What happened This day in History on October 1st

For Those With Birthdays 1st October looking for specific year these years are Included on this date 1921, 1933, 1936, 1937, 1942, 1943, 1946, 1949, 1954, 1957, 1962, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1975, 1976, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1997, 1998, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, Born This Day,

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October 1st
What Happened on the day you were born on This day in History
Japan 1964 Japan High Speed Trains 1st October, 1964: The Shinkansen ( Bullet Train ) network of high-speed railway lines in Japan opens to co-incide with the Tokyo Olympics with the first trains traveling at 210 km/h (130 mph). The current models can achieve speeds in excess of 300 MPH.

Germany 1946 Germany War Crimes Oct. 1st, 1946: Twelve high ranking Nazis are sentenced to death by the International War Crimes Tribunal in Nuremberg including Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi minister of foreign affairs. Hermann Goering, founder of the Gestapo and chief of the German air force. Wilhelm Frick, minister of the interior. Seven others, including Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler's former deputy, were given prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life. Three others were acquitted.
Nuremberg Trials  Public Domain Photo

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Nuremberg-1-.jpg

U.S. 1908 U.S.A. Ford Model T Oct. 1st, 1908: The Ford Model T was introduced to the public, and was the first car that was affordable and reliable for the ordinary citizen of the United States. Known as the "Tin Lizzie," . The Tin Lizzie was the first car built using mass production methods and when first introduced cost $850 seating two people, and by the time it was discontinued in 1927, nearly 15,000,000 Model T's had been sold.
Ford Model T Public Domain Photo

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:1910Ford-T.jpg

U.S. 1910 U.S.A. Los Angeles Times Oct. 1st, 1910: The Los Angeles Times building is bombed with dynamite , causing the death of twenty one people. Union organizers were believed to be responsible due to the ongoing fight between the publisher and local unions.

Syria 1918 Syria Lawrence of Arabia Oct. 1st, 1918: Arab and British forces commanded by Lawrence of Arabia capture Damascus from Turkish forces .
Lawrence of Arabia Public Domain Photo

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http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Ljohn.jpg

1921 Ireland Negotiations Saturday, 1st October, 1921: Negotiations are to start in London again between Eamonn De Valera ( Sinn Feine ) and Lloyd George concerning the future of Ireland . Great Britain have repeatedly said they would prefer to fight with Ireland than give the full independence Ireland wants because Great Britain would feel vulnerable with Ireland not still a member of the British Empire. Both sides would prefer a compromise than a fight so it is hoped that this meeting can provide a solution that all will be happy with.

Russia 1933 Soviet Union Religion Oct. 1st, 1933: Since the communist revolution in the Soviet Union the state has been trying to suppress religion due to it's anti god idealism, but small protestant groups in rural areas continue to survive as martyrs to their faith.

Spain 1936 Spain Franco Oct. 1st, 1936: General Francisco Franco is named head of the rebel Nationalist government in Spain
Franco Public Domain Photo

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Franco_eisenhower_1959_madrid.jpg

U.S. 1937 U.S.A. Marihuana ( Marijuana ) Tax Act 1st October, 1937: The US House of Representatives passed The Marihuana Tax Act, Pub. 238, 75th Congress, 50 Stat. 551 the bill was an important bill on the path that led to the criminalization of cannabis.
It stipulated that pot could not be sold without a license and licenses were never issued.

Canada 1942 Canada Wheat Harvest Oct. 1st, 1942: As the Wheat Harvest comes to an end the United States and Canada now have enough wheat to feed the free world due to the best crop seen in modern times, bread will be in plentiful supply throughout the free world.

Italy 1943 World War II Allies Naples Oct. 1st, 1943: Allies marched into Naples as part of the Italian offensive on the road to Rome.

UK 1946 UK Mensa Created Oct. 1st, 1946: Mensa the well known high-IQ society is formed which is non political and free from all social distinctions (racial, religious, etc.). The society is created by Roland Berrill and Dr. Lancelot Ware, the only qualification for membership being a high IQ in the top 98th percentile, membership is estimated to be over 100,000 worldwide. Over the years Mensa has attracted some surprising members including boxers, actors and actresses, writers, politicians and inventors.
Mensa Logo

Taiwan 1949 Republic of China Taiwan Island Of Formosa 1st October, 1949: Following the communist revolution led by Mao Tse Tung in China, the defeated Nationalists under Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan and took control of the island of Formosa. By the end of the year the Chinese Nationalist government moved from the Chinese mainland to Formosa.






U.S. 1954 U.S.A. Oppenheimer Oct. 1st, 1954: Dr J Robert Oppenheimer the controversial nuclear scientist has been re-elected as the director of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University New Jersey.
Dr J Robert Oppenheimer Public Domain Photo

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:JROppenheimer-LosAlamos.jpg

UK 1957 UK Asian Flu Oct. 1st, 1957 : Following on from the many thousands killed during the world wide Asian Flu pandemic around the globe with estimates that as many as 60,000 deaths recorded in the United States alone. The British Health Service is making available a free vaccine which requires two injections within a three week period to provide protection. The numbers of units is not yet sufficient for all, all medical staff will receive first priority followed by the elderly, young children and those with heart or lung disease.


U.S. 1962 U.S.A. Segregation Oct. 1st, 1962: James Meredith registered at the University of Mississippi accompanied by 400 U.S. deputy marshals and 1000 troops to guard the campus from further trouble , there have been 2 lives lost and 75 injuries to allow this man to break the schools 110 year history of segregation at this school by being the first Negro to attend classes.

U.S. 1962 U.S.A. First Broadcast Of The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson 1st October, 1962: The late night talk show "The Tonight Show" starring Johnny Carson is broadcast for the first time from New York City by NBC, he retired from the show in 1992 when the current presenter Jay Leno started as the presenter.

U.S. 1966 U.S.A. First Loss Of A DC9 Oct. 1st, 1966: The first major DC9 accident occurs when a DC9 built by Douglas crashes. West Coast Airlines Flight 956 travelling between Seattle, Washington and San Francisco, California crashes in an unpopulated section of the Mount Hood National Forest with the loss of life for all 13 passengers and 5 crew members.

China 1968 China Purge Oct. 1st, 1968: Red China is now celebrating 20 years of rule by Mao Tse-tung and insists the purge of enemies to his rule will continue, it is now 2 years since the Great Cultural Revolution started which set out to purge and purify the 17 million members of the party, it is estimated 500,000 people were in the Heavenly Peace Square in Peking to celebrate 20 years of Mao Tse-tung rule.
Chairman Mao Zedong Public Domain Photo

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Mao_Zedong.jpg

Egypt 1970 Egypt Mourners Crushed To Death During President Abdel Nasser's Funeral Oct. 1st, 1970: The Funeral Procession for President Abdel Nasser on the streets of Cairo turns from a solemn occasion to a tragedy as dozens of mourners are crushed to death due to the large numbers ( estimated that five million mourners lined the streets ) of grief-stricken Egyptians who wished to pay their respect to the dead President.
President Abdel Nasser Public Domain Photo

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Nasser_thinker.jpg

U.S. 1971 U.S.A. Walt Disney World Resort Opens 1st October, 1971 : Walt Disney World Resort Opens in Orlando Florida, the resort opened with the Magic Kingdom theme park featuring the Cinderella Castle at it's center and has since added Epcot and the others. The project had begun way back in 1959 after the success of Disneyland in California ( opened 1955 ) , and because he did not want land speculators to realize what he was up to he bought land through dummy corporations 27,400 acres in the area. The Walt Disney World Resort is not actually in Orlando as it is outside city limits.

Philippines 1975 Philippines Muhammad Ali Oct. 1st, 1975: Muhammad Ali beat Joe Fraser in the 14th round with a technical knockout in what was considered to be one of the greatest boxing matches in history on their third and final fight and is often known as the "Thrilla in Manilla" match.
 Muhammad Ali  Public Domain Photo

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Muhammad_Ali_NYWTS.jpg

U.S. 1976 U.S.A. Swine Flu Fever Oct. 1st, 1976: The largest immunization program in US history starts today as Americans throughout the nation roll up their sleeves for shots to stop the new deadly disease of Swine Flu Fever which is expected to appear later in the winter. This flu is closely related to the flu strain outbreak in 1918 - 1919 that killed over 500,000 Americans

Canada 1976 Canada CN Tower Official Opening 1st October, 1976: The CN tower in Toronto, Ontario, Canada the worlds tallest free standing structure Height with Antenna/Spire 1,815.4 ft, on land in the world officially opens. The construction of the tower had started in February 1973 and opened to the public on June 26, More News and Events From 1976. It held the title for over 30 years until the Burj Dubai in the United Arab Emirates overtakes it.
 CN Tower  Public Domain Photo

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Toronto%27s_CN_Tower.jpg

U.S. 1982 U.S.A. Cyanide Poisoning Oct. 1st, 1982: The 7th and final victim from cyanide poisoning from laced Tylenol capsules dies. The crime of the laced capsules in Chicago Suburbs was never solved but did change the way many pills and other foodstuff is protected to stop tampering.

U.S. 1982 U.S.A. Epcot Opens Oct. 1st, 1982: EPCOT (Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow) theme park opens at Walt Disney World, Florida, Epcot is the second Disney park to open in Florida and features international culture and a number of future world pavilions each featuring innovations and applications of technology. The World Showcase features pavilions representing eleven countries from around the world including culture, history, foods and shops selling some of the goods you would find in each country.

U.S. 1985 U.S.A. Aids 1st October, 1985: The public health service agency has issued a master plan to combat the spread of Aids and has stated that an Aids vaccine is unlikely to be available till 1990. In other parts of the plan they have concluded the only way to stop the spread is through education for the most at risk groups .

UK 1985 United Kingdom Riots Oct. 1st, 1985: In the second night of race riots in Toxteth and Peckham, police in riot gear have closed off areas of Liverpool and London in an effort to contain continued outbreaks of violence and vandalism with gangs of youths throwing petrol bombs and setting shops alight.

U.S. 1987 U.S.A. Earthquake Oct. 1st, 1987: A 6.1 magnitude earthquake hits Whittier, California, killing 6 people and injuring 100 more .

Russia 1988 Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev 1st October, 1988: Mikhail Gorbachev names himself head of the Supreme Soviet.
Bush Gorbachev Malta summit Public Domain Photo

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Bush_and_Gorbachev_at_the_Malta_summit_in_1989.gif

Denmark 1989 Denmark Registered Partnership 1st October, 1989: Denmark become the first country in the world to enact a law "Registered Partnership" which grants same sex couples nearly all of the rights and responsibilities of marriage.

U.S. 1992 U.S.A. Ross Perot Oct. 1st, 1992: Ross Perot has formally announced he will run in the upcoming presidential race against Bill Clinton and President Bush , he has stated the reason he is running is the government is in a mess and neither party has addressed the needs and concerns of the ordinary voter . His meagre standing in the latest polls may well mean he can not win but his entry will effect the race for the Presidency.
Ross Perot Public Domain Photo

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Perot_cropped_and_blown-up.jpg

U.S. 1993 U.S.A. Polly Klaas Oct. 1st, 1993 : Polly Klaas ( 12 ) is kidnapped at knifepoint from her Petaluma, Calif., home during a slumber party and later raped and murdered. Her grandfather Joe Klaas was a strong advocate of California Proposition 66 to "fix the flaw in the law" of the Three strikes law known as "habitual offender laws" which requires state courts to hand down a mandatory and extended period of incarceration to persons who have been convicted of a serious criminal offense on three or more separate occasions.

U.S. 1997 U.S.A. Fen-phen Withdrawn Oct. 1st, 1997 : Following the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) request for the withdrawal of Fen-phen from the market due to problems identified with valvular heart disease and pulmonary hypertension, American Home Products ( Wyeth ) withdraws the anti-obesity medication from the market. Currently more than 50,000 product liability lawsuits had been filed by alleged Fen-phen victims with estimates of total liability in excess of $10 billion.

Peru 1998 Peru Protests Over third term for President Alberto Fujimori Oct. 1st, 1998 : Trade Unions have called a one day strike in protest at President Alberto Fujimori plans to stand for election for a third term. Many of those protesting have also stormed the presidential palace in the capital, Lima, Peru where soldiers and police fire shots into the air to disperse the several hundred protesters.

U.S. 2004 U.S.A. Bush - Kerry Debate Oct. 1st, 2004 : The long awaited debate between President George W Bush and the democratic challenger John Kerry ended as a dead heat with no real new words by either candidate and neither making bad mistakes in what could appear to be a well rehearsed TV show, not a debate for the most powerful job on earth.

Indonesia 2005 Bali Suicide Bombers 1st October, 2005: Suicide bombers strike three restaurants in two tourist areas on the Indonesian island of Bali killing 22

UK 2006 UK New Minimum Wage Oct. 1st, 2006: New Minimum wages come into effect in the UK
16 to 17 years old £3.30
18 to 21 years old £4.45
Over 21 years old £5.35 equiv to US $10.03
The US federal minimum wage in 2007 is $5.85 but does range up to $7.80 ( Oregon Current Highest ) depending on State Laws.

This Day In History For Tomorrow October 2nd Day After October 3rd Or You Can Use the link to this Month at the top of the page to find the day or month you are looking for

Thailand 2006 Thailand Interim Prime Minister Oct. 1st, 2006: Surayud Chulanont, a retired general, was chosen to be Thailand’s interim prime minister by coup leaders.

United States 2007 United States Sub Prime Losses 1st October, 2007: Major Financial Institutions including Citigroup, Credit Suisse and Swiss Bank UBS report lower earnings due to US sub-prime mortgage market losses .

Yemen 2007 Yemen Volcano Eruption Oct. 1st, 2007: A volcano erupted on the small al-Tair island of Yemen in the Red Sea, killing a total of eight people..

Indonesia 2009 Indonesia Earthquake Sumatra Oct. 1st, 2009: A second Earthquake on the Island of Sumatra registering 6.8 follows the first quake of 7.6 close to the Sumatran city of Padang. The death toll so far is in excess of 1,000 with more than 3,000 who are still trapped under rubble. International efforts are underway with Rescue teams from several countries on route to the Island with specialist equipment, medical supplies and food and shelter. The quakes close to the city of Pedang have caused wide scale devistation but concerns for those in outlying areas are growing because many of these areas are cut off and difficult to access.

Australia 2011 Australia Plane Crashes Into Ferris Wheel Near Sydney Oct. 1st, 2011 : A small Cheetah S200 plane crashed into a Ferris wheel leaving four people trapped. Two men on the plane and two Ferris wheel passengers were stuck for a while before a crane was used to rescue them.

Libya 2011 Libya Sirte heavy fighting 1st October, 2011 : In the Libyan City of Sirte where many believe Muammar Gaddafi is hiding heavy fighting for control of the city continues between rebels and forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.

China
2012 China Tourist Bus Fire in China

1st October, 2012 : Six people died after a tourist bus caught fire in Tianjin near Beijing, China. The bus ran into a truck and caught on fire, five of the deaths were German tourists.



United States
2013 United States US Government Shuts Down

1st October, 2013 : The United States government stopped all non-essential functions after Congress failed to reach a deal on the budget. The shut down meant that national parks and museums would be closed and hundreds of thousands of workers would not be able to go to work.



South Korea
2013 South Korea Military Parade in South Korea

1st October, 2013 : South Korea holds one of its biggest military parades in nearly ten years according to officials, amid tensions with North Korea. The parade displayed large weapons like torpedoes and cruise missiles. The parade was meant as a celebration of South Korea's armed forces and their 65th anniversary.