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Cost of Living 1965How Much things cost in 1965
Yearly Inflation Rate USA 1.59%
Yearly Inflation Rate UK 5.0%
Year End Close Dow Jones Industrial Average 969 Average Cost of new house $13,600.00 Average Income per year $6,450.00 Gas per Gallon 31 cents Average Cost of a new car $2,650.00 Loaf of bread 21 cents Average Rent per month $118,00
Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 3,660 Gallon of Petrol 5 shillings or 26 new pence E-type Jaguar 1867
| From Our 1965 Toys page |
What Events Happened in 1965U.S.
- The Palm Sunday Tornado Outbreak on April 13th : An estimated fifty-one tornadoes (forty-seven confirmed) hit in six Midwestern states killing anywhere from 256 to 271 people and injuring some 1,500 more.
- Race Riots Break Out In Watts, California leaving large parts of the city burnt and looted and 34 dead. August 11th
1. August 11th 7.00 PM California highway patrolman, Lee Minikus, arrests Marquette Frye after Frye failed his sobriety tests.
2. August 11th 7.00 PM to 7.23 PM Crowd of a few hundred gathered around the scene
3. August 11th 7.00 PM to 7.23 PM Additional Police are bought in for crowd control
4. August 11th 7.23 PM Patrolman, Lee Minikus arrests three Frye family members Marquette, his brother Ronald, and their mother
5. August 11th 7:40 PM Police leave the scene with those they have arrested leaving behind an angered, tense crowd
6. August 11th 8.00 PM to Midnight angry mob goes on rampage including stoning cars and threatened police in the area.
7. August 12th Black leaders including preachers, teachers, and businessmen try to restore order in the community
8. August 13th Rioting continues with an increase of looting and arson with 100 fire brigades trying to put out fires started by rioters
9. August 13th 14,000 national guardsmen are called in and join the police trying to maintain order on the streets
10. August 14th Lieutenant Governor Anderson appeared on television announcing the curfew which made it a crime for any unauthorized persons to be on the streets in the curfew area after 8:00 p.m
11. August 15th riots and vandalism end
12. August 17th Governor Brown lifts the curfew
The riots ended with 34 dead and 1,032 reported injuries, including 90 Los Angeles police officers, 136 firemen, 10 national guardsmen, 23 persons from other governmental agencies, and 773 civilians. More than 600 buildings were damaged by burning and looting and another 200 buildings were destroyed,
- Lyndon B. Johnson announces his program to create Medicare and to expand his war on poverty
- Several U.S. states (VT, NH, MA, CT, RI, NY and portions of NJ) and parts of Canada are hit by a series of blackouts lasting up to 13 1/2 hours. 30 million people
1. November 6th Maintenance personnel incorrectly set protective relay too low on a transmission line between the Niagara generating station Sir Adam Beck Station No. 2 in Queenston, Ontario
2. November 9th 5:16 p.m small surge of power coming from Lewiston, New York's Robert Moses generating plant caused the improperly set relay to trip at far below the line's rated capacity
3. November 9th 5:16 p.m following the trip of the improperly set relay power is distributed to the other transmission lines where the protective relays acted correctly and ceased power transmission
4. November 9th 5:16 p.m Sir Adam Beck Hydroelectric Power Stations is isolated from Southern Ontario
5. November 9th 5:20 p.m Adam Beck Hydroelectric Power Stations excess power headed east over the interconnected lines into New York State overloading them as well
6. November 9th 5:23 p.m Adam Beck Hydroelectric Power Stations with no where to transmit power are automatically shut down to prevent damage.
7. November 9th 5:27 p.m Most of New York City is blacked out without power
8. November 9th 5:27 p.m The affected power areas were the Ontario Hydro System, St Lawrence-Oswego, Upstate New York, New England, and Maine.
9. November 10th 7:00 a.m Between 9.00 p.m on 9th November and 7.00 a.m on 10th November most of the areas affected were returned to full power.
This one incident shows that a minor mistake caused by human error can easily cause a major problem that affects millions of people's lives.
- In St. Louis, Missouri, the 630-foot-tall parabolic steel Gateway Arch is completed ( The St Louis Arch )
- The Voting Rights Act, guaranteeing African Americans the right to vote becomes law
1. Mid 1800's Jim Crow laws dating back to the mid 1800's were for the segregation of public schools, public places, and public transportation, and the segregation of restrooms, restaurants, and drinking fountains for whites and blacks.
2. 1963 October 7th 300 Dallas County blacks line up to register to vote in Selma, Dallas County, Alabama After waiting all day in the hot sun, only a handful of the hundreds in the line were allowed to fill out the voter application, and most of the applications were denied
3. 1964 July 2nd President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law which declared segregation illegal, yet the Jim Crow laws remained in effect.
4. 1964 November 3rd Following the election, civil rights organizations banded together to push for the passage of legislation that would ensure black voting rights once and for all
5. 1965 The voting rights movement in Selma, Alabama Launch a number of marches to bring about changes to the voting rights of African Americans
6. January 2nd Martin Luther King, Jr. addressed a mass meeting in Brown Chapel in defiance of an anti-meeting injunction.
7. February 18th C. T. Vivian led a march to the courthouse in Marion, the county seat of Perry County where state troopers rush the protesters and attack them. One of the protestors Jimmie Lee Jackson is shot and killed Alabama State Trooper, corporal James Bonard Fowler while hiding in a nearby café.
8. March 7th The first march takes place in Selma, Alabama as the marchers head east out of Selma on U.S. Highway 80 and cross the Edmund Pettus Bridge they find a wall of state troopers waiting for them on the other side, 600 civil rights marchers were attacked by state and local police with nightsticks and tear gas. Seventeen marchers were hospitalized, leading to the naming of the march as "Bloody Sunday"
9. March 8th Brutal televised images of the attack, which presented people with horrifying images of marchers left bloodied and severely injured, roused support for the U.S. civil rights movement. Newspapers and News Magazines around the world also showed similar photos which shocked the world bringing more support to the civil rights movement.
10. March 9th Federal District Court Judge Frank Minis Johnson issued a restraining order, preventing the Selma to Montgomery march from taking place until he could hold additional hearings later in the week
11. March 9th Martin Luther King, Jr. led about 2,500 marchers out to the Edmund Pettus Bridge and held a short prayer session before turning the marchers back around, thereby obeying the court order preventing them from marching all the way to Montgomery
12. March 9th later that evening three white ministers who had come for the march were attacked and beaten with clubs, The worst injured was James Reeb, a white Unitarian Universalist who died in hospital on Thursday, March 11th
13. March 15th Following the televised images and critism of U.S. civil rights President Lyndon Baines Johnson presented a bill to a joint session of Congress. The bill itself would later pass and become the Voting Rights Act. Johnson's speech in front of Congress was considered to be a watershed moment for the civil rights movement; Johnson even used the movement's most famous slogan "We shall overcome".
14. March 16th Judge Johnson ruled in favor of the protestors, saying their First Amendment right to march in protest could not be abridged by the state of Alabama.
15. March 21st 8,000 people assembled at Brown Chapel in Selma to commence the march to Montgomery
16. March 21st to 25th Between 300 and 25,000 protesters marched the 50 miles between Selma and Montgomery ( numbers were limited by the number of lanes on a highway )
17. March 25th 25,000 people marched from St. Jude to the steps of the State Capitol Building in Montgomery, Alabama where Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his speech "How Long, Not Long."
18. August 6th the 1965 Voting Rights Act is signed into law which prohibited most of the unfair practices used to prevent blacks from registering to vote, and provided for federal registrars to go to Alabama and other states with a history of voting-related discrimination to ensure that the law was implemented.
- The Gemini Space Program continues into 1965 and lay the groundwork for an eventual manned mission to the moon.
1, The Gemini Project was created with the goal of making a two-person spacecraft, testing long-term flights and weightlessness on humans, docking spacecraft with orbiting objects, and creating re-entry and landing methods all in preparation for an eventual manned mission to the moon. Half of the missions take place during 1965.
2. The Gemini I mission launches in April of 1964.
3. The Gemini II unmanned spacecraft launched as a part of the Gemini Space Program on January 19, 1965. The Gemini II craft had been scheduled to launch in December of 1964 but technical difficulties had prevented it from doing so. It had also been disassembled twice to avoid Hurricanes Cleo and Dora in August and September of 1964. Its launch was successful in its goals which included testing heat protection and structural integrity upon launch and re-entry, training controllers, and testing guidance steering among other tests.
4. The Gemini III mission launches in March of 1965 and is the first of the Gemini missions to be manned. It carried astronauts Virgil Grissom and John Young.
5. The Gemini IV mission launches in June of 1965 and carried astronauts Edward White and James McDivitt.
6. The Gemini V spacecraft launched on August 21st of 1965 and carried astronauts Charles Conrad and Gordon Cooper into orbit around the Earth. Their mission was to test long-term weightlessness and to test rendezvous procedures with other objects in space. They also tested maneuvering the spacecraft near other objects, controlled reentry, and several other experiments. The Gemini V mission set the record at the time for the longest crewed orbital flight, with the crew being in space for a total of 8 days. The spacecraft landed back on Earth successfully on August 29th, 1965.
7. The Gemini missions, twelve in total, continued until November of 1966 and were important as they laid the foundation for the first moon landing and greatly enhanced knowledge about what humans can accomplish in space. Other astronauts that participate in the Gemini missions included James Lovell, Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin, Michael Collins, and Richard Gordon.
- Australia Joins Vietnam War
- Hindi becomes the official language of India.
- Racing driver Jim Clark wins the Indianapolis 500, and later wins the Formula One world driving championship in the same year.
- Lyndon B. Johnson announces increase the number of United States troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000
- Hurricane Betsy makes landfall in the Bahamas, Florida and Louisiana causing $1 billion dollars worth of Damage
- Pope Paul VI becomes the first Pope to visit the United States
- Following the UK Continental Shelf Act ( 1964 ) The BP's Sea Gem rig finds gas in the West Sole field , the first major oil find did not occur until 1970 with the discovery of the Forties oil field
- The Maple leaf becomes Canada’s new national flag symbol
- Rhodesia Declares Unilateral Independence From Great Britain and becomes Zimbabwe
- India and Pakistan Fighting continues to escalate
- Great Train Robber Ronnie Biggs escapes from Wandsworth Prison and flees to Brazil.
- Malcolm X shot in New York
- Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. leads civil rights march in Alabama from Selma to Montgomery
- Britain brings in a new Race Relations Act hoping to stop some of the unrest in inner cities
- Cigarette advertising banned on Television in Britain
- The Post Office Tower opens in London
- 70 mph speed limit imposed on British roads
- Higher Education Act of 1965 is signed into law providing low-interest loans for students in higher education.
- US Citizens Evacuated due to Civil War in Dominican Republic
- Following attempted coup by communists in Indonesia lead to the murder of over half million people and a transition to the new order led by Major General Suharto.
- Operation Rolling Thunder Launched In Vietnam on June 15th
- Warren Buffet Gains controlling interest in Berkshire-Hathaway 1965 ( $18.00 per share ) in 2008 ( $150,000 per share )
- Troopers violently confront civil rights marchers in Alabama
- US begins airlift of Cubans wishing to leave Cuba and live in America
- Ranger 8 crashes into the Moon after a successful mission of photographing possible landing sites for the Apollo program
- Ranger 9 sends back live TV broadcast when it crashes on to the moon
- Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space
- Major Edward H. White II becomes the second human to walk in space during the flight of Gemini 4
Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
Space Walk Russia Aleksei Leonov - first person outside space vehicle
Optical Disk USA by James Russell - now Compact Disk
Hypertext USA for linking text on the Internet
Respirator ( replacement for the Iron Lung ) USA
|Featured From Other 1965 Pages|
Transistorized Record Player From 65 Toys
What a great example from the mid 60's a Fully Transistorized Record Player including Popular 45's pop Hits from The Beatles, Hermans Hermits, Gene Pitney, Dion and The Four Seasons. As a teen who was 15 that year I can remember buying each top chart single from my local Woolworths and because records got scratched pretty easily having to buy a second copy after I had played it non stop for weeks -- Steve
French Purse Set From 65 Accessories
In so many things fashion including clothes and accessories, using the words imported / Designed from France, Italy or England made all the difference, this French purse, key case, cigarette case and lighter makes an ideal example, the other interesting fact is if you read the description "a cigarette case and lighter" was the norm not at all unusual from the period.
| From Our 65 Clothes Multi color mid 60s Ladies Fashion Blouses
These two examples of ladies tops illustrate the increased use of bold bright colors in fashion, descriptions 1. "cotton sateen shirt in the gayest of prints" and 2. "Sunset Swirl Shirt"
- The Mary Quant designed Mini Skirt appears in London and will be the fashion statement of the 60's
- One of most popular films "Sound of Music" released
- The Beatles Release The Movie and Album Help!
- The Beatles Play Live Concert Shea Stadium
- The Grateful Dead with Lead guitarist Jerry Garcia play their first concert, in San Francisco
- Mary Poppins
- The Sound of Music
- My Fair Lady
- What's New Pussycat?
- Cat Ballou
- The Man with the Golden Gun
Check out our Television Programmes From The 60s whenever possible we have included a trailer to jog your memory. Series trailers and more information are found on the decade they started.
- The Beatles
- The Rolling Stones
- Freddie and the Dreamers
- The Animals
- The Kinks
- The Searchers
- The Seekers
- Moody Blues
- Cilla Black
- Dusty Springfield
- Tom Jones
Born This Year 1965Ty Pennington October 19th
Ben Stiller November 30th
Sarah Jessica Parker March 25th
J K Rowling July 31st
Major World Political Leaders 1965Australia Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies Brazil President Castelo Branco Canada Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson
China Chairman of the People's Republic of China Liu Shaoqi
France President Charles de Gaulle
Germany Chancellor Ludwig Erhard
India Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri
Italy Prime Minister Aldo Moro
Japan Prime Minister Eisaku Sato Mexico President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz Russia / Soviet Union
First Secretary of the CPSU Leonid Brezhnev South Africa Prime Minister Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd United States President Lyndon B. Johnson United Kingdom Prime Minister Harold Wilson
Political Elections 1965
Canadian Federal Election 1965 Lester B. Pearson ( Liberal ) defeats John Diefenbaker ( Progressive Conservatives ) and Tommy Douglas ( New Democrat )
British General Election 1966 Harold Wilson ( Labour )defeats Edward Heath ( Conservative ) and Jo Grimond ( Liberal )