What happened on January 5 News and Events on This Day in History
Major News Stories on 5th January include Panama Becomes Independent State, FM Radio First Demonstration, Kamikaze Pilots Attack Allied Ships For First Time, Prague Spring Political Reforms, Sonny Bono Dies
1945 Japan Kamikaze Pilots
5th January, 1945: With Japan losing the war and most of the well trained pilots gone a new breed of pilots was born called kamikaze or Suicide Bombers these needed little training and could do great damage taking planes full of explosives and crash them into ships. At Okinawa, they sank 30 ships and killed almost 5,000 Americans.
Panama 1909 Panama Independent State
Jan. 5th, 1909: An agreement was signed on this date between Columbia, Panama, and the United States to make Panama an independent state. According to one news source, part of the reason for the encouraged succession of Panama is the fact that Columbia had claims of damages against the United States.
U.S. 1914 U.S.A. $5.00 Per Day Wages At Ford
Jan. 5th, 1914: Henry Ford introduces a revolutionary pay deal when he introduces $5.00 per day wages for all his Ford workers. When asked about the pay he tells reporters that he wants his Ford workers to earn enough to be able to afford to buy a Ford motor car.
U.S. 1933 U.S.A. Golden Gate Bridge
Jan. 5th, 1933: Work is started on The Golden Gate Bridge across the San Francisco Bay
U.S. 1939 U.S.A. Amelia Earhart
Jan. 5th, 1939: Amelia Earhart is declared officially dead. No remains are ever found and circumstances of her disappearance are forever shrouded in mystery.
U.S. 1940 U.S.A. FM Radio
5th January, 1940 : The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) listened to a demo of FM radio on this day. In 1941, FM transmitting took place for the first time.
U.S. 1943 U.S.A. Elizabeth Taylor First Acting Role
Jan. 5th, 1943: Elizabeth Taylor started her first acting role while signed on with MGM when she was 11 years old. On this day (January 5th), her first appearance was in Lassie Come Home. However, her first ever film debut was with Universal Studios when she was only 10 years old (There’s One Born Every Minute).
U.S. 1949 U.S.A. Fair Deal Speech
Jan. 5th, 1949: President Harry S. Truman gave his “fair deal speech”. He expressed his thoughts on how every American should expect a “fair deal” from the U.S. government. His talk was in response to the New Deal policies that were set in place by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
U.S. 1950 U.S.A. Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer
Jan. 5th, 1950: Gene Autry’s “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer” hits #1 on the Billboard Pop Charts. It sold over 8 million copies and was later inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1985.
U.S. 1952 U.S.A. Winston Churchill
Saturday, 5th January, 1952: Winston Churchill, arrives in the United States for an official visit, his first since re election .
U.S. 1959 Middle East Cold War Zone
Jan. 5th, 1959: On this day, President Dwight D. Eisenhower established the Middle East as a Cold War battle ground. This happened in order to take action against communism.
One of the additional actions during this time period was also to have troops sent per request of the Lebanon government. Help was needed by the Lebanese who were suffering bouts of civil national strife.
The Middle East policy to take action that President Eisenhower had created was referred to as the “Eisenhower Doctrine”. Many people believed in Eisenhower’s ideals to control communism while others disagreed with it.
U.S. 1959 U.S.A. Buddy Holly
Jan. 5th, 1959 : The record It Doesn’t Matter Anymore was released by Buddy Holly on this day. Ironically, this was the last record before he died in a tragic accident that took his life as well as the life of Ritchie Valens and J.P. “The Big Bopper” Richardson.
Two months after Buddy Holly’s death, his last record had reached as high as number 13 on the hit charts. Holly had written all his own songs and made what later was a standard musician setup of two guitars, a bass, and drums.
Czechoslovakia 1968 Czechoslovakia Prague Spring
Jan. 5th, 1968: Alexander Dubcek introduced a series of far-reaching political and economic reforms, including increased freedom of speech and the rehabilitation of political dissidents which became known as the "Prague Spring" . In August of that year the Soviet Union answered Dubcek's reforms with invasion of Czechoslovakia by 600,000 Warsaw Pact troops.
U.S. 1970 U.S.A. Union
5th January, 1970: United Mine union leader Jock Joblonski along with his wife and daughter were killed a week before this day. Their bodies were found on July 5th on the family’s farm. Members of the United Mine Workers union leadership were hired for this “project”-the murder of this family.
This action brought down the moral of this entire union, which dissolved some time later. This was the beginning of the end of corruption that took place under the leadership of a man named Tony Boyle, former UMW President.
U.S. 1972 U.S.A. Space Shuttle Funding
Jan. 5th, 1972: President Richard Nixon signs a bill authorizing $5.5 million in funding to develop a space shuttle which would represented a giant leap forward in the technology of space travel The first shuttle Columbia is launched in 1981.
Northern Ireland 1976 Northern Ireland Ambush Workmen
Jan. 5th, 1976: A mini bus carrying Ten Protestant workmen was ambushed and they were killed as they were returning home from work in Northern Ireland.
UK 1981 UK YORKSHIRE RIPPER
Jan. 5th,1981 : A man has been arrested and appeared in court in connection to the 13 murders across West Yorkshire over the past five years, called by the tabloids the ( YORKSHIRE RIPPER ). Peter William Sutcliffe, of 6 Garden Lane, Bradford, was charged with the murder of 20 year old university student Jacqueline Hill, who was killed in Leeds seven weeks ago.
U.S. 1982 U.S.A. Landslide
5th January, 1982 : A tragic landslide occurrence took place near San Francisco. It had killed 33 people, and had caused the closing of the Golden Gate Bridge.
Before this landslide took place, heavy rain fell for about 36 hours straight. Just from this one rainfall, San Francisco had received about half of its average annual precipitation.
Israel 1985 Israel Operation Moses
Jan. 5th, 1985: Operation Moses a secret operation by Israel to airlift thousands of Jewish Ethiopian refugees out of Sudan, has been suspended since news of the covert airlift became public.
U.S. 1993 U.S.A. American economy
Jan. 5th, 1993: The 103rd Congress met today to propose action. This action was to take place concerning the re-vitalization of the American economy, which was suffering at this time. Part of this plan of action had lead to the decision of making administrative changes within Congress.
Scotland 1993 Shetland Isle Scotland Ecological Disaster
Jan. 5th, 1993: The Liberian registered tanker MV Braer carrying 85,000 tonnes of crude oil has run aground in hurricane force winds off the Shetland Islands and large amounts of crude oil are spilling into the North Sea which could cause an ecological disaster in the area.
Ethiopia 1993 Ethiopia Peace Talks
5th January, 1993: Peace talks were attempted in Addis, Ababa, Ethiopia. However, these talks lead to at least one person dying. The peace talks were originally initiated by UN Secretary-General Boutros Ghali to the Somalian Government.
Three times within five days angry crowds had gathered in response to the above-mentioned general’s proposal. Rocks and garbage were thrown at the UN headquarters.
In addition to the one person reported as being killed, three police officers along with 13 other people were injured by gunshot. Additionally, 100 others were injured in the Melee.
U.S. 1998 U.S.A. Sonny Bono Dies
Jan. 5th, 1998: Sonny Bono, who used to sing with Cher, was killed in a skiing accident. He also made his way into politics as a Republican Congressman in 1994. Before that time he had become mayor of Palm Springs in 1988.
Before he entered into politics, he had become very famous-especially during the 1970s. During this time, he starred along with Cher in “The Sonny and Cher Show.” He also recorded hits such as “I got You Babe” (1965), and received ten gold records during his career.
UK 2001 United Kingdom Harold Shipman
Jan. 5th, 2001: A public inquiry, chaired by Dame Janet Smith, was opened earlier this year and in it's final report it concludes the former GP Harold Shipman may have killed more than 300 of his patients making him the worst serial killer in British history
Palestine 2009 Palestine Tenth Day Of Israeli Attacks In Gaza
Jan. 5th, 2009: The Israeli assault against Hamas militants in Gaza enters its 10th day with air attacks against mosques, and the suspected homes of Hamas leaders, the death toll so far is put at more than 500 and diplomatic efforts are under way to end the Israeli Attacks on the area. The attacks are in retaliation for militant rocket attacks on towns and cities in Israel where 5 people have been killed.
UK 2010 UK Severe Weather Continues to Disrupt Public Transport
5th January, 2010: The Severe Weather and one of the coldest snap in decades with Snowfalls up to 12 inches continues in the UK with more school and airport closings and severe disruption to the transport system. The weather has affected nearly all area's in the UK from Scotland down to the South Coast of Britain.
UK 2010 United States Obama verifies that Guantánamo Bay will be closing
Jan. 5th, 2010: Barack Obama has said the Yemen-linked plot to bomb an airliner over Detroit
will not prevent the closure of the prison at
Guantánamo Bay. The U.S. has suspended the repatriation of any Yemeni
prisoners being held there. Nearly half of those
remaining at Guantánamo Bay are from Yemen. Obama had originally set
a deadline of January 22nd to close the camp, but
this will not be happening.
United States 2011 United States United States House of Representatives Taken Over by
Jan. 5th, 2011 : The United States House of Representatives is
formally taken over by the new Republican majority after the 2010 mid-
term elections. Republican John Boehner of Ohio became the new
Speaker of the House and spoke of greater government accountability.
The new Congress is expected to face many challenges as issues of
budget and regulation changes are set to be addressed.
Brazil2012 Brazil Brazil Dam Bursts Forcing Thousands to Evacuate
Jan. 5th, 2012 : A dam near Campos de Goytacazes burst after a series of floods and landslides and forced the authorities to try to evacuate thousands of people before the flooding became too dangerous.
Australia 2013 Australia Bushfires in Tasmania
5th January, 2013 : Thousands of people were left stranded after bushfires devastated the island of Tasmania. Authorities believe that a combination of drought, a heatwave and high winds caused the fires.
United States 2014 United States Plane Makes Emergency Landing
5th January, 2014 : A small plane carrying three people had to make an emergency landing in The Bronx borough of New York City after experiencing some engine failure. The plane had to land on the Major Deegan Expressway after traffic was stopped for a clear pathway.
Born This Day In History 5th January
Celebrating Birthday's Today Charlie Rose Born: 5th January 1942 Henderson, North Carolina, U.S. Known For : Charlie Rose best known for the Charlie Rose (talk show) syndicated on PBS where he interviews well known writers, politicians, athletes, entertainers, businessmen, leaders, scientists, and other news makers. The list of people interviewed reads like a Who's Who of our modern world including Leonardo DiCaprio, Bruce Springsteen, Barack Obama, President Assad, Warren Buffett, Stephen Hawking, Quentin Tarintino and the list goes on. Robert Duvall Born: 5th January 1931 San Diego, California, U.S. Known For : Robert Duvall is an American Actor, and Movie director best known for his roles in The Apostle as Euliss 'Sonny' Dewey — The Apostle E.F., The Great Santini, Tender Mercies as Mac Sledge for which he won his only Oscar for Best Actor. He was also in Apocalypse Now, The Eagle Has Landed, The Godfather, and Four Christmases. His TV career includes appearances in dozens of well known TV shows from times gone by including Route 66, Naked City, The Fugitive, The Twilight Zone and The Wild Wild West to name just a few.