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Inventions, Inventors and Country (or attributed to First Use)
Liquid Fuel Rocket USA by Robert Goddard
Aerosol Sprays Norway by Erik Rotheim
- General strike in England begins in support of the coal miners strike on May 3rd and ends May 12th.
1. Mine owners in the United Kingdom announce their intention to reduce miners' wages and increase hours for workers.
2. The Samuel Commission publishes a report on March 10th, 1926 that recommended the nationalization of the mining industry and a decrease of miners wages of 13.5 percent.
3. Mine owners announce on May 1st, that if workers do not accept new terms, including a longer work day and less wages then there would be a lock-out.
4. Last minute negotiations fail between miners and mine owners and over one million mine workers are locked out on May 1st,
5. The Trades Unions Congress announces a general strike to begin at around midnight on May 3rd in support of mine workers. On May 4th, up to 1.75 million workers went on strike, bringing transportation in the UK to a halt.
6. Workers strike until May 12th, when they call off the strike after failing to negotiate with mine owners to change the terms.
7. In 1927 the Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act is put in place to prevent another general strike as it banned mass picketing and sympathetic strikes.
- Gertrude "Trudy" Ederle became the first woman to swim the English Channel.
- 5,000,000 people are unemployed in Europe with 2 million in Germany and 1 million in England.
- Hirohito is crowned emperor of Japan.
- On January 27th John Logie Baird conducts the first public demonstration of a television.
- Pontiac cars begin to be made.
- Ford announces the 40-hour week.
1. Henry Ford announces his plans for the Ford Motor Company in 1907. He intends to manufacture vehicles that are affordable to the masses.
2. The first Model T vehicles is produced in October of 1908, a very basic and quite affordable vehicle that can be easily mass produced.
3. Ford creates the first large-scale assembly line for manufacturing his Model T cars in 1913.
4. On January 5th of 1914, Henry Ford announces that his workers' wages will be raised to $5 for an eight hour day of work.
5. The Ford Motor Company announces the creation of a 40-hour work week for factory workers in 1926.
6. The final Model T rolls off the assembly line in 1927, and new vehicles are introduced and designed.
7. Ford manages to resist union efforts in their factories due to fair and competitive work policies until June 20th of 1941 when the company signs a contract with the United Auto Workers union.
- Escape artist and famous entertainer Harry Houdini dies at the age of 52.
1. Harry Houdini, born Erik Weisz, was the son of Hungarian immigrants.
2. He grew up in Appleton, Wisconsin and moved to New York City, beginning his career as a trapeze artist and vaudeville performer.
3. He soon changed his focus to creating dazzling escape tricks which would draw huge crowds.
4. Houdini was well known for being a master of escape tricks and had developed a reputation as one of the best entertainers of the early 20th Century.
5. He also spent much of his career debunking other magicians and exposing fraudulent performers who claimed to have supernatural abilities like psychics and mediums.
6. The famous magician and escape artist Harry Houdini dies at the age of 52 after suffering from peritonitis related to a burst appendix.
- U.S. Route 66 is created and runs from Chicago to Los Angeles.
- British warships battle for control from China of the Yangtze River in the Wanhsien Incident.
1. General Yang Sen seizes the British merchant ship, the SS Wanhsien, in August of 1926 along the Yangtze River near the Wanzhou District port.
2. The HMS Cockchafer naval ship goes to investigate the reports of the seizure and is able to release the SS Wanhsien after an argument with Chinese soldiers.
3. General Yang's troops try to board the SS Wanliu on August 29th, but the Wanliu makes a U-turn and the wooden boat of the Chinese troops is capsized, killing 58 soldiers.
4. General Yang sends troops to seize the SS Wantung and SS Wanhsien, which are then captured. The HMS Cockchafer enters a stand-off with the Chinese troops.
5. The HMS Widgeon arrives on September 1st to provide backup and negotiate with the Chinese troops. No resolution is reached and they decide to resolve the issue with force.
6. The British merchant ship SS Kiawo is armed and camouflaged and rescues the crew of the Wanhsien while under fire.
7. British troops on the naval ships are forced to abandon the two merchant ships after heavy fighting for an hour.
8. The death toll is estimated at one-hundred Chinese civilians, two-hundred and fifty Chinese soldiers and seven British soldiers. Though there are also other sources that estimate the death toll in the thousands.
- Kelly Blue Book is first published.
- Radio network National Broadcasting Co. (NBC) is launched.
- The first SAT college admissions test is given to high school students.
1. The first SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) college admissions test is administered to high school students during June of 1926.
2. The test was created by psychologist Carl Brigham after he adapted the Army Alpha test to feature more difficult questions.
3. The original Army Alpha test had been created in the early 1900s by Robert Yerkes and was the first mass intelligence test.
4. After the SAT’s initial success in the 1920s it would soon become one of the go-to examinations required for acceptance into college and in the 1930s Harvard began using the test to assess scholarship candidates.
5. More and more universities would begin to require SAT scores for admission as they believed the test to be a more fair standard to assess intelligence regardless of the quality of a student’s background education and it could consistently predict academic success for students who received higher scores on the test.
- Silent film heart throb Rudolph Valentino dies August 23rd causing a worldwide frenzy among his fans.
- 27 Tornadoes strike southern US states including including an F4 that struck the town of Heber Springs, Arkansas on Thanksgiving weekend killing 76.
- Population: US 115 million, Britain 45 million
- Gangster Turf Wars Chicago
1. Alphonse Gabriel Capone born in Brooklyn in New York on January 17th, 1899
2. Expelled from School at 14 and joined small-time gangs in New York
3. Gained the name "Scarface" following an incident in a Brooklyn night club and was cut 3 times on the face by Frank Gallucio
4. Capone left New York in 1922 to work with the Chicago "Five Points Gang" on bootlegging Alcohol following the beginning of Prohibition
5. Capone realized early on that to stay in business and expand he needed politicians in his control and in 1924 he used paid thugs at polling stations to ensure his puppet candidate for the Mayer of Cicero won the election
6. During the next couple of years rivalry between gangs ( Torrio-Capone organization, Genna crime family and the North Side Gang of Dean O'Banion ) to control the sale of liquor, gambling and prostitution increased
7. As the rivalry increased so did the number of gang related murders between the gangs increase as did the number and importance of politicians who were bought off.
8. On September 20th, the North Side gang shot used drive by cars full of gangsters with Thompson submachine guns to shoot into Capone's entourage as he was eating lunch in the Hawthorne Hotel restaurant
9. Together with murders etc. the gangs were hijacking each others booze trucks bringing in the Alcohol
10. Three years later on February 14, 1929 Capone got his revenge with the Saint Valentine's Day Massacre in the Lincoln Park neighborhood on Chicago's North Side killing 7 of the North Side gangs members.
11. In 1929 the Bureau of Prohibition agent Eliot Ness began an investigation of Capone and his business, and although unable to gain a conviction for Prohibition violations, Murder the investigation led eventually to the conviction of "Al" Capone of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years imprisonment plus heavy fines, and liens were filed against his various properties.
- Miami Hurricane on September 20th (or Great Miami Hurricane or the Big Blow) was an intense hurricane that devastated Miami, Florida in 1926.
Born This YearDavid Attenborough May 8th
Fidel Castro August 13th
Marilyn Monroe June 1st
Hugh Hefner April 9th
1926 Mens and Womens Fashion ClothesPart of our Collection of Clothing From The1920's
Major World Political LeadersAustralia Prime Minister Stanley Bruce Brazil President Artur Bernardes until 15 November
Brazil President Washington Luís From 15 November
Canada Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King until June 29,
Canada Prime Minister Arthur Meighen From June 29, 1926 until September 25,
Canada Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King From September 25,
Italy Prime Minister Benito Mussolini
Japan Prime MinisterTakaaki Katō until 28 January
Japan Prime Minister Reijirō Wakatsuki From 28 January
Mexico President Plutarco Elías Calles Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the Central Committee Joseph Stalin South Africa Prime Minister James Barry Munnik Hertzog United States President Calvin Coolidge United Kingdom Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
Canadian Federal Election 1926 William Lyon Mackenzie King (Liberal) defeats Arthur Meighen (Conservative).