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What News Events Happened in 1925Germany
- Adolf Hitler publishes his personal manifesto Mein Kampf.
- New Child Labor Laws are condemned over concerns of child idleness.
- The First Motel (Motorists Hotel) opens in San Luis Obispo, California.
The first motel opens in San Luis Obispo, California on December 12th of 1925. It was originally called the Milestone Mo-Tel and was located about halfway between San Francisco and Los Angeles in California. It charged a rate of $1.25 per night. The term motel was created as a way to shorten the phrase Motorists’ Hotel and was used to describe an accommodation that would allow visitors to park their vehicles directly outside their room or chalet. The opening of the first motel as an early indicator of the car culture that would take over the American way of life. It also showed the huge potential growth market that could revolve around driving and cars.
- A major epidemic of Diphtheria breaks out on February 2nd in Alaska.
- On January 3rd Benito Mussolini declares he is taking over Italy and turning it into a dictatorship ending free elections.
- Field Marshall Hindenburg is elected president of Germany .
- A giant tornado struck Missouri, Illinois and Indiana.
- The Scopes Monkey Trial comes to an end.
1. The Butler Act which prohibits evolution from being taught in public schools is passed in Tennessee on March 21st, 1925
2. In Dayton, Tennessee, substitute teacher John Scopes agrees to be a defendant for the ACLU in a test case against the Butler Act.
3. John Scopes is charged with violating the Butler Act on May 5th, and is put on trial for teaching from a chapter of a text book about evolution.
4. Famous attorneys argue the case, attracting much radio attention and opening up debate on the subject. William Jennings Bryan represents the prosecution while Clarence Darrow represents the defense.
5. The purpose of the trial changes as famous names with other agendas get involved. The ACLU originally intended the case to be about the unconstitutionality of restricting a teacher's academic freedom, it became a case about the validity of the Theory of Evolution over Biblical beliefs.
6. Scopes is found guilty of violating the Butler Act on July 21st, and is fined $100.00.
7. Scopes' lawyers appeal the verdict to the Supreme Court of Tennessee in 1927 on the grounds of unconstitutionality. The state supreme court rules that the Butler Act is constitutional.
8. Tennessee repeals the Butler Act in 1967. One year before the US Supreme Court rules that a ban like that is unconstitutional in the 1968 Epperson v. Arkansas case.
- After operating the Sears catalog for nearly 40 years Sears Robuck opens its first retail store in Chicago, Illinois.
1. Richard Sears issues the first catalog for his watches and jewelry in 1889.
2. Alvah C. Roebuck joins Sears in business and the first Sears, Roebuck and Co. Catalog is issued in 1893.
3. In 1906, Sears opens a catalog producing plant and the Sears Merchandise Building Tower in Chicago, Illinois as the company expands.
4. The first Sears retail store is opened on February 2nd, in Chicago, Illinois as a part of the Merchandise Building.
5. The first free-standing Sears retail store opened in Evansville, Indiana on October 5th, .
6. Sears continues to expand its retail store business, moving from big cities to suburbs in the 1950's and then to malls. It was the largest retailer in the US until the 1980s, with a large share of the US population getting everything from clothes to appliances at a Sears store or through a catalog.
- Nellie Tayloe Ross takes office in Wyoming as the first female governor elected in the United States.
1. Nellie Ross was the wife of previous governor of Wyoming William Ross who had died during October of 1924.
2. The Democratic party decided to nominate Nellie Ross to run in the special election held after William Ross’s death.
3. Ross wins her first election in November of 1924.
4. Nellie Tayloe Ross takes office as governor of the state of Wyoming on January 5th of 1925, becoming the first female governor in the United States.
5. She did not win her re-election bid in 1926.
6. She was later appointed vice chairman of the Democratic National Committee in the late 1920s.
7. In 1933, she became the Director of the U.S. Mint when appointed by President Roosevelt.
8. She was the also the first woman to hold such a prominent position in the U.S. Federal government and remained director until 1953.
- The first issue of the New Yorker magazine is published.
The first issue of “The New Yorker” magazine is published on February 21st of 1925. Harold W. Ross was the creator and original editor of the magazine and he remained the editor until his death in 1951. The magazine was originally created as a means to showcase the social culture and events of New York City but as it expanded it became more well known for its short stories, essays, and poetry, among other literary and artistic features. It soon became popular worldwide and featured many prominent and up-and-coming writers like John Updike, J.D. Salinger, Dorothy Parker, and Woody Allen. “The New Yorker” is still a popular magazine that features important writers and is most well known for its intellectual cartoons.
- On February 22nd Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to have his inauguration broadcast on radio.
- The Chrysler Corporation is founded by Walter Percy Chrysler.
- John Logie Baird creates Britain's first television transmitter.
- More and more Airlines are formed around the world for Freight mail and passenger traffic.
- Richard G. Drew working at 3M invents Scotch Tape, his original invention was designed for use in the Auto industry to bring a new level of precision to automobile paint jobs. But the Adhesive Tape designed to be self sticking (Other adhesive tapes used water or heat to become sticky) took off with consumers and became an instant success.
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- "The Great Gatsby" by F. Scott Fitzgerald is published.
- Ben Hur
- Phantom of the Opera, starring Lon Chaney.
Born This YearMargaret Thatcher October 13th
Johnny Carson October 23rd
Richard Burton November 10th
Tony Curtis June 3rd
1925 Mens and Womens Fashion ClothesPart of our Collection of Clothing From The1920's
Major World Political LeadersAustralia Prime Minister Stanley Bruce Brazil President Artur Bernardes Canada Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King
Italy Prime Minister Benito Mussolini
Japan Prime Minister Takaaki Katō Mexico President Plutarco Elías Calles Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the Central Committee Joseph Stalin South Africa Prime Minister James Barry Munnik Hertzog United States President Calvin Coolidge United Kingdom Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
Canadian Federal Election 1925 Arthur Meighen (Conservative) defeats William Lyon Mackenzie King (Liberal) and Robert Forke (Progressive) But Liberals and Progressives join forces keeping Liberals in power.