The People History

Important Events From This day in History February 14th

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1962 - Jacqueline Kennedy
1962 : First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy gives a tour of the White House shown on Television which 3 out of 4 Americans watch on TV.

1929 - St. Valentine's Day Massacre
1929 : Seven gangster rivals of Al Capone were murdered in Chicago when Jack "Machine Gun" McGurn ordered the kill of rival George "Bugs" Moran.
More about the St. Valentine's Day Massacre

1929 - England Penicillin
1929 : Sir Alexander Fleming discovers Penicillin after leaving a plate of staphylococcus bacteria uncovered, he noticed that a mold that had fallen on the culture had killed many of the bacteria.

1989 Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 Million
1989 : Following the 1984 Bhopal gas leak disaster by a Union Carbide subsidiary pesticide plant which released 40 tonnes of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas, killing between 2500 and 5000 people in Bhopal. Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 million to the government of India who were acting as the legal representative for victims of the disaster.

1912 - Arizona
1912 : Arizona becomes the 48th state of the union.

14 Feb, 1920 - US League of Women Voters
1920 : The League of Women Voters is founded by Carrie Chapman Catt in Chicago during the convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.

1933 - U.S.A. Banking Problems
1933 : Governor William A. Comstock had declared an eight-day bank holiday-really a temporary moratorium. This decision was made in light of the current financial emergency that was taking place in the city of Detroit and the rest of the state of Michigan. The main reason for this temporary bank closure was because of the Detroit Ford Motor Company's refusal to entrust its deposits to the Union Guardian Trust. Governor Comstock felt that it would help protect the interest of small depositors.

1937 - United Mine Workers of America
1937 : The United Mine Workers of America gave an ultimatum. They demanded 30 hours a week and a 15 cent pay raise or strike as of April 1st of 1937 (in a couple of months). April 1 was the time when the steel organization was to be at its height. Despite the threat of strike, coal operators are not expecting to grant wage increases and will expect to increase the work week to 40 hours. The wage increase at the time was a daily rate of $5.50 per hour in the North, and $5.10 in the Southern fields.

1939 - German Battleship Bismarck
1939 : The German Reich launches the battleship Bismarck, which was the largest battleship ever commissioned up to that date. The Bismarck sunk the pride of the British fleet the battlecruiser HMS Hood in the Battle of the Denmark Strait in May 1941, but in September after spending months trying to gain revenge The Bismarck was sunk by the British Royal Navy.

1942 - U.S.A. Anti Fascist TV Broadcast
1942 : In the midst of World War II, a new anti-fascist broadcast was aired on four major U.S. television stations. This series had lasted for 13 weeks and featured actors such as James Stewart, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., and Tyrone Power. The purpose of the This is War broadcast was to promote the Allied armies of the war, and branches of the military-particularly the Army, Navy, and Air Force. The United States was among one of the Allied countries that fought against the rising Nazi regime.

1943 - World War II Kasserine Pass
1943 : One of the most significant World War II American defeats occurred during the battle of the Kasserine Pass. German General Erwin Rommel and African troops headed an attack against American and other allied forces in Tunisia, North Africa. The Battle of the Kasserine Pass resulted in the death of over 1,000 American soldiers. Hundreds of others were taken prisoner. This defeat that the Americans had experienced during was one of the worst of the entire World War.

1948 - U.S.A. NASCAR
1948 : NASCAR holds its first race for modified stock cars on a 3.2 mile-course at Daytona Beach.

14 Feb, 1951 - U.S.A. Teachers Strike
1951 : Schools that were closed since a strike that took place since January 23rd were re-opened. The teachers had picketed up until a day before this date, demanding a pay raise higher than the $100.00 a year offered by the school board once a year. An agreement was made by Governor Luther W. Youngdahl to intervene with Minnesota legislators in an effort to gain more financial support for city's schools. This strike had originally started with the Janitors, but then eventually teachers were included in it as well.

1974 - Soviet Union Alexander Solzhenitsyn
1974 : Soviet authorities have formally charged Russian author Alexander Solzhenitsyn with treason one day after expelling him from the country and revoking his Russian citizenship.

1984 - Yugoslavia Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean
1984 : Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean win the Olympic ice skating championship with the free dance performance of Ravel's Bolero.

1989 - Nicaragua Sandinistas
1989 : Sandinistas, the leftist Nicaraguan government that ruled during this time, had on this date agreed to free elections. Additionally, the Sandinistas had agreed to release a certain number of political prisoners within a year. In return, the country of Honduras agreed to shut down bases used to fight against the Sandinista regime. Within a year, communist leaders were voted out by the people, as they had the chance to vote for who they would want in power.

1989 - Iran Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
1989 : Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini issued a ( FATWA ) death sentence on British writer Salman Rushdie for his authorship of the book Satanic Verses.

2000 - U.S.A. Tornadoes
2000 : A series of tornadoes had swept through Georgia during a more unusual time of the year-in the winter. Most tornadoes usually occur in the spring when cold air collides with warm air. Five tornadoes in all had swept through Colquitt, Tift, Mitchell and Grady counties. These counties were/are located about 200 miles south of Atlanta. The most powerful of all the twisters that moved through this area was the F3, which had torn down 200 mobile homes in Camilla (a small town). Most people were sleeping at the time this tornado had occurred, so of course it had caught them by surprise.

14 Feb, 2005 - Lebanon Terrorist Bomb
2005 : A terrorist bomb in West Beirut kills 9 including the Former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri in an apparent assassination.

2006 - Iran Uranium Enrichment
2006 : Iran said it had resumed uranium enrichment; Russia and France immediately called on Iran to halt its work.

2006 - UK Public Smoking Ban
2006 : MPs (Member's of Parliament) have voted to ban smoking from all pubs and private members' clubs in England. Health Secretary Patricia Hewitt has said that the change will take effect in summer 2007. Ministers gave a free vote, despite fears of Labour M.P's rebelling against plans to exempt clubs and pubs not serving food. The House of Commons decided by a margin of two hundred votes to impose a ban on smoking in all enclosed public spaces. The implementation dates will vary in other parts of the United Kingdom.

2008 - Shooting At Northern Illinois University
2008 : A former student of Northern Illinois University Steven Kazmierczak opens fire at a lecture hall at Northern Illinois University killing 7 and injuring 14 more, The school placed the campus on lock down, and students and teachers were advised to head to a secure location or take cover. The perpetrator died at the scene, and this was the fourth-deadliest university shooting in the United States.

2010 - Chinese New Year or Spring Festival
2010 : 2010 is the year of the Tiger and the start of the Chinese New Year. It is the first day of the Chinese calendar (lunar calendar). It is celebrated with Dragon dances/Lion dances, fireworks, family gathering, family meal, visiting friends and relatives , giving red envelopes, decorating with duilian . The festival ends on the 15th day of the lunar year in the Chinese calendar with the Lantern Festival.

2011 - Colombia Announces Plans for New Trade Canal
2011 : Colombian President, Juan Manuel Santos announced that Colombia was working with China on a proposal to build a new canal as an alternative to the Panama Canal. The canal would be used to promote further trade between South American and Asia. The Colombian president also stated that he hoped a development like this could help improve wealth and opportunities in the country.

2012 - Mexican Police Arrest Cartel Boss Jaime Herrera
2012 : Police in Mexico have announced that they captured Jaime Herrera in Culiacan with an accomplice. Herrera is thought to be a high-ranking member of a drug cartel that is one of the main producers of methamphetamine in the country. Herrera is also thought to have close ties to the Sinaloa cartel leader Joaquin Guzman.

2013 - Olympic and Paralympic Athlete Faces Murder Charges
2013 : Oscar Pistorius, who had recently competed in both the Olympics and Paralympics as a runner, was arrested over shooting and killing his model/actress girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp. The double amputee was known as a hero in South Africa.

2014 - Same-Sex Marriage Ban Overturned in Virginia
2014 : A federal judge in Virginia overturned the state's ban on gay marriage. The decision could still be appealed and changed. This decision did mark the first time that a gay marriage ban had been overturned in a Southern state.

Born This Day In History 14th February

Celebrating Birthdays Today
Jimmy Hoffa
Born: James Riddle Hoffa 14th February 1913, Brazil, Indiana, U.S.
Died: July 30th 1975, Bloomfield Township, Michigan, U.S.
Known For : Remembered as the General President of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, one of the most powerful unions in the United States and with links to organized crime. He is also remembered for his conviction for attempted bribery of a grand juror and defrauding the union's pension fund. Following his release in 1971 he attempted to rebuild his influence in the Union but on July 30, 1975 he disappeared from the Machus Red Fox Restaurant in Bloomfield and was never seen again. Hoffa is the subject of many urban legends as to who, how and why he was murdered and books and movies have been made about his life.
Michael Bloomberg
Born: 14th February 1942 Boston, Massachusetts
Known For : Michael Bloomberg is best known as the current Mayor of New York City and one of the top 10 richest men in America through being the founder and 88% owner of Bloomberg which provides up to date financial information through all of today's media outlets.