1962 : In a speech to the American people John F Kennedy told the audience that American Spy Planes had discovered Soviet Missile bases in Cuba, and that these missile bases when complete would be able to launch missiles capable of striking a number of US cities, he told the people that America could not allow these missile bases to be finished and would pursue any action necessary including military action to protect the nation. He informed the American people that the first stage was to place a naval quarantine on the waters around Cuba. This is known in history as the "Cuban Missile Crisis" and took the world to the brink of nuclear war with US forces going to DEFCON 2 in preparation to full scale war. America realized that the missile launchers construction was continuing and decided that a full scale invasion of Cuba would be needed to stop the missile bases being completed, the Soviets then transmitted a proposal that all missile bases in Cuba would be dismantled in exchange for the United States not invading Cuba and dismantling Americas missile bases in Turkey.
1910 : Dr. Crippen an American physician living in London is convicted at the Old Bailey for the murder of his 2nd wife Cora. After the murder and because he thought he would be arrested Crippin fled to Canada but was arrested when the ship he was on arrived in Canada and he was then transported back to England where he was tried and found guilty of the murder by poison of his wife. He was later hanged at Pentonville Prison in London.
1913 : A coal mine explosion caused by a pocket of methane gas had been ignited by a miner’s lamp in Dawson, New Mexico, killing more than 250 miners.
1914 : Congress pass the Revenue Act mandating the first tax on incomes over $3,000.
1927 : The findings of a special grand jury in to the floggings carried out by members of the Ku Klux Klan in Cremshaw County Alabama ended with 102 indictments against men involved with the 20 lashings in that county. A public statement was also made that corruption by political figures in the area should also now go to Jury.
From 1968 Toys Page
1934 : Pretty Boy Floyd was finally shot by G-Men from Hoovers FBI team today in a corn field in Ohio after refusing to surrender. It is believed Floyd preferred death in a shoot out to death in the electric chair. Pretty Boy Floyd had added 4 new notches to his notorious fob watch in June when he attempted to free fellow robber Nash during a machine gun battle 4 G-Men agents were killed and Nash was killed in the crossfire in Kansas City and at that point the G-Men dedicated themselves to finding Floyd as the most wanted killer in America.
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1947 : The Soviet Union leadership has called for the halt to American Imperialism in Europe and will never agree to the Marshall Plan for Germany which they believe is the enslavement of the German people to American economic expansion. The leadership warns the world that as well as having the atomic bomb America is also stockpiling biological weapons.
1949 : A new study highlighting the problems facing the British government caused by the increase in it's welfare state and Nationalization of British Industry shows that the problems are getting worse as the public debt increases quicker than the national income. Below are figures in millions of pounds:
1913-1914 Total Debt 706 National Income 2,300
1919-1920 Total Debt 7,786 National Income 3,800
1930-1931 Total Debt 7,583 National Income 4,000
1938-1939 Total Debt 8,163 National Income 6,640
1948-1949 Total Debt 25,168 National Income 10,000
Many believe these figures are a recipe for disaster as any country must earn more than it borrows over the long term.
1958 : A British airliner and an Italian military jet collided four miles above Italy today leaving no survivors on the passenger plane but the pilot of the military jet managed to parachute to safety landing in the Mediterranean.
1966 : The double agent, George Blake, escapes from prison in a daring break-out believed to have been masterminded by the Soviet Union.
October 22nd, 1967 : Thousands of youthful antiwar demonstrators stormed the Pentagon today but were hurled back by armed soldiers and club swinging US Marshals.
1973 : Following President Nixon firing special prosecutor Archibald Cox and abolishing the Watergate Prosecution Force . Also the resignation of the Attorney General Elliot L Richardson and the firing of all his deputies the call for Impeachment of President Nixon is growing including members of both sides of the house and the first formal steps are expected to come on Tuesday when congress returns from the long weekend including veterans day.
From 1968 Fashions Page Page
October 22nd, 1981 : The first French TGV / high-speed train service begins between Paris and Lyon. The TGV "train à grande vitesse" travelling at 320 km/h (200 mph) connects cities across France and to adjacent countries and was the first of it's kind in Europe which other countries then emulated.
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1983 : 200,000 join the CND (Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament) march in London joining 800,000 in other major cities in Europe. The march ended at Hyde Park, where the Labour leader Neil Kinnock addressed the protesters.
October 22nd, 1986 : The pressure on the South African government to dismantle it's apartheid policies continues to mount as more American companies withdraw from doing business in South Africa including sales and manufacturing, in just 1 week 3 major multinationals have announced withdrawal including IBM, General Motors and Honneywell.
1998 : The Lion population in Krugar National Park are facing the biggest threat to their existence since they were nearly hunted to extinction by man. They are contracting the disease of Tuberculosis from their natural prey "The Cape Buffalo" who in turn caught it from mingling with domestic cows. Tests show that more than 90% of the lions tested have been found to have TB which kills the lions over a period of years.
October 22nd, 2001 : The worst flooding in Britain for twenty years is affecting Towns and villages in Cambridgeshire and Essex and forecasters predict more torrential rain.
2002 : The Washington Sniper claims his last victim Conrad Johnson a bus driver in Aspen Hill, Md., in the 13th and final attack. The two men involved were arrested 2 days later on October 24.
October 22nd, 2005 : Tropical Storm Alpha forms to break the record for the most tropical storms in an Atlantic hurricane season ever. It is also the first storm to be named with a letter of the Greek alphabet.
2008 : Stock markets around the world continue the downward spiral as companies shed more workers and weak corporate earnings and countries around the world prop up financial institutions who have been effected by the meltdown in the housing market.
October 22nd, 2011 : The United States and North Korea reached an agreement to continue the search for remains of American soldiers from the Korean war after stopping for six years. The search had been stopped after tensions grew between the two countries over North Korea's nuclear program.
2011 : Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz died. He was in his eighties and had several health problems that he had been receiving treatment for in the United States. Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz al Saud was then named as the next heir to the Saudi throne.
October 22nd, 2012 : President Barack Obama and challenger Mitt Romney faced off in the third and final televised presidential debate, focused on foreign policy. Observers believed that Obama won this debate with Romney closely trailing leading into the November election.
2013 : The Australian Capital Territory parliament voted to legalize same-sex marriage. It was the first part of the country to legalize same-sex marriage. In 2004, marriage was defined between a man and woman by the Australian federal government.
Celebrating Birthdays Today
Jeff GoldblumBorn: October 22, 1952, West Homestead, Pennsylvania, USA
Known For : American actor most well-known for his roles in the films Independence Day, Jurassic Park, The Fly, and The Big Chill. He has also made several television and notable stage appearances and was nominated for an Academy Award for his role in the short film "Little Surprises" in 1996. He is also an accomplished jazz pianist.
Celebrating Birthdays Today
Christopher Allen LloydBorn: 22nd October 1938 Stamford, Connecticut, USA
Known For : Possible best known for Emmett "Doc" Brown in the Back to the Future trilogy and Uncle Fester in The Addams Family and Addams Family Values. But his acting carreer stretches over many years and includes One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Taxi, Who Framed Roger Rabbit, In Search of Dr. Seuss to name just a few.