Important Events From This day in History October 14th
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14 Oct, 1991 - Australia Ozone Layer
1991 : Scientists from the International Atmospheric Authority in Australia have said that the Earth's protective Ozone layer has shrunk 4% in the the last ten years compared with 2% in the preceding 10 years.
14 Oct, 1879 - United States Incandescent Light Bulb
1879 : Thomas Alva Edison filed his first patent application for "Improvement In Electric Lights" on October 14, 1878
(U.S. Patent 0,214,636) The first successful test was on October 22
, 1879, and lasted 13.5 hours.
14 Oct, 1913 - Wales Coal Mine Explosion
1913 : A tremendous explosion ripped through the Sengenhydd coal mine near Cardiff in one of the worst mining disasters in Great Britain and over 400 minors are killed.
14 Oct, 1928 - U.S.A. Graf Zeppelin
: The small town of Lakehurst NJ is preparing for the arrival tomorrow of the largest dirigible ever made the "Graf Zeppelin" which will complete it's transatlantic flight from Europe to America, this airship will change travel across the Atlantic with it's massive size of 770 ft and it's cruising speed of 60 MPH , this ship is owned by the German People.
14 Oct, 1935 - Sanctions on Italy
1935 : The League of Nations approved the placing of financial sanctions on Italy.
14 Oct, 1938 - Germany Nazi's Attacks Clergy
: Adolf Hitler's deputy has attacked the catholic clergy during a massive Nazi rally in Austria telling the cheering crowd of 100,000 that the clergy are seeking to instigate people against the state. Hitler or Christ is not the question, Hitler has never taken a stand against the Church and there is only one Fuhrer and his name is Adolf Hitler, and the clergy should not take orders from Rome but from the Fuhrer.
14 Oct, 1941 - World War II Russia
: As Panzer divisions approach closer to Moscow, Nazis are telling women and children to leave the city and run for their lives, Although Germany is close to Moscow it is still a long way from the Caspian oil fields which are one of the main objectives in this war. Russia in the meantime has asked England to strike German soil to create a diversion which would mean Hitler would have to move some of the Panzer divisions back to Germany giving the Russian Red Army time to regroup.
14 Oct, 1944 - World War II Desert Fox
1944 : German General Erwin Rommel or "the Desert Fox," is given the option of facing a public trial for treason, as a co-conspirator in the plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, or taking cyanide. He chooses suicide by cyanide.
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14 Oct, 1947 - U.S.A. Chuck Yeager
: Chuck Yeager a World War II fighter pilot ace becomes the first person to fly faster than the speed of sound breaking the elusive "Sound Barrier." His X-1 rocket plane was built by the Bell Aircraft Company, the X-1 was taken to an altitude of 25,000 feet by a B-29 bomber and released through the bomb bay to achieve a speed greater than the speed of sound.
14 Oct, 1947 - U.S.A. Flying Boat
1947 : An old flying boat attempting to carry the largest number of passengers on a transatlantic flight (63 passengers) in a heavier than air aircraft has failed in its attempt and is stranded 800 miles from the Newfoundland coast in heavy seas and 25 ft - 75 ft waves.
14 Oct, 1952 - U.S.A. Radar Traps
1952 : As the number of radar speed traps is increased complaints that small towns adjoining main highways are using the traps to provide additional revenue by targeting motorists could become even worse as they install the latest radar traps which take photographs of the cars number plate meaning the local Police do not even need to witness the offence for the town to issue a speeding ticket. A test case is currently underway in New York on the legality of these new radar traps.
14 Oct, 1954 - U.S.A. Hurricane Hazel
1954 : Hurricane Hazel makes landfall at Haiti leaving three towns totally destroyed and more than 1,000 dead in its wake. From there it moved on to make landfall in North Carolina on October 15
as a Category 4 hurricane (19 dead) and then to Toronto, Ontario (81 dead). It is considered one of the worst hurricanes of the 20th century. This was the third hurricane to hit the United States in 1954
and by far the worst.
14 Oct, 1962 - Cuba U2 Spy Plane
1962 : Photographs taken by a high-altitude U2 spy plane show Soviet made medium range missiles in Cuba capable of carrying nuclear warheads just 90 miles from the American coastline. This news would bring the United States and the Soviet Union to the closest point to nuclear war in history.
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14 Oct, 1964 - U.S.A. Martin Luther King, Jr
1964 : Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent resistance to racial prejudice in America.
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14 Oct, 1964 - Soviet Union Khrushchev
1964 : Nikita Khrushchev is ousted from power by Leonid Brezhnev after 10 years.
14 Oct, 1966 - Holland Cabinet Resigns
: The Dutch premier and all his cabinet were forced to resign when his own party members put a censure motion on his financial policy which passed through the 150 member lower house of parliament.
14 Oct, 1966 - Canada Montreal Metro
1966 : The Montreal Metro a mass transportation system is inaugurated in Montreal consisting of 26 stations on three separate lines serving the north, east, and center of the Island of Montreal. The Montreal Metro was the first completely rubber-tyred metro system which uses exclusively rubber tires instead of steel wheels. (Parts of Paris Metro were rubber tyred)
14 Oct, 1967 - Joan Baez Arrested
1967 : Folk singer Joan Baez is arrested in Oakland, California with at least 40 other anti-war protesters for taking part in a sit-in at the military induction center. She was given a ten day sentence, one of many sentences she received during her years of protest at the Vietnam War.
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14 Oct, 1968 - First Live Telecast From Space
1968 : The first live telecast from a manned U.S. spacecraft using a black and white camera is transmitted from Apollo 7 back to Earth.
14 Oct, 1969 - England New 50 Pence Coin
1969 : The new 50-pence seven sided coin comes into circulation to replace the old 10 shilling note.
14 Oct, 1973 - Thailand Student Protests
October 14th, 1973 : Clashes between troops and 100,000 protesters protesting for a democratic government in Thailand with protesters throwing stones and petrol bombs, police and troops using live rounds. Bangkok is placed under a state of emergency and by the end of the unrest 77 are killed and 857 are injured.
14 Oct, 1979 - U.S.A. Gay Rights March
1979 : The first Gay Rights March on Washington, D.C. demands "an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people" and draws 200,000 people.
14 Oct, 1981 - Egypt Hosni Mubarak
October 14th, 1981 : Hosni Mubarak, who was the vice president of Egypt when President Anwar Al Sadat was assassinated on 6th October
, is elected as the President of the Republic of Egypt. Mubarak resigned in February
2011 after charges of corruption and public demonstrations demanded he be removed from office.
14 Oct, 1983 - North / South Korea Tensions
: Following the bombing and murder of 21 officials at a ceremony in Burma earlier this week tensions between North and South Korea are getting worse with accusations on both sides concerning South Korea entering the DMZ and firing 500 rounds of ammunition into North Korea.
14 Oct, 1991 - Iraq Kurds
October 14th, 1991 : Kurdish leaders have admitted today to shooting and killing 60 Iraq prisoners of war at point blank range in retaliation to Iraq soldiers killing Kurdish prisoners of war earlier in the week.
14 Oct, 2006 - U.S.A. Alzheimer's
2006 : A new study by scientists in the US analysed the health and eating pattern of 2,258 study participants and found a link between a Mediterranean diet and a decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of dementia.
14 Oct, 2006 - Gaza Israel Sends Tanks In
October 14th, 2006 : Israel sent tanks into northern Gaza and killed six Palestinian militants after a confrontation erupted.
14 Oct, 2011 - Leader of Cuban "Ladies in White" Protest Group Dies
2011 : The founder and leader of Cuba's "Ladies in White" protest group, Laura Pollan, died of Dengue fever at the age of sixty-three. Pollan had founded the group after her husband was imprisoned. The group had protested in Havana asking for the freedom of seventy-five men who had been jailed during a 2003
14 Oct, 2011 - United States iPhone 4S
October 14th, 2011 : Apple Inc. releases the latest Apple smartphone model, the iPhone 4S.
14 Oct, 2012 - Shuttle Endeavour Arrives in Los Angeles
: The retired US Space Shuttle Endeavour has arrived at is final destination in a museum in Los Angeles after its journey was delayed due to trees, street lights, power lines and other such objects being in the way of its path.
14 Oct, 2012 - United States Former Senator Dies
October 14th, 2012 : Former US Senator for Pennsylvania, Arlen Specter, died at the age of eighty-two. Specter was known for spending the first three decades of his career as a Republican before becoming a Democrat in 2009 and losing his election.
14 Oct, 2013 - Malaysia Court Rules on Allah Use
2013 : A court in Malaysia ruled that non-Muslims would not be allowed to use the word Allah. The ruling stated that non-Muslims would not be allowed to use the word to refer to God, even in their own religions, it overturned a 2009
ruling by a lower court.
Born This Day In History 14th October
Celebrating Birthdays Today
14th October 1946
, Swindon, England
Known For :
Singer, songwriter, guitarist and composer in the The Moody Blues who had a number of hits in the late-60s
including Nights in White Satin, I'm Just a Singer (In a Rock and Roll Band). He was also a member of the team that created the concept album by Jeff Wayne retelling the story of H.G. Wells "The War of the Worlds" which included the best selling Forever Autumn.
14th October 1927
, London, England
Known For :
English actor who played James Bond in Live and Let Die, The Man with the Golden Gun, The Spy Who Loved Me, Moonraker, For Your Eyes Only, Octopussy, A View to a Kill, from 1973
. He has also been in many movies and TV series including The Persuaders with Tony Curtis, The Saint.
David Dwight Eisenhower
Born: October 14, 1890, Denison, Texas
Died: March 28, 1969, Washington, D.C.
Known For :
Dwight D. Eisenhower was the US president from 1953
to 1961. During his presidency, the Interstate Highway System and NASA were created. Prior to his two terms as the US president, Eisenhower was a five-star general in the US Army, Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during World War II, and the Supreme Commander of NATO.