1962 : Cuban Missile Crisis Timeline
1. 15th October: United States reconnaissance photographs taken by an American U-2 spy plane revealed missile bases being built in Cuba.
2. 16th October: President Kennedy is informed that reconnaissance photographs revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba.
3. 18th October: President Kennedy met Andrei Gromyko, who denies the existence of missiles in Cuba.
4. October 22nd: President Kennedy, in his first public speech tells the American public that missiles have been discovered in Cuba which had the potential to attack the United States with nuclear warheads. And gives warning that. "It shall be the policy of this nation to regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba against any nation in the Western Hemisphere as an attack on the United States, requiring a full retaliatory response upon the Soviet Union."
5. 23rd October: Options for removing missiles from Cuba are discussed with Joint Chiefs of Staff recommending a full-scale invasion, but President Kennedy opposed the Invasion concerned that the U.S. would not gain support around the world and opted for a naval blockade of Cuba.
6. 23rd October: The US Joint Chiefs of Staff instructed Strategic Air Command to go to DEFCON 2, for the only time in history.
7. 24th October: The Naval Blockade of Cuba by United States begins.
8. 27th October: EXCOMM Meetings in Washington
9. 27th October: Private, public and diplomatic communication between the US and Soviet Union continue following the shooting down of a U-2 spy plane.
10. 27th October: The U.S. informs its NATO allies that the United States may find it necessary within a very short time in its interest and that of its fellow nations in the Western Hemisphere to take whatever military action may be necessary.
11. October 27th: Nikita Khrushchev offered to remove Soviet missile bases in Cuba if the U.S. removed its missile bases in Turkey.
12. 28th October: Nikita Khrushchev informed the United States that he had ordered the dismantling of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
13. 28th October: The US informs the Soviet Union that the US would remove all missiles set in Turkey on the border of the Soviet Union.
14. 28th October: The US informs the Soviet Union that they will not invade Cuba.
15. 2nd November: President Kennedy tells the American people that Soviet missile bases in Cuba were being dismantled.
16. November 20th: USSR agreed to remove bombers from Cuba and US lifted its blockade.
This is the closest the world's two superpowers came to war, but one important safety mechanism did come from this episode, the Moscow-Washington hotline which puts the president of the United States and the leader of the Soviet Union in direct contact linking the White House via the National Military Command Center with the Kremlin during the Cold War.
1924 : The new ZR-3 Dirigible Airship from the Zeppelin Corporation has today set a new world record for transatlantic flight from Germany to the United States covering 5,066 miles and averaging 62.35 MPH, she is now tied securely at Lakehurst, New Jersey swaying from side to side and has proved the feasibility of Trans Atlantic Flight.
1935 : Despite moves by the League of Nations earlier this week the Italian Fascist army continues it's goal of East African Territorial expansion by looking beyond Ethiopia.
1937 : Bitter fighting in the Shanghai district continues with Japanese Artillery bombarding the area in preparation for their drive south along the Ping-Hankow and Tientsin-Pukow Railways.
1940 : American men are registering for draft and signing up at a rate of 1 million or more an hour.
From 1962 Toys Page
1946 : Ten Nazi leaders were hung today after a military tribunal sentenced them to death for war crimes including crimes against humanity.
1946 : President Truman lifts the price controls placed during the war on the sale of meat.
1947 : Great Britain has told the United Nations that unless a UN force is agreed quickly to help with the problems in Palestine between fighting Jews and Arabs Britain will pull out completely. Current proposals include creating a partition in the area with United Nations forces controlling the border area.
1951 : The first Prime Minister of Pakistan (office created during partition, not elected), Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated by Saad Akbar Babrak, an Afghan.
1952 : Iran has broken off diplomatic relations with great Britain following the continued dispute and lack of agreement over oil fields in Iran.
1961 : Segregation on railways in the south will end as 3 of the major railroads have stated they will end segregation on all trains immediately.
1964 : The People's Republic of China becomes the fifth country in the world with atomic bomb capability joining the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France.
1967 : Protest rallies and demonstrations across America have taken place in 30 US cities, from Boston to Atlanta, in protest against the continuing war in Vietnam. During a sit in at a military induction center in Oakland, California the folk singer Joan Baez is arrested together with a number of anti war supporters.
October 16th, 1968 : Following the Jamaican government decision to ban Guyanese university lecturer Dr. Walter Rodney from returning to his teaching position at the University of the West Indies (UWI), students from UWI, begin a demonstration closing down the campus. later while marching to the parliament building in Kingston more demonstrators joined in and as the day progressed the March turned from a peaceful protest into a full scale riot spreading across the city causing millions of dollars in property damages and the death of several innocent bystanders.
1973 : A roman catholic church in Buffalo, New York has started accepting donations via credit cards in an attempt to increase it's income. A senior member of the Coronation of the Blessed Mary Church has explained that donations of 50 cents which is all it's parishioners have left after paying weekly bills is not enough to fund the churches budget and it is already proving a success as donations of $10 to $25 are forthcoming.
October 16th, 1974 : Rioting prisoners set fire to the Long Kesh Maze prison near Belfast.
1978 : The Roman Catholic church has elected it's first non Italian Pope in 455 years today when it elected the Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla as Pope John Paul II . He is also one of the youngest Popes in modern times at 58 yrs old.
October 16th, 1986 : A terrorist attack on Israeli soldiers and their families at the wailing wall by throwing grenades into the crowd yesterday caused the death of 1 person and injured a further 69. The PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization) has claimed responsibility.
1987 : Hurricane storm winds batter southern England during the night killing 13 after the worst night of storms in living memory.
October 16th, 1991 : George Jo Hennard drives his pickup truck through the front window of a Luby's Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas and shot and killed 23 people, wounded another 20 and after being cornered and wounded by police committed suicide by shooting himself in the head.
From 1962 Fashions Page Page
1995 : The Million Man March a political march convened by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan marches on Washington, DC. Estimates for the march ranged between 400,000 and 1.5 million depending on who provided the figures.
October 16th, 1996 : Soccer fans stampede before a World Cup qualifying match in Guatemala City which leaves 84 people dead.
1996 : Following the Dunblane Massacre where Thomas Hamilton walked into the gym at the local primary school and killed 16 young children and their teacher the British Government has announced plans to outlaw almost all handguns.
October 16th, 2006 : The state of Hawaii experienced a 6.3 magnitude earthquake that disturbed utilities and damaged some homes but did a relatively small amount of damage.
2007 : In these modern times it is difficult to think that Piracy attacks on the world's oceans are increasing, we have fast communication in a modern world, but just in the last 12 months Piracy attacks on shipping has increased by 14%, one of the worst areas off the coast of Somalia. 15 ships have actually been attacked and hijacked this year so far, with the pirates often asking for ransom for the ships, cargo and the crew.
October 16th, 2007 : US President George W. Bush has met the Dalai Lama (Tibetan spiritual leader who is now exiled in India), the meeting between the two leaders went ahead despite strong objections from the Chinese government. The Dalai Lama is awarded a Congressional Gold Medal by US President George W. Bush.
2008 : Mr Wurzelbacher "Joe The Plumber" was seized on by Republican Senator John McCain as a real-life Joe Six-pack, he was mentioned more than a dozen times in the third and final presidential debate between Mr. McCain and Mr. Obama last night, an ordinary man chasing the American dream, who had challenged Barack Obama's tax plans in a chance encounter.
October 16th, 2011 : Fauja Singh, a one-hundred year old British man, became the oldest marathon runner after completing a race in Toronto, Canada. Singh ran for over eight hours and finished the race before five other competitors.
2011 : President Barack Obama dedicated a memorial to civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. who was assassinated in 1968. The memorial is located between the Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln memorials in Washington D.C.
October 16th, 2012 : A painting by Roy Lichtenstein that had gone missing forty-two years ago was returned to the widow of the owner. The painting had been bought by art dealer Leo Castelli for $750 and had been sent for cleaning in 1970 when it disappeared. The current value of the work was estimated at about $4 million.
2013 : The US Congress passes a last-minute deal to re-open the government and raise the debt limit at the last possible second. The Senate first struck a bi-partisan deal and then the House passed the deal with several Republican members joining the Democrats in voting to move forward.
Celebrating Birthdays Today
Born: 16th October 1947 San Francisco, California
Known For : Bob Weir is a singer, songwriter, rhythm guitar, and guitarist, and a founding member of the American rock band Grateful Dead whose most ardent fans followed the band from concert to concert and were known as "Deadheads." Unlike many other touring bands then and now the "Grateful Dead" concerts were never exactly the same because of their varied song selection and improvisation. Although none of their albums or singles have been in the top 10 their loyal followers and the distinct music style continue to be listened to by a generation who appreciate their music.
Celebrating Birthdays Today
Born: 16th October 1947 Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
Known For : Film director who's movies include The Kentucky Fried Movie, The Naked Gun, The Naked Gun 2½, Scary Movie 3, he was also the co-director on many films including Airplane!.