1945 Following effects from Polio as a young man President Roosevelt died on April 12th 1945. Following the defeat of Germany in early 1945 the war officially ended in Europe on May 7th 1945 ( V-E Day ). President Harry S. Truman orders the use of the new Nuclear Bombs developed by ( Robert Oppenheimer's team ) the first an atomic bomb nicknamed "Little Boy" on Hiroshima, Japan, and after the 2nd atomic bomb nicknamed "Fat Man" over the city of Nagasaki, Japan 5 days later Japan surrendered August 14th 1945 ( V-J Day ) .

How Much things cost in 1945 Average Cost of new house $4.600.00 Average wages per year $2,400.00 Cost of a gallon of Gas 15 cents Average Cost for house rent $60.00 per month Girls Dolls House $3.19 Average Cost New Car $1,020.00 Ladies Fur Coat $70.00 Men's Shirt $2.50 Portable Typewriter $68.37

World War II 1945

Germany
  • Adolf Hitler moves into his underground bunker, the so-called Fuhrerbunker
Poland
  • Nazis begin to evacuate from Auschwitz concentration camp
Germany
  • US Troops Liberate Buchenwald, Germany Concentration Camp
Germany
  • Dachau concentration camp liberated
Soviet Union
  • President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin sign the Yalta Agreement.
More Information for the Yalta Conference.
The main leaders of the Allied forces in World War II meet at Yalta during February of 1945 to discuss how to end the war. The week long meeting was held between the United States president Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, and the British prime minister Winston Churchill. Some of the agreements made at the Yalta conference included asking for the unconditional surrender of Germany, having the Soviet Union join the fight in the Pacific to help end that part of the conflict, and how to restructure and divide the newly liberated parts of Europe. While the initial reaction to the Yalta Conference was positive, many critics pinpoint the agreements made as sources for future conflict between the US and USSR during the Cold War.

Philippines
  • The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by American forces
Burma
  • The capital of Burma, Mandalay, is liberated by British Troops
Italy
  • Italian partisans execute Benito Mussolini
Austria
  • Vienna is liberated by Russian Cossack Allies
Germany
  • British troops liberate Belsen Concentration camp finding no running water and thousands of dead and rotting corpses
Japan
  • The first atomic bombs are dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan in an attempt to end the Second World War.
More Information and Timeline for the first atomic bombs.
1. The United States begins research and development of an atomic bomb beginning in 1940 and the project is overseen by Dr. Robert Oppenheimer. It is called the Manhattan project.
2. By July 26th of 1945 the Manhattan Project successfully tests the first atomic bomb in New Mexico.
3. The United States drops the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan on August 6th.
4. The second bomb is dropped on Nagasaki, Japan on August 9th.
5. It was estimated that the first bomb killed about 80,000 people instantly and tens of thousands of others were reported to have died from the effects of radiation in the coming weeks.
6. The second bomb was estimated to have killed another 40,000 people.
7. By August 15th the Japanese Emperor Hirohito issued Japan's unconditional surrender.

Japan
  • Emperor Hirohito announces Japan's surrender on the radio.
More Information and Timeline for the End of World War II.
Japan surrenders in August of 1945 ending World War II. The surrender came just a few days after the United States dropped two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki marked the first time that nuclear weapons had been used in war. The new technology behind the bombs was new and unknown and had only been successfully tested during the previous month. The bombs had a devastating effect as they destroyed up to ninety-percent of the cities with an estimated death toll of about 150,000 people, changing the world and war forever.

Germany
  • The Soviet Union reaches Berlin as World War II nears its end.
More Information for the Allies Enter Berlin.
World War II begins to near its end in April of 1945 as the Allies close in on Berlin. The Soviet Army reached Berlin in the middle of April in 1945 after making its way through Eastern Europe, liberating German concentration camps as it progressed towards Germany. By the end of the month it was clear that Nazi Germany would fall and the Allies would only accept an unconditional surrender. Hitler and several other high-ranking members of the Nazi leadership committed suicide moments before the Soviet Union reached their bunkers and Germany surrendered in the beginning of May. Fighting continued in the Pacific and the war with Japan did not end until September of 1945 after the United States dropped the first atomic bombs on Japan.

UK
  • V-E Day (Victory in Europe, as Nazi Germany surrenders) commemorates the end of World War II in Europe.
More Information for V-E Day.
During May of 1945 the Soviet Union and Allied troops entered Berlin and captured the city. Nazi Germany soon signed an unconditional surrender, ending World War II in Europe. Several high-ranking Nazi leaders were captured and several others, including Hitler, committed suicide prior to the surrender. The war had lasted for six years and several million people died as a result of the conflict. People throughout the United States, United Kingdom, and formerly occupied Western Europe celebrated the victory on May 8, 1945, and the Soviet Union declared victory one day later on May 9, 1945.

U.S.
  • The USS Indianapolis is sunk by Japanese Submarine killing 883 seamen on July 29th , ( Many were killed through shark attacks while awaiting rescue )
U.S.
  • USS Franklin severely damaged with the loss of 700 + lives
Germany
  • A massive air raid using incendiaries completely destroys the city of Dresden
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler and his wife of one day, Eva Braun, commit suicide
Germany
  • Joseph Goebbels and his wife commit suicide after killing their 6 children
UK
  • V-E Day (Victory in Europe, as Nazi Germany surrenders) commemorates the end of World War II in Europe.
Germany
  • William Joyce, known as "Lord Haw-Haw" is captured. He is later charged with high treason in London for his English-language wartime broadcasts on German radio. He is hanged in January of 1946.
U.S.
  • The United States Tenth Army take control of Okinawa, main island of the Ryukyus, 362 miles from the Japanese home islands on June 22nd
Germany
  • Germany is divided between Allied occupation forces
Austria
  • Austria like Germany was divided into 4 Zones: American, British, French and Russian
Japan
  • The United States detonates an atomic bomb nicknamed "Little Boy" on Hiroshima, Japan August 6th
Japan
  • The United States detonates an atomic bomb nicknamed "Fat Man" over the city of Nagasaki, Japan
Japan
  • Emperor Hirohito announces Japan's surrender on the radio.
France
  • France puts the leader of the Nazi Appointed Vichy Government Leader on Trial for treason
U.S.
  • The United States celebrate V-J Day (Victory in Japan).
Japan
  • United States Marines land on Iwo Jima.
More Information for Iwo Jima.
In March of 1945 the Battle of Iwo Jima finally ends after a month long struggle took place between the United States and Japan during World War II. The battle began in February when the United States began bombing Iwo Jima in preparation for an amphibious invasion of the Japanese held island. It was a hard fought battle but the United States came out the victor, securing the island as a strategic location closer to Japan where damaged B-29 bombers could safely touch down. The battle was immortalized in the memorable photograph of U.S. troops struggling to raise the American flag atop the slope of Mount Suribachi, the highest point in the island.

Germany
  • The final Allied leadership conference takes place during World War II.
More Information for the Potsdam Conference.
The final Allied leadership conference takes place in Germany during July of 1945. The three main leaders, Soviet Leader Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and U.S. President Harry Truman, met to discuss the end of World War II and how to deal with post-war reconstruction in Europe at the Potsdam conference. Germany had surrendered a few months prior and at this meeting it was decided that it would be divided into four occupied zones and that the country would be completely demilitarized. The borders between Germany, Poland and the Soviet Union were also readjusted. The leaders affirmed their commitment to ending the war with Japan in the Pacific and issued a stern threat of destruction to the still belligerent nation.

World
  • World War II ends
Germany
  • The first German war crimes trial begins in Nuremberg.
Vietnam
  • Ho Chi Minh declares independence of Vietnam from France




What Events Happened in 1945

United States
  • U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated for his fourth term in office in January.
More Information for FDR's Fourth Term.
U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt has his fourth inauguration in January of 1945. He was sworn in on the twentieth, marking an unprecedented and never to be repeated four presidential terms. Due to the ongoing Second World War, his inauguration for the fourth term was held at the White House instead of the Capitol and the usual festivities like the parade were canceled. FDR’s inaugural address was also noted as one of the shortest to be delivered. FDR’s fourth term did not last long as he died in April of 1945. In 1947 the 22nd Amendment was added to the U.S. Constitution that only allowed a maximum of two terms for future presidents.

U.S.
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933-1945) dies in office; Vice President Harry S. Truman (1945-1953) takes the Oath of Office.
World
  • 50 nations sign the United Nations Charter creating the United Nations
More of the History, Information, Original Countries and Purpose of the United Nations
1. United Nations was established to replace the League of Nations which failed to prevent World War II
2. On 24th October 1945 the five permanent members of the Security Council ratified the Charter of the United Nations
3. 5 permanent member Countries were France, Republic of China, Soviet Union, United Kingdom and the United States
4. The General Assembly is the main deliberative assembly of the United Nations. Composed of all United Nations member states
5. The Security Council is made up of 15 member states, consisting of 5 permanent members–China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States–and 10 non-permanent members
6. There are currently 192 member states (2011 ) including every sovereign state in the world but the Vatican City.
7. Current Secretary-General of the United Nations is Ban Ki-moon, South Korea
8. The UN and its agencies are immune to the laws of the countries where they operate, safeguarding UN's impartiality with regard to the host and member countries
9. Some of the best known Specialized agencies of the United Nations that you will often see in the news
( a )International Atomic Energy Agency [ IAEA ]
( b )International Monetary Fund [ IMF ]
( c )United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization [ UNESCO ]
( d )World Bank [ WB ]
( e )World Health Organization [ WHO ]
( f )United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees [ UNHCR ]
( g )United Nations Human Rights Council [ UNHRC ]
( h )United Nations Security Council [ UNSC ]


Bermuda
  • Five U.S. Navy bombers Flight 19 are Lost In the Bermuda Triangle
Bermuda
  • Five U.S. Navy bombers Flight 19 are Lost In the Bermuda Triangle
More of the History and Information about the Bermuda Triangle
1. The Bermuda Triangle is region in the western part of the North Atlantic Ocean including the Straits of Florida, the Bahamas and the entire Caribbean island area and the Atlantic east to the Azores.
2. The Bermuda Triangle is best described as urban legend as no scientific evidence exists as proof
3. Statistics show that the number of ships or aircraft lost in "the Bermuda Triangle" is no greater than any other area of similar size.
4. Flight 19 (5 TBF Avengers) lost with 14 airmen on December 5th 1945 in the area knonw as "The Bermuda Triangle", and later the same day PBM Mariner BuNo 59225 lost with 13 airmen while searching for Flight 19

U.S.
  • A US Bomber Crashes into the 79th Floor of The Empire State Building
UK
  • The British Labour Party Under Clement Attlee defeat Winston Churchill and the Conservative party

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Popular Culture

  • "Your Lucky Hit Parade" Broadcast For The First Time

Popular Films

  • Anchors Away

  • The Paleface

  • The Lost Weekend

  • Spellbound

  • National Velvet

  • Orwell published his anti-Stalinist allegory Animal Farm,

  • Arthur C. Clarke puts forward the idea of a communications satellite in a Wireless World magazine article.

Born This Year

Don McLean October 2nd
Henry Winkler October 30th
Goldie Hawn November 21st
Bette Midler December 1st
Mia Farrow February 9th -- Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Davy Jones December 30th -- Manchester, England
Steve Martin August 14th -- Waco, Texas, United States
Rod Stewart January 10th -- London, England

Technology

  • Percy Spencer accidentally discovers that microwaves can heat food
  • In 1945 only 5,000 homes have Television Sets
  • Assembly of the world's first general purpose electronic computer, the Electronic Numerical Integrator Analyzer and Computer (ENIAC), is completed. It covers 1800 feet of floor space. The first set of calculations is run on the computer

Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use ) 1945
Atomic Bomb USA by Robert Oppenheimer's team
Microwave Oven Percy LeBaron Spencer


1945 Calendar


Major World Political Leaders

Australia Prime Minister John Curtin Till 5 July
Australia Prime Minister Frank Forde From 6 July
Australia Prime Minister Frank Forde Till 13 July
Australia Prime Minister Ben Chifley From 13 July
Brazil President Getúlio Vargas Till 29 October
Brazil President José Linhares From 29 October
Canada Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King

Germany Chancellor Adolf Hitler Till April 30
Germany Chancellor Joseph Goebbels From April 30
Germany Chancellor Joseph Goebbels Till May 1
Italy Prime Minister Ivanoe Bonomi Till 19 June
Italy Prime Minister Ferruccio Parri From 21 June
Italy Prime Minister Ferruccio Parri Till 8 December
Italy Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi From 10 December
Japan Prime Minister Kuniaki Koiso Till 7 April
Japan Prime Minister Kantarō Suzuki From 7 April
Japan Prime Minister Kantarō Suzuki Till 17 August
Japan Prime Minister HIH Prince Naruhiko of Higashikuni From 17 August
Japan Prime Minister HIH Prince Naruhiko of Higashikuni Till 9 October
Japan Prime Minister Kijūrō Shidehara From 9 October
Mexico President Manuel Ávila Camacho Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the Central Committee Joseph Stalin South Africa Prime Minister Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt Till April 12,
United States President Harry S. Truman From April 12,
United Kingdom Prime Minister Winston Churchill Till 26 July
United Kingdom Prime Minister Clement Attlee From 26 July

Political Elections


British General Election 1945 Clement Attlee ( Labour ) defeats Winston Churchill ( Conservative ) and Archibald Sinclair ( Liberal )



Canadian Federal Election 1945 William Lyon Mackenzie King ( Liberal ) defeats John Bracken ( Progressive Conservatives ).