Important Events From This day in History March 12th
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1933 - Roosevelt First Fireside Chat
1933 : President Roosevelt gives his first " fireside chat " radio broadcast just 8 days after his inauguration telling the American people to keep faith with their country and their banking system, and asking them to leave their money in the bank where it would be kept safe . His chats to the people through these "fireside chats " on this day and future days were made friendly and informative but keeping them easy to understand by all and many consider helped him win an unprecedented 4 terms of office serving his country for a total of 12 years and 39 days. This is his fireside chat about the fail of the banking system.
1930 - India March Against Tax On Salt
1930 : Mahatma Gandhi and his followers begin a 200 mile march to the salt beds of Jalalpur to campaign against British tax on salt beginning the fight for Indian independence from Great Britain. What must also be remembered is he was 61 years old at the time and marched over 200 miles in a peaceful march as a form of protest.
More about Gandhi's Salt March
1894 - US Coca-Cola
1894 : Coca-Cola begins selling it's first bottles in 1894
in Vicksburg, Mississippi.
1912 - U.S.A. Girl Scouts of America Founded
1912 : Juliette Gordon Low founded the Girl Guides in the United States, she had lived in England with her first husband for many years and had been a Girl Guide leader while living in England. On March 12th, 1912
She gathered 18 girls together to register the first troop of American Girl Guides in Savannah, Georgia. The next years the name was changed to Girl Scouts of America the following year.
1922 - India Mahatma Gandhi Arrested
1922 : The British run government in India has arrested Mahatma Gandhi who has always preached passive resistance to British rule by telling his followers to not buy goods from Europe or work with the British administration machine, he has a massive following in India and many believe a civil uprising could follow his arrest.
1924 - U.S.A. Tire Preservation
1924 : Tips were printed in a local newspaper regarding the preservation of tires. The importance of rotating car (or other vehicle) tires was equated to the storing of shoes and then using them. The point made is that tires should be rotated on a regular basis in order that the wear and tear on them would be about equal. This advice also applied to the use of a spare tire, in order to ensure that an extra tire would always be in excellent to good working order when needed. Another point made was that the proper storage of a spare tire is as equally important as the proper storage of a pair of boots. For instance, if they are stored in a damp place they may function differently than when stored in a dry location.
1928 - U.S.A. St. Francis Dam Burst
1928 : Hundreds Reported Drowned When the St. Francis dam burst flooding into the San Francisquito Canyon in California. St. Francis Dam Collapse TimeLine
1938 - Austria Part of Third Reich
1938 : German has forcibly “recruited” Austria to support the Third Reich, the Nazi Germany army. This was the second attempt of Germany to coerce Austria to comply. Austria Chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg had tried to fight against Germany’s attempt to make Austria part of Nazi Germany. During this resistance, the Austrian chancellor had met with Hitler personally-an action taken in hopes to restore Austria’s independence. In fact, on March 9th
Schuschnigg had posed a referendum to the public to help determine Austria’s affiliation or autonomy. This action proved very unfruitful, and Schuschnigg was force to name members of his cabinet as part of the Nazi movement. Furthermore, Schuschnigg had resigned on the 11th of March, a day before Austria was seized by Germany.
1939 - U.S.A. Artie Shaw
1939 : Artie Shaw and his band record the single “Deep Purple.” It goes on to become one of the big band’s biggest hits.
1940 - Burma Disturbances
1940 : Disturbances at three newspaper journalist offices were caused by a crowd of 5,000 people. A large number of this huge crowd of people was members of Burma’s workers’ union and Burma’s peasants’ union.
1945 - Germany Anne Frank
1945 : Anne Frank, author of "The Diary of Anne Frank," died at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp from Typhus during a typhus epidemic that spread through the concentration camp.
1947 - The Truman Doctrine
1947 : Very soon after the war President Truman had decided that to use America to stop the spread of communism around the world telling congress the country must intervene wherever necessary throughout the world to prevent the subjection of free people to Communist inspired totalitarian regimes at the expense of their national integrity.
One of the first requests to provide this support around the world to stop the spread of communism was to give $400 million in aid to bolster the hard-pressed Greek and Turkish governments against Communist pressure. This is also known as the beginning of "The Truman Doctrine" and the beginning of the battle to stop the spread of communism.
1956 - Spain Stand Against Communism
1956 : A call for unity has spread among the European nations. Countries such as Yugoslavia, Greece, Spain, Brussels, Belgium, and Sweden, along with nations such as the United States, France and Italy gathered together to band against the communists. One organization responsible for this strong stand against the Reds (communists) is/was NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization).
1959 - U.S.A. Hawaii
1959 : Congressional approval to admit Hawaii as the 50th state in the U.S.
1964 - U.S.A. James Hoffa
1964 : The president of the powerful American Teamsters union James Hoffa is found guilty and sentenced to eight years on bribery charges. He had been on trial 4 times earlier but had not been found guilty. He appealed against the convictions and in 1966 while still going through the appeal process he was re-elected president of the lorry drivers' union in July 1966 - despite two prison sentences totaling 13 years hanging over him. He vanished in mysterious circumstances in 1975
and has never been seen since, his body has still not been found no one has been charged.
1969 - England George Harrison
1969 : The police search former Beatles George Harrison’s home for illegal drugs. This was a year after John Lennon had been searched for hash (substance derived from marijuana).
1969 - England Paul McCartney
1969 : Beatle Paul McCartney Marries American Linda Eastman in London.
1972 - Vietnam Australia Withdraws
1972 : Australia withdraws from Vietnam following other countries withdrawal and US commitment to leave Vietnam.
1972 - Cambodia Son Ngoc Thanh
1972 : Many people may have considered it just the right time for a new leader to take over as prime minister. Son Ngoc Thanh had just accepted this position, after Cambodia had went four days without a ruler. Thanh had served his country in the past as well-during World War II.
1980 - U.S.A. The Killer Clown
1980 : A jury finds John Wayne Gacy Jr. ( also known as The Killer Clown ) guilty of the murders of 33 boys and young men, he had admitted the murders but he pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity. He had started his murders in 1972
and continued till 1978 when he was caught, 27 were found in a crawl space under the floor of his house and others were found in nearby rivers. The sentence was 21 consecutive life sentences and 12 death sentences. On May 10th
, 1994, Gacy was executed at Stateville Correctional Center in Crest Hill, Illinois, by lethal injection.
1984 - England Miners Strike
1984 : Britain's miners have stopped work in protest against job losses with more than half the country's mineworkers now on strike. The miners are striking because of the announcement by the Chairman of the Coal Board Ian MacGregor that 20 uneconomic pits would close, putting 20,000 miners out of work.
The miners' strike lasted a year and was one of the longest and possibly most damaging industrial disputes ever seen in the United Kingdom.
1986 - U.S.A. Les Miserables
1986 : Following it's success in London's West End Les Miserables opens at the Broadway Theater running till it closed on May 18, 2003. In 2006 it was revived and is again on Broadway showing at the Broadhurst Theatre.
1988 - Switzerland Avalanche
1988 : On 12th in 1988
, a report was made regarding a narrow avalanche escape made by Prince Charles. He was skiing at a resort at the time the avalanche disaster took place. Charles barely escaped being buried by huge masses of snow. Moreover, he managed to help dig out the body of a friend Major Hugh Lindsey, former aid to Queen Elizabeth Despite the heroic royal rescue of Lindsey, he was unfortunately declared dead on arrival at a local Swiss hospital. Prince Charles’ wife Diana and the Duchess of York were also in Switzerland at the time, but they were not skiing during the avalanche occurrence. Therefore, they were not as much at risk.
1990 - Germany Ticket Machines
1990 : Germany was considered to be a little behind in the implementation of computerized ticket purchase machines at this time. If this plan is approved by ticket outfits and concert halls, it was expected that this new ticket-selling service would be up and running within two years. Advantages and disadvantages of this new ticket purchasing system were expressed. The biggest pro of a computerized ticket system is that it is more convenient for buyers. One of the disadvantages is that competing performance halls can find out how well or how poorly competitors’ tickets are selling.
1993 - India Bombay Bombing
1993 : A series of 13 bombs are exploded in Bombay's financial district including the Bombay Stock Exchange, Air India offices and government offices, banks, cinemas, bazaars, two hospitals, a university and several hotels, leaving over 200 dead and 1,000 injured. The bombs were thought to be in retaliation for anti-Muslim riots earlier in the year and were part of the ongoing Hindu-Muslim fighting which is still continuing today.
1994 - UK Church of England Women Priests
1994 : The ordination of women as priests The Church of England begins.
2002 - U.S.A. Andrea Yates
2002 : Andrea Yates, a 37-year-old housewife who drowned her five children in the bathtub of her Texas home in June, 2001 is found guilty.
2003 - U.S.A. Elizabeth Smart Found
2003 : A miracle had taken place. A 15-year-old Elizabeth Smart was found in Utah nine months after being kidnapped from her home. Her abductors (employee who worked at the Smart’s home, and his wife) were captured as well, and were charged of kidnapping, burglary, and sexual assault.
2006 - U.S.A. C.I.A. identities uncovered
2006 : The Chicago Tribune has compiled a list of 2,653 C.I.A. employees by searching the Internet. The newspaper states that Washington was uncertain of whether the Bush Administration had revealed the names of covert C.I.A. operatives to the press, and asserts that getting this sort of information is not so very difficult. Today's Chicago Tribune reports that it had found the names by searching commercial databases on the Internet. The Tribune's deputy managing editor for news has edited the story, and says that the paper was surprised by how much it could learn from its online sources (including supposedly undercover operatives' names). He said that: We were able to get identities, internal agency telephone numbers and the locations of some two dozen secret C.I.A. facilities around the United States. It has not published the names at the C.I.A's request. A C.I.A. spokeswoman has admitted that this will force the Agency to change its methods of protecting information.
2009 - The shoe-hurling Iraqi has been jailed
2009 : The Iraqi journalist that threw his shoes at President Bush has been jailed for three years. Muntadar al-Zaidi told the court that his actions were 'just like any Iraqi' against the leader of an occupying force. Shoe hurling is a grave insult in Arab culture. Al-Zaidi has been hailed as a hero in the Arab world.
2010 - Karl Rove says that he approved of waterboarding
2010 : President Bush's top political adviser has said he approved of the controversial techniques such as waterboarding. Known as the former president's 'brain,' Rove, said he did not believe that this form of interrogation amounted to torture. In an interview with BBC TV, he has claimed that waterboarding has helped prevent further terrorist attacks. 'I'm proud that we used techniques that broke the will of these terrorists and gave us valuable information that allowed us to foil plots,' he said.
2012 - Robbers Attack Gold Market in Baghdad
2012 : Armed robbers killed at least nine people in an attack on a gold market in Baghdad. At least another fourteen people were injured from the robbery. Police stated that two cars full of gunmen attacked in the Ur district of the city where many jewelry shops were located in a mainly Shia area of the city. One of the men involved was arrested after the incident, but many of the others managed to escape.
2013 - Vatican City Cardinals Begin Pope Vote
2013 : 115 Cardinals of the Roman Catholic church entered the Sistine Chapel to begin voting on a new Pope after Pope Benedict XVI stepped down from the position. A day later the Cardinals chose Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergolio as the new Pope who took the name Pope Francis. Pope Francis is the first Pope from Latin America and the first Jesuit pope.
2014 - US President Meets Ukrainian Prime Minister
2014 : US President Barack Obama met with Ukraine's interim Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk and pledged to back Ukraine in its dispute with Russia.
Born This Day In History 12th March
Celebrating Birthdays Today
Born: 12th March 1946, Hollywood, California, United States
Known For : Liza Minnelli is an American actress and singer whose parents were the late great Judy Garland and film director Vincente Minnelli. She has established herself over the years coming out from her parents shadow, her movies include Lucky Lady, Tell Me That You Love Me, Junie Moon, A Matter of Time and New York, New York. She has won a number of awards in her own right including three Tony Awards, an Emmy Award, two Golden Globes and a winning an Academy Award for Best Actress for the 1972 film version of the Broadway musical Cabaret.