What Happened in 1974 Important News and Events, Key Technology and Popular Culture
1974 Inflation continues to spiral out of control around the world reaching 11.3% in the USA and 17.2% in the UK and the global recession deepens. The famous skeleton "Lucy" is discovered in Ethiopia which lived between 3.9 to 3 million years ago. More and more smaller digital based consumer products appear in the shops and the earliest forms of Word Processors appear which resemble a typewriter more than a computer. After the findings of the Watergate Scandal Richard Nixon becomes the first US president forced to resign from office.
How Much things cost in 1974
Yearly Inflation Rate USA 11.3%
Yearly Inflation Rate UK 17.2%
Year End Close Dow Jones Industrial Average 616
Average Cost of new house $34,900.00
Average Income per year $13,900.00
Average Monthly Rent $185.00
Cost of a gallon of Gas 0.42
Buick Station Wagon$4,371
A Dozen Eggs 45 cents Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 9,942
Gallon of Petrol 0.35
A few More Examples
Ford Galaxie 500 $3,883
Tomatoes 19 cents per pound
Boneless Hams $2.29 per pound
Portable TV $264.88
Dozen Medium Eggs 28 cents
Cassette Recorder $49.95
Combo Toaster and Mini-Oven $24.99
Men's shirt From $12.99
Country ranch 10 acres 3 bedroom large barn fruit and oak trees --- Vallejo --- California $59,200
What Events Happened in 1974
IRA begins bombing campaign
- IRA begins bombing campaign on mainland Britainand bombs The Tower of London on July 17th and the Houses of parliament and pubs in Birmingham
Richard Nixon becomes the first US president forced to resign
More Information and Timeline for Nixon's Resignation
- Following impeachment hearings started on May 9 Richard Nixon becomes the first US president forced to resign after the Watergate Scandal on August 9
United States President Richard Nixon resigns from office on the 9th of August, 1974. He had previously announced his intention to resign the previous day during a televised address to the nation. Nixon had been facing near certain impeachment and conviction by the US Congress after his involvement in the Watergate Scandal.
The Watergate Scandal began in 1972 at the beginning of Nixon's second term as US president and it was related to his involvement in illegal activities within his administration. This included the break-in at the Democratic party headquarters by Nixon associates to sabotage political opponents.
There were also taped conversations that Nixon refused to release to investigators that were thought to reveal his knowledge of the corruption and wrongdoing within his administration. Nixon resigned in order to avoid the disgrace of a trial and subsequent removal from office. His vice president, Gerald Ford, took office after him and soon gave Nixon a full pardon for his wrongdoing.
Rumble in the Jungle
More Information and Timeline for the Rumble in the Jungle
- On October 30th, 1974 the much hyped boxing match between George Foreman and Muhammad Ali for Ali to regain his heavyweight title takes place in Kinshasa, Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo).
1. Muhammad Ali, a legendary boxer considered to be the greatest of all time by many, was stripped of his heavyweight title for refusing the Vietnam war draft in 1967. He was also banned from boxing for several years.
2. Muhammad Ali and the current heavyweight champion at the time, George Foreman, agreed to fight for the title in 1974.
3. The former champion would face off against Foreman, a twenty-five year old undefeated champion for a five million dollar purse in a boxing match to be held in Kinshasa, Zaire. Promoter Don King labeled the fight the “Rumble in the Jungle.”
5. Ali’s strategy was to let Foreman hit him until he was too tired and then Ali would come at him with a series of quick punches until he won by a knockout, a technique labeled by Ali’s trainer as the “Rope-a-Dope.”
6. Ali defeated Foreman by knockout in the eighth round of the boxing match, becoming only the second former heavyweight champion to regain his title.
More Information and Timeline for the Kootenai War
- The Kootenai Native American Tribe in Idaho declares war on the United States
On September 20th the sixty-seven members of the Native American Kootenai tribe, headed by Amy Trice, declares war on the United States government as a final effort to gain attention to the tribe's loss of land and subsequent troubles.
The war was peaceful and mainly involved charging tolls to pass through tribal lands near Bonners Ferry, Idaho along US Highway 95. They also distributed information to those passing through detailing the problems of the tribe.
The war gained a lot of publicity for the Kootenai tribe and the US government gave the Kootenai 12.5 acres of land to end the war.
Stephen King publishes his debut novel.
More Information for King's Novel "Carrie"
- Stephen King publishes his debut novel.
Stephen King, a 26-year-old author, published his debut novel “Carrie,” during April of 1974. “Carrie” was actually the fourth novel that King had written but the first to be published, helping to launch his prolific career. The story focused on a bullied and sheltered teenage girl who discovers that she has telekinetic powers, ultimately using her powers to seek revenge. The novel is credited with revitalizing the horror genre during the decade and it became massively popular. It was also adapted for a 1976 feature film that was nominated for several Academy Awards.
Salyut-4 space station
More Information and Timeline for Salyut-4.
- The Soviet Union launches the Salyut-4 space station.
The Soviet Union launches the Salyut-4 space station on December 26th 1974. The space station carried an x-ray telescope that began operation in January of 1975 after Salyut-4 went into orbit. During its time in orbit two Soviet crews successfully docked at Salyut-4 for long-term missions from January to February and May to July of 1975. There was also an unmanned mission that docked at Salyut-4 from November of 1975 to February of 1976. The space station was eventually taken out of orbit and it re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere on February 2, 1977.
- President Gerald Ford gives unconditional pardon to Richard Nixon
1974 Mens and Womens Fashion Clothes
Calendar For The Year 1974
Toys From The Year 1974
West Germany - FIFA World Cup
West Germany wins the FIFA World Cup in July
. The soccer tournament began during the previous month and was hosted by West Germany. The host country won the final against the Netherlands. Poland and Brazil placed third and fourth respectively. There were a total of 38 matches played by the 16 teams that qualified. Throughout the competition a total of 97 goals were scored and the World Cup was attended by over 1.8 million people. This was the first FIFA
World Cup that teams from Australia, East Germany, Haiti, and Zaire (Democratic Republic of the Congo) qualified.
More News and Key Events From 1974
Franklin National Bank
- A major US Bank Franklin National Bank is declared insolvent
55 MPH Speed Limit
- 55 MPH Speed Limit imposed to preserve gas usage US wide
Brisbane river floods
- The Brisbane river floods large areas of the Brisbane business district and more than 8,500 homes were flooded in Brisbane and Ipswich.
World Wide Inflation
- Worldwide Inflationhelps to cause dramatic increases in the cost of fuel, food and manufacturing
- Sears Tower in Chicago becomes the worlds tallest building
Amnesty for Vietnam War deserters
- President Ford announces an amnesty program for Vietnam War deserters and draft evaders
- The Global Recession Deepens
- Gasoline shortages and price increases throughout the world help to cause problems in most of the western worlds economies
- Governments and people around the world spend more time debating the use of Nuclear Energy to combat problems with Oil Prices and Supply
- Estimate of The Worlds Populationreaches 4 billion
Smallpox Epidemic in India
- Smallpox Epidemic in India causes the deaths of between 10,000 and 20,000 people
Ceasefire on the Golan Heights
- Henry Kissenger convinces Syria and Israel agree to a ceasefire on the Golan Heights on June 5 News Events
Turkey Invades Northern Cyprus
- Turkey Invades Northern Cyprus
Patricia Hearst Kidnappers
- Patricia Hearst Kidnappers Demand $70 of food be given to every needy Californian
Daylight saving time
- In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving timecommences nearly four months early in the United States..
Charles de Gaulle Airport
- Charles de Gaulle Airportopens in Paris, France.
Largest series of tornadoes
- The largest series of tornadoesin history, hits 13 U.S. states and one Canadian province. By the time the last of 148 tornadoeshit early the following morning, 315 died and over 5,000 were injured.
Coal Miners Strike
- British Coal Miners join many other unions striking for higher wages
India first nuclear weapon
- India successfully detonates its first nuclear weapon on May 18th becoming the sixth nation to do so.
- Cyclone Tracy strikes on 25th December almost completely destroys Darwin, Australia
- Famine caused by drought threatens millions in Africa
- The French President Georges Pompidou dies while in Office
- Following a crippling strike, Northern Ireland's first power-sharing assembly collapses
Alaska Oil pipeline
- Work begins on the 800 mile long Alaska Oil pipeline
Portugal Military coup
- Bloodless Military coup led by General Antoniio de Spinola, in Portugal
World's First Woman President
- Isabel Peron, Juan Peron's third wife, becomes President of Argentina after the death of her husband on July 1st. She became the first woman president in the world.
West Germany Wins World Cup
- West Germany Wins 1974 World Cup in West Germany
- Soviet authorities expel Alexander Solzhenitsyn revoking his Russian citizenship
Popular Culture 1974
- Elvis Presley's Aloha From Hawaii television special is seen around the world by more than 1 billion viewers
- The Sting
- The Exorcist
- Herbie Rides Again
- Blazing Saddles
- The Great Gatsby
- Death Wish
- The Godfather, Part II
- Murder on the Orient Express
Popular Musicians and songs
- Beach Boys
- David Bowie
- Eric Clapton with " I Shot The Sheriff "
- Alice Cooper
- Deep Purple
- Ella Fitzgerald
- Grateful Dead
- Joni Mitchell
- Van Morrison
- Dolly Parton
- Minnie Riperton
- Roxy Music
- Jethro Tull
- The Velvet Underground
- Barry White
- Paul McCartney with " Band on the Run "
- Stevie Wonder
Popular TV Programmes
- Kung Fu
- The Price Is Right
- The Waltons
- Last of the Summer Wine
- The Six Million Dollar Man
Born This Year
Born This Year 1974
Leonardo DiCaprio November 11th
Alanis Morissette June 1st
Jimmy Fallon September 19th
Victoria Beckham April 17th
- MRI Scanner( Magnetic Resonance Imaging } developed USA
- Lucy an almost complete hominid skeleton over 3 million years old is discovered in Africa.
More Information and Timeline for Lucy Discovery
Paleontologist Donald Johanson discovers a 3.2 million year old hominid skeleton in Ethiopia on November 24, 1974. The skeleton was about forty percent complete and was identified as the early human ancestor species Australopithecus afarensis. The scientists named the skeleton “Lucy.” At the time of the discovery Lucy was the oldest known example of a human ancestor to have been found. Based off of the skeletal evidence, Lucy was likely a female, walked upright, was about three and a half feet tall, and had ape-like facial features. It was a huge scientific discovery at that time.
- After 84 days in space, the last crew of the temporary American space station Skylab return to Earth
- Pocket calculators start to appear in shops
- Offices start using a very primitive word processor that resembles a typewriter
- Lucy an almost complete hominid skeleton over 3 million years old is discovered in Africa
- The first use of UPC or Universal product Code BAR CODE UPC scanner installed in Marshes Supermarket in Troy Ohio ( check 1952 for first bar code use not UPC ) or the standard used today
Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
Major World Political Leaders
Prime Minister Gough Whitlam
President Emilio Medici
Till 15 March
President Ernesto Geisel
From 15 March
Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau
Chairman of the People's Republic of China Dong Biwu
President Georges Pompidou
Till 3 April
President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
From 27 May
Chancellor Willy Brandt
Till 7 May
Chancellor Walter Scheel
From 7 May
Chancellor Walter Scheel
Till 16 May
Chancellor Helmut Schmidt
From 16 May
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Prime Minister Mariano Rumor
Till 23 November
Prime Minister Aldo Moro
From 23 November
Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka
Till 9 December
Prime Minister Takeo Miki
From 9 December
President Luis Echeverría
Russian / Soviet Union
First Secretary of the CPSU Leonid Brezhnev
Prime Minister Balthazar Johannes Vorster
President Richard Nixon
Till August 9,
From August 9,
Prime Minister Edward Heath
Till 4 March
Prime Minister Harold Wilson
From 4 March
Political Elections This Year
British General Election 2nd in 74 due to hung parliament 1974 Harold Wilson ( Labour ) defeats Edward Heath ( Conservative ) and Jeremy Thorpe ( Liberal )