What Happened in 1946 Important News and Events, Key Technology and Popular Culture
What happened in 1946 Major News Stories include (UNICEF) United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund Established, War Crimes Tribunal in Nuremberg, War Crimes Trials held in Tokyo, Mensa created, AT&T announce first car phones, Bikinis go on sale in Paris, United Nations' first meeting, baby boomer years begin.
1946 Following the end of the war people expected a better life than before the war years with the Great Depression causing poverty and hardship worldwide. There were major shortages in jobs and housing for those returning from war , around the world the start of the baby boom also started as couples married and had children , also there were still shortages of food, and materials.
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-- Cost Of Living
How Much things cost in 1946
Average Cost of new house $5,600.00
Average wages per year $2,500.00
Cost of a gallon of Gas 15 cents
Average Cost of a new car $1,120.00
Worlds First Electric Blanket $39.50
Men's Ties $1.50
Watermans Pen $8.75
Chicken 41 cents per pound
Coffee 85 cents for 2 pound bag
Doughnuts 15 cents per dozen
Eggs 64 cents per dozen
Couple of examples of houses for sale
Oshkosh -- Wisconsin -- 3 bedroom brick home with gas heating and 2 car garage $11,500
Middletown, New York -- 3 acre lake front property 7 room house with hardwood floors $7,500
Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 1,459
More Information for the League of Nations
- The League of Nations holds its final meeting.
The League of Nations holds its final meeting during April . The League of Nations had been created during 1920 in the wake of World War I with the purpose of maintaining worldwide peace through an international governing body. Despite having been first proposed by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, the United States never joined the organization and the League of Nations lacked the power to really enforce its directives. Ultimately, the League of Nations was ineffective and failed to prevent World War II as it began in March
. After World War II ended, the League of Nations was disbanded in 1946 and the United Nations was created in its place.
More Information for the United Nations First Meeting
- United Nations' first meeting is held in London England and then Long Island United States.
The General Assembly of the United Nations holds its very first meeting during January . The fifty-one original member states met at the Westminster Central Hall in London, England. Representatives for the member states met to discuss the procedural rules that they would follow in subsequent meetings. They also adopted their first resolution which dealt with the new issues related to atomic energy and nuclear weapons.
Bikinis go on sale
More Information for the Bikini
- Bikinis go on sale on July 5th in Paris.
1. The "bikini" debuted in Paris during July of 1946.
2. Created by French designer Louis Reard, the risque two-piece swimming suit took its name from the recent atomic testing done by the United States at Bikini Atoll.
3. During World War II women's swimming suits gradually got smaller and became two pieces due to a combination of fabric use restrictions and societal changes. But, they had still been relatively conservative compared to Reard's newly developed much smaller two-piece swimming suit.
4. The bikini caused quite a bit of a scandal and controversy when it was revealed but gradually gained acceptance across much of Europe throughout the Fifties
even as it was banned in certain locations.
5. The bikini did not reach the United States until the 1960's
when it became popular with youth culture, but it was only really fully accepted after film stars were seen wearing it and it became a pop culture standard.
More Information for UNESCO
- UNESCO holds first session.
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) was created and held its first session during November . The Constitution of UNESCO had been previously signed during November of the previous year and came into force after twenty countries including the United States, United Kingdom, France, China, and India, ratified it. The purpose of UNESCO was to prevent the future possibility of a world war by nurturing a worldwide peace through working together on educational, scientific, and cultural issues.
More Information for UNICEF
- (UNICEF) United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund established December 11th.
The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is created during December . The organization was created by the General Assembly of the U.N. after World War II in an effort to provide help and services to children living in war-torn or trouble countries. Since its creation, UNICEF has become an outspoken voice for children's rights. In the 1980's
it helped to create the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which soon became the most widely accepted human rights treaty in history
United States - Atomic Energy Act
More Information for the Atomic Energy Act
- The McMahon Act is signed into law and creates the Atomic Energy Commission.
The Atomic Energy Act of 1946, also known as the McMahon Act, was signed into law by President Truman during August . The act created the civilian-controlled United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). The AEC was used to oversee the creation of nuclear weapons and to research and implement the peaceful use of nuclear energy. The AEC would also be used to regulate the nuclear power industry until 1974
when the Nuclear Regulatory Commission was created. A year after the act was passed, the commission was created and power over the nuclear program was transferred from the Manhattan Project and the U.S. Military to the AEC.
More Information for Tupperware
- Tupperware sold in department and hardware stores.
1. Tupperware is introduced to U.S. consumers during 1946.
2. The innovative plastic food containers were developed by Earl Tupper out of a type of plastic that he had created in 1938.
3. Tupperware became a new alternative to storing food that weighed less than glass and was less easy to break.
4. It was also made with an airtight design, allowing a longer time for storage before the food went bad.
5. Originally, Tupperware was not very popular as a product in retail stores because people did not know what it was or how to use it.
6. In 1948
the Tupperware company began hosting Tupperware Home Parties where the products could be demonstrated and tested in front of potential buyers.
7. They were often sold by homemakers directly to other homemakers, creating a unique career opportunity for many women after World War II.
8. The early popularity of Tupperware reflected a changing American society as suburban life became the norm and the need for quick and easy food solutions increased.
9. Sales boomed throughout the next decade as the brand became a household name and a staple in many kitchens.
10. Tupperware has also adapted to changing household needs since the 1940's
and 1950s. It has been re-invented into items that are the most useful for families or individuals as the way households operate has been constantly changing since its creation.
More Information for Mensa
- The Mensa society is created, the only qualification for membership being a high IQ in the top 98th percentile.
The Mensa Society was created during October by Roland Berrill and Lancelot Ware in England. Mensa was created with the intention of providing a nurturing and inclusive club for some of the most intelligent people around the world. The only requirement for membership was to have an IQ in the top 2% of the overall population. Mensa does not have any political or religious affiliations, designating itself as a fun group for people of all backgrounds to share in activities and ideas. Since it was founded the club has expanded and has over 120,000 global members.
first Cannes Film Festival
More Information for the Cannes Film Festival.
- The first Cannes Film Festival takes place in Cannes.
The very first Cannes Film Festival is held during the month of September . The international film festival had been originally scheduled to debut in 1939 but was postponed after the outbreak of World War II. Held in the French Riviera in the city of Cannes, the festival was created as a place for up and coming films from around the globe to be previewed and judged. The festival has since evolved into a more commercial endeavor, but is still thought of as a prestigious social gathering for the top names in international film making.
The ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer)
More Information and Timeline for the ENIAC.
- The ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) is revealed at the University of Pennsylvania.
In February , the first programmable, general-purpose electronic digital computer was introduced at the University of Pennsylvania. It was called ENIAC, which stood for "Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer" and was built by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchley for the U.S. Government during World War II. The project began in 1943
and cost about $400,000 to complete. The computer was gigantic and took up the space in a room that was thirty by fifty feet. The first task that it had was to work on calculations related to hydrogen bomb construction.
Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill gives his famous "Iron Curtain" speech
More Information for Churchill's Iron Curtain speech.
- Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill gives his famous "Iron Curtain" speech while visiting the United States.
After the end of World War II, tensions between the United States and Soviet Union increased leading to a time of heightened hostilities between the U.S. and its allies and the U.S.S.R. and its allies known as the Cold War. In March British Prime Minister Winston Churchill gave one of his most well known speeches while in Fulton, Missouri in which he coined the phrase "Iron Curtain" to describe the symbolic divide in Europe between communism and democracy. His speech marked one of the first openly declaratory statements that addressed the Cold War and outlined some of the potential dangers of an aggressively expanding Soviet Union.
U.S. Railway Strike
More Information for the Railway Strike
- U.S. troops seize control of US railroads during rail unions strike.
About 250,000 railroad workers went on strike during May . Members of two major unions, the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, organized the strike to seek wage increases. The strike left thousands of commuters stranded and, when coupled with the coal miners strike that took place during the previous month, the country's economy came to a standstill. The strike went on for four days before both sides could come to an agreement. President Truman had threatened to use the government to operate the railways by drafting the striking workers into the army. Truman's threats worked in ending the strike and the incident paved the way for future anti-union laws such as the Taft-Hartley Act which was passed in 1947.
BBC Television Service begins broadcasting again
More Information for BBC Television
- The BBC Television Service begins broadcasting again.
The BBC restarted regular television broadcasts during June of 1946. The BBC had begun regular television broadcasts during 1936 but when World War II began in 1939 the broadcasts were abruptly ended. They ended the television service during the war due to fears that bombers might be able to use the signals to attack. TV was also thought of as an extravagance during the war and was cut off so that resources could be diverted to more important causes and that engineers could focus on more important jobs. After seven years, the BBC resumed their broadcasts with a re-airing of the Mickey Mouse cartoon that had been the last program shown before the war.
Calendar For The Year 1946
UK nationalize mines
- In Britain, the House of Commons decides to nationalize mines
- 5 Die in Riot at Alcatraz
Tidal waves strike Hawaii
- Tidal waves strike Hawaii which were caused by earthquake near the Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Starvation in China
- 30 million people are close to dying of starvation in China
Philippines gains independence
- A major undersea earthquake Alaska measuring 7.4 magnitude in the north pacific ocean caused a Tsunami that by the time it reached Hawaii some 2,400 miles away the waves reached 60ft in height hit coastal areas of Hawaii causing the deaths of 150 +
- Juan Domingo Peron, ( his Mistress is "Evita" ) is elected president in Argentina
International War Crimes Tribunal
- Twelve high ranking Nazis are sentenced to death by the International War Crimes Tribunal in Nuremberg and hung on October 16th
War Crimes Trials Japan
- War Crimes Trials are held in Tokyo for those accused of committing war crimes and crimes against humanity during World War II.
Lord Haw Haw
- William Joyce, (Lord Haw Haw), is hung for high treason
Bikini Atoll Atomic Tests
- The US starts Atomic Tests on Bikini Atoll
- The first Cannes Film Festival takes place in Cannes
- Tupperware sold in department and hardware stores
- Children's puppet "Muffin the Mule" debuts in an episode of For The Children
- Dean Martin's musical career begins
- B.B. King's musical career begins
- Frankie Laine records " That's My Desire"
- Bill Haley's professional musical career begins as a member of The Down Homers.
- Frank Sinatra
- Ink Spots
- Bing Crosby
- Duke Ellington
- Perry Como
- Andrews Sisters
Born This Year
Tommy Lee Jones September 15th
Susan Sarandon October 4th
Justin Hayward October 14th
Ted Bundy November 24th
Candice Bergen may 9th -- Beverly Hills, California, U.S.
Jimmy Buffett December 25th -- Pascagoula, Mississippi, U.S.
George W. Bush July 6th -- New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.
Cher May 20th -- El Centro, California, U.S.
Tyne Daly February 21st -- Madison, Wisconsin,, U.S.
Donovan May 10th -- Maryhill, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Uri Geller December 20th -- Tel Aviv, British Mandate of Palestine
Barry Gibb September 1st -- Isle of Man
Sally Field November 6th -- Pasadena, California, U.S.
Freddie Mercury September 5th -- Stone Town, Zanzibar
Ilie Nastase July 19th -- Bucharest, Romania
Dolly Parton January 19th -- Sevierville, Tennessee, United States
Steven Spielberg December 18th -- Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Sylvester Stallone July 6th -- New York, New York, U.S.
Peter Sutcliffe June 2nd -- Bingley, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
Donald Trump June 14th -- New York City, New York, U.S.
- The US starts Atomic Tests on Bikini Atoll
- AT&T announce first car phones
- Piaggio produces the first successful motor scooter The Vespa
Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use ) 1946
USA by Percy L Spencer
USA by Henry Ford
Major World Political Leaders
Australia -- Prime Minister -- Ben Chifley --
Brazil -- President -- José Linhares -- Till 31 January
Brazil -- President -- Gaspar Dutra -- From 31 January
Canada -- Prime Minister -- William Lyon Mackenzie King --
Italy -- Prime Minister -- Alcide de Gasperi -- Till 1 July
Italy -- Prime Minister -- Alcide De Gasperi -- From 13 July
Japan -- Prime Minister -- Kijuro Shidehara -- Till 22 May
Japan -- Prime Minister -- Shigeru Yoshida -- From 22 May
Mexico -- President -- Manuel Ávila Camacho -- Till 30 November
Mexico -- President -- Miguel Alemán Valdés -- From 30 November
Russia / Soviet Union -- General Secretary of the Central Committee -- Joseph Stalin --
South Africa -- Prime Minister -- Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts --
United States -- President -- Harry S. Truman --
United Kingdom -- Prime Minister -- Clement Attlee --