The People History

Important Events From This day in History October 1st

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1 Oct, 1964 - Japan High Speed Trains
1964 : The Shinkansen (Bullet Train) network of high-speed railway lines in Japan opens to coincide with the Tokyo Olympics with the first trains traveling at 210 km/h (130 mph). The current models can achieve speeds in excess of 300 MPH.

1 Oct, 1946 - Germany War Crimes
1946 : Twelve high ranking Nazis are sentenced to death by the International War Crimes Tribunal in Nuremberg including Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi minister of foreign affairs. Hermann Goering, founder of the Gestapo and chief of the German air force. Wilhelm Frick, minister of the interior. Seven others, including Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler's former deputy, were given prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life. Three others were acquitted.
Nuremberg Trials Public Domain Photo
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1 Oct, 1908 - U.S.A. Ford Model T
1908 : The Ford Model T was introduced to the public and was the first car that was affordable and reliable for the ordinary citizen of the United States. Known as the "Tin Lizzie," it was the first car built using mass production methods and had seating for two people. When it was first introduced it cost $850. By the time it was discontinued in 1927, nearly 15,000,000 Model T's had been sold.
Ford Model T Public Domain Photo
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1 Oct, 1910 - U.S.A. Los Angeles Times
1910 : The Los Angeles Times building is bombed with dynamite causing the death of twenty one people. Union organizers were believed to be responsible due to the ongoing fight between the publisher and local unions.


Back In Time Gifts

1 Oct, 1918 - Syria Lawrence of Arabia
1918 : Arab and British forces commanded by Lawrence of Arabia capture Damascus from Turkish forces.
Lawrence of Arabia Public Domain Photo
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1 Oct, 1921 - Ireland Negotiations
1921 : Negotiations are to start in London again between Eamonn De Valera (Sinn Feine) and Lloyd George concerning the future of Ireland. Great Britain have repeatedly said they would prefer to fight with Ireland than give the full independence Ireland wants because Great Britain would feel vulnerable with Ireland not still a member of the British Empire. Both sides would prefer a compromise than a fight so it is hoped that this meeting can provide a solution that all will be happy with.

1 Oct, 1933 - Soviet Union Religion
1933 : Since the communist revolution in the Soviet Union the state has been trying to suppress religion due to it's anti god idealism, but small protestant groups in rural areas continue to survive as martyrs to their faith.

1 Oct, 1936 - Spain Franco
1936 : General Francisco Franco is named head of the rebel Nationalist government in Spain.
Franco Public Domain Photo
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1 Oct, 1937 - Marihuana (Marijuana) Tax Act
1937 : The US House of Representatives passed The Marihuana Tax Act, Pub. 238, 75th Congress, 50 Stat. 551 the bill was an important bill on the path that led to the criminalization of cannabis. It stipulated that pot could not be sold without a license and licenses were never issued.

1 Oct, 1942 - Canada Wheat Harvest
1942 : As the Wheat Harvest comes to an end the United States and Canada now have enough wheat to feed the free world due to the best crop seen in modern times, bread will be in plentiful supply throughout the free world.

1 Oct, 1943 - World War II Allies Naples
1943 : Allies marched into Naples as part of the Italian offensive on the road to Rome.

1 Oct, 1946 - UK Mensa Created
1946 : Mensa the well known high-IQ society is formed which is non political and free from all social distinctions (racial, religious, etc.). The society is created by Roland Berrill and Dr. Lancelot Ware, the only qualification for membership being a high IQ in the top 98th percentile, membership is estimated to be over 100,000 worldwide. Over the years Mensa has attracted some surprising members including boxers, actors and actresses, writers, politicians and inventors.
Mensa Logo

1 Oct, 1949 - Island of Formosa
1949 : Following the communist revolution led by Mao Tse Tung in China, the defeated Nationalists under Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan and took control of the island of Formosa. By the end of the year the Chinese Nationalist government moved from the Chinese mainland to Formosa.

1 Oct, 1954 - U.S.A. Oppenheimer
1954 : Dr J Robert Oppenheimer the controversial nuclear scientist has been re-elected as the director of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University New Jersey.
Dr J Robert Oppenheimer Public Domain Photo
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1 Oct, 1957 - UK Asian Flu
1957 : Following on from the many thousands killed during the world wide Asian Flu pandemic around the globe with estimates that as many as 60,000 deaths recorded in the United States alone. The British Health Service is making available a free vaccine which requires two injections within a three week period to provide protection. The numbers of units is not yet sufficient for all, all medical staff will receive first priority followed by the elderly, young children and those with heart or lung disease.

1 Oct, 1962 - U.S.A. Segregation
1962 : James Meredith registered at the University of Mississippi accompanied by 400 U.S. deputy marshals and 1000 troops to guard the campus from further trouble. Meredith broke the school's 110 year history of segregation by being the first African-American student to attend classes at the University of Mississippi. Two days prior to his registration, rioting broke out at the University, resulting in 75 injured and 2 deaths.
James Meredith Public Domain Image

1 Oct, 1962 - First Carson Tonight Show Broadcast
1962 : The late night talk show "The Tonight Show" starring Johnny Carson is broadcast for the first time from New York City by NBC, he retired from the show in 1992 when the current presenter Jay Leno started as the presenter.

1 Oct, 1966 - First Loss of a DC9
1966 : The first major DC9 accident occurs when a DC9 built by Douglas crashes. West Coast Airlines Flight 956 travelling between Seattle, Washington and San Francisco, California crashes in an un-populated section of the Mount Hood National Forest with the loss of life for all 13 passengers and 5 crew members.

1 Oct, 1968 - China Purge
October 1st, 1968 : Red China is now celebrating 20 years of rule by Mao Tse-tung and insists the purge of enemies to his rule will continue, it is now 2 years since the Great Cultural Revolution started which set out to purge and purify the 17 million members of the party, it is estimated 500,000 people were in the Heavenly Peace Square in Peking to celebrate 20 years of Mao Tse-tung rule.
Chairman Mao Zedong Public Domain Photo
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1 Oct, 1970 - Mourners Crushed During Nasser's Funeral
1970 : The Funeral Procession for President Abdel Nasser on the streets of Cairo turns from a solemn occasion to a tragedy as dozens of mourners are crushed to death due to the large numbers (estimated that five million mourners lined the streets) of grief-stricken Egyptians who wished to pay their respect to the dead President.
President Abdel Nasser Public Domain Photo
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1 Oct, 1971 - Walt Disney World Resort Opens
October 1st, 1971 : Walt Disney World Resort Opens in Orlando Florida, the resort opened with the Magic Kingdom theme park featuring the Cinderella Castle at it's center and has since added Epcot and the others. The project had begun way back in 1959 after the success of Disneyland in California (opened 1955), and because he did not want land speculators to realize what he was up to he bought land through dummy corporations 27,400 acres in the area. The Walt Disney World Resort is not actually in Orlando as it is outside city limits.

1 Oct, 1975 - Philippines Muhammad Ali
1975 : The Funeral Procession for President Abdel Nasser on the streets of Cairo turns from a solemn occasion to a tragedy as dozens of mourners are crushed to death due to the large numbers (estimated that five million mourners lined the streets) of grief-stricken Egyptians who wished to pay their respect to the dead President.
Muhammad Ali  Public Domain Photo
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1 Oct, 1976 - Swine Flu Fever
October 1st, 1976 : The largest immunization program in US history starts today as Americans throughout the nation roll up their sleeves for shots to stop the new deadly disease of Swine Flu Fever which is expected to appear later in the winter. This flu is closely related to the flu strain outbreak in 1918 - 1919 that killed over 500,000 Americans.

1 Oct, 1976 - CN Tower Official Opening
1976 : The CN tower in Toronto, Ontario, Canada the worlds tallest free standing structure Height with Antenna/Spire 1,815.4 ft, on land in the world officially opens. The construction of the tower had started in February 1973 and opened to the public on June 26, 1976. It held the title for over 30 years until the Burj Dubai in the United Arab Emirates overtakes it.
CN Tower Public Domain Photo
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1 Oct, 1982 - Cyanide Poisoning
October 1st, 1982 : The 7th and final victim from cyanide poisoning from laced Tylenol capsules dies. The crime of the laced capsules in Chicago Suburbs was never solved but did change the way many pills and other foodstuff is protected to stop tampering.

1 Oct, 1982 - U.S.A. Epcot Opens
1982 : EPCOT (Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow) theme park opens at Walt Disney World, Florida, Epcot is the second Disney park to open in Florida and features international culture and a number of future world pavilions each featuring innovations and applications of technology. The World Showcase features pavilions representing eleven countries from around the world including culture, history, foods and shops selling some of the goods you would find in each country.

Back In Time Gifts For All Occasions
1 Oct, 1985 - U.S.A. AIDS
October 1st, 1985 : The public health service agency has issued a master plan to combat the spread of AIDS and has stated that an AIDS vaccine is unlikely to be available till 1990. In other parts of the plan they have concluded the only way to stop the spread is through education for the most at risk groups.

1 Oct, 1985 - United Kingdom Riots
1985 : In the second night of race riots in Toxteth and Peckham, police in riot gear have closed off areas of Liverpool and London in an effort to contain continued outbreaks of violence and vandalism with gangs of youths throwing petrol bombs and setting shops alight.

1 Oct, 1987 - U.S.A. Earthquake
October 1st, 1987 : A 6.1 magnitude earthquake hits Whittier, California, killing 6 people and injuring 100 more.

1 Oct, 1988 - Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev
1988 : Mikhail Gorbachev names himself head of the Supreme Soviet.
Bush Gorbachev Malta Summit Public Domain Photo
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1 Oct, 1989 - Denmark Registered Partnership
October 1st, 1989 : Denmark become the first country in the world to enact a law "Registered Partnership" which grants same sex couples nearly all of the rights and responsibilities of marriage.

1 Oct, 1992 - U.S.A. Ross Perot
1992 : Ross Perot has formally announced he will run in the upcoming presidential race against Bill Clinton and President Bush , he has stated the reason he is running is the government is in a mess and neither party has addressed the needs and concerns of the ordinary voter. His meager standing in the latest polls may well mean he can not win but his entry will effect the race for the Presidency.
Ross Perot Public Domain Photo
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1 Oct, 1993 - U.S.A. Polly Klaas
October 1st, 1993 : Polly Klaas (12) is kidnapped at knife point from her Petaluma, Calif., home during a slumber party and later raped and murdered. Her grandfather Joe Klaas was a strong advocate of California Proposition 66 to "fix the flaw in the law" of the Three strikes law known as "habitual offender laws" which requires state courts to hand down a mandatory and extended period of incarceration to persons who have been convicted of a serious criminal offense on three or more separate occasions.

1 Oct, 1997 - U.S.A. Fen-phen Withdrawn
1997 : Following the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) request for the withdrawal of Fen-phen from the market due to problems identified with valvular heart disease and pulmonary hypertension, American Home Products (Wyeth) withdraws the anti-obesity medication from the market. Currently more than 50,000 product liability lawsuits had been filed by alleged Fen-phen victims with estimates of total liability in excess of $10 billion.

1 Oct, 1998 - Protests Over Fujimori Third Term
October 1st, 1998 : Trade Unions have called a one day strike in protest at President Alberto Fujimori plans to stand for election for a third term. Many of those protesting have also stormed the presidential palace in the capital, Lima, Peru where soldiers and police fire shots into the air to disperse the several hundred protesters.

1 Oct, 2004 - Bush - Kerry Debate
2004 : The long awaited debate between President George W Bush and the democratic challenger John Kerry ended as a dead heat with no real new words by either candidate and neither making bad mistakes in what could appear to be a well rehearsed TV show, not a debate for the most powerful job on Earth.

1 Oct, 2005 - Bali Suicide Bombers
October 1st, 2005 : Suicide bombers strike three restaurants in two tourist areas on the Indonesian island of Bali killing 22.

1 Oct, 2006 - UK New Minimum Wage
2006 : New Minimum wages come into effect in the UK:
16 to 17 years old £3.30
18 to 21 years old £4.45
Over 21 years old £5.35 equiv to US $10.03
The US federal minimum wage in 2007 was $5.85 but does range up to $7.80 (Oregon Current Highest) depending on State Laws.

1 Oct, 2006 - Thailand Interim Prime Minister
October 1st, 2006 : Surayud Chulanont, a retired general, was chosen to be Thailand’s interim prime minister by coup leaders.

1 Oct, 2007 - United States Sub Prime Losses
2007 : Major Financial Institutions including Citigroup, Credit Suisse and Swiss Bank UBS report lower earnings due to US sub-prime mortgage market losses.

1 Oct, 2007 - Yemen Volcano Eruption
October 1st, 2007 : A volcano erupted on the small al-Tair island of Yemen in the Red Sea, killing a total of eight people.

1 Oct, 2009 - Indonesia Earthquake Sumatra
2009 : A second Earthquake on the Island of Sumatra registering 6.8 follows the first quake of 7.6 close to the Sumatran city of Padang. The death toll so far is in excess of 1,000 with more than 3,000 who are still trapped under rubble. International efforts are underway with Rescue teams from several countries on route to the Island with specialist equipment, medical supplies and food and shelter. The quakes close to the city of Pedang have caused wide scale devastation but concerns for those in outlying areas are growing because many of these areas are cut off and difficult to access.

1 Oct, 2011 - Plane Crashes Into Ferris Wheel Near Sydney
October 1st, 2011 : A small Cheetah S200 plane crashed into a Ferris wheel leaving four people trapped. Two men on the plane and two Ferris wheel passengers were stuck for a while before a crane was used to rescue them.

1 Oct, 2011 - Libya Sirte Heavy Fighting
2011 : In the Libyan City of Sirte where many believe Muammar Gaddafi is hiding heavy fighting for control of the city continues between rebels and forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.

1 Oct, 2012 - Tourist Bus Fire in China
October 1st, 2012 : Six people died after a tourist bus caught fire in Tianjin near Beijing, China. The bus ran into a truck and caught on fire, five of the deaths were German tourists.

1 Oct, 2013 - US Government Shuts Down
2013 : The United States government stopped all non-essential functions after Congress failed to reach a deal on the budget. The shut down meant that national parks and museums would be closed and hundreds of thousands of workers would not be able to go to work.

1 Oct, 2013 - Military Parade in South Korea
October 1st, 2013 : South Korea holds one of its biggest military parades in nearly ten years according to officials, amid tensions with North Korea. The parade displayed large weapons like torpedoes and cruise missiles. The parade was meant as a celebration of South Korea's armed forces and their 65th anniversary.

Born This Day In History 1st October

Celebrating Birthdays Today
Jimmy Carter
Born: October 1st, 1924, James Earl Carter, Jr, Plains, Georgia
Known For : Jimmy Carter Democratic 39th President of the United States from January 20, 1977 to January 20, 1981. Before becoming president he was Governor of Georgia from 1971 to 1975.

Julie Andrews
Born: 1st October 1st, 1935, Kulm, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, England
Known For : Julie Andrews is award-winning English actress, singer and who is now Dame Julie Elizabeth Andrews. She is well known for a number of roles but possibly the most famous being Mary Poppins and The Sound of Music. She has won numerous awards including Best Actress Academy Award for Mary Poppins.