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Important Events From This day in History October 3rd

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3 Oct, 1985 - South Africa Soweto
1985 : The continued defiance of the South African government by school children against apartheid policies as tens of thousands of students refuse to return to schools in black townships including Soweto. Many of the students are now involved in rioting as the tension continues to grow. The leader of the banned African National Congress who is still in prison is due for surgery for prostate cancer later this week.

3 Oct, 1942 - U.S.A. Scrap Days
1942 : A new war effort has started across the country with the new initiative of "scrap days" encouraging every American to help the war effort by giving scrap consisting of metal and old clothing to the nearest scrap merchant who will then be able to provide much needed raw materials for the war effort. As part of the effort people are encouraged to donate old keys that are no longer used in a "Keyhole For Victory" effort so they can be turned into tanks, guns and ships.
Scrap Days Public Domain Image

3 Oct, 1920 - France Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe
1920 : The First Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe Horse Race open to thoroughbreds aged three years or older is run at Longchamp Race Course, Paris, France.

3 Oct, 1921 - Russia Famine
1921 : One of the worst famines in modern times is gripping Russia due to the failure of crops and refugees are traveling the country trying to find food before the winter sets in fully. Together with low food supplies Black Typhus is taking a large toll including killing 4 out of each 10 doctors trying to help treat the disease.

3 Oct, 1928 - U.S.A. Taxicab War
1928 : The ongoing Taxicab war in Chicago is increasing in intensity as Two Yellow Cab Garages were bombed with dynamite this week . Both companies are staying tight-lipped about the feud and have not passed details on to the local police.

3 Oct, 1932 - Iraq Independence
1932 : Iraq, became a sovereign State gaining full independence from Great Britain.

3 Oct, 1942 - World War II V2 Rocket
1942 : Germany tests it's latest rocket the V2 for the first time which travels 118 miles. In 1944, Germany launched over a thousand of these rockets against Great Britain killing thousands due to little warning or defense against it. The V-2 was the precursor to the Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) developed for the Soviet Union and the United States by many of the same German Scientists who had worked on the V-2 rockets in Germany.
V2 Rocket Public Domain Photo
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3 Oct, 1944 - Poland Freedom Fighters
1944 : Following German occupation of Poland very early in the war in 1939, Polish freedom fighters had been fighting the Germans in the streets of Warsaw since August hoping the allies would arrive in the country soon but on October 3rd they are forced to surrender when food supplies and arms and ammunition run out. After the fighting ended German troops razed the city to the ground, during the uprising it is estimated over 250,000 people were killed.

3 Oct, 1952 - Great Britain Tea Rations
1952 : Tea rationing ends after 12 years in Great Britain a nation of tea drinkers. Sweets, Meat, Eggs, Butter and sugar are still on ration.

3 Oct, 1952 - Great Britain Atomic Bomb
1952 : Great Britain tests its first atomic bomb at the Monte Bello Islands, off the northwest coast of Australia.
Bikini Atoll Atomic Bomb Test Public Domain Photo
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3 Oct, 1955 - The Mickey Mouse Club
1955 : "The Mickey Mouse Club" begins on ABC (American Broadcasting Company). The Mickey Mouse Club was created by Walt Disney and featured a regular but ever-changing cast of teenage performers in a variety show for kids, with a newsreel, a cartoon, and a serial, as well as music, talent and comedy, and the well remembered "Mouseketeer Roll Call" where the teenage performers would introduce themselves by name to the television audience.

3 Oct, 1961 - U.S.A. Strike
1961 : The United Auto Workers (UAW) calls for a company wide strike against Ford Motor Company.

3 Oct, 1964 - Germany Escape Tunnel Berlin
October 3rd, 1964 : Berliners dig a 470-foot tunnel between East and West Berlin (Tunnel 57) which allows 57 east Berliners to escape to the West.

3 Oct, 1964 - U.S.A. Buffalo Wings
1964 : The first Buffalo Wings (deep fried chicken wings coated with vinegar based cayenne pepper hot sauce and margarine or butter) are made at the Anchor Bar in Buffalo, New York, hence the name.

3 Oct, 1968 - Mexico Student Riots
October 3rd, 1968 : Army Tanks and soldiers were in the bloodiest battle yet with students in Mexico city just 10 days before the city hosts the Olympic Games on October 12th. It is estimated 25 were killed and 100 injured in just one night as the soldiers went door to door seeking out students in an attempt to bring calm to the city prior to the start of the games.

3 Oct, 1976 - Mexico La Paz
1976 : Rescue teams have now arrived at La Paz, Mexico area and are digging through blankets of mud searching for survivors , but most of those found are dead and the total now exceeds 700 but the total is expected to exceed 1000, 70,000 of the 85,000 inhabitants are now homeless as most lived in shanty towns with thatched roofs.

3 Oct, 1981 - Northern Ireland IRA Hunger Strike
October 3rd, 1981 : The seven month Irish Republican hunger strike at the Maze prison that claimed 10 lives ended without the British Government granting Political Status to prisoners who are members of the IRA.

3 Oct, 1985 - Space Atlantis
1985 : The space shuttle Atlantis was launched on its maiden voyage, carrying two military communications satellites in a mission dedicated to the US Department of Defense.
Space shuttle Atlantis docks with International Space Station MIR  Public Domain Photo
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3 Oct, 1990 - Germany East and West Combine
October 3rd, 1990 : Germany is now reunited as a single country as east and West Germany unite ending 45 years of division following World War II and the Cold War that followed.

3 Oct, 1995 - U.S.A. O.J. Simpson
1995 : Former football player and actor O.J. Simpson was found 'not guilty' for the murders of his ex-wife, Nicole Brown, and her friend, Ronald Goldman.

3 Oct, 1999 - Anti-ballistic Missile System Tested
October 3rd, 1999 : The US has successfully tested a new anti-missile defense system designed to destroy incoming intercontinental missiles. The National Missile Defense (NMD) Program is designed to protect the United States from an incoming long range intercontinental missile warhead carrying a weapon of mass destruction by destroying the missile high up in the atmosphere.

3 Oct, 2002 - U.S.A. Sniper Attacks
2002 : Five more people are killed in random shootings in the Washington, D.C., area and authorities began to search for the "Beltway Sniper."

3 Oct, 2003 - U.S.A. Siegfried & Roy
October 3rd, 2003 : A white tiger used in their illusion act attacks Roy Horn of the duo "Siegfried & Roy" during a performance in Las Vegas, leaving him partially paralyzed.

3 Oct, 2007 - U.S.A. Hillary Clinton
2007 : The latest polls for the democratic nominee put Hillary Clinton 12 points ahead of her main rival Barack Obama, many think the race for the Democratic nomination is over as the Clinton Juggernaut continues on it's way. History tells us that Hillary lost the nomination and Barack Obama is was the Democratic Presidential Candidate.

3 Oct, 2008 - U.S.A. $700 billion Bailout
October 3rd, 2008 : The $700 billion bailout / Rescue package bill (Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008) is signed into law by President Bush. The bill was the result of the meltdown of financial institutions who had been making large losses on mortgage-backed securities caused by the subprime mortgage crisis due to the large drops in property values in the United States. The financial institutions both in America and around the world had virtually stopped all lending and the credit markets had frozen.

3 Oct, 2011 - Tuvalu Declares Water Emergency
2011 : The small island country of Tuvalu, located in the Pacific, declared a state of emergency over severe fresh water shortages. New Zealand and Australia tried to help by sending desalination units and other supplies as well as sending officials there to assess the situation.

3 Oct, 2011 - Amanda Knox's Conviction Overturned
October 3rd, 2011 : Amanda Knox's conviction for murder and sexual assault of Meredith Kercher is overturned by an Italian appeals court, she had served nearly 3 years of the 26 year sentence handed down following the first trial in 2009.

3 Oct, 2012 - News Anchor Has Viral Video Bullying Response
2012 : A Wisconsin news anchor's on-air response to a viewer's email criticizing her weight and appearance went viral after the woman addressed the issue of bullying and appealed directly to young people by telling them "Do no let your self-worth be defined by bullies."

3 Oct, 2013 - Italy Migrant Boat Sinks
October 3rd, 2013 : Over 300 people die after a migrant boat coming from Africa sinks off the coast of the Italian island Lampedusa on its way to Europe. The boat was carrying migrants coming mainly from Somalia and Eritrea. The boat was carrying over 500 people and only 155 were rescued after the boat caught on fire and sank.

Born This Day In History 3rd October

Celebrating Birthdays Today
Fred Couples
Born: 3rd October 1959 Seattle, Washington, U.S.
Known For : An American Pro golfer and former World No. 1 who competes on the PGA Tour. Winner of 15 PGA tour wins possibly best known his 1992 Masters Tournament win at Augusta National Golf Club.

Chubby Checker
Born: 3rd October 1941 Ernest Evans Spring Gulley, South Carolina, USA
Known For : Best Known for his world wide number one "The Twist" starting the 60's dance craze, then he followed up with "Let's Twist Again (Like We Did Last Summer)" which won Grammy Award for Best Rock & Roll Solo Vocal Performance in 1961.