|Cost Of Living||Popular Culture||World War II||Other Events||Technology||Born This Year||World Leaders||1945 Calendar|
World War II 1945Germany
- Adolf Hitler moves into his underground bunker, the so-called Fuhrerbunker
- Nazis begin to evacuate from Auschwitz concentration camp
- US Troops Liberate Buchenwald, Germany Concentration Camp
- Dachau concentration camp liberated
- President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin sign the Yalta Agreement
- The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by American forces
- The capital of Burma, Mandalay, is liberated by British Troops
- Italian partisans execute Benito Mussolini
- Vienna is liberated by Russian Cossack Allies
- British troops liberate Belsen Concentration camp finding no running water and thousands of dead and rotting corpses
- American B-29 bombers attack Japan with incendiary bombs . Tokyo is fire-bombed killing 100,000 citizens.
- The USS Indianapolis is sunk by Japanese Submarine killing 883 seamen on July 29th , ( Many were killed through shark attacks while awaiting rescue )
- USS Franklin severely damaged with the loss of 700 + lives
- A massive air raid using incendiaries completely destroys the city of Dresden
- Adolf Hitler and his wife of one day, Eva Braun, commit suicide
- Joseph Goebbels and his wife commit suicide after killing their 6 children
- V-E Day (Victory in Europe, as Nazi Germany surrenders) commemorates the end of World War II in Europe.
- William Joyce, known as "Lord Haw-Haw" is captured. He is later charged with high treason in London for his English-language wartime broadcasts on German radio. He is hanged in January of 1946.
- The United States Tenth Army take control of Okinawa, main island of the Ryukyus, 362 miles from the Japanese home islands on June 22nd
- Germany is divided between Allied occupation forces
- Austria like Germany was divided into 4 Zones: American, British, French and Russian
- The United States detonates an atomic bomb nicknamed "Little Boy" on Hiroshima, Japan August 6th
- The United States detonates an atomic bomb nicknamed "Fat Man" over the city of Nagasaki, Japan
- Emperor Hirohito announces Japan's surrender on the radio.
- France puts the leader of the Nazi Appointed Vichy Government Leader on Trial for treason
- The United States celebrate V-J Day (Victory in Japan).
- United States Marines land on Iwo Jima
- World War II ends
- The first German war crimes trial begins in Nuremberg.
- Ho Chi Minh declares independence of Vietnam from France
What Events Happened in 1945U.S.
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933-1945) dies in office; Vice President Harry S. Truman (1945-1953) takes the Oath of Office.
- 50 nations sign the United Nations Charter creating the United Nations
1. United Nations was established to replace the League of Nations which failed to prevent World War II
2. On 24th October 1945 the five permanent members of the Security Council ratified the Charter of the United Nations
3. 5 permanent member Countries were France, Republic of China, Soviet Union, United Kingdom and the United States
4. The General Assembly is the main deliberative assembly of the United Nations. Composed of all United Nations member states
5. The Security Council is made up of 15 member states, consisting of 5 permanent members–China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States–and 10 non-permanent members
6. There are currently 192 member states (2011 ) including every sovereign state in the world but the Vatican City.
7. Current Secretary-General of the United Nations is Ban Ki-moon, South Korea
8. The UN and its agencies are immune to the laws of the countries where they operate, safeguarding UN's impartiality with regard to the host and member countries
9. Some of the best known Specialized agencies of the United Nations that you will often see in the news
( a )International Atomic Energy Agency [ IAEA ]
( b )International Monetary Fund [ IMF ]
( c )United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization [ UNESCO ]
( d )World Bank [ WB ]
( e )World Health Organization [ WHO ]
( f )United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees [ UNHCR ]
( g )United Nations Human Rights Council [ UNHRC ]
( h )United Nations Security Council [ UNSC ]
- Five U.S. Navy bombers Flight 19 are Lost In the Bermuda Triangle
- Five U.S. Navy bombers Flight 19 are Lost In the Bermuda Triangle
1. The Bermuda Triangle is region in the western part of the North Atlantic Ocean including the Straits of Florida, the Bahamas and the entire Caribbean island area and the Atlantic east to the Azores.
2. The Bermuda Triangle is best described as urban legend as no scientific evidence exists as proof
3. Statistics show that the number of ships or aircraft lost in "the Bermuda Triangle" is no greater than any other area of similar size.
4. Flight 19 (5 TBF Avengers) lost with 14 airmen on December 5th 1945 in the area knonw as "The Bermuda Triangle", and later the same day PBM Mariner BuNo 59225 lost with 13 airmen while searching for Flight 19
- A US Bomber Crashes into the 79th Floor of The Empire State Building
- The British Labour Party Under Clement Attlee defeat Winston Churchill and the Conservative party
- "Your Lucky Hit Parade" Broadcast For The First Time
- Anchors Away
- The Paleface
- The Lost Weekend
- National Velvet
- Orwell published his anti-Stalinist allegory Animal Farm,
- Arthur C. Clarke puts forward the idea of a communications satellite in a Wireless World magazine article.
Born This YearDon McLean October 2nd
Henry Winkler October 30th
Goldie Hawn November 21st
Bette Midler December 1st
Mia Farrow February 9th -- Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Davy Jones December 30th -- Manchester, England
Steve Martin August 14th -- Waco, Texas, United States
Rod Stewart January 10th -- London, England
- Percy Spencer accidentally discovers that microwaves can heat food
- In 1945 only 5,000 homes have Television Sets
- Assembly of the world's first general purpose electronic computer, the Electronic Numerical Integrator Analyzer and Computer (ENIAC), is completed. It covers 1800 feet of floor space. The first set of calculations is run on the computer
Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use ) 1945
Atomic Bomb USA by Robert Oppenheimer's team
Microwave Oven Percy LeBaron Spencer
Major World Political LeadersAustralia Prime Minister John Curtin Till 5 July
Australia Prime Minister Frank Forde From 6 July
Australia Prime Minister Frank Forde Till 13 July
Australia Prime Minister Ben Chifley From 13 July
Brazil President Getúlio Vargas Till 29 October
Brazil President José Linhares From 29 October
Canada Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King
Germany Chancellor Adolf Hitler Till April 30
Germany Chancellor Joseph Goebbels From April 30
Germany Chancellor Joseph Goebbels Till May 1
Italy Prime Minister Ivanoe Bonomi Till 19 June
Italy Prime Minister Ferruccio Parri From 21 June
Italy Prime Minister Ferruccio Parri Till 8 December
Italy Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi From 10 December
Japan Prime Minister Kuniaki Koiso Till 7 April
Japan Prime Minister Kantarō Suzuki From 7 April
Japan Prime Minister Kantarō Suzuki Till 17 August
Japan Prime Minister HIH Prince Naruhiko of Higashikuni From 17 August
Japan Prime Minister HIH Prince Naruhiko of Higashikuni Till 9 October
Japan Prime Minister Kijūrō Shidehara From 9 October
Mexico President Manuel Ávila Camacho Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the Central Committee Joseph Stalin South Africa Prime Minister Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt Till April 12,
United States President Harry S. Truman From April 12,
United Kingdom Prime Minister Winston Churchill Till 26 July
United Kingdom Prime Minister Clement Attlee From 26 July
British General Election 1945 Clement Attlee ( Labour ) defeats Winston Churchill ( Conservative ) and Archibald Sinclair ( Liberal )
Canadian Federal Election 1945 William Lyon Mackenzie King ( Liberal ) defeats John Bracken ( Progressive Conservatives ).