What Happened in 1985 Important News and Events, Key Technology and Popular Culture
What happened in 1985 Major News Stories include Coca-Cola Company introduces New Coke, Heysel Stadium Disaster, Unabomber kills his first victim, CD's Introduced, Wreck of the RMS Titanic Located, Mexico City Earthquake kills 9,000, Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior is sunk by French Agents, As the spread of aids increases Governments round the world start screening Blood donations for AIDS. On the technology front the first .com is registered and the first version of Windows is released Ver 1.0 . Terrorists continue to perform acts of terrorism including the hijack of TWA Flight 847 and the Italian Cruise Liner "Achille Lauro ". Famine in Ethiopia is shown more on TV News in July and Live Aid concerts around the world raise many millions to help the starving in Africa and the pop industry in US joins together to sing "We Are The World".
Jump To 1985 Fashion
-- World Leaders
-- 1985 Calendar
-- 1985 Technology
-- Cost Of Living
-- Popular Culture
How Much things cost in 1985
Yearly Inflation Rate USA 3.55%
Year End Close Dow Jones Industrial Average 1546
Interest Rates Year End Federal Reserve 10.75%
Average Cost of new house $89,330
Median Price Of and Existing Home $75,500
Average Income per year $22,100.00
Average Monthly Rent $375.00
Average Price for new car$9,005.00 Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 40,169
Gallon of Petrol 1.88
Yearly Inflation Rate UK 9.50%
Interest Rates Year End Bank of England 11.38%
More Example Prices
gallon of gas $1.09
Movie Ticket $2.75
US Postage Stamp 22 cents
Bacon per pound $1.65
Bean Bag Lounger $39.99
Rainbow Brite Color Kids $9.99 Each
Rib Eye Steak Lb $3.89
2 bedroom condo overlooking lake $59,900
More Information for the Live Aid Concerts
World -- Live Aid concerts
- Live Aid pop concerts in Philadelphia and London raise over 50 million for famine relief in Ethiopia.
1. The Live Aid Concerts were held during July of 1985.
2. They were a series of rock concerts held to raise funds for famine relief in Ethiopia around the world.
3. They took place in cities including London, Philadelphia, Sydney and Moscow.
4. The concerts attracted close to 200,000 people and by using satellite link-ups and TV broadcasts around the world, they attracted an estimated one billion viewers in 110 countries who watched the concerts performed live.
5. The concerts were organized by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure and they raised over $125 million in relief money for Africa.
6. Notable acts included B.B. King, Bob Dylan, Cher, David Bowie, Duran Duran, Elton John, Hall & Oates, Lionel Richie, Madonna, Paul McCartney, Queen, Run-DMC, and U2.
More Information for New Coke.
- Coca-Cola Company introduces New Coke.
In April of 1985, Coca-Cola introduced “New Coke” in what many observers declared to be the worst marketing blunder in history. At the time, Coca-Cola was a 99 year old company looking for a way to update itself and they chose to do so by changing the original formula of their iconic soft drink. They created a sweeter version that had been preferred in taste tests, but fans of the brand protested the decision in an overwhelmingly negative response. Within three months Coca-Cola announced it would return to the old formula and tried to re-brand the drink as Coca-Cola “Classic” and New Coke quickly disappeared.
More Information and Timeline for Eastern U.S. Coldest Winter
United States -- Coldest Winter in Eastern U.S.
- The Eastern half of North America is hit with an exceptionally cold winter, one of the worst in recorded history.
The Eastern halves of the United States and Canada face some of the coldest temperatures ever recorded in the 20th century as an arctic air mass moves through the country. According to meteorologists the cold wave occurred as a result of a polar vortex moving further south than what was usually observed and being coupled with a high pressure system. The cold snap lasted from January 20th to the 22nd and resulted in record-breaking cold temperatures as far south as Florida.
More Information for Gibraltar and Spain Border
Spain -- Gibraltar / Spain Border
- The United Kingdom and Spain agree to reopen the border between Gibraltar and Spain.
After sixteen years of being closed under the rule of Francisco Franco in 1969, the border between Gibraltar and Spain was officially reopened during February of 1985. The border had been closed by Franco after tensions heightened between Spain and Britain over the status of Gibraltar. Spain had previously eased restrictions in 1982, allowing pedestrians to cross over the border but it was still tightly controlled as only Spanish citizens and residents of Gibraltar were allowed to cross. Opening the gates to all travelers in 1985 was a decision made by Spain to garner support for joining the European Community.
More Information for Calvin and Hobbes.
United States -- Calvin and Hobbes comic strip
- The popular comic strip "Calvin and Hobbes" debuts in newspapers.
The popular comic strip “Calvin and Hobbes” makes its debut during November of 1985. Created by Bill Watterson, “Calvin and Hobbes” followed the adventures of a young boy, Calvin, and his stuffed animal tiger, Hobbes, while also exploring social, scientific, and philosophical ideas and issues. The comic was originally shown in 250 newspapers but expanded to over 2,000 newspapers at its most popular point. The strip ended in December of 1995 but is still used in papers throughout the world.
More Information and Timeline For Rainbow Warrior Sinking in Auckland, New Zealand
New Zealand -- Rainbow Warrior
- The Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior is sunk when French agents plant a bomb on the hull killing Photographer Fernando Pereira
1. French Agents From the French foreign intelligence services arrive in New Zealand
2. French DGSE agent Christine Cabon, posing as environmentalist Frederique Bonlieu, volunteered for the Greenpeace office in Auckland.
3. Cabon gathers intelligence information crucial to the sinking.
4. July 10th
DGSE divers beneath the Rainbow Warrior attached two limpet mines and detonated them 10 minutes apart
5. Following the capture and trial French foreign intelligence services (DGSE) agents Captain Dominique Prieur and Commander Alain Mafart – posing as married couple 'Sophie and Alain Turenge' and having Swiss passports pleaded guilty to manslaughter and were sentenced to 10 years imprisonment on November 22, 1985.
The sinking was designed to sink the flagship of the Greenpeace fleet, the Rainbow Warrior in the port of Auckland, New Zealand, to prevent her from interfering in a nuclear test in Moruroa authorized by top French Officicials.
More Information for Route 66
United States -- Route 66
- Route 66 is removed from the United States Highway System.
1. Established in 1926, Route 66 was one of the first highways created in the United States Highway System.
2. Immortalized in television, film, song, and literature, the iconic road spanned a total of 2,448 miles in length, running from Chicago, Illinois to Santa Monica, California.
3. The road traveled through parts of Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California and was a popular path through the American Southwest during the 1920's
until the 1960's
4. It soon fell into disrepair as it was replaced by the Interstate system.
5. During June of 1985 the historic Route 66 was officially removed from the United States Highway System.
Russia -- Mikhail Gorbachev
- Mikhail Gorbachev replaces Konstantin Chernenko as Soviet leader.
More Information for Mikhail Gorbachev
In March of 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of the Soviet Union after the death of former leader Konstantin Chernenko. Gorbachev became a transformative figure in the USSR as he ushered in new domestic and foreign policy reforms in an attempt to salvage the crumbling Communist system. One of the important decisions that he made was agreeing to nuclear disarmament deals with the United States, some of the first steps towards ending the Cold War. By the early 1990’s, his reforms had worked too well and the Soviet Union was dissolved. He resigned in 1991 as the transition to democracy began.
United States -- Nintendo
More Information for the Nintendo Entertainment System.
- Nintendo releases the NES in North American markets during October.
The Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) was released in North American markets during October of 1985. The revolutionary home gaming system had been previously released in Japan during 1983. The NES was originally launched with seventeen games including “Duck Hunt” and “Ice Climber.” The system did not initially sell much as the market for video games had dropped, but, with Nintendo’s U.S. release of their breakout game “Super Mario Bros.” later that year, the NES soon caught on in the U.S. and was a popular item distributed throughout stores across the country in 1986.
More Information for Japan's Astronauts.
Japan -- Japanese astronauts
- The first group of Japanese astronauts are selected.
The first group of Japanese astronauts are chosen during August of 1985. Mamoru Mohri, Chiaki Mukai, and Takao Doi became Japan’s first astronauts after being carefully selected by the National Space Development Agency (NASDA) of Japan. The two men, Mamoru Mohri and Tako Doi, and one woman, Chiaki Mukai, were chosen as candidates for participation in future NASA space shuttle missions and all three went on to participate in two future missions each. Mamoru Mohri became the first Japanese astronaut in space in 1992 and Takao Doi went on to be the first Japanese astronaut to conduct a space walk, while Chiaki Mukai was the first Japanese woman in space and also became the first Japanese astronaut to conduct two flights.
More Information and Timeline for The Color Purple film.
"The Color Purple" Movie
- The popular film "The Color Purple" premieres.
The classic film “The Color Purple" has its premiere on December 16, 1985 in New York City. The film stars Whoopi Goldberg, Oprah Winfrey, Danny Glover, Margaret Avery, and several other notable actors. It was based on the novel by the same name by Alice Walker and was directed by legendary film maker Stephen Spielberg. The film was nominated for eleven Academy Awards including Best Picture and Best Actress but it did not win one category. Despite not winning an Academy Award, “The Color Purple” was the fourth highest-grossing film in 1985.
More Information for Michael Jordan Rookie of the Year
- Michael Jordan is named as the NBA's "Rookie of the Year."
In May of 1985, legendary basketball player Michael Jordan was given the NBA’s “Rookie of the Year” award during his inaugural season Jordan had been drafted by the Chicago Bulls in 1984 and played exceptionally well in his first season, soon becoming one of the fan-favorite players. He helped the Bull get into the playoffs for the first time in a few years and set several team records that season. Jordan would evolve into one of the most well-known, highest paid and accomplished basketball players of all time and is still considered by many to be the best and most competitive player to ever play the sport professionally.
History of Basketball
1985 Mens and Womens Fashion Clothes
Part of our Collection of Clothing From The1980's
Calendar For The Year 1985
Part of our toy collection From The 1980's
Toys From The Year 1985
More News and Key Events From 1985
Mexico City earthquake
- 8.1 Richter scale earthquake strikes Mexico City. More than 9,000 people are killed,
- Rioting breaks out at housing estates in Brixton, London and Liverpool
- Terry Anderson kidnapped in Beirut, Lebanon
- Boris Becker becomes youngest winner at 17 to win the men's Wimbledon championships
- 500 Hippy travellers clash with police on June 1st on their way to the ancient stone circle of Stonehenge
- Operation Moses a secret operation by Israel to airlift thousands of Jewish Ethiopian refugees out of Sudan.
President Reagan and Soviet Leader Gorbachev
- President Reagan and Soviet Leader Gorbachev meet for the first time in Switzerland
- Volcanic Eruption in the town of Armero in Colombia kills 25,000
TWA Flight 847
- TWA Flight 847 is hijacked by Hezbollah. on June 14th
EgyptAir Flight 648
- EgyptAir Flight 648 is hijacked and ends in the loss of 56 passengers during the commando raid to rescue them
"Achille Lauro "
- The Italian Cruise Liner "Achille Lauro " is hijacked by Palestinian Terrorists
Italy Terrorism Attacks
- Terrorist gunman shoot passengers at Rome and Vienna airports .
British Coal Miners Strike
- The British Coal Miners Strike ends and coal mines continue to be closed
UK first Mobile Phone Call
- The first Mobile Phone Call Is Made in the UK by Ernie Wise
RMS Titanic Located
- A joint American-French expedition locates the wreck of the RMS Titanic.
- President Reagan announces Strategic Defense Weapons ( SDI ) will not impact arms talks
- The Unabomber kills his first victim
- New York Stock Exchange Closes For The day For Hurricane Gloria
- Philadelphia Police drop a bomb containing C-4 and Tovex from a helicopter onto MOVE's residence on May 13th which causes an uncontrolled fire and as a result, 53 houses destroyed
- Insurance companies begin screening for Aids for life insurance causing outcry by civil liberties groups.
- Clive Sinclair launches the Sinclair C5 electric tricycle with a maximum speed of 15mph on January 10th
Boeing 747 Flight 123
- Boeing 747 Flight 123 crashes into Mount Osutaka, Japan
Mafia Boss Paul Castellano
- Mafia Boss Paul Castellano is shot on orders of John J. Gotti
Heysel Stadium Disaster
- Crowd Violence Erupts during the European Cup Final at Heysel Stadium in Brussels causing a wall to collapse killing 39 football fans.
- Following Heysel Stadium Disaster English Soccer Clubs banned From European Competition
massive car bomb in Beirut
- A massive car bomb in Beirut, Lebanon leaves 175 injured and 45 people dead
- South Africa Invades Angola
Townships In South Africa Rioting
- Riots and protests continue in Townships In South Africa against apartheid policies
- Various artists, including Ray Charles, Bob Dylan, Michael Jackson, Billy Joel, Cyndi Lauper, Willie Nelson, Lionel Richie, Smokey Robinson, Kenny Rogers, Diana Ross, Paul Simon, Bruce Springsteen, Tina Turner and Stevie Wonder, record the song "We Are The World" as USA for Africa. to raise money for famine relief
- Michael Jackson Buys ATV Music and every Beatles Song for $47 million dollars
- Coca-Cola Company introduces New Coke in April ( 6 months later they returned to the original formula )
- Back to the Future
- Rambo: First Blood Part II
- Rocky IV
- The Color Purple
- Out of Africa
- Police Academy 2: Their First Assignment
- A View to a Kill
- Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome
- Duran Duran
- Simple Minds
- Madonna with " Crazy for You "
- Bruce Springsteen
- Dire Straits with " Money for Nothing "
- The Cure
- David Bowie
- Phil Collins
- " We Are The World " By USA For Africa featuring many artists for Aid For Africa
- Simple Minds
Born This Year
Born This Year 1985
Prince Harry September 15th
- The Food and Drug Administration approves a blood test for AIDS,
- The first .Com domain name, symbolics.com, is registered by the Symbolics corporation. However, .edu domains, for educational institutions, still predominate over the commercial .com ones
- Microsoft Corporation releases the first version of Windows, Windows 1.0.
- Switzerland is the first country to bring into law catalytic converters must be fitted to private cars
- Compact Discs are introduced to American Consumers
- The space shuttle Atlantis is launched
- UK Starts screening Blood donations for AIDS
- British Scientists discover a hole in the earths Ozone Layer
Major World Political Leaders
Prime Minister Bob Hawke
President João Figueiredo
Till 15 March
President José Sarney
From 15 March
Prime Minister Brian Mulroney
Chairman of the People's Republic of China Li Xiannian
President François Mitterrand
Chancellor Helmut Kohl
Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
Prime Minister Bettino Craxi
Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone
President Miguel de la Madrid
Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the CPSU Mikhail Gorbachev
State President Pieter Willem Botha
President Ronald Reagan
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher