The People History

Important Events From This day in History February 15th

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1971 - England Introduces Decimal Currency
1971 : The UK banks will reopen today as the British Government launches the changeover to the new decimal currency system across the country.
The familiar pound (£), shilling (s) and pence (d) coins are to be phased out over the next 18 months. The new currency has been in circulation since 1968 but prices have still been marked in shillings and pence.
The new system will divide the pound into units of ten, including half, one, two, five, ten and 50 pence denominations. The 20 pence piece was not introduced until 1982
Below is Rough Conversion Guide
The New 1 Pound Coin = 1 Old Pound = 20 Shillings = 240 old pence
The New 50 Pence Coin = 10 shillings = 120 old pence
The New 20 Pence Coin = 4 shillings = 48 old pence
The New 10 Pence Coin = 2 shillings = 24 old pence
The new 5 Pence = One Shilling or 12 old pence
The old tanner 6 old pence will not be replaced
The old Half Crown = 2 shillings and 6 pence will not be replaced

1942 - World War II Singapore Surrenders
1942 : The Japanese experienced a major victory in the Pacific as Singapore Surrenders. Japanese had captured Singapore troops and caused them to surrender. In the process, over 60,000 British, Australian, and Indian soldiers were taken captive, along with 70,000 other soldiers fighting on the site of the Allied troops during World War II. This took place a little a year after the Japanese had bombed Pearl Harbor. The day after the Pearl Harbor bombing, the Japanese had already been striving for another victory. They moved in on Malay, which was controlled by the British at this time. At this time the Allied Forces of World War II (including Americans) had retreated in the opposite direction, as they were outnumbered. By January of this year (1942) the Allied troops were grossly outnumbered and only held control of the lower half of the Peninsula. The British had dynamited the bridge in this area, but were unable to destroy it in its entirety. As mentioned earlier, Allied troops, were then forces to surrender-including the Singapore troops controlled by the British.

15 Feb, 1927 - It Released Starring Clara Bow
1927 : The Silent Movie "It" is released starring Clara Bow, the movie was a success with critics and the public turning the very young Clara Bow from a Movie Star into a legend and known from then on as the "It girl". The Movie was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant."

1933 - U.S.A. Chicago Mayor Shot
1933 : The Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak had been shot. He was shot by Giuseppe Zangara, who was attempting to assassin President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt at the time. Cermak was seriously injured and had died on March 6th. Zangara was arrested shortly after and then charged of murder. He was sent to the electric chair on March 20, which was about two weeks after Cermak died.

1937 - U.S.A. Strike Ends
1937 : Both Union and non-union workers of Guide Lamp and Deco-Remy factories had returned to work on this day. This decision was made in complete peace after a short period of violent protest that had caused military troops and law enforcement to be sent to this area (Anderson, Indiana).

1938 - Japan Invades China
1938 : An attempt to conquer China was made by the Japanese was started on this day when a total of 60,000 soldiers entered Northern China by way of planes and tanks. They were attempting to complete the same type of conquest that was lead by Kubia Kahn, the Mongol emperor. The Japanese had threatened to bottle up 400,000 Chinese people on China's central front. The location of this attack covered approximately 20 miles, from the Yellow River to the Henan Capital provincial (Kaifeng).

1941 - U.S.A. Take the A Train
1941 : Duke Ellington and is orchestra record the song "Take the A Train." This was the first of several times that they record this big band favorite.

1950 - Soviet Union China Treaty
1950 : The Soviet Union (USSR) and the People's Republic of China (PRC) had signed a treaty on this day, which pertained to mutual defense and assistance. This treaty was signed possible after the completion of negotiations between PRC leaders Mao Zedong and Zhou En-Lai, along with Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin and Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky. Terms of this treaty included the mandatory provision of $300 million credit to the PRC and the return of a major railroad to the Chinese. Furthermore, Port Arthur and Dairen (Dalian) in Manchuria were to be returned, as they were seized by the Russians towards the end of World War II.

15 Feb, 1951 - US Asked To Help Defend Europe From Soviets
1951 : As of this date, the plan was to involve the U.S. in defense of Western Europe. The reason for this defense was to prevent the fall of Western Europe to the Russians. If the Russians were to conquer this area, then the chance of an attack on the United States would be greatly increased. It was thought that troops could be kept in Western Europe for up to 10 years. It was largely a matter of precaution, and protection.

1952 - England King George VI Buried
1952 : More than a million people gathered in London today to mourn the death of George VI, he was buried in St. George's Chapel in Windsor Castle.

1961 - Belgium Plane Crash
1961 : At least 73 people are killed including The U.S. figure skating team dies in a plane crash on a Sabena Belgian Airlines jet.

1965 - Canada Maple Leaf Adopted
1965 : It was proclaimed by Queen Elizabeth II of England that the Maple leaf would become Canada's new national flag symbol. This new Canadian national flag had been raised on this day above Parliament Hill in Ottawa, which is the Capital of Canada.

1967 - U.S.A. J. Frank Duryea
1967 : J. Frank Duryea had died on this day at the age of 97. He had established the Duryea Motor Wagon Company, which had created a total of 13 Duryea Wagons to this date. The founding of this company was the information introduction to the auto production line in the United States-which happened 74 years before the death of Duryea.

1974 - England Trawler Lost
1974 : The air and sea search for survivors from the British Fishing trawler Gaul has now been called off with no hope of finding any of the 36 crew alive.

1982 - Scotland The Ocean Ranger
1982 : The world's largest oil rig ( The Ocean Ranger ) sank in the storm-tossed north Atlantic with the loss of 84 crew members.

1986 - England Wapping Strikes
1986 : Following the move of News International to Wapping where print unions would not be able to wield the power over the newspaper industry, they strike and picket the Wapping plant and 58 people arrested in the worst outbreak of violence yet outside the News International printing plant in Wapping, east London.

15 Feb, 1989 - Afghanistan Soviet Withdrawal
1989 : Soviet troops are withdrawing from Afghanistan, nine years after they went into the country to support the struggling communist government.

1996 - Wales Sea Empress
1996 : The supertanker, the Sea Empress, runs aground on the welsh coast, spilling 70,000 tons of crude oil causing widespread environmental damage including severe effects to several local bird sanctuaries.

1996 - England Arms To Iraq
1996 : The long-awaited report into the sale of arms to Iraq in the 1980s is published criticizing the ministers involved.

2002 - US Nuclear Waste Disposal
2002 : President George W. Bush approved Nevada's Yucca Mountain as the site for long-term disposal of highly radioactive nuclear waste.

2005 - U.S.A. Priest Sentenced
2005 : Defrocked priest Paul Shanley was sentenced in Boston to 12 to 15 years in prison when he was found guilty of the statutory rape of a male minor.

2006 - New Abu Ghraib Images
2006 : Australian television has broadcast previously unshown images of abuse of prisoners in Iraq's Abu Ghraib jail. It's possible that S.B.S. TV's images were from the same source as those that caused the earlier outcry of the prisoners' treatment, and led to several U.S. troops being jailed. S.B.S. have said that the new 2003 images show 'homicide, torture and sexual humiliation.'

2008 - U.S.A. Economy Worsens
2008 : The Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke has said the economy is continuing to deteriate and has told congress the Fed will keep on lowering interest rates to help the economy go through this difficult patch.

2010 - Belgium Halle Train Collision
2010 : Two trains in Buizingen carrying 250–300 people collide during the morning rush hour resulting in the first two carriages of one train being forced upwards into the air over the first carriage of the second train leaving 18 dead and 160 casualties.

2011 - US Anti-Immigration Leader Guilty of Murder
2011 : Shawna Forde, the leader of the Minutemen American Defense, an anti-immigration group, was found guilty of the murder of Raul Flores and his nine-year-old daughter. Forde and two accomplices had forced their way into the Flores' home to steal money when they encountered the family, shooting Raul Flores, his daughter, and his wife who survived.

2012 - Singer and Composer Dory Previn Dies
2012 : Oscar-nominated singer and composer Dory Previn died at the age of 86 in Massachusetts. Previn had worked on songs with her former husband composer Andre Previn and had found solo success after releasing several albums of her own. She had also written songs for famous singers like Doris Day and won an Emmy award for co-writing the theme song for television show Two Of A Kind.

2013 - Meteor Crashes in Russia
2013 : A meteor that crashed in Russia's Ural mountains injured over nine-hundred people. The crashing of the meteor caused an explosion that damaged property and injured many.

2014 - Lebanon Government Forms Cabinet
2014 : After ten months of negotiations and talks between parties in Lebanon, a coalition cabinet government was formed. There was a strong political divide in the country and some resulting violent clashes upset the political balance. The coalition cabinet was formed to share equal power between the two conflicting sides.

Born This Day In History 15th February

Celebrating Birthdays Today
Jane Seymour
Born: Joyce Penelope Wilhelmina Frankenberg 15th February 1951, Hayes, Essex, London, England
Known For : Jane Seymour is a British born female actress who gained her big break when she became the James Bond girl Solitaire in Live and Let Die, other movies include Oh! What a Lovely War, Wedding Crashers. Her career spans both TV and Movies and she become better known to American audiences in the TV series Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman. She has been married 5 times including to Michael Attenborough and currently married to James Keach.