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Events 2001

911 Terrorist Attacks

More Information for the Terrorist 911 Attacks

al-Qaeda Terrorists attack the United States using hijacked passenger aircraft to bring down the Twin Towers in New York and crashing an aircraft into the Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia leaving nearly 3,000 people dead. the attacks become known simply as 911 due to the date of the attack September 11th. Due to the attacks a number of things happen, America Declares War on Terrorism and invades Afghanistan where the leader of al-Qaeda Osama bin Laden was believed to be hiding , Security increases for all aspects of American life including Airline Security.

Known simply as 9/11. On September 11, 2001 Nineteen hijackers simultaneously took control of four U.S. domestic commercial airliners. The hijackers crashed two planes into the World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York City one into each of the two tallest towers. Within two hours, both towers collapsed. The hijackers crashed the third aircraft into the U.S. Department of Defense headquarters, the Pentagon, in Arlington County, Virginia. The fourth plane crashed into a rural field in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, following apparent passenger resistance.

United States - Genesis Spacecraft Launched

More Information for NASA Genesis

1. NASA launches the Genesis spacecraft during August of 2001.

2. The mission of Genesis was to examine and collect samples of solar wind.

3. This mission was the first to collect and return materials to Earth since the Apollo program.

4. NASA thought that the samples could provide more accurate information about the composition of the Sun and improve upon theories about the creation of the Sun and the planets.

5. Genesis crash-landed back on Earth in September of 2004.

6. Due to a design flaw in the parachute several samples were damaged in the crash, but there were still some left intact that NASA was able to study.

Italy -- Leaning Tower of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy re-opens to the public during December of 2001. The popular tourist destination was built in 1360 and closed in 1990 for repairs. It opened 11 years later after a team of engineers, architects, and soil experts successfully stabilized it without removing its famous tilt. There were multiple attempts to fix the sinking tower and it was accomplished by removing soil underneath it to counter the tilt. The repairs cost about $27 million and the experts who worked on it estimated that the 12th century building would last at least another 200 years before toppling over.

NEAR Shoemaker Spacecraft

NASA’s NEAR (Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous) Shoemaker spacecraft became the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid when it touches down in the “saddle” region of 433 Eros. The spacecraft initially launched in February of 1996 and ended its mission after landing on the asteroid which was approximately 355 kilometers away from Earth. While visiting the asteroid, the spacecraft took photos of its descent, and measured data relating to mineralogy, morphology, the composition of it, its magnetic field, and other properties.

United States - iTunes Released by Apple

The Apple Computer Company releases the iTunes program during January of 2001. The purpose of the software was to organize and manage digital multimedia files, primarily music and video files on a computer. It was used primarily by users to store and organize their digital music collections, rip songs off of CDs, and to upload their music and video collections onto devices like an iPod. In 2003, Apple introduced the iTunes Store which made it even easier for iTunes users to add to their digital music collection.

Russia - Mir Space Station De-Orbits

1. The Russian space station Mir was de-orbited during March.

2. The space station plunged into the South Pacific in a controlled re-entry that was monitored by several space agencies.

3. Mir was originally assembled in 1986 and placed in low Earth orbit by the Soviet Union.

4. It was the first modular space station and had a larger mass than any other spacecraft that had been launched at that point in time.

5. Russia chose to de-orbit the Mir space station as they lacked the funding to continue operations and had been devoting more time and resources to the new International Space Station that was launched in 1998.

Space Tourism

Dennis Tito becomes the first space tourist during May of 2001.

U.S. business man and multimillionaire Dennis Tito returns from his space flight in May of 2001. Tito was considered to be the very first “space tourist’ having paid his way for a trip to the International Space Station aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft. Tito reportedly paid $20 million to Space Adventures, a company that facilitated his training in Russia and subsequent flight to the ISS. Tito originally tried to plan his trip through NASA but NASA officials did not approve of Tito’s flight as they did not believe he would have enough training. Dennis Tito’s space journey lasted for about six days during which he helped conduct experiments before he returned to Earth.

Anthrax attacks

A series of Anthrax attacks spreads fear amongst the American Public and several people are infected by handling infected letters

United States invades Afghanistan

The United States invades Afghanistan, with some participation from the UK. Marking the beginning of the US "War on Terrorism" campaign. Seeking to oust the Taliban and find Al-Qaeda mastermind Osama bin Laden

California Rolling Blackouts

California suffers more Rolling Blackouts and electricity rate hikes of up to 46 percent

Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection

Pacific Gas and Electric in California Files Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Protection

Dale Earnhardt

The legendary racing driver Dale Earnhardt who had won a record seven Nascar championships dies in a last-lap crash during the Daytona 500 at Daytona International Speedway

Gotthard Road Tunnel

Fire In Gotthard Road Tunnel Joining Switzerland to Northern Italy Under The Alps kills 39

Pan Am Flight 103

The Scottish Court in the Netherlands convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed in Lockerbie, Scotland

IRA Dismantles weapons arsenal

IRA Dismantles it's weapons arsenal after years of fighting

Summer of the Shark

2001 becomes known as "Summer of the Shark" after a number of shark attack fatalities.

Galapagos Islands Ecological Disaster

'Jessica' runs aground on the Island of San Cristobal in the Galapagos Islands causing an Ecological Disaster when 180,000 gallons of oil are leaked into the sea

Shoe Bomber

Richard C. Reid, dubbed by the press as the shoe bomber, attempts to blow up an American Airlines plane

Anti Ballistic Missile Treaty

The US Pulls Out Of 1972 Anti Ballistic Missile Treaty

Aids drugs

Pharmaceutical Companies Agree to sell Aids drugs for cost price in Africa a discount of up to 90% to help the fight against Aids.

27th G8 summit

The 27th G8 summit takes place in Genoa, Italy. Massive demonstrations against the meeting by anti-globalization groups

Cincinnati Rioting

Cincinnati Mayor Charles Luken declares a state of emergency after the third night of Riots

Selby Rail Crash

Selby Rail Crash in Northern England

Ghana stampede

120 people killed in stampede at football game in Ghana

India parliament building attack

Gunmen attack the parliament building in the Indian capital, New Delhi leaving At least 12 dead and 22 injured

Hotel fire Manila

Hotel fire at Manila, Philippines causes the death of over 100 people.

Leaning Tower of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa reopens after 11 years repairs to stop it falling over

General Pervez Musharraf

TGeneral Pervez Musharraf Takes Power on June 21st and takes on the role of president and chief executive in Pakistan and banning opposition parties political rallies.

Eden Project

The Eden Project in Cornwall, England Opened ( the worlds largest greenhouse ) trying to help save the worlds largest collection of plants

Cost of Living 2001

How Much things cost in 2001

Average Cost of new house $136,150.00

Average Income per year $42,350.00

Average Monthly Rent $715.00

Cost of a gallon of Gas $1.46

Average cost of new car $25,850.00

US Postage Stamp 34 cents

1 LB of Bacon $3.22

Ground Coffee per IB $3.06

Loaf of Bread $1.82

Dozen Eggs 90 cents

Popular Culture 2001

Popular Films

Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone

The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring

Monsters, Inc.

Shrek

Ocean's Eleven

Pearl Harbor

The Mummy Returns

Jurassic Park III

Planet of the Apes

Hannibal

A Beautiful Mind

Training Day

Monster's Ball

Moulin Rouge!

Popular Musicians

Janet Jackson

Destiny's Child

Feeder

Ash

New Order

Eddy Grant

U2

Robbie Williams

Alicia Keys

Missy Elliott

Stereophonics

Dido

Texas

Elton John

Jennifer Lopez

R.E.M.

Weezer

Aerosmith

Radiohead

Manic Street Preachers

Missy Elliott

Gabrielle

Aaliyah

Travis

Wheatus

Dido

Creed

Popular Television

Boston Public

CSI: Crime Scene Investigation

Ed

Malcolm in the Middle

Survivor

The District

The Weakest Link (UK)

Yes, Dear

Absolutely Fabulous (UK)

Crossroads (UK)

Only Fools and Horses (UK)

The Simpsons

ER

Friends

Touched by an Angel

The Drew Carey Show

7th Heaven

Everybody Loves Raymond

Judge Judy

Buffy the Vampire Slayer

Dharma & Greg

King of the Hill

South Park

Becker

Charmed

Dawson's Creek

Sex and the City

That '70s Show

The King of Queens

Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?

Will & Grace

Family Feud

Family Guy

Futurama

Judging Amy

The Sopranos

The West Wing

Kosovo Bomb Attack

Ethnic Albanian extremists carry out a bomb attack on a bus convoy in Kosovo

Switzerland Attack

Gunman Kills 14 in Swiss government building

Tony Blair

On June 8th Tony Blair and the British labour party are elected for a second term.

Museums in England

13 of the most popular museums in England are now free to visit

Foot and Mouth UK

Foot and Mouth Disease Is Found In UK after 20 years

Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act

The Republican controlled House voted for the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act

DR Congo humanitarian crisis

A humanitarian crisis of epic proportions occurs in DR Congo with over 16 million Congolese starving

Peru earthquake

7.9 magnitude earthquake strikes the city of Arequipa and surrounding areas in Southern Peru

Slobodan Milosevic

Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic is arrested and charged with corruption and theft of state funds and war crimes charges

Italy

A Scandinavian airline, SAS aircraft crashes into an airport building at Linate airport killing 118

2001 Calendar

Technology 2001

Wikipedia, a Wiki free content encyclopedia, goes online

Napster is closed down by court order following an injunction on behalf of the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA),

50 countries sign the Convention on Cybercrime hoping to cut the amount of crime commited through the Internet

Russian space station Mir is decommissioned and re-enters the atmosphere landing in the Pacific

Mars Odyssey is launched

The Mars Odyssey spacecraft reaches Mars on October 24, 2001 It's Mission to answer the question of whether life has ever existed on Mars.

The code red ( WORM ) virus attacks 1/4 million web sites running on Microsoft's IIS web server

Apple Computer releases the iPod.

HP ( Hewlett Packard ) and Compaq Merge

Remains of what may be the oldest ancient human are found in Ethiopia estimated to be 5.5 million years old

The unmanned solar aircraft Helios reaches a record height of over 18 miles above the earth

Microsoft releases Windows XP

The worlds first Contraceptive Patch ( Ortho-Evra ) goes on the market

Major World Political Leaders 2001

Australia Prime Minister John Howard

Brazil President Fernando Henrique Cardoso

Canada Prime Minister Jean Chrétien

China Chairman of the People's Republic of China Jiang Zemin

France President Jacques Chirac

Germany Chancellor Gerhard Schröder

India Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Italy Prime Minister Giuliano Amato

Till 11 June

Italy Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi

From This Day In History June 11th

Japan Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori

Till 26 April

Japan Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi

From 26 April

Mexico President Vicente Fox

Russia / Soviet Union General Secretary of the CPSU Vladimir Putin

South Africa State President Thabo Mbeki

United States President Bill Clinton

Till January 20,

United States President George W. Bush

From January 20,

United Kingdom Prime Minister Tony Blair