Important Events From This day in History March 28th
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1979 - Three Mile Island Nuclear Radiation
1979 : Radiation is released at Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station when a cooling plant malfunction releases radioactive steam and radiation near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, The authorities declare a general emergency but did not inform the public until five hours after the gas escaped.
A study in 2002
found that incidences of cancer in the area were not significantly higher than elsewhere.
This is still considered the worst nuclear incident in US history, but it should be remembered no deaths were attributed to the disaster.
1942 - Malta George Cross Medal for Bravery
1942 : King George VI has awarded the people from the small Mediterranean island of Malta the George Cross Medal for Bravery saying "To honour her brave people I award the George Cross to the Island Fortress of Malta, to bear witness to a heroism and a devotion that will long be famous in history." The Island had been under constant attack by Italian and German bombers and Messerschmitts machine guns since June 1940 because of it's strategic location for both the North Africa campaign and the European Campaign, Food supplies and health and hygiene became a serious problem as the ships that would normally supply the Island were sunk by the enemy before they bring in new supplies.
1964 - Radio Caroline begins transmission of pop music
1964 : Radio Caroline was a pirate radio station based on a former Danish passenger ferry used to broadcast from international waters ( 1 of 2 ships converted to radio ships ) as a teen aged 14 I can remember it well and my transistor radio was nearly always tuned into Radio Caroline because the dj's were much more edgy than the other radio DJ's of the time ( I was lucky and lived on the south coast of the UK where the signal could be picked up ) . Irish musician manager and businessman Ronan O'Rahilly set up the station after he could not get any airplay on Radio Luxembourg for Georgie Fame's records because the station was committed to sponsored programmes promoting major record labels: EMI, Decca, Pye and Philips.
2006 - France Contrat Première Embauche
2006 : More than 1 million mostly students take to the streets in France disrupting air, rail and bus travel in the largest nationwide protest over the "Contrat première embauche" (CPE - First Employment Contract or Beginning Workers Contract) which would make it much easier for workers under twenty-six years old to be fired. The main parts of the bill which caused protests included:
Allowed employers the opportunity to terminate employment of workers under twenty-six without any reason, with little or no notice, within their first two years of employment
Night lab our being permitted for youths as young as 15 years old
Suspension of family welfare in cases of students skipping school
Possibility of manual lab our apprenticeship for 14-year-olds
The bill was seen by many as a direct attack on younger workers but the government believed by easing these laws it would encourage companies to take on more younger employees. The new "Contrat première embauche" CPE was scrapped by Chirac on April 10 under the pressure of ongoing protest and blockade throughout France
2000 - Zimbabwe White Farmer Shot And Killed
2000 : Problems with racial tension continue in the country of Zimbabwe as President Robert Mugabe pressed on with his plan to remove Zimbabwe's farms from white ownership, with the latest death when a white farmer in Zimbabwe is shot dead by squatters occupying his land.
1908 - Canada Mining Accident
1908 : A record of a terrible mining accident that occurred a few days before this date was made public. Two well-known miners died while involved in drifting operations in the Spruce Creek Mine. While working, the mine had caved in, and these men were entrapped. A third person had escaped and sounded an alarm, hoping it would signal the other two men to evacuate in time. Unfortunately, it was too late.
1920 - U.S.A. Tornadoes
1920 : Tornadoes swept through the mid-western and southern portions of the United States, killing more than 200 people and injuring more than a 1,000.
1921 - US Advertising
1921 : A short, sweet description of the importance of advertising a business was presented in a local Oklahoma publication. This advice was depicted in the form of a short rhyming poem, to which the first line is as follows: “The city that gets the publicity gets the business.”
1930 - Turkey City Name Changes
1930 : Two of Turkey's largest cities change their names ( Constantinople and Angora ).
The City of Constantinople is changed to Istanbul
The City of Angora is changed to Ankara
1933 - U.S.A. Wet and Dry Rally
1933 : A wet and dry rally and parade took place. Both supporters of alcohol and supporters of dry laws attended this event, which occurred in Oklahoma. On the same day, further debate took place regarding the legalization of pari-mutuel horse-betting systems. No decision has yet been made regarding this issue, even though proposals towards legalizing this form of gambling were made two weeks beforehand.
1939 - Spanish Civil War
1939 : Madrid, Spain is now in the hands of Nationalist General Francisco Franco and the Spanish civil war ends. The Spanish Civil War began in 1936
with Rebels attempting a coup d'état by parts of the army against the government. Like many modern conflicts other countries often become involved and take sides often supporting one side or the other with weapons and volunteers . The Spanish Civil War was no different with the Government in power getting the support of the Soviet Union and Mexico, and the rebels supported by Italy and Germany. The Spanish Civil War also bought out the worst in people with terrible atrocities committed on and by both sides during the war, with up to 100,000 people executed in the name of ???.
1940 - Great Britain
1940 : France and Britain were beginning to think about expanding their support. They expected the alliance they create would be semi-permanent, providing strength for battle. For instance, World War II took place during this time, and France and Britain looked to other countries’ resources to draw upon.
1950 - Yugoslavia Travel to US Eased
1950 : Yugoslavia and the United States made an effort to pave the way for restrictions of travel to Yugoslavia to be cleared. The issue of dual nationality was discussed as well.
1963 - Russia Wedding During The Cold War
1963 : During one of the most crucial times in American and Russian history THE COLD WAR, an American woman wed a Russian man while studying in Moscow. This wedding was opposed by the Soviet government, the American woman’s mother, and the Red Communists Party. However, this did not stop the couple from saying “I Do.”
1964 - U.S.A. The Beatles
1964 : The Beatles have 10 hits on Billboard's Hot 100 at the same time surpassing the previous best by Elvis Presley.
1969 - U.S.A. Dwight D. Eisenhower
1969 : Former U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower died of heart failure aged 78 yrs.
1972 - U.S.A. Farming Practices
1972 : A tiny bit of information regarding farming was printed. At this time in history, a typical U.S. farm produced enough food and fiber to supply the needs of up to 45 people (39 at home and six abroad). Ten years prior to this date, only about 24 people were supported by the yield of an average American farm.
- A Typical U.S. farm today supplies enough food and fiber to supply the needs of over 200 people
1990 - Lithuania Drops Border Guards
1990 : Lithuania, formerly a part of the USSR, decided against earlier plans to implement a border guard. This was done in order to avoid conflict with Soviet Troops. Lithuania also ordered citizens to give up weapons at request of these Soviet military personnel.
1991 - England Hillsborough Disaster
1991 : An inquest held over the deaths of 95 fans killed during during the Hillsborough disaster at Sheffield Wednesday's football stadium has returned a verdict of accidental death. The disaster happened during an FA Cup semi-final between Nottingham Forest and Liverpool held at Sheffield Wednesday's stadium on April 15th
1989, and is blamed on too many Liverpool fans being allowed in to the back of an already full stand at the Leppings Lane end of the ground. As more and more fans were allowed in fans were being crushed to death by the sheer volume of additional fans being allowed in. In total 95 Liverpool fans died during the disaster.
2002 - Italy Spouse of the Year Award
2002 : Charlotte, the wife of Lt. Colonel Mark Engenan (555th Fighter Squadron) received the “Spouse of the Year Award”. She was/is a very active medical volunteer in Northern Italy.
2007 - Saudi Arabia Arab peace talks in Riyadh
2007 : Arab leaders have been holding a summit in the Saudi capital, Riyadh, and have urged Israel to accept the Arab peace initiative that was proposed in 2002. Under the plan, Arab nations will recognize Israel if Israel withdraws from the lands it has occupied since 1967
. The plan allows for the creation of a Palestinian state, and the return of Palestinian refugees.
2008 - Germany is the first country to recognize Kosovo
2008 : Germany has became the first country to recognize Kosovo's independence, and has made its diplomatic office in Prishtina into an embassy. The embassy's inscription now reads as the 'Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany,' and the facade now shows the Kosovan flag raised together with the Germany one.
2008 - President Bush says the United States is not in recession
2008 : President Bush has said that the U.S. economy is not going into a recession, but is following a 'slowdown.' He has told people that May's tax measures have been designed to get consumers shopping again. According to the US National Bureau of Economic Research, the United States had already entered the Great Recession by the time this statement was made and the official dates were from December of 2007 to June of 2009.
2008 - Pew Center reports on prison numbers
2008 : The Pew Center study of American prisons has found that they have reached their highest ever number of inmates. The report has said that the U.S. is the global leader at the rate in which it imprisons its citizens, with over 2.3 million people being held in 2008. This number is larger than the prison populations of China, Russia and Iran. The report calls for fewer low-risk offenders to be sent to jail.
2009 - Demonstrations at G20 summit
2009 : Thousands of people are marching through London to demand action on poverty, climate change and jobs. The Put People First alliance of charities and unions walked from Embankment to Hyde Park for a rally. Speakers have called on the G20 leaders to pursue a new kind of global justice. The police have estimated that about 35,000 marchers took part in the event. Its organizers have said that people want a chance to air their views peacefully, and protesters have described the march's 'carnival-like atmosphere.' Brass bands, piercing whistles and stereo music was played as the procession passed through central London. The ex-Mayor of London, Ken Livingston, has called 'on the Tories to stop polluting everything they touch.'
2009 - Obama Promotes Climate Change Forum in Washington
2009 : President Obama has launched a Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate, with the group's first meeting to be set in Washington in April. This will be followed in July by a summit in Italy. Obama has invited the leaders of the leading industrial nations, as well as the secretary general of the United Nations, to participate in the forum. The White House has said that the forum was designed to 'help generate the political leadership necessary to achieve a successful outcome' at the U.N. climate change negotiations that will be taking place in Copenhagen in December. It also wanted to explore 'concrete initiatives and joint ventures that increase the supply of clean energy while cutting greenhouse gas emissions.'
2010 - West Bank Sealed Off During Passover
2010 : Israel seals off the West Bank from midnight until midnight on 6 April during its traditional Passover biblical religious holiday.
2012 - US Suspends Food Aid Plans to North Korea
2012 : The United States has suspended plans to send food aid to North Korea after the country violated a missile test moratorium by announcing their plans for a rocket launch in the middle of April
. While North Korea insisted that the future test would only be for peaceful purposes to launch a satellite, the US and other countries believed the plans were for a long-range missile.
2013 - Chile Police and Students Clash at Protest
2013 : Thousands of students in Chile clashed with authorities as their protested for education reforms in the capital of the country. These protests marked the first for this year but the issue had been a point of contention since 2011. The police stated that sixty people had been arrested.
2014 - One Killed in Kashmir Attack
2014 : One person was shot and killed in Indian-administered Kashmir by a group of suspected militants. They also reportedly attacked an Indian military camp. The suspected militants were also reported as wearing Indian military uniforms.
Born This Day In History 28th March
Celebrating Birthdays Today
March 28th, 1955
Kiowa, Oklahoma, US
Known For : Reba McEntire is am American country music singer who has had a number of hits on the country charts including "Can't Even Get the Blues", "You're the First Time I've Thought About Leaving", "How Blue", "What Am I Gonna Do About You", "Love Will Find Its Way to You", "The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter" and "How Was I to Know". She is also an accomplished TV, Movie and stage actress who had her own TV American sitcom show "Reba" which ran for 6 seasons on The WB network. Her stage work has included playing the leading role of Annie Oakley in the Broadway revival of Annie Get Your Gun.
Derek Jules Gaspard Ulric Niven van den Bogaerde, 28th March 1921, West Hampstead, London, England
Died: May 8th
1999, Chelsea, London, England
Known For : British actor who appeared in a number of British made movies best known for his including Doctor in series of movies including Doctor in the House, Doctor at Sea, Doctor at Large and Doctor in Distress.