civil War broke out in the United States in the middle of the 1800s, it ended in 1865 with the abolition of slavery. The discovery of new fuel sources like petroleum and electricity kicked industrialization into high-gear. By the end of the century, advances in communications with the creation of the telephone meant that the world was becoming increasingly connected.
  • 1900s: Modernization and World War I

    During the 1900s and 1910s the shift to an industrial society was nearly complete as factory work became the norm and the agrarian economy became more reliant machines. With Henry Ford's introduction of the assembly line in 1913, productivity increased and improved pay, benefits, and working conditions created an expanding middle class. Mass manufacturing of consumer goods transformed the way people lived their lives and more leisure time meant that the consumption of entertainment increased. The newly invented automobile and newly developed mass transportation systems like subways, trams, and rail, meant that traveling became easier. The advancement of industry and technology, while improving the lives of many, also paved the way for mass destruction as illustrated during World War I. The a global conflict was the deadliest in modern history up until that point.
  • 1920s: Jazz Age and Prohibition

    At the end of the First World War, the well-intentioned League of Nations was established in 1920, and the aggressors of the war, particularly Germany, were punished with steep reparations. The aftermath of the war led to an unstable and economically struggling Europe, causing countries like Germany and Italy to turn to nationalism and fascism and countries like England and France and the U.S. to turn to isolationism. In the U.S., for much of the decade, the economy boomed, Jazz music was popular, the prohibition of alcohol (18th Amendment in 1920) created an underground economy ruled by gangsters, and women who had just received the right to vote (19th Amendment ratified in 1920) emulated the freedom-loving Flapper girl. The 1920s also marked a decade full of huge advances in flight technology with Charles Lindbergh completing the first non-stop transatlantic flight from New York to Paris in 1927 . Around the rest of the globe, Communism spread throughout the Soviet Union and China, which also led to civil war. In October of 1929, the U.S. Stock Market crashed, quickly spiraling the U.S. economy into the Great Depression, joining much of the rest of the world that had already been plunged into economic chaos.

This Month In History



1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany, 1956 Elvis Presley appears on Ed Sullivan's show, 2001 9/11 Attacks on World Trade Center and Pentagon, 1975 Inflation hits 26% in the UK, 1960 Chubby Checker has a number 1 record with The Twist, 1937 J.R.R. Tolkien's "The Hobbit" published, 1908 First factory-built Ford Model T completed, 1981 Sandra Day O'Connor becomes first female U.S. Supreme Court justice in history

Other Months and Sections



1937 Federal Old Age Pensions started, 1942 United Nations established, 1929 Influenza Epidemic death toll over 200,000, 1914 Henry Ford introduces $5.00 per day wages, 2007 Apple introduces the Apple iPhone, 1952 "Today" Program Begins on NBC, 1966 Indira Gandhi becomes prime minister of India, 1920 Prohibition takes effect, 2008 Black Monday in worldwide stock markets, 1935 First Canned Beer Sold, 1926 John Logie Baird first public demonstration of a television system, 1951 Nevada Nuclear Test begin In Nevada1986 The space shuttle Challenger explodes, 1969 The Beatles make their last public performance



1925 Sears Roebuck opens its first store, 1949 First 45 RPM vinyl record released, 1959 Barbie Doll invented by Ruth Handler, 2004 Facebook is founded by Mark Zuckerberg, 1910 Boy Scouts of America incorporated, 1952 Queen Elizabeth II becomes Queen, 1990 Nelson Mandela is released from prison after 27 years, 1929 St. Valentine's Day Massacre, 1879 1st Woolworth 5 Cents store opened, 1991 Gulf War Ends



1936 Hoover Dam (Boulder Dam) is completed, 1965 "The Sound of Music" starring Julie Andrews and Christopher Plummer has its world premiere in New York, 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated as the 32nd president of the United States, 1876 Alexander Graham Bell receives a patent for his revolutionary new invention the telephone, 1974 Work on the 800 mile long Alaska Oil pipeline begins, 1931 Nevada Legalizes Gambling, 1995 Sarin gas terrorist attack on the Japanese Subway, 1981 Prince Charles and Diana Wedding, 1963 The Beatles' first album "Please Please Me" is released in England, 1973 Pink Floyd release the album "Dark Side of the Moon," 1980 Mount St. Helen's Erupts 1961 U.S. President John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps



2005 Pope John Paul II Dies, 2010 Apple Releases iPad, 1968 Martin Luther King Jr. murdered, 1865 Robert E. Lee surrenders, 1954 Bill Haley and the Comets record "Rock Around the Clock," 1999 Columbine High School Shooting, 2010 Deepwater Horizon explodes in the Gulf of Mexico, 1989 Student Protest Tiananmen Square, 1985 The Coca-Cola Company announced New Coke, 1956 Elvis Presley has his first number one hit with "Heartbreak Hotel," 1994 Nelson Mandela voted as President of South Africa



1931 The Empire State Building in New York officially opens, 1979 Margaret Thatcher becomes British Prime Minister, 1937 The German airship Hindenburg (the largest dirigible ever built) burst into flames, 1945 VE Day/Victory In Europe Declared, 1948 The independent state of Israel is proclaimed as British rule in Palestine came to an end, 1954 The United States Supreme Court ruled unanimously in Brown v. Board of Education, 1977 First of the Star Wars films opens, 1911 The first ever running of the Indianapolis 500



1938 Superman appears for the first time in D.C. Comics, 1967 Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band released by the Beatles, 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests end when Chinese troops kill hundreds, 1944 World War II Operation Overlord/D-Day, 1994 O.J. Simpson police car chase following the murder of his wife Nicole Brown Simpson, 1982 The Falkland Islands War ends, 1975 The summer blockbuster movie "Jaws" is released, 1944 President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the GI Bill, 1959 The St. Lawrence Seaway has its official opening, 1997 First Harry Potter book "Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone" released in the UK



1776 United States Declaration of Independence signed, 1996 The first cloning of an animal Dolly the Sheep, 1985 The Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior is sunk, 2008 Oil hits an all time high of $147 a barrel, 1954 "Operation Wetback" is launched by the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1923 Insulin introduced, 1969 Apollo 11 astronauts make history when the first man lands on the moon, 1956 Suez Crisis begins 1971 Voting Age in the United States is lowered to 18



1990 Iraq Invades Kuwait, 1914 Germany and France declare war, 1989 The US Savings and Loan Crisis, 1974 Richard Nixon announces his resignation, 1945 Atomic Bomb dropped on Nagasaki, 1945 Truman announces Japanese surrender, 1981 IBM releases its first Personal Computer, 1914 Panama Canal opens, 1969 Woodstock Music Festival, 1968 Prague Spring in Czechoslovakia, 2005 Hurricane Katrina strikes New Orleans



1927 Work begins on Mount Rushmore, 1947 US minimum wage of 40 cents per hour, 1973 Sydney Opera House opens, 1966 Aberfan Disaster, 1929 Wall Street crash (Black Monday)



1938 Seabiscuit race against War Admiral at Pimlico, 1969 Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) established, 1979 U.S. embassy in Tehran 90 hostages taken, 1960 Senator John F. Kennedy wins the election for the president of the United States, 1989 Berlin Wall comes down allowing East and West Berlin to visit, 1926 U.S. Route 66 established, 1990 Sir Tim Berners-Lee formal proposal for the World Wide Web



1990 Channel Tunnel links UK to Europe, 1984 Bhopal Chemical Accident, 1954 First Burger King is opened in Miami, 1941 US enters World War II, 1939 Gone With The Wind premieres, 1983 Harrods Department Store bombing, 1997 The film "Titanic" opened in American theaters, 2004 A tsunami caused by an earthquake under the Indian Ocean leaves 216,000 dead in 13 countries

  • Fashion Clothing Over The Years
    Find hundreds of fashion images from the 1920s to the 2000s in our clothes and accessories page. Check out how fashion has changed in the past 100 years from flapper styles in the 1920s, Hollywood glamour of the 1930s, work clothes for the 1940s, excessive dresses from the 1950s, mini skirts of the 1960s, 1970s Fashions disco glitz, colorful and bold styles of the 1980s, and 1990s sporty fashion. Pages feature style descriptions and original prices, historical context, and a variety of items including womens, childrens, mens, accessories, shoes, and hats.
  • Popular Music
    Jazz and blues represented Popular music in the 1920s as the newly hatched recording industry found its footing. The 1930s Big Band and Swing music saw the popularity of Big Band and Swing music provide an upbeat contrast to the Great Depression which continued into the 1940s Big Band music during World War II. Rock n' Roll music emerged in the 1950s Rock n' Roll music and teenage culture developed with Elvis Presley and other rock idols providing inspiration. The 1960s rock, folk, R&B, and British Invasion music featured psychedelic rock, folk music, R&B, and the British Invasion with the Beatles and Rolling Stones commanding attention. In the 1970s Disco and Hard Rock music, the dichotomy of Disco and Hard Rock made up the music scene. During the 1980s pop stars and global celebrities music, the Music Television (MTV) cable network was launched and had a profound impact on popular culture at the time, turning musicians into pop stars and global celebrities on a much larger scale. Grunge, hip-hop, and manufactured pop music were popular during the 1990s grunge, hip-hop, and manufactured pop music. In the 2000s, dance music, rap, and indie bands dominated the airwaves.

  • 90 Years of Inflation and Prices
    When ever possible we have included prices and inflation on each decade and year food inflation wages house prices etc.
    Latest Updated 2020 Price Basket Other stats include 2008 - 2020 Each Year Prices for Gas, Movie Ticket, First Class Stamp, College Tuition, Wrangler Jeans, Average House Rent, Average House Purchase, KW/Hr Electric, Wages, Unemployment Percentage, Fed Base Rate Percentage, Dow Jones, Inflation US Gov, CPI US Gov, Gold per Ounce.
    On our 90 years of price changes we have included Average Cost Of New Home, Average Wages, Average Cost of New Car, Average Cost Gallon Of Gas, Average Cost Loaf of Bread and Average Cost 1lb Hamburger Meat starting from 1930 up to 2021

  • About and Contact The People History

    Our website features information related to historical events, popular culture, music, fashion, toys, sports, and much more from the 1800s up to the present! We are a free educational resource created as a personal interest project and have been online for over 10 years. We are not historians nor do we claim to be professionals in the field. However, many years of research have been put into creating this website and we try our best to continually expand on what we have. The original sources for information were local newspapers, history textbooks, old catalogs, and magazines. Our website is quite large and has expanded over the years and we know that we make mistakes occasionally. We welcome anyone who kindly helps us improve the site by pointing them out when they find them and we try our best to make corrections when possible. We are about 40% of the way through updating the website to mobile friendly

    • 1930s: Great Depression and Dust Bowl

      The 1930s began with the Great Depression and ended with the start of World War II. The U.S. elected Franklin D. Roosevelt as the President in 1932 and throughout the decade his administration implemented many socialist reforms, known as the New Deal, to help bring the nation out of the depression. Prohibition ended in 1933 with the ratification of the 21st Amendment. Poor farming practices and a massive drought caused the "Dust Bowl" in the Great Plains states. In Europe, Nazi Germany rose to power as Hitler appointed himself Furher in 1933, marking the beginning of the Holocaust. As a result, millions of Jewish people and political opponents were interned and murdered. During the decade Spain also fell to authoritarianism as General Francisco Franco became dictator of the nation after their civil war. Japan amped up its aggression in the East, invading China in 1937. Germany became outwardly aggressive as well, continually violating the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, annexing Austria in 1938 and invading Poland in 1939. The invasion of Poland marked the beginning of World War II as Great Britain and France declared war on Germany in response.
    • 1940s: World War II and Aftermath

      Most of this decade was occupied by World War II, Nazi Germany quickly invaded Western Europe gaining control over France in 1940 and began air strikes against Great Britain. Germany joined with Italy and Japan to form the Axis Powers and began its ultimately unsuccessful invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, bringing the United States into the war and by 1944 Allied forces successfully stormed the beaches of Normandy, France, turning the tide in favor of the Allies. The Allies quickly liberated Nazi-occupied Europe and the Soviet Union pushed back from the East. By May of 1945, Adolf Hitler committed suicide and Germany surrendered. The U.S. continued to fight Japan in the Pacific until August of 1945 when the use of 2 newly developed nuclear bombs forced Japan's surrender. The remainder of the decade was marked by the establishment of the United Nations in 1946 and war crimes trials for leaders in the Axis powers to answer for their crimes against humanity. The United States emerged from the war as a world power and placed itself opposite the Soviet Union, in doing so beginning a decades-long ideological conflict with the U.S.S.R. known as the Cold War starting circa 1947. The era of computing also began during this decade with the creation of the first programmable computer (ENIAC) in 1946 and the invention of the transistor in 1947. By the end of the decade the People's Republic of China was proclaimed under Mao Zedong, creating a large Communist ally for the Soviet Union as the Cold War amped up.
    • 1950s: Baby Boom and Cold War

      The Cold War and the Baby Boom dominated the Fifties. The United States developed the first hydrogen bomb in 1952 and the Soviet Union made theirs in 1953, accelerating the nuclear arms race. The Korean War erupted in 1950 as Communist North Korean forces (backed by China and the Soviet Union) fought against South Korean forces (backed by the U.S. and United Nations) and was the first major conflict during the Cold War. The U.S. experienced an economic boom following WWII and consumerism became integral to American society. Several scientific discoveries improved the lives of many with the discovery of the DNA Double Helix and the creation of Salk's Polio Vaccine in 1953. The Civil Rights movement also began in this decade, the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case declared racial segregation in public schools as unconstitutional, paving the way for integration. In 1955, the Montgomery Bus Boycott began after the arrest of Rosa Parks and was led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., it ended in 1956 after securing another important Supreme Court win. Near the end of the decade the Space Race began as the Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite with Sputnik 1 in 1957 and in 1958 the U.S. created NASA.
    • 1960s: Civil Rights Movement and Space Race

      The 1960s were a time of great societal upheaval and political uncertainty. In 1960, John F. Kennedy was elected as the U.S. President and represented a hopeful future for many. Cold War tensions rose early in the decade with the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962, bringing the world to the brink of nuclear war. JFK was assassinated in 1963 and was succeeded by Lyndon B. Johnson. Under LBJ, the Vietnam War was escalated and anti-war protests sprang up across the country. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. became a national figure of the Civil Rights Movement, delivering his famous "I Have A Dream" speech in 1963. Much progress was made for Civil Rights with the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the 1965 Voting Rights Act, appointment of Thurgood Marshall to the Supreme Court in 1967, and the Civil Rights Act of 1968. The Space Race brought huge scientific advances throughout the decade with the USSR putting the first human Yuri Gagarin, in space in 1961 and it came to a dramatic end in 1969 with the U.S. successfully landing a man on the Moon for the first time.
    • 1970s: Watergate and the Oil Crisis

      The Watergate Scandal began in 1972 exposing corruption within the top levels of the U.S. government and leading to the resignation of President Nixon in 1974 who was facing almost certain impeachment. The Personal Computer had its start during this decade as the microprocessor was created in 1971, Microsoft (1975) and Apple (1976) companies were created, and the first PCs were sold to retail consumers. At the outset of the 1970s the United States was still heavily involved in the Vietnam War and had invaded Cambodia in 1970, prompting an outpouring of anti-war demonstrations. By 1975 the United States had pulled out of Vietnam. In 1973 OAPEC (Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries) placed an oil embargo on the United States leading to fuel shortages and inflation and although the embargo ended in 1974, its effects permeated much of the rest of the decade. The 1973 Arab-Israeli War between Egypt, Syria, and Israel served as a Cold War proxy conflict with the Soviet Union on the side of the Arab nations and the United States behind Israel. Through diplomatic efforts, conflict in the Middle East cooled down throughout the late 1970s and in 1975 Egypt re-opened the Suez Canal after 8 years of blockade. In 1978 the Camp David Accords were signing, creating a framework for peace between Egypt and Israel and in 1979 a peace treaty was signed, ending three decades of conflict between the two sides.
    • 1980s: Beginning of the Digital Age

      In the 1980s the Cold War tensions were at their highest at the beginning of the decade, but, by the end of the decade tensions had waned as the collapse of the Soviet Union seemed imminent. Ronald Reagan was elected as the U.S. President in 1980 and had taken a hard stance against the Soviet Union, increasing tensions and leading to symbolic gestures such as the mutual boycotts of the 1980 Moscow Olympics and 1984 Los Angeles Olympics. 1989 saw the collapse of the Berlin Wall which was the beginning of the end of the Cold War. In 1981 the AIDS virus was identified as it became a global health crisis and much of the decade was spent researching the new illness and developing methods to treat it. Technology continued to advance at a more rapid pace as computers became more common and more advanced. The mobile phone was introduced in 1983 and a new generation of portable technology emerged. In 1986, the Soviet Union experienced one of the largest nuclear disasters at the time at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine, an incident which prompted several nations around the world take steps to improve safety in their nuclear power plants or to phase out nuclear power completely.
    • 1990s: The Internet and Globalization

      The 1990s, as in several previous decades, was marked by even more rapid advancements in technology than the decade before it. In 1990, Tim Berners-Lee proposed the World Wide Web, laying the foundation for the Internet as we know it, and in 1991 the Internet was made available for unrestricted commercial use. As the decade went on, the Internet became a larger and more users logged on, connecting across the globe to share in information and ideas. In 1998, the search engine "Google" was founded and has since became a dominating force in the online world. The Cold War officially ended and in 1991 the Soviet Union was dissolved. Bill Clinton was elected as the U.S. President in 1992. Trends in favor of globalization led to developments like the creation of the European Union in 1993 with the Treaty of Maastricht, the 1994 NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), and the 1995, the creation of the World Trade Organization. The study and use of DNA became a huge topic during the decade and the Human Genome Project began mapping human DNA in 1990. Debates erupted over cloning, genetic modification, and stem cell research throughout the decade and in 1997 Dolly the Sheep, the first successfully cloned mammal, was revealed to the world.
    • 2000s: War on Terror and Great Recession

      The September 11th, 2001 terror attacks against the United States set the tone for the 2000s. The U.S. entered multiple conflicts in the "War on Terror" beginning in 2001 with the invasion of Afghanistan and again in 2003 with the Iraq War. In an effort to fight against climate change and high fuel prices hybrid vehicles became mainstream as more companies started producing them. Handheld technology became smaller and more powerful, mobile phones became ubiquitous, and in the middle of the decade the Smart Phone was created (most notably the iPhone in 2007) allowing people to carry what amounted to a small computer with internet access around with them at all times. The development of "Social Media" was also influential during this decade with the popularity of social sharing websites like Myspace (2003), Facebook (2004), YouTube (2005), and Twitter (2006). Several large notable natural and man-made disasters devastated the decade with the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami (2004), Hurricane Katrina (2005), and Sichuan earthquake (2008). As a global financial crisis loomed, in 2008, the United States made history electing Barack Obama as the first African-American President of the United States. The decade ended with the 2008 financial crisis, causing a recession as the housing bubble, auto industry, and banking system collapsed in the U.S. and several other developed nations around the world.