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Other Pages From The Year 1921 Featuring Clothes Fashion Accessories
Jump To News and Events Popular Culture Technology Fashions World Leaders 1921 Calendar
Jump To Irish Free State Emergency Quota Act Tulsa Race Riot


Technology

  • More and more tests and advancements are being made that will later provide the basis for television technology that will be used in millions of homes.
  • With the changing needs of the airline industry and the future, Boeing obtains orders for aircraft and abandons furniture-making.
  • Albert Einstein receives the Nobel Prize in Physics.

What News Events Happened in 1921

Germany
  • Adolf Hitler becomes Chairman of the Nazi Party in his rise to power and prominence in Germany.
Ireland
  • The Irish Free State is created (as Southern Ireland).
More Information and Timeline The Irish Free State
1. The Irish Republic convenes the First Dáil, their unicameral parliament, and issues their Declaration of Independence from the United Kingdom on January 21st of 1919.
2. The Irish War of Independence begins when members of the Royal Irish Constabulary are attacked and killed by Irish Republic Army volunteers on January 21st, 1919.
3. Violence during the war increases after Bloody Sunday, when IRA operatives assassinate twelve British Army officers, one Royal Irish Constable and a civilian informant on November 21st, 1920. The Royal Irish Constabulary responded by opening fire at a football match, killing fourteen civilians.
4. Northern Ireland is created on May 3rd, 1921 by an act of the British Parliament. The majority of those living in Northern Ireland wanted to remain a part of the United Kingdom.
5. The Irish Republic and British government sign the Anglo-Irish Treaty on December 6th, ending the Irish War of Independence and paving the way for the creation of the Irish Free State.
6. The Irish Free State is officially formed one year after the Anglo-Irish treaty on December 6th of 1922. The Irish Free State lasts until 1937 when the Constitution of Ireland creates the state of Ireland as we know it today.

U.S.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt, at 39 years old, contracts Polio.
  • Ellis Island is placed under quarantine on May 18th due to Typhus Outbreak.
  • Sleeping Sickness claims nearly 1,000 lives in the US.
U.S.
  • The Emergency Quota Act is passed into law on May 19th, .
More Information and Timeline for the Emergency Quota Act
The act limited the number of immigrants that were allowed to come to the United States. The yearly limits that were created restricted the number of immigrants from any country to three percent of the number of people from a country already living in the USA as of the 1910 census. This did not restrict immigration from Latin America and professionals were also excluded from the limits, no matter their nationality.

The Emergency Quota Act was a response to anti-immigrant sentiment and the high unemployment that followed World War I. The quotas mainly effected Eastern and Southern European immigrants, greatly limiting the number of people from those war-torn countries that were allowed into the United States. It also marked an important point in US immigration policy, becoming the first instance of restrictions on European immigration and the first use of a quota system.


U.S.
  • The Tulsa Race Riot takes place over May 31st and June 1st of 1921.
More Information and Timeline for Tulsa Race Riot
1. Oklahoma becomes a state in 1907 and implements Jim Crow laws which enforce racial segregation and disenfranchise black citizens.
2. The city of Tulsa, Oklahoma passes an ordinance that makes residential racial segregation mandatory on August 16th, 1916. The US Supreme Court declares it unconstitutional but it remains in place.
3. The "Red Summer" of 1919 takes place with race riots in many cities across the United States, raising racial tensions in an already unstable post-World War I society.
4. The traditionally black district of Greenwood in Tulsa, Oklahoma flourishes in the early 1900s and is called the "Black Wall Street" as it boasts the wealthiest black community in the country.
5. Some sort of interaction occurs between Sarah Page, a white elevator operator, and Dick Rowland, a black shoeshiner, and Rowland is suspected of some sort of assault and is arrested. Page decides not to press charges against him and it is unclear what actually happened between the two of them. Rowland is held at the Tulsa Court House and newspapers start publishing sensational reports of the incident and potential lynching. A group of hundreds of white people gather and start to form what looks like a lynch mob.
6. The Tulsa County Sheriff orders his men to form a defensive position in order to protect Rowland and a small group of armed black men came to the court house to offer their assistance to the Sheriff but are turned away. After seeing the armed black men, many of the white mob members went out and gathered their own weapons.
7. Shots are fired and fighting breaks out between the white mob and the black community and the rioting begins. The mob enters the Greenwood district and starts destroying homes and businesses, firing on any black bystander. The National Guard starts arresting black citizens and detaining them in a convention hall.
8. Gunfights continue through the night and into the next day, June 1st, The white mob starts setting fire to the Greenwood district during the night and there were even reports of air attacks on the district in which incendiary bombs were dropped.
9. National Guard troops from Oklahoma City arrive and declare martial law in the area by noon, stopping most of the violence. There is controversy surrounding the records of dead and injured, with some people estimating as many as three hundred black citizens killed and thousands injured. Most of the Greenwood district was destroyed and many black citizens chose or were forced to relocate after the riot.
10. The Oklahoma state legislature passes the "1921 Tulsa Race Riot Reconciliation Act" in June of 2001, as an attempt to provide some sort of reparations for the incident. The act created a memorial to those who died, scholarships for descendants of Greenwood residents, and some economic development for the district.

France
  • Coco Chanel introduces "Chanel No. 5".
China
  • The Communist Party of China is formed with Mao Tse-tung as a founding member.
U.S.
  • The Chicago White Sox Baseball team is accused of throwing the World Series Find more about the History Of Baseball.
U.S.
  • Tomb of the Unknowns is dedicated in Arlington National Cemetery.
U.S.
  • Iowa becomes the first state to impose a cigarette tax on April 11th .
U.S.
  • Flash Floods strike Pueblo County in Colorado.
U.S.
  • Ku Klux Clan activities become violent throughout the Southern United States.
Russia
  • One of the worst famines in modern times, killing tens of thousands, grips Russia due to the failure of crops.


Popular Culture

  • Irving Berlin;s song "All By Myself" becomes popular.

  • Chanel Number 5 Perfume is introduced.

Born This Year

Charles Bronson November 3rd
Nancy Reagan July 6th
Dirk Bogarde March 28th
John Glenn July 18th



Other Pages From The People History

1921 Coffee Mug

1921 Mens and Womens Fashion Clothes

Part of our Collection of Clothing From The1920's




1921 Calendar


Major World Political Leaders

Australia Prime Minister Billy Hughes Brazil President Epitácio Pessoa Canada Prime Minister Arthur Meighen until December 29
Canada Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King From December 29

Italy Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti until 4 July
Italy Prime Minister Ivanoe Bonomi From 4 July

Japan Prime Minister Takashi Hara until 4 November
Japan Prime Minister Korekiyo Takahashi From 13 November
Mexico President Álvaro Obregón Russia / Soviet Union
Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars Vladimir Lenin South Africa Prime Minister Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts United States President Woodrow Wilson until March 4
United States President Warren G. Harding From March 4
United Kingdom Prime Minister David Lloyd George

Political Elections

Canadian Federal Election 1921 William Lyon Mackenzie King (Liberal) defeats Thomas Crerar (Progressive) and Arthur Meighen (Conservative).