1965 : A blackout affecting 30 million people in northeastern states including New York of the United States and Ontario, Canada lasting for up to 13 hours. The blackout was blamed on a sophisticated power system that was ironically built to ensure electricity would be available in an emergency. The blackout affected Ontario, Canada and Connecticut, Massachusetts , New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, New York, and New Jersey.
Albert Einstein receives the Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect" .
1989 : East Germany opened its borders today, allowing its citizens to freely cross into the West for the first time since the Berlin Wall was built in 1961. Some Germans used hammers to chip away at the Berlin Wall for keepsakes or in their own small way try to destroy the infamous symbol of East-West division.
Fear and unrest set in after a British soldier was killed in Constantinople by the Turks. However, allied forces remained strong. They were confident that the Turkish government would no longer demand that Great Britain and other forces leave this city. Incidentally, Constantinople is now the present-day Istanbul, the most populous city in Turkey. This change took place in 1931, which was almost ten years after the killing of the British soldier.
General Mah Chang Shan of the Chinese Heilungkieng province had declared war on Japan. Heilungkieng, which is located in Northern Manchuria, was a region cut of by the Japanese from the rest of China at this time .
From 1972 Toys Page
German Nazis launch a campaign of terror against Jewish people their homes and businesses in Germany and Austria leaving at least 100 dead and over 30,000 arrested and sent to concentration camps . This provided the prelude to the Holocaust in Germany. Over 100,000 German Jews left Germany realizing that they would not be safe. The world powers were outraged by what the Nazis had done but the strongest they did was to break off diplomatic relations which allowed Nazis to commit the mass murder of 6 million European Jews during the Holocaust
This was normally a Nazi memorial day for those who had died assisting this political party in its rise to power. However, this particular memorial day in 1940 was set aside as a German "work day". The main order of business on this chosen day was to "hammer Britain into submission." In other words, the purpose of this day was to try to win Great Britain to the Axis (enemy of Great Britain, U.S.A. etc.) side during World War II.
1956: Street fighting broke out in the streets of Budapest. The Russian-Supported Hungarian government took action to stop this fighting, which was started by "doggedly resisting rebels". Steps taken by Soviet troops and local police did very little, however, to stop this outbreak of violence. It was suspected that this area's failing economy-and the fear that it ignited-were what lead to the chaos in this city. Budapest was suffering from a severe food, electricity, and coal shortage at this time. Moreover, a general strike was underway, and Hungary's rail system was not in operation.
Senator John F Kennedy wins the election for the president of the United States. .
A two-in-one disaster occurred in Japan. The Miike coal mine has a major explosion causing the deaths of more than 400, most from carbon monoxide poisoning, and at the same time a three-train crash leaves more than 150 dead . It was estimated that more than 600 people had lost their lives as a result of these twin disasters.
Hopes that the latest successful launch of Apollo 4 on the Saturn V launch vehicle gives NASA renewed hope that the US can still land a man on the moon sometime before the end of the decade.
1967 : First issue of Rolling Stone Magazine founded by Jann Wenner about music, popular culture and politics is published. Image is from the first published issue featuring John Lennon.
General Charles de Gaulle, has died of a heart attack. He was a wartime hero and former president of France and is seen as one of the greatest leaders France ever had as he was a leading member of the resistance movement against German rule in World War II.
Although the signing of the Middle East Peace plan was scheduled but Israel sought further clarification. The terms of this treaty would be discussed further and the signing was delayed until November 11th .
Four men are found guilty of killing 12-year-old paperboy Carl Bridgewater at Yew Tree Farm . 18 years later the convictions were quashed for the "Bridgewater Four" when the Court of Appeal ruled they did not have a fair trial because Staffordshire Police had fabricated evidence to persuade Mr Molloy to confess.
From 1973 Page
1973 Inflation has a significant impact on peoples lives around the world with the UK inflation rate running at 8.4% and the US running at 6.16% . This causes problems in every aspect of peoples lives from the price of Gas, Food and Bills , which in turn causes higher wages and the spiral continues, much of this is caused by the Arab members of the (OPEC) restricting the flow of oil to countries supporting Israel as part of the Yom Kippur War. And the start of a Recession in Europe causing increased unemployment and a 3 day week in the UK. Meanwhile in the US two important cases dominate the news with Roe v. Wade making abortion a US constitutional right on the 22nd January and the start of the Watergate hearings in the US Senate, and due to price increase of gas the Japanese car manufacturers with smaller engines and more efficient have an impact of the US car industry
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A Canadian Pacific freight train carrying dangerous chemicals is derailed causing an explosion and a fireball that could be seen from 40 miles away. The spillage also released toxic fumes from chlorine mixing with other chemicals on the train causing over 200,000 people to be evacuated in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
A special "black tie dinner" and Gala is planned. The guests of honor of this spectacular social event were Prince Charles and Princess Diana of Wales. Incidentally, Princess Diana is no longer living. She died in a car accident in 1997. Prince Charles is currently married to Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.
Officials at the White House announced that there was no chance in reaching a decision in Congress regarding a certain spending bill. At the same time, Republicans were pushing to see the size of government reduced, and threat of government shutdown was in order. Moreover, leaders of the Republican Party refused to back down from their decision to confront budget issues. They went on to say that if the government were to close it would be President Bill Clinton's fault.
Leon Boya, a U.S. citizen who lives a mere 500 yards from the U.S./Canadian border, marked his territory, by way of a simple declaration. Boya explained that it was possible for people to illegally cross the U.S. border, but in order to do so they "got to get by the neighbors."
Three suicide bombers carry out simultaneous attacks on three hotels in Amman, Jordan, killing 60 victims, and wounding hundreds of others
An Argentine judge has issued an arrest warrant for former Iranian President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani over the 1994 bombing in Buenos Aires. The federal judge also issued international arrest warrants for eight other ex-Iranian officials.
Governor Schwarzenegger has declares a state of emergency to help fight the oil spill that is threatening the coast of northern California. He orders all available resources to be deployed to tackle the 219,500 liter spill, which is putting wildlife and beaches at risk. The spill occurred on November 7th, when a container ship struck the San Francisco Bay Bridge.
2003 : Native to non-native cigarette taxing was schedule to take place soon in the state of World leaders have remembered the twentieth anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, was joined by Russia's Dmitry Medvedev and France's Nicolas Sarkozy at the Brandenburg Gate. In a video address, Barack Obama told them that the Berliners had rebuked tyranny on November 9, 1989. Some 136 people are thought to have been killed whilst trying to escape through the Wall. Merkel, who grew up in East Germany, presided over the celebratory events, which were attended by tens of thousands of people.
2011 : Legendary Penn State football coach, Joe Paterno, was fired over a child abuse scandal involving his former assistant Jerry Sandusky. Paterno had been made aware of claims of sexual abuse against boys by Sandusky but had not contacted the police over the claims.
Queen Elizabeth II has knighted actor and director Kenneth Branagh. Branagh was born in Belfast and was given this honor for his service to Northern Ireland and drama.
Citizens of the Maldives came out for a third try at electing a president. The turn-out was quite low as many citizens were tired of the political fighting. The first election results were annulled and the second was stopped by police. One of the candidates is the former president who had been forced out of office and many fear that the democratic process is being tampered with.
Celebrating Birthdays Today
Born: 9th November ( 1918 ) Baltimore, United States
Died: 17th September 1996 Berlin, Maryland, United States
Known For : President Richard M. Nixon' Vice President of the United States, best known as the only vice president to be forced to resign from office because of criminal charges. He resigned on October 10, 1973 because of charges and his pleading guilty for "failing to report $29,500 of income received in 1967 and not paying the income tax on that income"
Celebrating Birthdays Today
Born: 9th November 1928 Massachusetts, United States
Died: 4th October 1974 Massachusetts, United States
Known For : American Poet and writer whose poetry was often autobiographical and was influenced by her mental illnesses which she suffered from for most of her life.
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