1937 unemployment continued to drop to 14.3% dropping some 6.7% from the previous year. And the Engineering feat of the Golden Gate bridge opening gave Americans great pride, and the Millionaire Inventor / Industrialist set a new air record by completing the flight from Los Angeles to New York in 7 hours 28 seconds. After a number of strikes in the Auto industry General Motors were forced to recognize the UAW United Auto Workers Union. A major flood along the Mississippi and Ohio rivers caused millions to lose their homes in Ohio , Kentucky and Illinois. The pride of Germany the flying ship Hindenburg exploded while attempting to hook itself to a mooring post and signaled the end of the flying ship in 1937 as a major form of transport, and the immortal words of reporter Herb Morrison who was filming the Hindenburg " Oh The Humanity! The Humanity " were shown and heard around the world. One of the unsolved mysteries of modern times the disappearance of Amelia Earhart also occurred in this year.

How Much things cost in 1937 Average Cost of new house $4,100.00 Average wages per year $1,780.00 Cost of a gallon of Gas 10 cents Average Cost for house rent $26.00 per month A loaf of Bread 9 cents A LB of Hamburger Meat 12 cents Average Price for new car $760.00 Toothpaste 35 cents
Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 540

What Events Happened in 1937

United States
  • Amelia Mary Earhart mysteriously disappeared over the Pacific Ocean during a circumnavigation flight
More Information and Timeline For Amelia Mary Earhart
1. Amelia Mary Earhart started her career during World War I as a nurses aid in Toronto, Canada looking after wounded soldiers ( Mostly as a Cook )
2. 1920 after saving by working multiple jobs including photographer, truck driver, and stenographer she saved the $1,000 needed to take flying lessons
3. 1923, Amelia Earhart became the 16th woman to be issued a pilot's license
4. 1928, Earhart became the first woman to fly solo across the North American continent and back
5. 1932 she became the the first woman to fly solo non-stop across the Atlantic
6. 1937 On June 1st Amelia Earhart and her flight navigator Fred Noonan take off from Miami attempting a round-the-world flight.
7. At midnight GMT on the July 2nd after travelling 22,000 miles they take off from Lae, New Guinea for the final 7,000 miles, 1st stop would be Howland Island in the Pacific.
8. The last recorded radio broadcast from Amelia Earhart was at 8:43 am stated "We are on the line 157 337" , she was never heard from again
9. After multiple searches Amelia Earhart was declared legally dead on January 5, 1939.
After more than 70 years and using the latest technology her plane has still not been found and Myths and urban legends abound, but her legacy of the pioneer spirit she showed and the records she achieved are a tribute to her spirit of adventure.

UK
  • Former King OF England King Edward VIII marries Wallis Warfield Simpson on June 3rd
UK
  • King George VI becomes the British Monarch when he is crowned on May 12th at Westminster Abbey.
United States
  • The German airship Hindenburg bursts into flames while attempting to moor at Lakehurst, New Jersey.
More Information and Timeline For German airship Hindenburg
1. 1931 Construction of the The LZ 129 Hindenburg starts as the largest German commercial passenger-carrying rigid airship built by Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH ( Zeppelin Company )
2. The Hindenburg was 803.8 feet long with an envelope of (7,062,000 cubic feet) filled with Hydrogen gas which is highly flammable to provide the lift
3. Forward and Reverse power from four Daimler-Benz 16-cylinder diesel engines
3. 1936 the Hindenburg ( Named after Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg former President of Germany ) made its maiden test flight
4. 1936 The Hindenburg makes 17 round trips across the Atlantic Ocean 10 trips to the U.S. and seven to Brazil
5. On May 3rd The Hindenburg leaves Frankfurt, Germany bound for Lakehurst, NJ, United States
6. At 7:21 PM on May 6th 1937 while attempting to dock with its mooring mast at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station the Hindenburg bursts into flames killing 35 passengers, crew and 1 ground crew, when watching the disaster ( Video below ) it is amazing any passengers and crew survived.
The incident together with other high profile problems in the Airship Industry shattered public confidence in passenger-carrying rigid airships and marked the end of the era for Airships.
Hindenburg Disaster




U.S.
  • Inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt's second term
U.S.
  • On January 1st One percent of wages Deductions from US employers and Employees to provide Old Age Insurance Benefits ( Old Age Pensions )
United States
  • The Memorial Day Massacre takes place when Ten union demonstrators are killed when police open fire on union protesters in Chicago
More Information and Timeline For Memorial Day Massacre Chicago
1. Steel Workers Organizing Committee (SWOC) union signed a collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel
2. Smaller steel manufacturers including Republic Steel refuse to sign the Union Deal
3. On May 30th Memorial Day, strike sympathizers start at Sam's Place and march towards the Republic Steel mill in protest against non signing of the collective bargaining agreement .
4. A line of Chicago policeman block their path
5. A tree branch is thrown by steel workers at the police lines
6. Police open fire on the crowd and use clubs to break up the protest, police bullets kill ten people and injure 30, another 28 suffer serious head injuries from police clubbing.
6. A Coroner's Jury declared the killings to be "justifiable homicide" and no police were ever convicted.

UK
  • The Emergency 999 Telephone service is started on June 30th in the UK
U.S.
  • Increases in the number of Infantile Paralysis cases ( Polio ) in Chicago causes cities schools to stay closed.
U.S.
  • National Basketball League (NBL) was created by three corporations: General Electric, Firestone and Goodyear.
Space
  • First total solar eclipse to exceed 7 minutes of totality in over 800 years; visible in the Pacific and Peru
U.S.
  • Joe Louis nicknamed The Brown Bomber defeats American Jim Braddock on June 22nd to became World Heavyweight Champion and had 25 defenses from 1937 to 1949. He was a world champion for 11 years and 10 months
China
  • Japanese forces capture the city of Nanking in China and massacre of an estimated 200,000
Hong Kong
  • Typhoon strikes the Island of Hong Kong with devastating results
Japan
  • Japan Invades China and seizes Peking, Tietsin, Nanjing, Shanghai and Hangchow
Japan
  • Kiichiro Toyoda founds the Toyota Motor Company in Japan
U.S.
  • A huge dust storm on June 4th sweeps from Oklahoma westward
UK
  • Neville Chamberlain becomes the British prime minister


Popular Culture 1937

  • The Dandy, the world's longest running comic, was first published

Popular Films

  • Disney releases Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
  • Conquest
  • Books Published
  • Death on the Nile is published by Agatha Christie
  • The Hobbit is published by J. R. R. Tolkien
  • Of Mice and Men is published by John Steinbeck


Born This Year

Jackie Collins October 4th
Bobby Charlton October 11th
Anthony Hopkins December 31st
Shirley Bassey January 8th
Loretta Swit November 4th
Madeleine Albright May 15th -- Prague, Czechoslovakia
Warren Beatty March 30th -- Richmond, Virginia, U.S
Peter Cook November 19th -- Torquay, Devon, England
Bill Cosby July 12th -- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Jane Fonda December 21st -- New York City, New York, U.S.
Morgan Freeman June 1st -- Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
Susan Hampshire May 12th -- London, England
Dustin Hoffman August 8th -- Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Jack Nicholson April 22nd -- New York City, New York, U.S.
Roger Penske February 20th -- Shaker Heights, Ohio, U.S.
Colin Powell April 5th -- Harlam, New York , U.S.
Vanessa Redgrave January 30th -- London, England
Tom Stoppard July 3rd -- Zlín, Czechoslovakia


Technology

  • The Hindenburg disaster in 1937 triggered the fall in the Use of Airships for commercial passenger travel,
  • The first flying car to actually fly was built by Waldo Waterman and flew in 1937
  • The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, is opened.
  • The Teasmade By Goblin is sold for the first time
  • The First Blood Bank Opens in Chicago
  • The BBC use their outside broadcast unit for the first time, to televise the coronation of King George VI.
  • Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft in Rugby, England.




1937 Calendar


Major World Political Leaders

Australia Prime Minister Joseph Lyons Brazil President Getúlio Vargas Canada Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King

Germany Chancellor Adolf Hitler

Italy Prime Minister Benito Mussolini

Japan Prime Minister Koki Hirota Till 2 February
Japan Prime Minister Senjuro Hayashi From 2 February
Japan Prime Minister Senjuro Hayashi Till 4 June
Japan Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe From 4 June

Mexico President Lázaro Cárdenas Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the Central Committee Joseph Stalin South Africa Prime Minister James Barry Munnik Hertzog United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt United Kingdom Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin Till 28 May
United Kingdom Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain From 28 May