What Happened in 1972 Important News and Events, Key Technology and Popular Culture
What happened in 1972 Major News Stories include Munich Olympics Terrorist Attack, Mark Spitz 7 gold medals, Digital Watches are introduced, Governor George Wallace is shot, First scientific hand-held calculator, Atari release PONG, Antiwar demonstrations draw 100,000, Cod War, Bloody Sunday and Bloody Friday Northern Ireland, Watergate Scandal,
How Much things cost in 1972
Yearly Inflation Rate USA 3.27%
Yearly Inflation Rate UK 6.4%
Year End Close Dow Jones Industrial Average 1020
Average Cost of new house $27,550.00
Average Income per year $11,800.00
Average Monthly Rent $165.00
Cost of a gallon of Gas 55 cents
Roxanne Ladies Swimsuit $30.00
Kodak Pocket $28.00
Wrangler Jeans $12.00
ladies Timex WatchFrom $30.00
--Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 7,374
Gallon of Petrol 0.35
A few More Examples
Ford Pinto $2,078
Barbie Doll Designer Collection From $2.85
Frisbee 94 cents
Ladies Stylish Over the Knee Boot $22.97
Ladies Deirdra Wig $20.00
Ladies Front Slit Dress $18.00
Classic Cook Center $474.95
White Contemporary Dinette Set $282.95
Hellmanns Mayonnaise $1.39
Fresh Strawberries Lb 31 cents
Ground Beef Lb 98 cents
Fruit Cocktail Can 20 cents
Split Level Home on Hill Top living room , dining room , 3 bedrooms , cathedral ceilings , 3 baths central air and double garage Iowa City
1972 This year is marked as a black year in history due to the use of terrorism entering sport with the massacre of 11 Israel Athletes by Arab Gunman. Also this is the beginning of the biggest political scandal in modern times and the start of the Watergate Scandal. On the other side of the Atlantic a worsening of the problems between the IRA and the British government see wrongs from both sides and innocent lives are lost.
Munich Olympics Terrorist Attack
More Information and Timeline For the Munich Olympics Terrorist Attack
- 11 Israel Athletes murdered by Arab Gunman at Munich Olympics on September 6th
1. September 5th
2. 4:30 AM
Eight members of Black September carrying duffel bags loaded with AKM assault rifles, Tokarev pistols, and grenades scaled a two-meter chain-link fence into the Olympic Village.
3. 4:55 AM
Terrorists knock on the door of Israeli wrestling coach Moshe Weinberg.
3. Wrestling coach Moshe Weinberg and Weightlifter Yossef Romano attack the terrorists and are killed
4. Terrorists hold nine live Israeli hostage
5. 9:30 AM
Terrorists demand the release and safe passage to Egypt of 234 Palestinians and non-Arabs jailed in Israel, along with two German radicals held by the German penitentiary system, in exchange for the hostages.
6. 6:00 PM
Terrorists demand safe flight to Cairo in Egypt and German Negotiators Pretend Agreement although Egyptian Prime Minister Aziz Sedki had already told the German authorities that the Egyptians did not wish to become involved
7. 10:10 PM
Bus provided to take terrorists and their hostages from Olympic Village to two Bell UH-1 military helicopters nearby to transport them to nearby the NATO air base at Fürstenfeldbruck.
8. 10:12 PM
Terrorists and hostages board Helicopters
9. Five German snipers deployed around the airport to shoot the kidnappers
10. Boeing 727 jet was positioned on the tarmac with six armed German police inside dressed as flight crew
11. Just before terrorists due to arrive the German police inside the aircraft vote to abandon mission ( Not relayed to central command )
12. 10:30 PM
Helicopters arrive at airfield
13. 10:55 PM
Terrorists Issa and Tony walked over to inspect the jet and find it empty signifying a trap had been set.
14. 11:00 PM
German authorities give the order for snipers positioned nearby to open fire and take out the terrorists.
15. September 6th
16. 12:04 AM
German armored personnel carriers arrive
17. 12:05 AM
Terrorist Leader Issa Realizes situation doomed and shoots and kills Israeli hostages in one of the helicopters
18. 12:05 AM
Terrorist Leader Issa pulled the pin on a hand grenade and tossed it into the cockpit; the ensuing explosion destroyed the helicopter and incinerated the bound Israelis inside.
19. 12:06 AM
Terrorist Leader Issa then heads across the tarmac to reach the other helicopter to shoot other hostages and is shot and killed
20. 12:06 AM
German authorities give the order for snipers positioned nearby to open fire and take out the terrorists.
21. 12:06 AM
The remaining hostages on the second Helicopter are shot and killed
22. 12:10 AM
Three of the Terrorists survive ( all hostages are killed ) 1 German Police Officer is also killed in the gun fight
The German authorities like many other European countries did not have a fully trained professional counter-terrorism force for the Olympics, following the lessons learned most European Countries now have counter-terrorism forces in place available at a moments notice. Following the attack the security precautions for future Olympics are much tighter and more stringent to prevent a similar attack.
Five White House operatives are arrested for burglarizing the offices of the Democratic National Committee the start of the Watergate Scandal.
More Information for the India and Pakistan conflict.
More Information and Timeline For The Watergate Scandal
G. Gordon Liddy general counsel to the Committee for the Re-Election of the President proposes burglarizing and wiretapping the Democratic National Committee's headquarters at the Watergate Complex in Washington, D.C
3. on May 17
wiretaps placed on the telephones of Democratic National Chairman Lawrence O'Brien and Executive Director of Democratic States' Chairmen R. Spencer Oliver, Jr.
4. June 17th
Frank Wills, a security guard at the Watergate Complex called police at 1:30 AM and five men are arrested inside the Democratic National Committee's headquarters office
5. June 18th
Virgilio González, Bernard Barker, James W. McCord, Jr., Eugenio Martínez, and Frank Sturgis are charged with attempted burglary and attempted interception of telephone and other communications.
6. June 19th
Washington Post ( Reporters Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward ) reveal that one of the Watergate burglars ( James McCord ) was a Republican Party security aide.
7. June and July
Washington Post Reporters source "Deep Throat."
reveals Examination of the burglars' accounts showed the link to the 1972 Committee to Re-Elect the President, through its subordinate finance committee.
8. August 29th
President Richard Nixon speaking at a news conference stated "I can say categorically that no one in the White House staff, no one in this Administration, presently employed, was involved in this very bizarre incident ( Watergate Break In"
9. September 15 News Events
Grand jury indicted the five and E. Howard Hunt, Jr. and G. Gordon Liddy for conspiracy, burglary, and violation of federal wiretapping laws.
10. September 29th
Washington Post Reporters reveals John Mitchell, while serving as Attorney General, controlled a secret Republican fund used to finance intelligence-gathering against the Democrats
11. October 10th
Washington Post Reporters breaks the story that the Watergate break-in was part of a massive campaign of political spying and sabotage on behalf of the officials and heads of the Nixon re-election campaign.
12. November 7th
President Richard Nixon was re-elected in one of the biggest landslides ever in American political history.
Over the next 12 months following the United States Senate establishing a select committee to investigate Watergate and former members of Nixons inner circle delivering testimony which was damaging to the President. That together with the eventual release of the Watergate tapes which proved that the President was involved in the cover up eventually led to his resignation.
The House of Representatives began formal investigations into the possible impeachment of the president. The House Judiciary Committee voted 27 to 11 on July 27, 1974 to recommend the first article of impeachment against the president: obstruction of justice.
15. August 8, 1974
In a nationally televised address from the Oval Office president Richard Nixon announces he will resign the Presidency effective at noon the next day
16. August 9
Vice President Ford sworn in as President of the United States.
17. September 8th
President Gerald Ford issued a full and unconditional pardon of former President Nixon, immunizing him from prosecution for any crimes he had "committed or may have committed or taken part in" as President.
If not for the persistence of the two Washington Post Reporters Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward and the backing of the Washington Post I believe the Watergate Scandal would never have been investigated showing that back in the 70's true investigative journalism still existed. Their source inside the FBI "Deep Throat" was much later (2005) revealed to be former Deputy Director of the FBI William Mark Felt, Sr. .
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
The United States and Soviet Union sign the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty and an interim treaty after the Strategic Arms Limitations Talks (SALT I) take place during May
. US President Richard Nixon and Soviet Premier Leonid Brezhnev met in Moscow to negotiate arms control between the two nations. It was the first time a US president visited the Soviet Union since World War II. The ABM Treaty limited the US and USSR to 2 anti-ballistic missile complexes with 100 anti-ballistic missiles each. The SALT I agreement limited the numbers of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), submarine launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs), and strategic ballistic missile launchers.
United States - Landsat 1 Launches
1. NASA launches the Landsat 1 Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) on July 23rd
2. It was the first of several Landsat satellites which were developed with the purpose of observing and studying the Earth.
3. It was launched from the Vandenberg Air Force Base in California with a Delta 900 rocket.
4. The satellite transmitted over 300,000 images of Earth’s surface back to researcher before it became defunct on January 6th
More Information on Copernicus OAO-3 Satellite
- The OAO-3 Copernicus Satellite is launched
The Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 3 (OAO-3), or, Copernicus satellite is launched by NASA on August 21st, 1972. The satellite was created as a joint effort in astronomical research between the United States and the United Kingdom. OAO-3 carried a UV telescope that was built at Princeton and an X-Ray experiment created at University College London. The OAO-3 Copernicus satellite was considered to be the most successful of all four OAO missions, having made several scientific discoveries. It remained in operation until February of 1981.
Space Shuttle Program Introduced
NASA’s Space Shuttle Program is officially launched during January . President Nixon approved the program and announced its inception to the American public. The purpose of the program was to create a reusable spacecraft with the ultimate goal of reducing the cost of space exploration and making it more commonplace. The first fully functional space shuttle was the Columbia which completed its first mission in Apri l of 1981
after years of testing and development.
Japan -- XI Winter Olympics
The XI Winter Olympics in Sapporo, Japan were held from February 3rd to the 13th of 1972. A total of 1006 athletes from 35 different countries participated in 35 events. The Soviet Union, East Germany, and Switzerland with 16, 14, and 10 respectively. These games were some of the most extravagant to date and the Japanese government spent a lot of money to upgrade the city’s transportation in preparation for the games. Controversy over the use of professional athletes erupted when one Austrian skier was removed from the games due to commercial advertising but full-time players in the sport of ice hockey from other countries were allowed to participate.
Space -- Pioneer 10
NASA launched the Pioneer 10 spacecraft on March 3rd
1972. The mission of Pioneer 10 was to become the first spacecraft to become the first spacecraft to travel through the asteroid belt and the first to visit Jupiter. Pioneer 10 successfully completed its mission when it arrived at Jupiter in December of 1973 and took the first up-close images of the solar system’s largest planet. After it arrived at Jupiter, the Pioneer 10 spacecraft continued to explore the outer solar system, even after its mission ended in March of 1997
United Kingdom --- Miners Strike
More Information and Timeline For Miners Strike
- The British government declares a state of emergency over 47 day miners' strike
2. January 5th
National Executive Committee of the NUM reject pay rise offer from the National Coal Board,
3. January 9th
Miners go on strike for the first time since 1926
4. January 10th - February 9th
Miners begin by picketing coal power stations and then escalate to all power stations, steelworks, ports, coal depots and other major coal users.
5. February 9th
British Conservative Government under Prime Minister Edward Heath declares a state of emergency
6. February 9th
British Government announces 3 day working week introduced to save electricity
7. February 19th
New wages agreement reached between the National Executive Committee of the NUM and the Government.
8. February 28th
Following ballot of NUM Union Members Miners accept agreement and return to work
Following the settlement the miners wages increased significantly and two years later called a further strike.
More News and Key Events From 1972
- Earthquake lasting 20 seconds destroys most of Bingol, Turkey - more than 1000 dead, 10.000 made homeless
Israel Terrorist Attack
- Three gunmen open fire at Lod International Airport in Tel Aviv, Israel, killing 26 people and injuring dozens more
- Earthquake in the town of Ghir, in southern Iraq leaves over 5,000 dead
- Hurricane Agnes on June 13th ( Category 1 hurricane ) wrecks havoc on the state of Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland and Virginia causing the death of 117 , In the worst hit state of Pennsylvania 48 people die due to the hurricane.
- 16 survivors from plane crash survive and are rescued after practicing cannibalism
- Bobby Fischer beats Boris Spassky to become the World Chess Champion in Reykjavik, Iceland,
- Last US ground troops withdrawn from Vietnam
Earthquake in Nicaragua
- Earthquake in Nicaragua kills 5,000-10,000 in the capital Managua
- The last major epidemic of smallpox in Europe breaks out in Yugoslavia.
Black Lung Benefits bill
- The Black Lung Benefits bill signed into law by President Nixon
Bloody Friday Northern Ireland
- Bloody Friday 22 bombs explode in Belfast Ireland and 9 people are killed with a further 130 seriously injured.
Bloody Sunday Northern Ireland
- Bloody Sunday14 unarmed Catholic protesters are gunned down by the British Army on bloody Sunday
IRA bomb UK
- IRA bomb explodes at the 16th Parachute Brigade headquarters at Aldershot
Equal Rights Amendment
- The Equal Rights Amendment which provided for the legal equality of the sexes passed by the U.S. Senate on 22nd March
- Pilots organise worldwide strike protesting increased Air Piracy / Hijacking and lack of government action.
CND ( Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament )
- CND ( Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament ) organises a series of demonstrations against nuclear arms
- After spending 20 years fighting in the courts for compensation 300 Thalidomide victims are offered £11.85 million over 10 years
Second Cod War
- The Second Cod War between UK and Iceland
- The worlds leaders agree to banning biological warfare
- Antiwar demonstrations draw 100,000 demonstrators in US cities
- Palestinian hijackers hijack a Lufthansa jet
Martial Law Philippines
- Martial Law Declared in the Philippines
RMS Queen Elizabeth
- The ex RMS Queen Elizabeth Sets on Fire and Sinks in Hong Kong
- Ceylon becomes a republic and changes its name to Sri Lanka
- General Idi Amin of Uganda takes control of British firms and interests in the country
- General Idi Amin of Uganda expells 50,000 Asians From Uganda
UK unemployment rises to 1 million
- UK unemployment rises to one million for the first time since the depression years of the 1930s
Dow Jones closes above 1000
- The Dow Jones closes above 1000 for the first time in history
Star of Sierra leone
- The Largest Diamond The Star of Sierra leone is unearthed it is 969.8 carats
- Flash Flood caused by dam burst on June 9th in Rapid City, South Dakota kills over 200
Governor George Wallace is shot three times
- Governor George Wallace is shot three times on May 15th in an attempted assasination attempt by Arthur Bremer which leaves him paralyzed.
- Bangladesh Gains Independence From Pakistan
- Cameroon Gains Independence From France and Britain
Richard Nixon Visits China
- Richard Nixon Visits China
Buffalo Creek Valley Dam Collapse
- A dam In West Virginia’s Buffalo Creek Valley collapses killing 118 people
- American Swimmer Mark Spitz wins a record 7 gold medals in the Summer Olympics in Munich
Winter Olympic Games
- The Winter Olympic Games are held in Sapporo, Japan
Federal Water Pollution Control
- Federal Water Pollution Control Amendments come into force
- The Godfather
- The Poseidon Adventure
- What's Up, Doc?
- Jeremiah Johnson
- The Getaway
- Pink Flamingos
Popular Musicians and songs
- Roxy Music
- The Eagles
- John Lennon
- Paul Simon
- Simon and Garfunkel
- Rod Stewart
- Don Mclean with -- " American Pie "
- Michael Jackson with -- " Ben "
- Don McLean
- Elton John
- The Moody Blues
- David Bowie
- Led Zeppelin
Popular TV Programmes
- Monty Python's Flying Circus
- Sesame Street
- The Benny Hill Show
- The Brady Bunch
- Dad's Army
- Hawaii Five-O
- Here's Lucy
Born This Year
Born This Year 1972
Gwyneth Paltrow September 27th
Scott Peterson October 24th
Jonny Lee Miller November 15th
Ben Affleck August 15
- HBO launched in US as the first subscription cable service
- Richard Nixon orders the start for the space shuttle program
- Apollo 16 lands on the moon where the Lunar Rover is tested by astronauts John W Young and Charles M Duke
- Apollo 17 lands on the moon and the last men to walk on the moon are Harrison Schmitt and Eugene Cernan
- Digital Watches are introduced
- First scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) introduced (price $395).
- The Volkswagen Beetle becomes the most popular car ever sold with in excess of 15 million sold.
- Atari kicks off the first generation of video games with the release of PONG, the first game to achieve commercial success
Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
USA Willem J Koiff
Major World Political Leaders
--Australia -- Prime Minister -- William McMahon -- Till 5 December
--Australia -- Prime Minister -- Gough Whitlam -- From 5 December
--Brazil -- President -- Emilio Medici -
--Canada -- Prime Minister -- Pierre Trudeau --
--China -- Chairman of the People's Republic of China -- Dong Biwu --
--France -- President -- Georges Pompidou --
--Germany -- Chancellor -- Willy Brandt --
--India -- Prime Minister -- Indira Gandhi --
--Italy -- Prime Minister --Emilio Colombo -- Till 17 February
--Italy -- Prime Minister --Giulio Andreotti -- From 17 February
--Japan -- Prime Minister --Eisaku Sato -- Till 7 July
--Japan -- Prime Minister --Kakuei Tanaka -- From 7 July
--Mexico -- President -- Luis Echeverría --
-- Russia / Soviet Union -- First Secretary of the CPSU -- Leonid Brezhnev --
--South Africa -- Prime Minister -- Balthazar Johannes Vorster --
--United States -- President -- Richard Nixon --
--United Kingdom -- Prime Minister -- Edward Heath --
Political Elections This Year
United States Presidential Election ----1972 -- Richard Nixon (Republican) Defeats George McGovern (Democratic) and John G. Schmitz (American) --
Canadian Federal Election ----1974 -- Pierre Trudeau ( Liberal ) defeats Robert Stanfield ( Progressive Conservatives ) --