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Other Pages From The Year 1960 Featuring Toys Clothes Fashion Accessories

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1960 The cold war continued to become colder as the two sides distrusted the other more and tried to influence other parts of the world. John Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson won the Presidency with one of the smallest margins in history ( 113,000 votes ) out of 68.3 million. The sexual revolution of the 60's had begun with the use of birth control pills and Hugh Hefner opening the first of his Playboy clubs in Chicago. The "Flintstones" is shown on television for the first time and movies this year include "The Magnificent Seven" and "Psycho" . Notable technical achievements include the invention of the Laser and a Heart Pacemaker. France tests its first atomic bomb and joins those countries with nuclear bomb technology. Notable names that appear in the limelight that year include "Cassius Clay" and "Sir Francis Chichester" . The US sends the first troops to Vietnam following the French withdrawal in 1954 in the fight against communist North Vietnam.

Cost of Living 1960

How Much things cost in 1960
Yearly Inflation Rate USA 1.46%
Yearly Inflation Rate UK 1.1%
Average Cost of new house $12,700.00 Average Monthly Rent $98.00 Cost of a gallon of Gas 25 cents 23 inch Television $219.95 Average Cost of a new car $2,600.00 Piaggio / Vespa Scooter $319.95 Can of Beef Ravioli 30 cents Loaf of Bread 20 cents Mens Electric Shaver $20.30 Polaroid Land Camera, looking back it seems quite expensive but this was the only way to see your photo nearly instantly Polaroid Camera $93.45 The latest in Danish contemporary furniture for the 60's home Danish Contemporary Living Room Furniture $350.00
Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 2,530
From Our 1960 Toys
Price: $4.99
Transistor Radios  From The 1960s

What Events Happened in 1960

  • Tidal Wave at Agadir in Morocco kills 12,000
OPEC --- Created
  • OPEC ( Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries ) is formed during meeting in Baghdad, Iraq
More Information and Timeline For Creation of OPEC
1. 1949 Venezuela and Iran approach Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia in 1949 with the idea of forming an organization
2. September 10th 1960 OPEC is formed in Baghdad, Iraq Original OPEC members include Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela.
3. September 10th to September 14th Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela meet in Baghdad to discuss ways to increase the price of the crude oil
4. Over the next 30 years OPEC used it's oil production as a political tool including during the 1973 Arab - Israeli War / Yom Kippur War when OPEC placed an Oil Embargo on countries who were supporting Israel during the war, this caused major problems with both the supply chain causing gas rationing and quadrupling the price from $3.00 a barrel to $12.00 a barrel.
OPEC has twelve member countries: six members in the Middle East( Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates ), four members in Africa ( Algeria, Angola, Libya and Nigeria ), and two in South America ( Ecuador and Venezuela ), as of 2010 -- OPEC members collectively hold 79% of world crude oil reserves and 44% of the world’s crude oil production, as the changes happen in Oil production shift to alternative production technology including the Athabasca oil sands in Canada which are now the third largest oil reserves in the world behind Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.

Brazil --- Brasilia
  • The new capital city of Brazil Brasilia is officially inaugurated on April 21, 1960
More Information and Timeline for Brasilia
1. 1956 The President of Brazil Juscelino Kubitschek ordered the construction of Brasilia to change the capital city of Brazil from Rio De Janeiro which was not ideal as it was not in a central location, fulfilling the promise of the Constitution and his own political campaign promise. Brasilia was planned and developed by Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer in order to move the capital from Rio De Janeiro to a more central location
2. Brasilia was built in 41 months, from 1956 to April 21, 1960, when it was officially inaugurated.
3. The centers of all three branches of the federal government of Brazil are in Brasilia, including the Congress, President, and Supreme Court. Plus over 124 foreign embassies
4. Brasilia now has an estimated population of about 2 1/2 million

South Africa
  • Fifteen African countries gain independence and South Africa leaves the commonwealth
UK --- CND / Ban The Bomb
  • 100,000 Join "Ban The Bomb" Rally on April 18th in London
More Information and Timeline For Creation of CND / Ban The Bomb
1. 1957 CND formed to promote an end to British nuclear weapons and global abolition of nuclear weapons
2. 1958 CND holds first public meeting at Central Hall, Westminster, London attracts 5,000 people.
3. 1958 Gerald Holtom designs the CND symbol which over the years has become best known as a Peace Symbol
4. 1959 Organizes the first Aldermaston March, which is held over the Easter weekend ( Aldermaston is the home to the UK Atomic Weapons Establishment )
5. 1960 attracts 100,000 at the "Ban The Bomb" Rally on April 18th in London
CND is still an outspoken organization against nuclear, chemical or biological weapons but following the end of the cold war and agreements by the super powers to limit nuclear arms proliferation public support is not as strong as it was.
Original CND Emblem designed by Gerald Holtom in 1958

United States --- JFK Wins Presidential Election
  • John F Kennedy wins presidential Election.
More Information and Timeline for JFK's Election.
Democratic nominee John F. Kennedy wins the United States Presidential election on Tuesday, November 8th of 1960 after defeating current Vice President, Richard Nixon, at the polls. Kennedy was the first Catholic and the youngest person to be elected at 43 years old. He was a Harvard educated, World War II veteran who came from one of the country’s wealthiest families. He previously held office as a U.S. Senator for the state of Massachusetts. Kennedy became a wildly popular leader, despite his narrow win against Nixon, as he faced tense situations and private and public drama during the early years of the cold war. He was assassinated, tragically, in November of 1963.

Vietnam --- Vietnam War
  • The United States announces that 3,500 American soldiers are going to be sent to Vietnam
More Information and Timeline For Early History Of Vietnam War
1. 1946 France reoccupies French Indochina following the end of World War II
2. 1946 The Việt Minh launched a rebellion against the French authority governing the colonies of French Indochina
3. 1949 France officially recognized the "independence" of the State of Vietnam as an associated state within the French Union
4. 1949 The Vietnamese Communists obtain outside support from Chairman Mao Zedong of China just across the border
5. 1950 The United States began to give military aid to France in the form of weaponry and military observers
6. 1950 North Vietnam Gains Military Aid including Arms and Troops From China and The Soviet Union
7. 1950 to 1954 North Vietnamese Soldiers under the leadership of Võ Nguyên Giáp gain Military Supremacy over South Vietnam and French Troops
8. 1954 The Geneva Conference creates territorial integrity and sovereignty of Indochina and separated Vietnam into two zones, a northern zone to be governed by the Viet Minh, and a southern zone to be governed by the State of Vietnam
9. 1954 France pulls out of Vietnam following it's losses at The Battle of Dien Bien Phu and The Geneva Conference
10. 1954 Vietnam was temporarily partitioned at the 17th parallel creating a North and South Vietnam.
11. 1958 to 1960 North Vietnamese guerilla incidents against South Vietnam increased gradually,
12. 1959 North Vietnamese buildup military personal prior to a full scale military conquest of South Vietnam
13. 1960 North Vietnam escalates military operations against South Vietnam
13. 1960 The United States announces that 3,500 American soldiers are going to be sent to Vietnam
The Vietnam conflict had it's history in the original French Control of the region which changed to U.S.A. support following French withdrawal, Together with distrust by both sides during the cold war and successive US Presidents starting with Dwight D. Eisenhower believing in the Domino Theory / Effect that if one country fell to communism each country with borders would be more likely to fall, combined with the financial / Military backing of the Soviet Union and China of North Vietnam. Over the next few years the war escalated on both sides eventually ending in 1973 when the US pulled out of Vietnam following a North Vietnam Victory

  • American Heart Association Links smoking to heart disease and death in middle aged men
Soviet Union --- U2 Plane Shot Down
  • Soviet missile shoots down the US U2 spy plane
More Information and Timeline For U2 Plane and Francis Gary Powers
1. The Lockheed U-2 is a single-engine, very high-altitude ( 70,000 feet over 13 miles ) reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Air Force (USAF) Introduced in 1957
2. 1958 Base for set up for U-2 spy plane to fly from Pakistan over Soviet Union
3. 1960 May 1st Lockheed U-2 with Pilot Francis Gary Powers shot down by SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missiles over Soviet Airspace while photographing ICBM sites in and around Sverdlovsk and Plesetsk
4. US denies Aircraft is a covert surveillance aircraft but Soviet Union produced its intact remains and surviving pilot, Francis Gary Powers plus photos of military bases in Russia taken by pilot
5. August 19th US Pilot Francis Gary Powers sentenced to 3 years imprisonment and 7 years of hard labor for espionage in the Soviet Union
6. 1962 February 10th Francis Gary Powers and American student Frederic Pryor exchanged for Soviet KGB Colonel Vilyam Fisher
The U2 incident and subsequent bad publicity for the United States helped accelerate the use of spy satellites for reconnaissance by the United States and the Soviet Union during the 60's and the cold war.

  • Following major food shortages in East Germany 160,000 refugees cross to West Germany, Nikita Khrushchev orders the construction of the Berlin Wall
Northern Ireland
  • The Irish Republican Army ( IRA ) starts it's fight against the British
South Africa
  • Afrikaner police open fire with sub machine guns on demonstrators March 21st in the black township of Sharpeville, South African
  • Chile subduction fault ruptures from Talcahuano to Peninsula de Taitao, loosing a tsunami and one of the greatest earthquakes on record
  • Sir Francis Chichester arrives in New York aboard Gypsy Moth 11 - he has made a record solo Atlantic crossing in 40 days
  • Hurricane Donna kills 50 in Florida and the New England area
  • Princess Margaret marries Antony Armstrong Jones
  • Fidel Castro nationalises American Oil, sugar and other US interests in Cuba.
Sri Lanka
  • The Worlds First Female Prime Minister Is Elected Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike Ceylon / Sri Lanka
  • In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later took the name Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight after having won the Gold Medal in Rome in the Olympic games
  • The United States launches the world's first nuclear powered Aircraft Carrier the USS Enterprise.
  • The Summer Olympics are held in Rome, Italy
  • The Winter Olympic Games are held in Squaw Valley, California, United States
  • Togo Gains Independence From France
Central African Republic
  • Central African Republic Gains Independence From France
Cote D'Ivore
  • Cote D'Ivore Gains Independence From France
  • Benin Gains Independence From France
  • Chad Gains Independence From France
  • Senegal Gains Independence From France
  • Mauritania Gains Independence From France

Popular Culture

  • Lady Chatterley's Lover goes on sale in England 32 years after it was banned
  • Coronation Street Soap premieres on ITV in the UK,
  • The Flintstones premiers
  • Rawhide
  • Chubby Chequer and The twist start a new dance craze

Check out our Television Programmes From The 60s whenever possible we have included a trailer to jog your memory. Series trailers and more information are found on the decade they started.

Popular Films

  • Ben-Hur
  • Can Can
  • Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho
  • Operation Petticoat
  • Only The Lonely by Roy Orbison
Featured From Other 1960 Pages
Huckleberry Hound and Friends From 1960 Toys
Huckleberry Hound and Friends  For any kids who watched TV in the early 60's Huckleberry Hound, Yogi Bear and BooBoo were an institution, what I remember most was Yogi Bear and Booboo finding ways to eat the campers "Picinik Baskets".

Ladies Flower Hat From 60 Accessories
Ladies Flower HatAs you look through the hats etc. from the year, what strikes me most is these were made popular following Hollywood Movie Actresses wearing them.

Matching His and Hers Western Outfits From 1960 Fashions
Matching His and Hers Western OutfitsThis is a matching his and hers Western Outfit, matching clothes for men and women ranged from casual outdoor clothes to matching sleepwear, also popular at the time were matching family outfits for the whole family including boys and girls of any age.

Sunburst Clock From 60s Home Furnishings
1960's Sunburst Clock Home furnishings and Appliances from the sixties are sometimes difficult to seperate, this is a good example a Sunburst Wall Clock which I included in Electrical but could have also included in Furnishings

Born This Year

Diego Maradona October 30th
Antonio Banderas August 10th
Hugh Grant September 9th
Bono May 10th

Technology 1960

  • Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh in the bathyscaph USS Trieste break a depth record when they descend to the bottom of Challenger Deep 35,820 feet (10,750 meters) below sea level in the Pacific Ocean
  • France tests its first atomic bomb in Sahara and joins US, UK and USSR as Nuclear Power
  • Over one hundred million television sets in use worldwide.
  • Aluminum Cans used for the first time
  • The MOT Test is introduced in Britain
  • US Experimental rocket powered airplane travels at 2,200 MPH
  • Xerox introduces the first Commercial Document reproduction Machine
  • The United States launches the first weather satellite, TIROS-1.
  • Dr Kazuo Hashimoto Invents the Ansafone sold in the USA as a
    Automatic Telephone Answering Machine

Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
Laser USA by Theodore Maiman
Heart Pacemaker USA by Wilson Greatbatch
Weather Satellite USA Tiros I
Vertical Take off Jet UK

1960 Calendar

Major World Political Leaders

Australia Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies Brazil President Juscelino Kubitschek Canada Prime Minister John Diefenbaker

China Chairman of the People's Republic of China Liu Shaoqi

France President Charles de Gaulle

Germany Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
India Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru

Italy Prime Minister Antonio Segni Till 23 March
Italy Prime Minister Fernando Tambroni From 25 March
Italy Prime Minister Fernando Tambroni Till 26 July
Italy Prime Minister Amintore Fanfani From 26 July

Japan Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi Till 19 July
Japan Prime Minister Hayato Ikeda From 19 July
Mexico President Adolfo López Mateos Russia / Soviet Union
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev South Africa Prime Minister Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower United Kingdom Prime Minister Harold Macmillan

Political Elections

United States Presidential Election 1960 John F. Kennedy (Democratic) Defeats Richard Nixon (Republican) and Harry F. Byrd (Democratic)