1985 As the spread of aids increases Governments round the world start screening Blood donations for AIDS. On the technology front the first .com is registered and the first version of Windows is released Ver 1.0 . Terrorists continue to perform acts of terrorism including the hijack of TWA Flight 847 and the Italian Cruise Liner "Achille Lauro ". Famine in Ethiopia is shown more on TV News in July and Live Aid concerts around the world raise many millions to help the starving in Africa and the pop industry in US joins together to sing "We Are The World".


Cost of Living 1985

How Much things cost in 1985
Yearly Inflation Rate USA 3.55% Year End Close Dow Jones Industrial Average 1546 Interest Rates Year End Federal Reserve 10.75% Average Cost of new house $89,330 Median Price Of and Existing Home $75,500 Average Income per year $22,100.00 Average Monthly Rent $375.00 Average Price for new car$9,005.00 Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 40,169
Gallon of Petrol 1.88
Yearly Inflation Rate UK 9.50%
Interest Rates Year End Bank of England 11.38%
More Example Prices
gallon of gas $1.09
Movie Ticket $2.75
US Postage Stamp 22 cents
Bacon per pound $1.65
Bean Bag Lounger $39.99
Rainbow Brite Color Kids $9.99 Each
Rib Eye Steak Lb $3.89

Elyria, Ohio
2 bedroom condo overlooking lake $59,900



What Events Happened in 1985

United States
  • The Eastern half of North America is hit with an exceptionally cold winter, one of the worst in recorded history.
More Information and Timeline for Eastern U.S. Coldest Winter
The Eastern halves of the United States and Canada face some of the coldest temperatures ever recorded in the 20th century as an arctic air mass moves through the country. According to meteorologists the cold wave occurred as a result of a polar vortex moving further south than what was usually observed and being coupled with a high pressure system. The cold snap lasted from January 20th to the 22nd and resulted in record-breaking cold temperatures as far south as Florida.

Columbia
  • Volcanic Eruption in Columbia kills 25,000
U.S.
  • TWA Flight 847 is hijacked by Hezbollah. on June 14th
Malta
  • EgyptAir Flight 648 is hijacked and ends in the loss of 56 passengers during the commando raid to rescue them
Sudan
  • Operation Moses a secret operation by Israel to airlift thousands of Jewish Ethiopian refugees out of Sudan.
Italy
  • The Italian Cruise Liner "Achille Lauro " is hijacked by Palestinian Terrorists
Italy
  • Terrorist gunman shoot passengers at Rome and Vienna airports .
Spain
  • The United Kingdom and Spain agree to reopen the border between Gibraltar and Spain.
More Information for Gibraltar and Spain Border
After sixteen years of being closed under the rule of Francisco Franco in 1969, the border between Gibraltar and Spain was officially reopened during February of 1985. The border had been closed by Franco after tensions heightened between Spain and Britain over the status of Gibraltar. Spain had previously eased restrictions in 1982, allowing pedestrians to cross over the border but it was still tightly controlled as only Spanish citizens and residents of Gibraltar were allowed to cross. Opening the gates to all travelers in 1985 was a decision made by Spain to garner support for joining the European Community.

UK
  • The British Coal Miners Strike ends and coal mines continue to be closed
UK
  • The first Mobile Phone Call Is Made in the UK by Ernie Wise
New Zealand
Rainbow Warrior Sinking By French Agents
  • The Greenpeace ship Rainbow Warrior is sunk when French agents plant a bomb on the hull killing Photographer Fernando Pereira
More Information and Timeline For Rainbow Warrior Sinking in Auckland, New Zealand
1. French Agents From the French foreign intelligence services arrive in New Zealand
2. French DGSE agent Christine Cabon, posing as environmentalist Frederique Bonlieu, volunteered for the Greenpeace office in Auckland.
3. Cabon gathers intelligence information crucial to the sinking.
4. July 10th DGSE divers beneath the Rainbow Warrior attached two limpet mines and detonated them 10 minutes apart
5. Following the capture and trial French foreign intelligence services (DGSE) agents Captain Dominique Prieur and Commander Alain Mafart – posing as married couple 'Sophie and Alain Turenge' and having Swiss passports pleaded guilty to manslaughter and were sentenced to 10 years imprisonment on November 22, 1985.
The sinking was designed to sink the flagship of the Greenpeace fleet, the Rainbow Warrior in the port of Auckland, New Zealand, to prevent her from interfering in a nuclear test in Moruroa authorized by top French Officicials.


U.S.
  • Route 66 is removed from the United States Highway System.
More Information for Route 66
1. Established in 1926, Route 66 was one of the first highways created in the United States Highway System.
2. Immortalized in television, film, song, and literature, the iconic road spanned a total of 2,448 miles in length, running from Chicago, Illinois to Santa Monica, California.
3. The road traveled through parts of Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California and was a popular path through the American Southwest during the 1920s until the 1960s.
4. It soon fell into disrepair as it was replaced by the Interstate system.
5. During June of 1985 the historic Route 66 was officially removed from the United States Highway System.

Russia
  • Mikhail Gorbachev replaces Konstantin Chernenko as Soviet leader.
More Information for Mikhail Gorbachev
In March of 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of the Soviet Union after the death of former leader Konstantin Chernenko. Gorbachev became a transformative figure in the USSR as he ushered in new domestic and foreign policy reforms in an attempt to salvage the crumbling Communist system. One of the important decisions that he made was agreeing to nuclear disarmament deals with the United States, some of the first steps towards ending the Cold War. By the early 1990’s, his reforms had worked too well and the Soviet Union was dissolved. He resigned in 1991 as the transition to democracy began.

Switzerland
  • President Reagan and Soviet Leader Gorbachev meet for the first time in Switzerland
World
  • Live Aid pop concerts in Philadelphia and London raise over 50 million for famine relief in Ethiopia.
More Information for the Live Aid Concerts
1. The Live Aid Concerts were held during July of 1985.
2. They were a series of rock concerts held to raise funds for famine relief in Ethiopia around the world.
3. They took place in cities including London, Philadelphia, Sydney and Moscow.
4. The concerts attracted close to 200,000 people and by using satellite link-ups and TV broadcasts around the world, they attracted an estimated one billion viewers in 110 countries who watched the concerts performed live.
5. The concerts were organized by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure and they raised over $125 million in relief money for Africa.
6. Notable acts included B.B. King, Bob Dylan, Cher, David Bowie, Duran Duran, Elton John, Hall & Oates, Lionel Richie, Madonna, Paul McCartney, Queen, Run-DMC, and U2.

Mexico
  • 8.1 Richter scale earthquake strikes Mexico City. More than 9,000 people are killed,
UK
  • Rioting breaks out at housing estates in Brixton, London and Liverpool
Lebanon
  • Terry Anderson kidnapped in Beirut, Lebanon
UK
  • Boris Becker becomes youngest winner at 17 to win the men's Wimbledon championships
UK
  • 500 Hippy travellers clash with police on June 1st on their way to the ancient stone circle of Stonehenge



Japan
  • The first group of Japanese astronauts are selected.
More Information for Japan's Astronauts.
The first group of Japanese astronauts are chosen during August of 1985. Mamoru Mohri, Chiaki Mukai, and Takao Doi became Japan’s first astronauts after being carefully selected by the National Space Development Agency (NASDA) of Japan. The two men, Mamoru Mohri and Tako Doi, and one woman, Chiaki Mukai, were chosen as candidates for participation in future NASA space shuttle missions and all three went on to participate in two future missions each. Mamoru Mohri became the first Japanese astronaut in space in 1992 and Takao Doi went on to be the first Japanese astronaut to conduct a space walk, while Chiaki Mukai was the first Japanese woman in space and also became the first Japanese astronaut to conduct two flights.

U.S.
  • A joint American-French expedition locates the wreck of the RMS Titanic.
U.S.
  • President Reagan announces Strategic Defense Weapons ( SDI ) will not impact arms talks
U.S.
  • The Unabomber kills his first victim
U.S.
  • New York Stock Exchange Closes For The day For Hurricane Gloria
U.S.
  • Philadelphia Police drop a bomb containing C-4 and Tovex from a helicopter onto MOVE's residence on May 13th which causes an uncontrolled fire and as a result, 53 houses destroyed
U.S.
  • Insurance companies begin screening for Aids for life insurance causing outcry by civil liberties groups.
United States
  • The popular film "The Color Purple" premieres.
More Information and Timeline for The Color Purple film.
The classic film “The Color Purple" has its premiere on December 16, 1985 in New York City. The film stars Whoopi Goldberg, Oprah Winfrey, Danny Glover, Margaret Avery, and several other notable actors. It was based on the novel by the same name by Alice Walker and was directed by legendary film maker Stephen Spielberg. The film was nominated for eleven Academy Awards including Best Picture and Best Actress but it did not win one category. Despite not winning an Academy Award, “The Color Purple” was the fourth highest-grossing film in 1985.

UK
  • Clive Sinclair launches the Sinclair C5 electric tricycle with a maximum speed of 15mph
Japan
  • Boeing 747 Flight 123 crashes into Mount Osutaka, Japan
U.S.
  • Mafia Boss Paul Castellano is shot on orders of John J. Gotti
Belgium
  • Crowd Violence Erupts during the European Cup Final at Heysel Stadium in Brussels causing a wall to collapse killing 39 football fans.
UK
  • Following Heysel Stadium Disaster English Soccer Clubs banned From European Competition
Lebanon
  • A massive car bomb in Beirut, Lebanon leaves 175 injured and 45 people dead

South Africa
  • South Africa Invades Angola
South Africa
  • Riots and protests continue in Townships In South Africa against apartheid policies
U.S.
  • Michael Jordan is named as the NBA's "Rookie of the Year."
More Information for Michael Jordan Rookie of the Year
In May of 1985, legendary basketball player Michael Jordan was given the NBA’s “Rookie of the Year” award during his inaugural season Jordan had been drafted by the Chicago Bulls in 1984 and played exceptionally well in his first season, soon becoming one of the fan-favorite players. He helped the Bull get into the playoffs for the first time in a few years and set several team records that season. Jordan would evolve into one of the most well-known, highest paid and accomplished basketball players of all time and is still considered by many to be the best and most competitive player to ever play the sport professionally.




Technology

  • The Food and Drug Administration approves a blood test for AIDS,
  • The first .Com domain name, symbolics.com, is registered by the Symbolics corporation. However, .edu domains, for educational institutions, still predominate over the commercial .com ones
  • Microsoft Corporation releases the first version of Windows, Windows 1.0.
  • Switzerland is the first country to bring into law catalytic converters must be fitted to private cars
  • Compact Discs are introduced to American Consumers
  • The space shuttle Atlantis is launched
  • UK Starts screening Blood donations for AIDS
  • British Scientists discover a hole in the earths Ozone Layer



1985 Mens and Womens Fashion Clothes

Part of our Collection of Clothing From The1980's
Fashion Clothing From 1985


1985 Childrens Toys

Part of our toy collection From The1980's

Kids Toys From 85


Popular Culture 1985

  • Various artists, including Ray Charles, Bob Dylan, Michael Jackson, Billy Joel, Cyndi Lauper, Willie Nelson, Lionel Richie, Smokey Robinson, Kenny Rogers, Diana Ross, Paul Simon, Bruce Springsteen, Tina Turner and Stevie Wonder, record the song "We Are The World" as USA for Africa. to raise money for famine relief
  • Michael Jackson Buys ATV Music and every Beatles Song for $47 million dollars
  • Coca-Cola Company introduces New Coke on July 11th ( 6 months later they returned to the original formula )

Popular Films

  • Back to the Future
  • Rambo: First Blood Part II
  • Rocky IV
  • The Color Purple
  • Out of Africa
  • Cocoon
  • Police Academy 2: Their First Assignment
  • A View to a Kill
  • Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome

Popular Musicians

  • Duran Duran
  • Simple Minds
  • Madonna with " Crazy for You "
  • Bruce Springsteen
  • Dire Straits with " Money for Nothing "
  • The Cure
  • David Bowie
  • Phil Collins
  • " We Are The World " By USA For Africa featuring many artists for Aid For Africa
  • Simple Minds


1985 Calendar


Major World Political Leaders 1985

Australia Prime Minister Bob Hawke Brazil President João Figueiredo Till 15 March
Brazil President José Sarney From 15 March
Canada Prime Minister Brian Mulroney

China Chairman of the People's Republic of China Li Xiannian

France President François Mitterrand

Germany Chancellor Helmut Kohl
India Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi

Italy Prime Minister Bettino Craxi

Japan Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone Mexico President Miguel de la Madrid Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the CPSU Mikhail Gorbachev South Africa State President Pieter Willem Botha United States President Ronald Reagan United Kingdom Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher