What happened This day in History on March 12th
For Those With Birthdays 12th March
looking for specific year these years are Included on this date
1912, 1922, 1924, 1928, 1930, 1933, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1945, 1947, 1956, 1959, 1964, 1969, 1972, 1980, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1993, 1994, 2002,
2003, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2013, Born This Day,
| 1933 U.S.A. Roosevelt first " fireside chat "
12th March, 1933 : President Roosevelt gives his first " fireside chat " radio broadcast just 8 days after his inauguration telling the American people to keep faith with their country and their banking system, and asking them to leave their money in the bank where it would be kept safe . His chats to the people through these "fireside chats " on this day and future days were made friendly and informative but keeping them easy to understand by all and many consider helped him win an unprecedented 4 terms of office serving his country for a total of 12 years and 39 days. This is his fireside chat about the fail of the banking system.
| 1930 India March Against Tax On Salt
12th March, 1930 : Mahatma Gandhi and his followers begin a 200 mile march to the salt beds of Jalalpur to campaign against British tax on salt beginning the fight for Indian independence from Great Britain. What must also be remembered is he was 61 years old at the time and marched over 200 miles in a peaceful march as a form of protest.
1912 U.S.A. Girl Scouts of America Founded
March 12th, 1912
: Juliette Gordon Low founded the Girl Guides in the United States, she had lived in England with her first husband for many years and had been a Girl Guide leader while living in England. On March 12th, 1912 She gathered 18 girls together to register the first troop of American Girl Guides in Savannah, Georgia. The next years the name was changed to Girl Scouts of America the following year.
1922 India Mahatma Gandhi Arrested
12th March, 1922: The British run government in India has arrested Mahatma Gandhi who has always preached passive resistance to British rule by telling his followers to not buy goods from Europe or work with the British administration machine, he has a massive following in India and many believe a civil uprising could follow his arrest.
1924 U.S.A. Tire Preservation
12th March, 1924 : Tips were printed in a local newspaper regarding the preservation of tires. The importance of rotating car (or other vehicle) tires was equated to the storing of shoes and then using them. The point made is that tires should be rotated on a regular basis in order that the wear and tear on them would be about equal. This advice also applied to the use of a spare tire, in order to ensure that an extra tire would always be in excellent to good working order when needed. Another point made was that the proper storage of a spare tire is as equally important as the proper storage of a pair of boots. For instance, if they are stored in a damp place they may function differently than when stored in a dry location.
1928 U.S.A. St. Francis Dam Burst
12th March, 1928: Hundreds Reported Drowned When the St. Francis dam burst flooding into the San Francisquito Canyon in California
1938 Austria Austria Part Of Third Reich
12th March, 1938 : German has forcibly “recruited” Austria to support the Third Reich, the Nazi Germany army. This was the second attempt of Germany to coerce Austria to comply. Austria Chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg had tried to fight against Germany’s attempt to make Austria part of Nazi Germany. During this resistance, the Austrian chancellor had met with Hitler personally-an action taken in hopes to restore Austria’s independence. In fact, on March 9th Schuschnigg had posed a referendum to the public to help determine Austria’s affiliation or autonomy. This action proved very unfruitful, and Schuschnigg was force to name members of his cabinet as part of the Nazi movement.
Furthermore, Schuschnigg had resigned on the 11th of March, a day before Austria was seized by Germany.
1939 U.S.A. Artie Shaw
12th March, 1939 : Artie Shaw and his band record the single “Deep Purple.” It goes on to become one of the big band’s biggest hits.
1940 Burma Disturbances
12th March, 1940 : Disturbances at three newspaper journalist offices were caused by a crowd of 5,000 people. A large number of this huge crowd of people was members of Burma’s workers’ union and Burma’s peasants’ union.
1945 Germany Anne Frank
12th March, 1945 : Anne Frank, author of "The Diary of Anne Frank," died at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp from Typhus during a typhus epidemic that spread through the concentration camp.
1947 U.S.A. The Truman Doctrine
March 12th, 1947 : Very soon after the war President Truman had decided that to use America to stop the spread of communism around the world telling congress the country must intervene wherever necessary throughout the world to prevent the subjection of free people to Communist inspired totalitarian regimes at the expense of their national integrity.
One of the first requests to provide this support around the world to stop the spread of communism was to give $400 million in aid to bolster the hard-pressed Greek and Turkish governments against Communist pressure. This is also known as the beginning of "The Truman Doctrine" and the beginning of the battle to stop the spread of communism.
1956 Spain Stand Against Communism
12th March, 1956 : A call for unity has spread among the European nations. Countries such as Yugoslavia, Greece, Spain, Brussels, Belgium, and Sweden, along with nations such as the United States, France and Italy gathered together to band against the communists. One organization responsible for this strong stand against the Reds (communists) is/was NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization).
1959 U.S.A. Hawaii
12th March, 1959 : Congressional approval to admit Hawaii as the 50th state in the U.S.
1964 U.S.A. James Hoffa
12th March, 1964 : The president of the powerful American Teamsters union James Hoffa is found guilty and sentenced to eight years on bribery charges. He had been on trial 4 times earlier but had not been found guilty.
He appealed against the convictions and in 1966 while still going through the appeal process he was re-elected president of the lorry drivers' union in July 1966 - despite two prison sentences totaling 13 years hanging over him.
He vanished in mysterious circumstances in 1975 and has never been seen since, his body has still not been found no one has been charged.
1969 England George Harrison
12th March, 1969 : The police search former Beatles George Harrison’s home for illegal drugs. This was a year after John Lennon had been searched for hash (substance derived from marijuana).
1969 England Paul McCartney
12th March, 1969: Beatle Paul McCartney Marries American Linda Eastman in London
1972 Vietnam Australia Withdraws
12th March, 1972 : Australia withdraws from Vietnam following other countries withdrawal and US commitment to leave Vietnam
1972 Cambodia Son Ngoc Thanh
12th March, 1972 : Many people may have considered it just the right time for a new leader to take over as prime minister. Son Ngoc Thanh had just accepted this position, after Cambodia had went four days without a ruler. Thanh had served his country in the past as well-during World War II
1980 U.S.A. The Killer Clown
12th March, 1980 : A jury finds John Wayne Gacy Jr. ( also known as The Killer Clown ) guilty of the murders of 33 boys and young men, he had admitted the murders but he pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity.
He had started his murders in 1972 and continued till 1978 when he was caught, 27 were found in a crawl space under the floor of his house and others were found in nearby rivers.
The sentence was 21 consecutive life sentences and 12 death sentences.
On May 10, 1994, Gacy was executed at Stateville Correctional Center in Crest Hill, Illinois, by lethal injection
1984 England Miners Strike
12th March, 1984 : Britain's miners have stopped work in protest against job losses with more than half the country's mineworkers now on strike. The miners are striking because of the announcement by the Chairman of the Coal Board Ian MacGregor that 20 uneconomic pits would close, putting 20,000 miners out of work.
The miners' strike lasted a year and was one of the longest and possibly most damaging industrial disputes ever seen in the United Kingdom.
1986 U.S.A. Les Misérables
12th March, 1986 : Following it's success in London's West End Les Misérables opens at the Broadway Theater running till it closed on May 18, 2003. In 2006 it was revived and is again on Broadway showing at the Broadhurst Theatre.
1988 Switzerland Avalanche
12th March, 1988 : On the 12th of March in 1988, a report was made regarding a narrow avalanche escape made by Prince Charles. He was skiing at a resort at the time the avalanche disaster took place.
Charles barely escaped being buried by huge masses of snow. Moreover, he managed to help dig out the body of a friend Major Hugh Lindsey, former aid to Queen Elizabeth Despite the heroic royal rescue of Lindsey, he was unfortunately declared dead on arrival at a local Swiss hospital. Prince Charles’ wife Diana and the Duchess of York were also in Switzerland at the time, but they were not skiing during the avalanche occurrence. Therefore, they were not as much at risk.
1990 Germany Ticket Machines
12th March, 1990 : Germany was considered to be a little behind in the implementation of computerized ticket purchase machines at this time. If this plan is approved by ticket outfits and concert halls, it was expected that this new ticket-selling service would be up and running within two years. Advantages and disadvantages of this new ticket purchasing system were expressed. The biggest pro of a computerized ticket system is that it is more convenient for buyers. One of the disadvantages is that competing performance halls can find out how well or how poorly competitors’ tickets are selling.
1993 India Bombay Bombing
12th March, 1993 : A series of 13 bombs are exploded in Bombay's financial district including the Bombay Stock Exchange, Air India offices and government offices, banks, cinemas, bazaars, two hospitals, a university and several hotels, leaving over 200 dead and 1,000 injured. The bombs were thought to be in retaliation for anti-Muslim riots earlier in the year and were part of the ongoing Hindu-Muslim fighting which is still continuing today
1994 UK Church of England Women Priests
12th March, 1994 : The ordination of women as priests The Church of England in 1992 begins
2002 U.S.A. Andrea Yates
March 12th, 2002: Andrea Yates, a 37-year-old housewife who drowned her five children in the bathtub of her Texas home in June, 2001 is found guilty
2003 U.S.A. Elizabeth Smart Found
12th March, 2003 : A miracle had taken place. A 15-year-old Elizabeth Smart was found in Utah nine months after being kidnapped from her home. Her abductors (employee who worked at the Smart’s home, and his wife) were captured as well, and were charged of kidnapping, burglary, and sexual assault.
This Day In History For Tomorrow March 13th
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2006 U.S.A. C.I.A. identities uncovered
12th March, 2006 : The Chicago Tribune has compiled a list of 2,653 C.I.A. employees by searching
the Internet. The newspaper states that
Washington was uncertain of whether the Bush Administration had revealed the
names of covert C.I.A. operatives to the
press, and asserts that getting this sort of information is not so very difficult.
Today's Chicago Tribune reports that it had found
the names by searching commercial databases on the Internet. The Tribune's deputy
managing editor for news has edited the
story, and says that the paper was surprised by how much it could learn from
its online sources (including supposedly
undercover operatives' names). He said that: We were able to get identities,
internal agency telephone numbers and the
locations of some two dozen secret C.I.A. facilities around the United States.
It has not published the names at the C.I.A's
request. A C.I.A. spokeswoman has admitted that this will force the Agency to
change its methods of protecting information.
2009 Iraq The shoe-hurling Iraqi has been jailed
12th March, 2009 : The Iraqi journalist that threw his shoes at President Bush has been jailed for
three years. Muntadar al-Zaidi told the court
that his actions were 'just like any Iraqi' against the leader of an occupying
force. Shoe hurling is a grave insult in Arab culture.
Al-Zaidi has been hailed as a hero in the Arab world.
2010 United States Karl Rove says that he approved of waterboarding
12th March, 2010 : President Bush's top political adviser has said he approved of the controversial
techniques such as waterboarding. Known as
the former president's 'brain,' Rove, said he did not believe that this form of
interrogation amounted to torture. In an interview
with BBC TV, he has claimed that waterboarding has helped prevent further terrorist
attacks. 'I'm proud that we used
techniques that broke the will of these terrorists and gave us valuable information
that allowed us to foil plots,' he said.
2012 Iraq Robbers Attack Gold Market in Baghdad
12th March, 2012 : Armed robbers killed at least nine people in an attack on a gold market in Baghdad. At least another fourteen people were injured from the robbery. Police stated that two cars full of gunmen attacked in the Ur district of the city where many jewelry shops were located in a mainly Shia area of the city. One of the men involved was arrested after the incident, but many of the others managed to escape.
2013 Vatican City Cardinals Begin Pope Vote
12th March, 2013 : 115 Cardinals of the Roman Catholic church entered the Sistine Chapel to begin voting on a new Pope after Pope Benedict XVI stepped down from the position. A day later the Cardinals chose Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergolio as the new Pope who took the name Pope Francis. Pope Francis is the first Pope from Latin America and the first Jesuit pope.