The People History

Important Events From This day in History August 13th

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13 Aug, 1966 - Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution
13th August, 1966 : China has announced It's Cultural Revolution and that by reorganizing the current small farming collectives into great communes workers would be released to work in industry. With the Cultural Revolution came persecution of radical students and teachers and colleges were effectively closed down, and Chairman Mao also used the time to purge his rivals. A bi-product of the Cultural Revolution was that grain output declined leading to the country's largest famine in history. What Happened in 1966.

13 Aug, 1905 - China Earthquake
, 1905 : Chinese residents were shaken up by an earthquake and nine hours of aftershocks. To avoid quivering buildings throngs went to parks. Chinese religious leaders compounded the terror by predicating doom. As a result, Hong Kong was flooded with refugees.

13 Aug, 1920 - U.S.A. Draft Dodger Round Up
, 1920 : A roundup by U.S. deputy marshals for 212 draft dodgers was going on in the Chicago area. Names of the culprits were obtained from Washington by the district attorney. The men pursued either failed to register for the draft or were shirking their military obligations.

13 Aug, 1920 - Poland Soviet Attack Warsaw
, 1920 : The Soviet Union begins it's assault on Warsaw in Poland which the Poles managed to halt and eventually gained independence for Poland from the Soviet Union.

13 Aug, 1936 - Alaska Whales Fail To Arrive
, 1936 : Eskimos in Barrow, Alaska were in a state of starvation this summer when the usual whales and seals did not migrate to the northern seas. The ship called, “The Northland” rescued them as it was loaded with 41/2 tons of foodstuffs.

13 Aug, 1943 - Italy Allied Advance
, 1943 : Under a volley of five hundred anti-aircraft guns, Nazi soldiers fled across the Messina Strait to Italy. It was reported that the German army was in full retreat after being pounded by the allies. German Captain Ludwig Sertoius admitted on the radio that, (it was) “a systematic, new disengagement movement by German and Italian troops.”

13 Aug, 1953 - France General Strike
, 1953 : France had four million workers go on a massive strike as unions sparred with the government and its economic policies. The situation was so bad that even convicts were pressed into service in an attempt to fill the gap left by the strikers. The only people that were happy were tourists who were jubilant that customs officers walked off the job and all baggage could leave the country without inspection.

13 Aug, 1961 - East Germany Border Closed To West Germany
13th August, 1961 : German communists closed the border between East and West Germany stopping refugees from leaving and Going to West Germany , they also started laying barbed wire as the first step to building the Berlin Wall.

13 Aug, 1969 - Astronauts New York Ticker Tape Parade
, 1969 : Astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin Jr., and Michael Collins were exuberantly welcomed by New Yorkers as their motorcade went by. The paper thrown into the streets in celebration of the first walk on the moon was ankle deep. Nationwide celebrations were going to be held as well.

13 Aug, 1979 - U.S.A. Congress
13th August, 1979 : After Watergate and President Nixon’s downfall, President Ford promised to listen and cooperate with Congress. At the time Congress was predominantly Democrat and Ford was a Republican, so the relationship was particularly challenging. During Nixon’s presidency the limits of executive power verses the power of Congress had been a huge issue.

13 Aug, 1988 - U.S.A. Anne Ramsey
, 1988 : Anne Ramsey, who had a 37 year long acting career, died of throat cancer at age 59. Her most famous role was the homely, harping mother in the movie, “Throw Mama Off the Train” where she co-starred with Danny DeVito. Other flicks that Ramsey acted in were, “Up From the Sandbox”, “For Pete’s Sake”, “Weeds”, and “Goonies.”

13 Aug, 1995 - U.S.A. Ms. Jensen
13th August, 1995 : A downs syndrome woman whose organs are failing has been rejected as a candidate for a heart-lung transplant. Ms. Jensen graduated from high school and worked at busing tables. However, two hospitals have said that she could not comprehend the treatment regime or the medical complications of the surgery and therefore cannot have a transplant to save her life. Dr. William Bronston, a rehabilitation authority says that Ms. Jensen’s rights have been violated under the national Americans with Disabilities Act.

13 Aug, 2001 - International Aid Agencies Appeal For More Help
, 2001 : International Aid Agencies in Congo including Save the Children, Oxfam and Christian Aid are pleading for more help from the International Community for war ravaged Congo. They are telling world leaders a humanitarian crisis of epic proportions is occurring in the Democratic Republic of Congo. With 16 million Congolese starving making it one of the world's worst humanitarian crises in 50 years. Those affected worst are the children in the country where 40% of children receive no schooling and 10,000 children have been commandeered to act as child soldiers in the war.

13 Aug, 2002 - U.S.A. American Airlines
13th August, 2002 : Beleaguered American airlines have experienced stock crashes and it is feared that United Airlines could fail just like U.S. Airways did. Daily losses, high prices, and the fear after September 9/11 have threatened the viability of airlines.

13 Aug, 2004 - Greece Olympic Games Opens
, 2004 : The Summer Olympic Games opening ceremony in Athens Greece, officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad, the opening ceremony was shown around the world.

13 Aug, 2004 - U.S.A. Hurricane Charley
, 2004 : Hurricane Charley a Category 3 hurricane with winds in excess of 150 MPH makes landfall in southwest Florida, ripping up trees and forcing the evacuation of tens of thousands of residents. The hurricane caused 10 deaths and $15.4 billion in damages in the state.

13 Aug, 2006 - Japan Tokyo Power Blackout
13th August, 2006 : Tokyo faced an accidental blackout which lasted for a few hours on this day. The power outage went on during the morning rush hour and disrupted the regular flow of business in the city as many workers were delayed and companies could not open.

13 Aug, 2007 - Afghanistan Hostages Released
, 2007 : The Taleban freed two South Korea aid workers after three weeks of captivity. The Taleban initially captured a total of 23 South Korean Christian aid workers but had killed two earlier. The remaining 19 hostages were not released until the end of August 2007.

13 Aug, 2007 - China Major Storm Destroys Thousands Of Homes
13th August, 2007 : After the severe Tropical Storm Pabuk hit the Guangdong province of China, over 3,600 homes were destroyed. The storm caused an estimated $171 million in damage and disrupted business and everyday activities in Hong Kong and other major cities.

13 Aug, 2009 - South Korean worker arrested
, 2009 : A South-Korean worker who was arrested by North Korea in a joint industrial zone was released. The worker was arrested after being accused of criticizing the North Korean government. His release came after the head of the Hyundai Group, his employer, visited North Korea.

13 Aug, 2011 - Prague Hosts Gay Pride Parade
13th August, 2011 : The capital of the Czech Republic, Prague, hosted its first gay pride march in the city. The event was monitored by three hundred police while thousands marched through the city.

13 Aug, 2011 - Stages Collapses at Indiana State Fair
, 2011 : A stage at the Indiana State Fair collapsed during a storm in Indianapolis just as the band Sugarland were about to perform. Seven people died as a result of the collapse while several others sustained injuries.

13 Aug, 2011 - Rick Perry enters presidential race
13th August, 2011 : Texas Governor Rick Perry officially announces he is running for Republican Nomination for President of the United States.

13 Aug, 2012 - London Olympics Have Closing Ceremony
, 2012 : The London Olympics hosted their closing ceremony and officially handed over the games to the next host city, Rio de Janeiro. It was a three hour long show that featured many musical performances by a variety of popular British artists including the Spice Girls, George Michael, the Pet Shop Boys, One Direction and Jessie J, among others.

13 Aug, 2013 - California Makes Transgender Student Law
13th August, 2013 : The US state of California became the first state to created rights in law for transgender schoolchildren. The law would make public schools from kindergarten to the twelfth grade let transgender students access either the male or female bathrooms dependent on their preference and it would also allow transgender students to play either girls or boys sports. Proponents of the law hoped it would reduce bullying and discrimination against transgender children.

Born This Day In History 13th August

Celebrating Birthdays Today
Alfred Hitchcock
Born: August 13th, 1899, London, England
Died: April 29th, 1980, Los Angeles, California, USA
Known For : Alfred Hitchcock who many consider was the master of suspense and psychological thrillers was a British filmmaker. His list of movies includes many that are over 50 years old but still considered as classics today and studied by students of the art of directing. Some of His best known movies include Psycho, Vertigo, The Birds and North by Northwest, If you are a little older like me then you can also remember the TV series "Alfred Hitchcock Presents" with it's classic music and his introduction.

Fidel Castro
Born: August 13th, 1926, Cuba
Died: November 26th, 2016, Cuba
Known For : Fidel Castro best known as one of the main leaders of the Cuban Revolution, which overthrew the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in 1959, following the revolution he was one of the driving forces behind Cuba becoming a communist country and in 1976 he became the President of Cuba and held the post until 2008 when illness forced him to retire.

John Logie Baird
Born: August 13th, 1888, Helensburgh, Scotland
Died: June 14th, 1946, Bexhill-on-Sea, England
Known For : John Logie Baird was a Scottish engineer and inventor of the world's first working television system, He did his first public demonstration of a Black and White TV transmission On January 26, 1926 inviting members of the Royal Institution and a reporter from The Times to his laboratory in the Soho district of London. He also demonstrated the world's first colour transmission on July 3rd, 1928. Throughout the next 10 years of his life he continued to push the bounds in TV Transmission and is considered as the pioneer and father of TV.