Cost of Living 1966How Much things cost in 1966
Yearly Inflation Rate USA 3.01%
Yearly Inflation Rate UK 3.8%
Year End Close Dow Jones Industrial Average 785 Average Cost of new house $14,200.00 Average Income per year $6,900.00 Gas per Gallon 32 cents Average Cost of a new car $2,650.00 Dishwasher$119.95 Parker Pen Set $11.95
Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 3,840 Gallon of Petrol 5 shillings or 26 new pence
| From Our 1966 Page Part of our 1960s Toys Selection of 250 Sixties Toys |
What Events Happened in 1966U.S.
- On January 1st the Subway Strike in New York brings the City to a stop, within a few days the unions demands are met with a 15% Pay Rise
- March 26th Vietnam War international days of protest
1. 1963 May First Coordinated Protests against War In Vietnam held in London and Denmark
2. 1964 May 2nd First American student led protests held in New York City, San Francisco, Seattle and Madison
3. 1964 May 12th twelve young men in New York publicly burn their draft cards to protest the war.
4. 1964 August 10th Tonkin Gulf Resolution (officially, Asia Resolution, Public Law 88-408) passed by United States Congress giving U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of "conventional' military force in Southeast Asia.
5. 1964 December Joan Baez acts as the spokesman for 600 people in an antiwar demonstration in San Francisco
6. 1965 January 29th Students for a Democratic Society organize the first teach-in on the Vietnam war attracting 2,500 at the University of Michigan
7. 1965 April 17th 25,000 protesters including Joan Baez, Judy Collins, and Phil Ochs attend March Against the Vietnam War in Washington DC organized by Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) .
8. 1965 May anti-Vietnam War demonstration in London outside the U.S. embassy
9. 1965 May 5th Several hundred UC Berkeley students march on the Berkeley Draft Board and present the staff with a black coffin. Forty students burn their draft cards.
10. 1965 May 21-23 Vietnam Day Committee organizes the largest Vietnam teach-in to date at UC Berkeley
11. 1965 August 5th CBS Evening News shows film of Marines lighting the thatched roofs of the village of Cam Ne, Vietnam with Zippo lighters including critical commentary on the treatment of the villagers
12. 1965 October 15th Anti-Vietnam war rallies are held in four U.S. cities, police make the 1st arrest under a new Federal draft card-burning law
13. 1965 November 27th Between 15,000 and 25,000 anti-war demonstrators rally at the White House during an SDS-organized March on Washington for Peace in Vietnam
14. 1965 Gallup Polls show the American Public Support Changes from over 52% support for war to 49%
15. 1966 March 26th Up to 200,000 protestors attend anti Vietnam war protests around the world
15. July 3rd 4,000 demonstrated against the U.S. war in London outside the U.S. Embassy a number are arrested
15. November 30th Fifty to 100 students stage a sit-down protest around a Navy recruiter table in the UC Berkeley Student Union. Six protestors are arrested
16. Heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali– formerly known as Cassius Clay– declared himself a conscientious objector and refused to go to war
17. 1966 Gallup Polls show the American Public Support Changes from over 52% support for war to 37%
The Anti-Vietnam War Protests continue until for 5 more years and American Support continues to erode, America Formally ends the war on January 23rd 1973 following the signing of the Paris agreement, I will cover the period from 1966 to the end of the war in a later year.
- Race Riots in Atlanta and Black Power becomes a significant factor in American Politics
- Miranda Rights come into being after the Supreme Court overturns the conviction on June 13th of a confessed rapist ruling he had not been properly informed of his right to council and to not testify against himself
1. 1963 March 2nd Patty McGee while waiting for a bus in Phoenix, Arizona is abducted and raped then returned home
2. 1963 March 13th Ernesto Arturo Miranda was arrested based on circumstantial evidence linking him to the kidnapping and rape of Patty McGee 10 days earlier
3. 1963 March 13th Ernesto Arturo Miranda was not informed of his right to remain silent part of The Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution (part of the Bill of Rights) codifies the right to silence
4. 1963 March 13th While in Police custody Ernesto Arturo Miranda admitted to having committed the crime and signed his confession.
5. 1963 June Judge Yale McFate sentenced Ernesto Arturo Miranda to 20 to 30 years on each charge, to be served concurrently.
6. 1966 February 28 through March 2 Miranda v. Arizona case is heard in the Supreme Court of the United States which disputed the verdict based on the issue on the Sixth Amendment issue of the right to counsel before interrogation.
7. 1966 June 13th Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote the opinion in Miranda v. Arizona The person in custody must, prior to interrogation, be clearly informed that he has the right to remain silent, and that anything he says will be used against him in court; he must be clearly informed that he has the right to consult with a lawyer and to have the lawyer with him during interrogation, and that, if he is indigent, a lawyer will be appointed to represent him.
8. 1967 February After the Supreme Court decision set aside Miranda's initial conviction, the state of Arizona retried him. At the second trial, with his confession excluded from evidence, he was again convicted, and he spent 11 years in prison.
9. 1972 December Ernesto Arturo Miranda after serving only a third of his sentence was released .
The Miranda warning / Miranda Rights is the name of the formal warning that is required to be given by police in the United States to criminal suspects in police custody (or in a custodial situation) before they are interrogated, in accordance with the Miranda ruling. Its purpose is to ensure the accused is aware of, and reminded of, these rights under the U.S. Constitution, and that they know they can invoke them at any time during the interview.
- The Draft Deferment Test is started in the US as a way for students to convince the Draft Board that they would serve the nation better in the quiet of the Classrooms than in the Jungles of Vietnam
- Aberfan disaster in South Wales on October 21st in United Kingdom, a slag heap containing unwanted rock from the local coal mine slid down Merthyr Mountain. As it collapsed it destroyed twenty houses and a farm before going on to demolish virtually all of Pantglas Junior School 144 people were killed, 116 of whom were children mostly between the ages of 7 and 10.
1. 1916 to 1966 Merthyr Vale Colliery dumps millions of cubic metres of excavated mining debris on Mynydd Merthyr directly above the village of Aberfan
2. 1963 - 1966 Many fears about the safety of the Aberfan tip complex are raised due to the unstable nature of the slurry being dumped on the mountain and it's possible instability due to heavy rains and the heavy gradient
3. October 16th to October 21st heavy rains are seen in the area
4. October 16th 9:15 a.m. more than 150,000 cubic metres of water-saturated debris broke away and flowed downhill towards the village at high speed
5. October 16th 9:15 a.m. Due to the fog Nobody in the village was able to see the slurry but everyone could hear the roar of the approaching landslide
6. October 16th 40,000 cubic metres of debris smashed into the village in a slurry 39 ft deep
7. October 16th The slurry destroyed a farm and twenty terraced houses along Moy Road and slammed into the northern side of the Pantglas Junior School and part of the separate senior school, demolishing most of the structures and filling the classrooms with thick mud and rubble up to 10 metres (33 ft) deep.
7. Hundreds of miners from local collieries rushed to Aberfan, especially from the nearby Merthyr Vale Colliery, as well as miners from Deep Navigation Colliery and Taff Merthyr Colliery in the neighbouring Taff Bargoed Valley, and also from pits across the South Wales coalfield to help in rescue efforts which continued throughout the night.
8. The disaster took the lives of 116 children and 28 adults
The Tribunal of Inquiry into the Aberfan Disaster Stated That: "Blame for the disaster rests upon the National Coal Board. This is shared, though in varying degrees, among the NCB headquarters, the South Western Divisional Board, and certain individuals. … The legal liability of the NCB to pay compensation of the personal injuries, fatal or otherwise, and damage to property, is incontestable and uncontested."
- US has nearly 500,000 troops in Vietnam
1. 1955 Mary Quant opens a clothes shop in Kings Road, Chelsea, London, called Bazaar
2. Late Fifties a relatively unknown designer Mary Quant began experimenting with shorter skirts.
3. 1964 Mary Quant makes her skirts shorter and shorter in response to her customers comments
4. Quant is attributed to have named the miniskirt after her favorite make of car, the Mini
5. Other designers dispute who created the mini-skirt including André Courrèges and John Bates
6. 1965 André Courrèges a haute couture designer incorporated the Mini-Skirt into his Mod look, for spring/summer Fashion Show combined with white "Courrèges boots" that became a trademark of the Mini-Skirt Fashion Scene.
7. 1965 October 30th The Miniskirt gained a wider audience when the model Jean Shrimpton wears a Miniskirt from the designer Colin Rolfe at the Australian Derby Day during the Melbourne Cup Carnival in Australia
8. 1965 More leading designers begin to include Mini-Skirts into their Autumn Winter Collections including one of the best known designers of the era. Yves St. Laurent.
9. 1966 As popularity grew amongst the younger generation hemlines gradually climbed upward and by 1966 some designs had the hem at the upper thigh
10. 1966 Popularity and the growth of outlets including major department stores both in the UK and around the world, plus the prevailing youth culture at the time and fashion-minded young women meant the Mini Skirt was the fashion of choice.
The name Mini-Skirt is attributed to Mary Quant who also went on to popularize hot pants in the later years, Although many designers claim Mini Skirts as their idea it was due to a combination of young women who became a powerful class of consumers demanding a fashion that matched the spirit of youth and in many way dictated to the designers what they wanted and changes to society in general in the swinging sixties.
- The Houston Astrodome is built with the dome measuring 710 ft diameter
- US Population exceeds 195 million
- The Black Panthers are formed in US
- Richard Speck Murders 8 Nurses in Chicago Illinois
- Ex Marine Charles Whitman kills 14 and injures 31 on a killing spree at the University Of Texas
- Ronald Reagan enters politics on June 7th becoming governor of California
- Canada Introduces it's earnings-related social insurance program the Canada Pension Plan (CPP)
- The Salvation Army Celebrates 100 years
- All cigarette packets in the United States must carry the health warning "Caution! Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health."
- 4 dig under the Berlin Wall to gain freedom from East Germany
- The Arno River floods causing the flooding of the city of Florence, with thousands of historic books, manuscripts and fine art destroyed.
- 200,000 face starvation on The island of Lombak, Indonesia
- Miniskirts are in fashion
- Cassius Clay Defeats Henry Cooper in two title fights in London
- Soviet Union Lands Luna 9 on the Moon in February and the US follows on June 2nd with the Surveyor 1 soft moon landing.
- Pakistani-Indian peace negotiations end successfully
- Indira Gandhi is elected Prime Minister of India
- The Australian Dollar was introduced at a rate of two dollars per pound, or ten shillings per dollar.
- Pope Paul VI and Arthur Michael Ramsey, the Archbishop of Canterbury, meet in Rome - the first official meeting for 400 years between the Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches
- Earthquake in Turkey - 2394 dead, 10000 injured
- Barbados achieves independence
- The Moors murderers Ian Brady and Myra Hindley are jailed for life for the murder of 3 children
- The UK implements much tougher new drink driving laws.
- England defeats Germany to win the 1966 World Cup Final. Find Out More About More Football World Cup and the origins, growth, and the modern game of soccer.
- China under Chairman Mao launches China's Cultural Revolution and begins purging intellectuals August 13th
- Botswana Gains Independence From Great Britain
- Canada Introduces the Canada Pension Plan an earnings-related social insurance program
- Lesotho Gains Independence From Great Britain
- Harold Wilson and the Labour party wins the British General Election
- Star Trek first episode of the science fiction television series Star Trek
- Author Jacqueline Susann has her first novel, Valley of the Dolls published
- Dr. Seuss' "How the Grinch Stole Christmas" the animated television special adapted from the book is shown for first time on CBS
- Simon and Garfunkel release Sounds of Silence,
- Dr. Zhivago
- Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
- A Man for All Seasons
Check out our Television Programmes From The 60s whenever possible we have included a trailer to jog your memory. Series trailers and more information are found on the decade they started.
- The Mamas and the Papas
- The Beatles
- The Monkees
- The Beach Boys
- The Rolling Stones
- Simon and Garfunkel
- I'm a Believer The Monkees
- Good Vibrations The beach Boys
- Monday Monday The Mamas and the Papas
- Wild Thing The Troggs
Born This Year 1966David Schwimmer November 2nd
Gordon Ramsay November 8th
Adam Sandler September 9th
Mike Tyson June 30th
- Worlds first vertical Jump Jet the Harrier is introduced in UK
- Hovercraft service begins over the English Channel
- Pampers create the first disposable Diaper
- Color Television Sets become popular
- There are 78 million cars registered in the US
Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
Kevlar USA by Stephanie Kwolek
Fibre Optics England by Charles Keo and George Hockham
Moon Landing Russia Luna 9 lands softly on the Moon
Space Docking USA Gemini VIII docks with an orbiting satellite
Major World Political Leaders 1966Australia Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies Till 26 January
Australia Prime Minister Harold Holt From 26 January
Brazil President Castelo Branco Canada Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson
China Chairman of the People's Republic of China Liu Shaoqi
France President Charles de Gaulle
Germany Chancellor Ludwig Erhard Till 1 December
Germany Chancellor Kurt Georg Kiesinger From 1 December
India Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri Till 11 January
India Prime Minister Gulzarilal Nanda From 11 January
India Prime Minister Gulzarilal Nanda Till 24 January
India Prime Minister Indira Gandhi From 24 January
Italy Prime Minister Aldo Moro
Japan Prime Minister Eisaku Sato Mexico President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz Russia / Soviet Union
First Secretary of the CPSU Leonid Brezhnev South Africa Prime Minister Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd Till 6 September
South Africa Prime Minister Balthazar Johannes Vorster From 6 September
United States President Lyndon B. Johnson United Kingdom Prime Minister Harold Wilson