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Other Pages From The Year 1952 Featuring Toys Clothes Fashion Accessories

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1952 despite the war in Korea Americans considered themselves to be prospering with average worker earning $3,400 per year, a college teacher could expect to earn $5,100 per year . Three out of 5 families owned a car, 2 out of 3 families now had a telephone, 1 in 3 homes had a television. The average woman in America would be married by 20 years of age looking forward to raising a family but few continued with a career after children were born. Fast Food restaurants were growing in popularity, but the scourge of Polio hit many thousands of families ( 50,000 estimated ) . Many more cars in America were now fitted with automatic gearboxes and gas cost 25 cents per gallon. The worlds first passenger jet The Comet is produced in UK signaling the start of faster and cheaper air travel in later years.


Cost of Living

How Much things cost in 1952
Yearly Inflation Rate USA 2.29%
Yearly Inflation Rate UK 5.3%
Average Cost of new house $9.050.00 Average wages per year $3,850.00 Cost of a gallon of Gas 20 cents Average Cost of a new car $1,700.00 Average Cost of Rent $80.00 per month LB of Hamburger Meat 53 cents
Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 2,028
Part of our 1950s Toys Selection of 250 Fifties Toys
Price: $1.98
Howdy Doody's TV Game From The 1950s


From Fifties Fashion Section
Price: $1.98
Handsewn Pinstripe Glove

Price: $12.98
Dressy Suit
From Our Fifties Furniture Page
Price: $27.85
 Gossip Bench
From Our Fifties Electrical
Price: $329.00
 Coldspot Refrigerator





What Events Happened

Kenya --- The Mau Mau Rebellion
  • The Mau Mau Rebellion starts in Kenya
More Information and Timeline For The Mau Mau Rebellion
1. 1950 / 1951 The Mau Mau formed as an African Nationalist Movement with The main aim to end British Rule in Kenya
2. 1952 Troubles Begin
2a. August 24th Kenyan government imposes a curfew in area's where Mau Mau believed to be intimidating those refusing to join the movement ( Arson used as one form of intimidation )
2b. October 7th Senior Chief Waruhui assassinated British Government suspects Mau Mau Involvement
2c. October 19th British government sends troops to Kenya to help the fight against the Mau Mau.
2d. October 21st Kenyan government declares a state of emergency following 40 murders and increased violence on the streets
2e. October 21st Jomo Kenyatta, president of the Kenya African Union, and 180 other alleged Mau Mau leaders are arrested for alleged Mau Mau involvement.
2f. October 30th British troops arrest more than 500 suspected Mau Mau activists
2g. November 18th Jomo Kenyatta charged with leading the Mau Mau terrorist society in Kenya
2h. November 25th Mau Mau declares open rebellion against British rule in Kenya
2i. November 25th British troops arrest 2,000 more suspected Mau Mau activists
3 1956 October 21st Dedan Kimathi ( rebel leader of the Mau Mau ) captured leading to the ultimate defeat of the Mau Mau uprising
The Mau Mau rebellion continued for the next few years and although effectively ended in 1956 the movement for an end to British Rule continued which ended with Kenyan independence in December 1963 when Jomo Kenyatta became the first Prime Minister of an Indendent Kenya.




Other Pages From The People History

Our 1950's  Quiz Just For Fun


Israel
  • Albert Einstein refuses Presidency of Israel
UK --- London Smog Kills 4,000
  • Thick smog in London on December 4th , England causes 4,000 fatalities
More Information and Timeline For London Smog
1. Following the end of World War II London increases in population density
2. Most home heating uses relatively low-grade, sulfurous variety coal for heating which increased the amount of sulphur dioxide in the smoke
3. The increased use of cars also leads to further pollutants in the air
4. Londoner's become used to thick fog / smog in and around the city called "Pea Soupers"
5. A cold spell leads to increased coal fire usage
6. Unusual windless conditions create large clouds above the city with heavy pollutant content
7 December 5th to December 9th . Unusual weather conditions over the city of London, England combined with the heavy use of coal fired heating formed a thick layer of smog ( chimney smoke combined with car exhaust fumes and sulphur dioxide ) making a deadly combination over the city of London
8. Visibility was reduced to a few yards and most Public transport did not operate
9. The ambulance service stopped functioning which led to a number of the deaths because the public found it difficult if not impossible to seek medical attention.
10. An estimated 4,000 to 12,000 die from respiratory tract infections in just 4 days
The large number of deaths caused by the worst environmental disaster in UK history leads to the The Clean Air Act of 1956 which required smokeless fuels must be used in heavily populated area's including cleaner coals, electricity, and gas, reducing the amount of smoke pollution and sulphur dioxide from household fires.




UK
  • Elizabeth II becomes Queen upon the death of her father George VI.
United States --- Polio Epidemic Kills 3300
  • 3300 die of polio in U.S 57,000 children are paralyzed prior to the widespread use of Polio vaccine
More Information and Timeline For Polio in the 1950s
1. Polio / Poliomyelitis / Infantile Paralysis
2. Polio is an acute viral infectious disease spread from person to person
3. 1910 Polio Epidemics appear around the world in increasing numbers leaving thousands of children and adults paralyzed
4. The March of Dimes Foundation established by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt as the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP) on January 3, 1938, to combat Polio.
5. The March of Dimes Foundation funded much of the research which produced the two vaccines used to combat Polio
6. Two independent researchers both funded by March of Dimes Foundation came up with vaccines in the battle against Polio Jonas Salk vaccine in use from 1955 and Albert Bruce Sabin in use from 1963
7. In two years Polio numbers increase from 20,000 per year prior to 52 up to 58,000 in 1952 and 35,000 in 1953
8. By 1965, only 61 cases of paralytic polio were diagnosed in the United States
Polio is now rare in the Western world following the use of Polio vaccine to induce immunity blocking person-to-person transmission. But Polio was still endemic in South Asia and Nigeria up until the late 80's, in 1988 there were an estimated 350,000 cases. A global effort to eradicate polio began led by the World Health Organization, UNICEF, and The Rotary Foundation and Polio cases number less than 1,000 per year today.


UK
  • Three Trains crash at Harrow in North London
India --- Mother Teresa
  • Mother Teresa opens the home for dying and destitute in Calcutta
More Information and Timeline For Mother Teresa
1. 1910 Mother Teresa born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in Üsküb, Ottoman Empire
2. 1928 Join the Sisters of Loreto as a missionary
3. 1929 Taught at the St. Teresa’s School in Darjeeling, India
4. 1944 Appointed headmistress of Loreto convent school in Entally, eastern Calcutta
5. 1948 Begins her missionary work with the poor and adopted Indian citizenship
6 1950 Receives Vatican permission to start the diocesan congregation that would become the Missionaries of Charity
7. 1952 Opens the first Home for the Dying in space made available by the city of Calcutta
She devoted the rest of her life to helping the poor in India including opening a home for victims of leprosy, many have criticized her methods of care and beliefs, but in this webmasters humble opinion at least she did something to help those in need which is the most one human being can do for another. Mother Teresa died on September 5th 1997 in Calcutta and following her death she was beatified by Pope John Paul II and given the title Blessed Teresa of Calcutta.


World
  • Big Bang Theory of the creation of the Universe first propounded
UK
  • De Havilland 110 fighter aircraft breaks up over spectators at Farnborough Air Show killing 30
South Africa
  • South African Police Arrest Nelson Mandella
India
  • India holds it's first general elections
UK
  • Britain announces it has Atomic Bomb
U.S.
  • Live Atomic bomb Test from testing site in Yucca Flats, Nevada shown on Television
U.S.
  • California has it's second largest earthquake rocking 100,000 sq miles
U.S.
  • Following the U.S. Supreme Court upholding a New York state law communist teachers are banned from teaching in public schools
U.S.
  • Charlie Chaplin refused entry back to the US after living in Hollywood for 20 years.
U.S.
  • Rocky Marciano becomes world heavyweight champion after knocking out Jersey Joe Walcott
U.S.
  • Vice Presidential Candidate Richard M. Nixon defends himself on Television over allegations of secret cash fund
UK
  • The Last London Trams Decommissioned
Finland
  • The Summer Olympics are held in July in Helsinki, Finland
Puerto Rico
  • Puerto Rico becomes a Self Governing Commonwealth Of the United States
U.S.
  • Steel Plants Placed Under Presidential Control after Steel Unions Threaten to Strike
Egypt
  • Military coup d'etat in Egypt on July 23rd headed by Nasser
Norway
  • The Winter Olympic Games are held in Oslo, Norway



Popular Culture

  • The Diary of Anne Frank published
  • The "Today" Program debuts on NBC the first of it's kind hosted by Dave Garroway. The shows current presenters are Matt Lauer and Meredith Vieira
  • KFC Fried Chicken Franchise Opens ( Kentucky Fried Chicken )
  • MAD Magazine first issue
  • Agatha Christie's murder-mystery play The Mousetrap opens and becomes the longest continuously production running play in history

Popular Films

  • The African Queen
  • Greatest Show on Earth
  • The Quiet man
  • Singin' in the Rain

Check out our Television Programmes From The 50s whenever possible we have included a trailer to jog your memory. Series trailers and more information are found on the decade they started.



Born This Year in

Sharon Osbourne October 9th
Christopher Reeve September 25th
David Hasselhoff July 17th
Douglas Adams March 11th


Technology

  • The worlds first passenger jet is produced in UK ( The Comet ) and flies for the first time on May 2nd
  • Atom Bomb Developed by Britain
  • The worlds first successful use of a mechanical heart in US
  • The first “Don’t Walk” sign is installed in New York City
  • The First Holiday Inn is opened in Tennessee
  • SS United States wins Blue Ribband crossing the Atlantic in 3 days 10hrs and 40 minutes
  • The United States successfully detonates the first hydrogen bomb, code named "Mike" ["m" for megaton],
  • The first Patent for a bar code used to identify products issued in 1952 to Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver but the industry standard till 1970 when the Universal Grocery Products Identification Product Code or UGPIC was written which evolved into the UPC or Universal product Code
  • First Roll On Deodorant introduced under the brand name Ban-Roll-On

Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
Hydrogen Bomb USA by Edward Teller's team
Mr Potato Head Game USA by George Lerner
Polio Vaccine by Jonas Salk



1952 Calendar


Major World Political Leaders

Australia Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies Brazil President Getúlio Vargas Canada Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent

China Chairman of the People's Republic of China Mao Zedong

France President Vincent Auriol

Germany Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
India Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru

Italy Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi

Japan Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida Mexico President Miguel Alemán Valdés Till 30 November
Mexico President Adolfo Ruiz Cortines From 30 November
Russia / Soviet Union
Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars Joseph Stalin South Africa Prime Minister Daniel François Malan United States President Harry S. Truman United Kingdom Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill

Political Elections


United States Presidential Election 1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower (Republican) Defeats Adlai Stevenson (Democratic)