1927 Important News and Significant Events, Key Technology, Fashions & Popular Culture
Major News Stories From the year include Charles Lindbergh completes the first solo flight across the Atlantic, Great Mississippi Flood, The Jazz Singer opens ending the era of Silent Movies, Work Began on Mount Rushmore Sculpture of Presidents ( George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln ) carved into Mount Rushmore,
Jump To Spirit of St. Louis
-- The Jazz Singer
-- Mount Rushmore
-- Great Mississippi Flood
-- Columbine Mine Massacre
-- China Autumn Harvest Uprising
-- World Leaders
-- 1927 Calendar
United States -- Holland Tunnel
The Holland Tunnel
under the Hudson River opens on November 13th connecting New York City with Jersey.
1. Tunnel consists of a pair of tubes, each providing two lanes.
2. Tunnel Connects New Jersey to New York City.
3. Tunnel Length approximately 2.55 miles Long.
4. Current Toll for a car is $8.00 for New Jersey to New York ( March
. 2011 ).
5. Construction began at the corner of Canal Street and West Street March 31, 1922
5. Holland Tunnel Opens on November 13th
6. Named After Project Chief Engineer Clifford Milburn Holland.
United States -- Spirit of St. Louis
flies The Spirit of St. Louis across the Atlantic nonstop and solo, direct from New York City to Paris, as the first solo transatlantic flight.
1. French-born New York Hotel Owner Raymond Orteig offers $25,000 Orteig Prize.
2. First successful nonstop flight made in either direction between NYC and Paris.
3. Six aviators lost their lives in pursuit of the Orteig Prize Prior To Lindbergh.
4. Charles Lindbergh's Plane was "The Spirit of St. Louis" built by Ryan Aeronautical Company.
5. The plane was a fabric covered, single-seat, single-engine "Ryan NYP" high wing monoplane.
5. Lindbergh took off in The Spirit of St. Louis from Roosevelt Airfield, Long Island, New York 6:52 AM EST on May 20th
6. Arrives Le Bourget Aerodrome, Paris after 33 hours, 29 minutes 5:22 PM EST, May 21st
The feat of Charles Lindbergh was even more remarkable when you realize that 1 in every 2 pilots who attempted crossing the Atlantic was killed during the attempt. Governments around the world were looking at some form of Pilots License being implemented.
United States -- Ford Model A
Henry Ford reveals the Ford Motor Company’s newest vehicle, the Model A, during December
. In May
of that year Ford announced that all production of their famous Model T had ended and that all factories would be dedicated to creating a more innovative and exciting vehicle. Ranging in price from $500 to $1,200, the Model A debuted with 7 different body types and was available in 4 different colors. Its new features included a safety glass windshield, 4-wheel brakes, and hydraulic shock absorbers. It was also the first to feature the iconic blue oval logo badge. They reportedly sold over 400,000 vehicles in the first 2 weeks after its debut.
Canada -- Peace Bridge Opening
The official ceremony for the opening of the Peace Bridge connecting Canada to the United States was held on August 7th
. Located just a few miles away from Niagara Falls, the bridged spanned 5,800 feet across the Niagara River and connected Buffalo, New York in the United States to Fort Erie, Ontario in Canada. Construction on the three-lane bridge began in 1925
and was overseen by engineer Edward Lupfer with a budget of $4.5 million. By March
the bridge was completed and in June it was opened to the public prior to its official dedication.
United States -- The Jazz Singer
The Jazz Singer opens October 6th
and becomes a huge success, marking the end of the silent film era.
The first film to feature synchronized dialogue, "The Jazz Singer" debuts in New York City during October . The movie features Al Jolson, a popular Broadway performer and singer, in the lead role of "Jack Robin" The story focuses on Robin's struggles with his cultural identity while pursuing a career in entertainment. The film is credited with ushering in the age of "Talkies" as silent films became less popular and technology advanced. It is also ranked as one of the most notable American films.
China -- Xining Earthquake
measuring 8.6 on Richter scale strikes Xining, China killing 200,000
1. Earthquake Measuring 8.6 on Richter scale strikes Xining on May 22nd
2. Lives Lost exceeded 200,000 making it one of the ten most deadly earthquakes in history.
United States -- Mount Rushmore
Work begins on Mount Rushmore
1. Sculpture of 4 U.S. Presidents carved into Mount Rushmore.
2. George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln
3. Mount Rushmore is composed of smooth, fine-grained granite.
4. Work Began On October 4th
5. Work Completed on October 31st, 1941
USA -- First Lockheed Vega
The Lockheed Aircraft Company introduced the first Vega monoplane during July
. The Vega became a favorite plane of early pilots who were looking to set records as it was designed to be sturdy and safe while also being lightweight and fast. The 6-seat plane was designed by Jack Northrup who would go on to found several aircraft companies and would later work for the Douglas Aircraft Company. Some of the famous aviators known for using Vega planes to accomplish their feats and set records included Amelia Earhart, Wiley Post, and Charles Lindbergh.
USA -- Columbia Broadcasting System
The Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) was created during September
. The company was created by former talent agent Arthur Judson and was originally a radio network. The network’s first president was William S. Paley. Under Paley’s direction the network quickly grew into one of the most popular radio networks in the country. CBS began experimenting with television in the 1930s
but would not be able to develop it more until the late 1940s
after the end of World War II.
United States -- Nixon v. Herndon
1. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled on the Nixon v. Herndon case during March .
2. In the case, the Supreme Court declared a Texas law that prohibited black voters from participating in the state’s primary elections to be unconstitutional.
3. The court stated that the Texas law violated the Equal Protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
4. The vote was unanimous, and Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes delivered the opinion.
5. However, the ruling was not particularly effective and the state passed a new law that maintained the white primary system, circumventing the verdict.
6. The white only primary system would not be fully dismantled until 1944
with the Smith v. Allwright Supreme Court decision.
Russia -- Joseph Stalin takes control
Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Communist Party and Joseph Stalin takes control.
More Information and Timeline For Leon Trotsky
1. Trotsky was one of the leaders of the Russian October Revolution (1917
2. Commissar for Foreign Affairs and Brest-Litovsk (1917 to 1918).
3. Trotsky expelled from the Communist Party and Joseph Stalin takes control (1927).
4. Trotsky was deported from the Soviet Union in February 1929
5. He was taken in by Mexico in 1937
6. He wrote a number of books while in exile criticizing Stalinism.
7. Trotsky was assassinated in Mexico, by Ramón Mercader, a Soviet agent March 13th, 1940.
United States -- Great Mississippi Flood
The Great Mississippi Flood
affects 700,000 people in the greatest national disaster in US history.
1. Heavy Rain began in the late summer, a year before in 1926
2. On April 15th
, 15 inches of rain fell in 18 hours.
3. April 15th, the Mississippi River broke out of its levee system at 145 locations.
4. Water flooded an area of twenty-seven thousand square miles.
5. States affected included AR, IL, KY, LA, MS, MO, TN, TX, OK and KS.
6. Worst affected was Arkansas, 14% of the state was flooded.
7. Following the disaster the Flood Control Act of 1928
created the world's longest system of levees.
United States -- Columbine Mine
Striking miners from the Columbine Mine are massacred with machine gun fire at Serene.
1. Columbine Mine is in Serene, Colorado.
2. Miners Began Strike 5 weeks earlier at coal mines in the state of Colorado.
3. Strikers and their wives arrive at the north gate on November 21st
on route to the town for a morning rally.
4. The Head of the Colorado Rangers, Louis Scherf tells strikers are not allowed into town.
5. Strike leader Adam Bell stepped forward and asked that the gate be unlocked.
6. When the gate was kept locked, the miners forced their way through the wooden gate.
7. Miners are fired on by machine guns leaving six strikers dead and many more injured.
Canada -- Laurier Palace Theatre fire
78 children are killed during The Laurier Palace Theatre fire
on January 9th
in Montreal, Canada when they die in the stampede or are asphyxiated.
1. The Laurier Palace Theatre was a small movie theatre in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
2. 800 children were watching an afternoon matinee movie called Get 'Em Young.
3. 78 children died in the tragedy 12 were crushed, 64 asphyxiated; only 2 died from the fire itself.
China -- Chinese Attack on Foreign Shipping
China attacks foreign ships
approaching Chinese waters.
1. Autumn Harvest Uprising Begins in China led by Mao Zedong.
2. Chinese gun batteries begin attacking British and US shipping.
3. British warships attack and disable the Chinese gun batteries.
United States -- Distinguished Flying Cross Medal
Charles Lindbergh is awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross Medal in June
Groundbreaking aviator Charles Lindbergh was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross Medal in the first ever presentation of the honor during June . Lindbergh received the award for completing the very first transatlantic solo flight from New York to Paris during the previous month. United States President Calvin Coolidge presented the honor to Lindbergh in Washington D.C. Future well-known recipients of the medal would include George H.W. Bush, Amelia Earhart, Alan Shepard, Wiley Post, Buzz Aldrin and Jim Lovell.
United States -- Silent Film "It" Released
The silent film "It" was released to the general public during February . The film starred Clara Bow, the embodiment of the modern Flapper girl, and was a success with critics and the public. "It" turned the very young Clara Bow from a movie star into a legend. She was known from then on as "The It Girl" and the phrase became a fixture of public vocabulary, used to describe a woman with a mysteriously attractive quality that cannot be defined. The movie, a romantic comedy, was later selected for preservation by the Library of Congress.
Germany -- Silent Film "Metropolis" Released
The cult classic silent film “Metropolis” debuted in Berlin during January . The German science fiction film’s plot revolved around a futuristic Utopian city where all was not as it seemed and it was directed by Fritz Lang. The movie was not well-received with critics at the time and H.G. Wells, master of science fiction writing, wrote a long and cutting negative review of the film a few months after its release. The film has since gained a cult following and many now consider it a cutting-edge film during the time it was created.
UK -- Influenza Epidemic
In Britain, a 1000 people a week die from influenza epidemic
Calendar For The Year 1927
- The Jazz Singer opens October 6th and becomes a huge success, marking the end of the silent film era.
- Music from Gene Austin, Duke Ellington, Hoagy Carmichael, Ruth Etting, and George Olsen is popular.
- The iconic "Flapper Girl" and silent film star, Clara Bow, continues to be a fixture in movies making an appearance in Wings, It, Children of Divorce, and Hula.
1927 Cost Of Living Guide To How How Much things cost
A child's toy steam engineToy Steam Engine $3.98
Not everybody had electricity so these hand cranked washing machines were still sold
Manual Washing Machine $15.95
For city dwellers who had electricity an Electric Washing Machine
Electric Washing Machine $79.00
Other Camera's were available but the box brownie was still popular
Kodak Box Brownie Camera $2.29
The astounding thing about this Radio was the price (about $1,000 in today's money)
Radio Receiver $74.95
Ranges were not only used for cooking but a form of heating so were left on all day
Wood Fired Kitchen Range $69.85
Born This Year
Roger Moore -- October 14th
Andy Williams -- December 3rd
Gina Lollobrigida -- July 4th
Pope Benedict XVI -- April 16th
- First transatlantic telephone call - New York City to London.
- Ford Motor Company ceases manufacturing the Model T after making 15 million cars.
- Ford begins selling the Model A with several body styles and prices start at $460.
- Pan American Airways is formed.
Inventions / Inventors / Country (or attributed to first use)
-- Scotland -- John Logie Baird
-- Charles Strite
-- Switzerland -- Hans Wilsdorf from England
Major World Political Leaders
Australia - - Prime Minister - - Stanley Bruce
Brazil - - President - - Washington Luís
Canada - - Prime Minister - - William Lyon Mackenzie King
Italy - - Prime Minister - - Benito Mussolini
Japan - - Prime Minister - - Reijir Wakatsuki - - Until April 20th
Japan - - Prime Minister - - Giichi Tanaka - - From 20 April
Mexico - - President - - Plutarco Elías Calles
Russia / Soviet Union - - General Secretary of the Central Committee - - Joseph Stalin
South Africa - - Prime Minister - - James Barry Munnik Hertzog
United States - - President - - Calvin Coolidge
United Kingdom - - Stanley Baldwin