Find Out What happened 31st May Major News Stories include Dam Break Johnstown, Pennsylvania, Alaska Oil Pipeline Completed, Big Ben rings out over the Houses of Parliament in Westminster, London, England for the first time,
2005 U.S.A. Watergate Mole Goes Public
31st May 2005 : The former member of the FBI "W. Mark Felt" stepped forward as "Deep Throat," the secret Washington Post source who worked with reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein that helped bring down President Richard M. Nixon during the Watergate scandal.
1859 UK Big Ben
31st May 1859 : Big Ben rings out over the Houses of Parliament in Westminster, London, England for the first time.
1889 U.S.A. Dam Break Johnstown, Pennsylvania
31st May 1889 : A dam breaks at a lake above Johnstown, Pennsylvania causing a tidal wave, over twenty feet in height, to sweep over Johnstown, PA eight miles below, sweeping everything before the avalanche of water including houses, factories, and bridges. The death toll is estimated to be in the thousands as there was very little warning for residents.
1916 World War 1 The Battle of Jutland
31st May 1916 : A German naval fleet consisting of 24 battleships, five battle cruisers, 11 light cruisers and 63 destroyers were just off the Jutland Peninsula, were attacked by a British fleet of 28 battleships, nine battle cruisers, 34 light cruisers and 80 destroyers in one of the greatest sea battles in History known as The Battle of Jutland or the Battle of the Skagerrak, a total of 100,000 men aboard 250 ships were involved in the battle
1917 Japan Builds Up War Machine
31st May 1917 : Japan spends nearly $130 million dollars on expanding their naval might during World War I at the same time that America and European nations expanded their naval forces. Due to Japan's inability to import large guns from England at this time, the country faced difficulties in building their own.
1935 India Earthquake
31st May 1935 : At 3AM an earthquake hits Northwestern India leaving an estimated 20,000 people dead in Quetta. Among the dead were 44 members of the Royal Air Force. The Punjab government was quick to send relief in the form of relief supplies, workers, and health professionals. While railways suffered minimal damage, many heavily populated areas were greatly destroyed.
1938 China Japanese Bombing
31st May 1938 : 30 Japanese bombers have bombed the Chinese cities of Canton and Hankow and also shot down 18 Chinese planes in dogfights over the cities.
1941 Crete World War II
31st May 1941 : The German Army using over 22,000 Paratroopers conquer Crete
1952 France Communist's
31st May 1952 : Police throughout the country raided many Communist organization's headquarters and seized documents and weapons. It was likely that party members had previous knowledge of the raids according to reports indicating that much paper burning and barricading took place before the 7:35 am raid.
1957 U.S.A. Arthur Miller
31st May 1957 : The House for Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) convicts the playwrite Arthur Miller of contempt of Congress for refusing to reveal the names of alleged Communist writers with whom he had attended five or six meetings in New York. Amongst his many well known plays was Death of a Salesman, he is also remembered for being married to Marilyn Monroe ( 1956 - 1961 ) and what many do not know is he wrote the Screenplay for "The Misfits" which starred Marilyn Monroe ( 1961 ) and was her last film before her death in 1962.
1961 South Africa Independent Republic
31st May 1961 : The country of South Africa became an independent republic.
1962 Israel Adolf Eichmann
31st May 1962 : Adolf Eichmann the Nazi SS officer who organized Adolf Hitler's wish to exterminate Europe's Jewish population was executed for his crimes against humanity.
1964 South Vietnam US Aid
31st May 1964 : It is reported that the United States provided about 97% of total economic, technical, and medical foreign aid to South Vietnam . The aid is said to be meant for the people in the rural population and is given to show support for their war effort. Foreign nations sent encouraging messages to the United States for their effort, but the amount of aid given by other nations was expected to decline.
1970 Peru Earthquake
31st May 1970 : An earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale 30 km off the coast of Casma, Peru in the Pacific Ocean causes the destabilized the northern wall of Mount Huascarán causing an avalanche that buries the towns of Yungay and Ranrahirca. Due to the speed the avalanche travelled at more than 100 miles per hour little warning was given and an estimated 50,000 people in the two cities lost their lives making it the worst natural disaster ever recorded in the history of Peru.
1973 U.S.A. Gold Mining
31st May 1973 : An increase in the price of gold prompts mining companies to make new exploration efforts in old mines in states such as California and Nevada.
1973 U.S.A. Bombing Cambodia
31st May 1973 : President Richard Nixon's South-East Asia policy for continued bombing of Cambodia is ended when the US Senate vote to cut off funds for the bombing of Cambodia, this follows a similar vote in early May by the House of Representatives.
1977 U.S.A. Alaska Oil Pipeline
31st May 1977 : The almost 800 miles long Trans Alaska Oil Pipeline is completed connecting oil fields in northern Alaska to the sea port of Valdez in the Gulf of Alaska in southern Alaska.
1988 Soviet Union (INF) Treaty
31st May 1988 : The Final Summit between President Reagan and President Gorbachev in Moscow on removing Intermediate Range Nuclear Missiles known as the (INF) Treaty ends with agreement on both sides.
1998 UK Spice Girls
31st May 1998 : Ginger Spice / Geri Halliwell announces she it to quit the popular Spice Girls over differences between other members of the group.
2000 Fiji Coup
31st May 2000 : A coup led by George Speight, an indigenous Fijian who is demanding the removal of ethnic Indians from senior government positions. Members of the coup are holding a number of hostages including the country's prime minister.
2008 U.S.A. Concerns Over Corn Crop In The U.S. Corn Belt
31st May 2008 : Following an unusualy late planting season in the rain-soaked Midwest Concerns over this years crop in the Corn Belt bring further fears that on top of the much increased cost of Gas causing inflationary preasures in the food chain, a poor crop this year could further impact food prices and inflationary preasures in the US.
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Canada 2012 Canada Interpol Hunt Canadian Killer
31st May, 2012 : Interpol has added Luke Rocco Magnotta, suspected killer, to their most wanted list. Magnotta is suspected of murdering Jun Lin, a Chinese student who was possibly in a relationship with him, and sending body parts of the victim to political party offices in Ottawa. Magnotta had fled Canada was found by police in Berlin and was taken into custody on June 4th .
Known For :
Elisabeth was of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and the daughter
of the Emperor Karl I of Austria. She was born after her father's death
in April 1922, and had five brothers and two sisters. Karl had become
heir to the Austrian throne on the assassination of Franz-Ferdinand, and
chosen Elisabeth's name from the earlier Empress Elisabeth's (Sissi's).
She grew up in Belgium, and lived there until the Germans invaded in 1940.
The family went on to America and Canada. She married Prince Heinrich
of Lichtenstein in France in 1949 and they had five children. Her titles
included the Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal
of Hungary and Bohemia and Princess of Lichtenstein.