The People History Home

October 31st Major News Events

  1. 1984 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was gunned down
  2. 1941 The Mt. Rushmore sculpture is completed
  3. 1942 England Canterbury Bombing
  4. 1956 Egypt Suez Canal Crisis
  5. 1963 Indiana State Fair Coliseum Explosion

Find More Details for What happened 31st October This Day in History on your birthday

31 Oct, 1984 India Gandhi

1984 : Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was gunned down outside of her home by Sikh extremists.

31 Oct, 1921 U.S.A. Forests

1921 : Latest figures released by the federal government show that forests in the United States cover 463 million acres. Current Forestry is 745 million acres.

31 Oct, 1926 U.S.A. Harry Houdini

1926 : Harry Houdini magician and escapologist dies of gangrene and peritonitis after his appendix ruptured.

Harry Houdini Public Domain Photo

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31 Oct, 1931 U.S.A. Gold Standard

1931 : Following the announcement that Great Britain had decided to abandon the Gold Standard in mid-September a mini panic occurred when people were worried their money was not safe in local banks, the panic caused people to draw savings from the banks which in turn placed more pressure on the banks than the 1929 stock market crash had already, because of this by 31st October 827 banks were forced to close.

31 Oct, 1941 U.S.A. Mount Rushmore

1941 : The Mt. Rushmore sculpture is completed after Gutzon Borglum and 400 stone masons sculpt the colossal 60-foot carvings of U.S. presidents, The project had started on October 4th, 1927 to represent the first 150 years of American history.

George Washington 1732–1799

Thomas Jefferson 1743–1826

Abraham Lincoln 1809–1865

Theodore Roosevelt 1858–1919

More about Mount Rushmore

Mount Rushmore Public Domain Photo

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New York Knickerbocker Base Ball Club Rules Set

Though formal rules for "Base ball" can be found as far back as 1838 in Philadelphia, the first set of rules which resemble the game today come from the New York Knickerbocker Base Ball Club, a group of about thirty young men who regularly played the game. The rules they established (which are still used today) include a diamond-shaped field, making the "balk" illegal, introducing foul lines, three strikes-and-out for a batter and that runners must be tagged or thrown out. The first official game played under these rules was on June 19th, 1846 in Hoboken, New Jersey, between the Knickerbockers and the New York Base Ball Club (with the Knickerbockers losing 23-1).

Growth: Growth Of Baseball The spread of the game occurred primarily after the American Civil War. Because cricket required finely cut grounds, it was harder to play the game during the war. Baseball, on the other hand, could be played almost anywhere. Additionally, though the majority of clubs belonged to middle-class merchants, the 1850s and 60s saw the rise of working-class teams, which became the most popular among the fans of the game, most of whom were working-class people themselves.

The National Pastime The first reference to baseball as "the National Pastime" came from the New York Mercury newspaper in 1856, though the title then was a bit premature. Baseball in that time emerged as a New York game played primarily by immigrants. Newcomers to America took to the game by scores, forming their own clubs, while the Knickerbockers continued to refine the game.

31 Oct, 1942 England Canterbury Bombing

1942 : The Nazi Luftwaffe today launched the heaviest single daylight bombing attack since the Battle of Britain on the Cathedral City of Canterbury.

31 Oct, 1950 Puerto Rico Rebels

1950 : Fighting is continuing in the streets of San Juan between rebels seeking Puerto Rico secession from the United States and 4000 National Guardsman who have been sent in to bring calm to the city. Aircraft are now being used in bombing raids against the rebel hideouts entrenched in and around the mountain towns of Jayuya and Utuado.

31 Oct, 1955 UK Princess Margaret

1955 : Princess Margaret has announced she will not marry divorced Group Captain Peter Townsend. She had been forced to choose between her love for Group Captain Peter Townsend and giving up her title, her Civil List allowance, and her place in the line of succession because he was divorced. During her announcement she stated that her decision had been made out of loyalty to the Crown and out of consciousness of the Church's teaching on the "indissolubility of Christian marriage" (Divorce).

31 Oct, 1956 Egypt Suez Canal Crisis

1956 : Following Egypt's decision to nationalize the Suez Canal Britain and France begin bombing Egypt to force the reopening of the Suez Canal.

31 Oct, 1959 Lee Harvey Oswald

1959 : Years before the Kennedy assassination Lee Harvey Oswald is featured in local papers when he applies for Soviet citizenship.

Lee Harvey Oswald Public Domain Photo

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31 Oct, 1961 Soviet Union Joseph Stalin

1961 : Joseph Stalin's body is removed from Lenin's Tomb as part of the process of de-Stalinization in The Soviet Union.

Joseph Stalin Public Domain Photo

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31 Oct, 1963 Indiana State Fair Coliseum Explosion

1963 : An explosion caused by a faulty propane tank during an ice skating show at the Indiana State Fair Coliseum (now Pepsi Coliseum) kills 74 and injures an additional 400.

31 Oct, 1964 Germany Berlin Wall

1964 : The Berlin wall was opened up for the second time yesterday for West Germans to visit relatives in East Germany and by nightfall 20,000 had passed through the communist controls. The visits are only allowed one way from west to east due to concerns of the East German Government that it's subjects would not return.

Berlin Wall  Public Domain Photo

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31 Oct, 1966 Korea President Lyndon Johnson

October 31st, 1966 : An estimated two million people welcomed US President Lyndon Johnson to Seoul, South Korea. America had spent many years and lost many marines 16 years earlier helping to fight communists from the North.

President Lyndon Johnson  Public Domain Photo

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31 Oct, 1968 Vietnam President Lyndon Johnson

1968 : After 5 months of negotiations making no progress President Lyndon Johnson orders an end to rolling thunder. The U.S. bombing of North Vietnam in the hopes this would bring an end to the fighting and provide a negotiated settlement.

From our 1980s Furniture

1989 Videotape Storage Cabinet

1989 Videotape Storage Cabinet

Price: $79.99

This custom-crafted oak-grained cabinet opens to reveal storage for up to 120 video tapes. With inserts included, holds 92 video tapes, 18 CD's and 14 audio cassettes. Doors lock for complete security.

1987 Clock Radio TV

1987 Clock Radio TV

Price: $79.95

AM/FM Clock/Radio with four and a half inch black and white TV. Red LED digital time display with AM indicator. High/low dimmer control. Snooze bar. Battery backup system. Earphone jack. Telescopic FM antenna. White plastic cabinet.

Toys From The 1990s

Vintage Nintendo Game Boy Compact Video Game System

Vintage Nintendo Game Boy Compact Video Game System

Vintage Nintendo Game Boy Compact Video Game System
Manufacturer: Nintendo
Price: $89.99

A hand-held version of the Nintendo Entertainment System. Features Tetris Game Pack, LCD dot-matrix game screen, and digital stereo sound with earphones for private play. Video Link cable hook-up allows two Game Boy systems to go head-to-head.

Tickle Me Elmo

Tickle Me Elmo

Tickle Me Elmo
Manufacturer: Tyco
Price: $27.99

Tickle his tummy once to make him giggle, twice to make him laugh longer. Tickle him a third time and he shakes with laughter. This was one of the most popular toys for the 1996 Christmas season, with many stores running out of stock and battling crowds trying to get their hands on one.
From Our 1996 Toys Page

31 Oct, 1971 IRA Bomb Post Office Tower

October 31st, 1971 : A bomb explodes in the Post Office tower in England causing extensive damage but no injuries.

31 Oct, 1983 England Greenham Common

1983 : Women protesting the soon to arrive U.S. Nuclear Missiles at Greenham Common air base cut through the perimeter fence and daubed emulsion paint on the runway prior to being arrested. They were part of the Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp.

31 Oct, 1997 British Au Pair Found Guilty

October 31st, 1997 : Boston jury has found Louise Woodward a British Au Pair 19, guilty of second degree murder for killing the baby in her care.

31 Oct, 1999 U.S.A. Plane Crash

1999 : EgyptAir Flight 990 (Boeing 767) crashes shortly after taking off from John F. Kennedy International Airport, traveling from New York City to Cairo crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.

31 Oct, 2002 U.S.A. Enron

October 31st, 2002 : Andrew Fastow former chief financial officer for Enron Corp is indicted on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of Enron Corp.

31 Oct, 2003 Malaysia Mahathir bin Mohamad

2003 : After 22 years from 1981 to 2003 Mahathir bin Mohamad retires from office and the Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi becomes the countries Prime Minister.

31 Oct, 2008 U.S.A. Consumer Confidence

October 31st, 2008 : Fears of a recession and higher unemployment pushes consumer spending in the US to fall in September by the biggest amount in four years.

31 Oct, 2008 China Melamine In Food

2008 : State Media in China has reported the toxic chemical melamine is probably being routinely added to Chinese animal feed, melamine has now been found in contaminated milk and eggs. Melamine is used to reduce production costs while maintaining the protein count for quality inspections.

31 Oct, 2012 Afghanistan Roadside Bomb Attack in Helmand

October 31st, 2012 : A roadside bomb attack in the Helmand province of Afghanistan killed ten civilians, mainly women and children.

31 Oct, 2013 Indonesia Nationwide Strike for Wages

2013 : Workers across Indonesia banded together to strike for higher wages. The workers were upset that the government was trying to put wage caps in place while the price of living and inflation were constantly increasing. Minimum wages were raised in the country but not enough to keep up with the rapid inflation that the growing economy was experiencing.

Born This Day In History October 31

Celebrating Birthdays Today

Peter Jackson

Born: 31st October 1961 Pukerua Bay, New Zealand

Known For : Academy Award-winning New Zealand film director best known for directing The Lord of the Rings trilogy which won 17 academy awards including the Academy Award for Best Picture (2003). He also directed the newest King Kong movie which also won 3 academy awards.

Celebrating Birthdays Today

Vanilla Ice

Born: 31st October 1967 Robert Matthew Van Winkle, Dallas, Texas, U.S.

Known For : Best known as an American rap artist with his top selling album "To The Extreme" 1990 featuring the top selling single "Ice Ice Baby."