Twenties Fashions, Major Advances in Technology with many of the inventions still in use today, The growth of the movie industry, Start of the Mass Production of cars, Radios For The Home and Popular Culture, The Twenties were a time of radical change caused by the many changes happening in technology with new advancements, discoveries, and inventions. The decade is often referred to as the Roaring Twenties.
The events listed below we have tried to put a small paragraph on the specific year page providing additional information )
With the ending of World War I a housing boom in Britain and the United States leads to an increase in home ownership.
The League of Nations is founded but the United States votes against joining.
Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified on August 18, giving women the right to vote.
The Russian Civil war ends but the country struggles as a famine begins in 1920 and worsens the following year.
The Summer Olympics take place in Antwerp, Belgium and they emphasize reconciliation after World War I.
The 18th Amendment ( Volstead Act / National Prohibition Act ) goes into force at the beginning of the decade which in turn leads to increased black market alcohol that is sold in speakeasies and run by mobsters who pay off local politicians
The Palmer Raids lead to the arrest and deportation of 6,000 foreign aliens suspected radical leftists.
The Irish Revolution leads to the Government of Ireland Act of 1920 providing for the partition of Ireland into Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland with separate parliaments leading to the creation of the Irish Free State.
Russia and Poland establish a permanent border when they sign the Treaty of Riga.
The famous and iconic "Chanel No. 5" perfume is created by Coco Chanel.
The Emergency Quota Act is passed to restrict immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe.
The Communist Party of China is created.
Part of 1920s Hats1923 Fancy Dress Hat
Perfectly gorgeous and our best large brim fancy dress hat. Handmade wired frame covered with lovely gold or silver metallic lace, recovered with single layer of silk maline which extends softly over the edge. Stylish six-pieced crown of fine silk faced velvet. High grade wreath of mixed colored fiber silk plush novelty morning glories.
Part of 1920s Appliances
This cleaner not only uses suction to lift the dirt and dust it also includes a motor driven brush to help remove dust and dirt from the carpet before the suction lifts the dirt into the bag
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) is created in 1922.
Egypt declares its independence.
The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) is formed and financed by a Post Office license fee of 10 shillings, payable by anyone owning a radio receiver.
The Fordney-McCumber Act places a high tariff on imports into the United States.
Gandhi preached for mass civil disobedience, non-violence and peaceful resistance against British Rule in India and British Authorities sentenced him to six years' imprisonment.
Fifty thousand people affected during Lower Louisiana Floods in 1922.
King Tutankhamun's Tomb is opened by Howard Carter.
Insulin is mass-produced for the treatment of diabetes.
The Great Kanto earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama in 1923 leaving over 100,000 fatalities.
Lady Elizabeth Rowes-Lyon and Prince Albert, the Duke of York, are married at Westminster Abbey. Prince Albert will later become King George VI of England.
First Home Game Played at the Original Yankee Stadium between the New York Yankees and the Boston Red Sox
Adolf Hitler leads the Nazi Party in failed coup attempt ( Beer Hall Putsch ) in Germany.
The first successful flight of an autogyro, the predecessor to a helicopter, takes place.
The first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held on November 27th, 1924.
Ellis Island closes as an immigration entry point to the US.
The very first Winter Olympics are held. They take place in Chamonix, France.
The Indian Citizenship Act confers citizenship on all Native Americans born within the United States.
The first around-the-world flight is completed after 175 days by two places from the United States Army.
United States --- Wrigley Building Finished
J. Edgar Hoover appointed as the head of the Bureau of Investigation
The Butler Act which prohibits evolution from being taught in public schools is passed in Tennessee in 1925 it is not repealed until 1967.
The classic novel "The Great Gatsby" is published by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald.
Sears Robuck opens its first retail store in Chicago, Illinois in 1925. Sears had been selling through Home Shopping Catalogs since 1893 and would continue selling through catalogs for next 70 years at the same time as building one of the largest chain stores in the country.
The first television transmitter is developed by John Logie Baird in Great Britain.
The First Motel (Motorists Hotel) opens in San Luis Obispo, California.
The Scopes Monkey Trial comes to an end.
The first issue of the New Yorker magazine is published
The Grand Ole Opry begins broadcasting.
General strike takes place in England during 1926.
Route 66, a major U.S. road running from Chicago to Los Angeles, is opened.
British warships battle for control in China off of the Yangtze River.
The famous magician and escape artist Harry Houdini dies from a burst appendix at the age of 52.
The Ford Motor Company announces the creation of a 40-hour work week for factory workers.
John Logie Baird conducts the first public demonstration of a television.
The first SAT college admissions test is given to high school students.
Chicago Al Capone Turf Wars
The Holland Tunnel under the Hudson River opens connecting New York City with New Jersey in 1927.
In 1927, Charles Lindbergh flies The Spirit of St. Louis across the Atlantic nonstop and solo, direct from New York City to Paris, as the first solo transatlantic flight.
Earthquake measuring 8.6 on Richter scale strikes Xining, China in 1927 killing 200,000
Work begins on Mount Rushmore in the late 1920's carving the faces of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln. It takes nearly 15 years to complete.
The Great Mississippi Flood in 1927 affects 700,000 people in what was then considered the greatest national disaster in US history.
The Columbine Mine Massacre takes place in Serene, Colorado during 1927
Part of 1920s CarsStudebaker 1929 President Eight Roadster
Check out the new toys pages where you can see some of the children's toys that could be found during the Roaring Twenties and other decades. Toys include Teddy Bears, Velocipedes, Tinker Toys, Gyroscopes, and Magic Lanterns.
From Our Twenties Toys Page
Below are some examples of kids pedal cars, you will notice from the advert below the toy pedal car makers were quick to mimic the cars of the period
Part of our Collection of Toys from The 1920's
Part of 20s Furniture
Many if not most rural homes in the twenties did not have full indoor plumbing so this was your best chance of having a hot bath, the water heater could be a Gasoline or Kerosine based burner, To use the bathtub you first needed to fill the tank with water ( held 12 gallons ), next light the burner and when ready fill the bath, to empty the bath attach the 6ft length of hose to the water outlet and drain out through the nearest window.
Jazz was the music of popular choice and some of the best known musicians were jazz musicians including Duke Ellington and Al Jolson. One other popular musician/composer was George Gershwin. Many of his songs are still recorded and listened to today. A popular dance of the times was known as the Charleston.
From our 20's Music Page
Due to the new technology available allowing movies to have both sound and color, the movie industry in Hollywood grew fast, as did the number of Cinemas showing the films. In 1919, laws were passed for the Prohibition of the consumption and even possession of alcohol, making it illegal. Due to these laws, the Decade provided some of the best known gangsters a means to create vast wealth by opening illegal bars called speakeasies that would provide alcoholic drinks for the people that patronized these establishments. The most well known gangster of the time was possibly Al Capone.
Also this period saw the growth of the Ku Klux Klan and the growth of the Vigilante groups who took the law into their own hands and lynched victims most often black without any trial.
The other great change in people's lives came from an invention and technology developed prior to the twenties. After World War I, the birth of commercial radio helped the radio to became a significant part of life providing news and entertainment to the masses in their homes.
Amelia Earhart flies across the Atlantic Ocean as a passenger, becoming the first woman to do so successfully.
The "Iron Lung," a device used to help polio patients breathe, is created by Philip Drinker and Louis Shaw.
Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin in 1928 which changed the world of modern medicines by introducing the age of antibiotics.
Republican candidate Herbert Hoover wins the United States presidential election after defeating the Democratic candidate, Al Smith.
Walt Disney's famous Mickey Mouse cartoon character appears for the first time in "Steamboat Willie."
The Wall Street Crash of 1929 started the period of The Great Depression in the United States
During most of the decade turf wars between rival gangs were frequent and extremely violent. The best known of the many was Al Capone's Saint Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago during 1929.
Vatican City becomes an independent and sovereign state located within Rome after the Lateran Pacts are signed.
Our Detailed Sports History Section
BaseballThe Yankees and Babe Ruth rule the world of Baseball setting records for the team and the Great Babe Ruth.
Association Football (Soccer)Soccer had been gaining in popularity since the mid 1800's but the Twenties gave an even bigger boost with the Growth Of Radio In Britain making the top players into stars.
There were many inventions and new types of technology developed during the 1920s, but possibly the one that had the greatest impact before the turn of the next decade was Radio. It soon became a staple of peoples lives providing entertainment, news, and new ideas. Another very important invention also started to impact peoples lives and that was the uses of airplanes apart from as a weapon of war. Air Mail would provide some of the impetus and investment needed to improve stability and provide a practical use, as a byproduct the airplane became used as a means for entertainment with stunts at Fairs. Man also realized he could push the bounds by attempting previously un-thought of ideas. A good example is Charles A. Lindbergh crossing the Atlantic Ocean by himself in an airplane. It was during the 20's that automatic vending machines began to appear to dispense soft drinks.
Inventions -- The Year Invented, Inventors, and Country (or attributed to First Use)Aerosol Sprays ----- 1926 Norway by Erik Rotheim
You can not talk about the decade without mentioning "The Great Pandemic" from 1918-1919. This influenza epidemic (also known as the Spanish Flu) was a global catastrophe which is believed to have caused the death of over 40 million people worldwide. This is one of the main reasons governments round the world are still so concerned with "Bird Flu" and other largescale influenza outbreaks.