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Important Events From This day in History April 7th

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1949 - U.S.A. "South Pacific"
1949 : Rodgers and Hammerstein debut their hit musical "South Pacific" on Broadway. The production continues to be a favorite among high school and community theater groups today. Some of the best loved songs from the musical include "Bali Ha'i," "Some Enchanted Evening," "Younger than Springtime," "A Wonderful Guy" The partnership of Rodgers and Hammerstein created some of the most well known musicals in modern history working as a team with music by Richard Rodgers and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II and included Carousel South Pacific The King And I The Sound Of Music Find More What happened in 1949
2001 - U.S.A. Mars Odyssey
2001 : The Mars Odyssey spacecraft took off on a six-month, 286-million-mile journey to the red planet. It reached Mars on October 24, 2001. It is designed to orbit the planet Mars to hunt for evidence of past or present water and volcanic activity to help answer the question of whether life has ever existed on Mars.
2008 - France Olympic Torch Relay Protests
2008 : Olympic Torch Relay arrives in Paris, France where due to the large number of protests the route is shortened at the demand of Chinese officials following widespread protests by pro-Tibet and human rights activists and due to problems the flame is extinguished five times. 2008
1906 - Italy Mount Vesuvius
1906 : Mount Vesuvius erupted causing gray ash and liquid lava erupted from the volcano burning homes built on the hillsides as it continued down the mountain.

1933 - U.S.A. Beer Available Again
1933 : After years of prohibition since Midnight of January 16, 1920 when the Eighteenth Amendment was put into effect which included importing, exporting, transporting, selling, and manufacturing of intoxicating liquor illegal. On This Day 1933 beer is sold once again in 19 of the 48 states and the District of Columbia.
More about the 21st Amendment
1934 - U.S.A. Farmers Aid Bill
1934 : Congress pass the Jones-Connally Farm-Relief Act putting a larger number of products under the control of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration ( AAA ) who were charged with delivering farmers from the woes of the Depression by slashing production and increasing prices, but the agency only helped the large farmers leaving sharecroppers, and small and tenant farmers with little benefit from the agency's programs.
1940 - U.S.A. Annular Solar Eclipse
1940 : An Annular Solar Eclipse is seen for the first time in North America since 1930 and the sun was blocked completely out for 6 to 7 minutes by the moon with a narrow circle of brilliance around it's rim. A solar eclipse is when the moon gets between the earth and the sun during it's orbit. Austin in Texas had the closest to a full eclipse with 93% of the sun covered at 3.16 PM followed by Tallahassee in Florida at 6.22 PM.
1948 - Switzerland World Health Organization
1948 : The World Health Organization (WHO) established as a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health.
1954 - U.S.A. Cold War "Domino Theory"
1954 : President Dwight D. Eisenhower coins the Cold War phrase when he suggests the fall of French Indochina to the communists could create a "domino" effect in Southeast Asia. The so-called "domino theory" dominated U.S. thinking about Vietnam for the next decade.
1957 - U.S.A. End of Electric Trolley New York
1957 : New York City's last electric trolley completed its final run from Queens to Manhattan.
1963 - Yugoslavia President Tito
1963 : Tito is named as the president for life of the newly named Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
1968 - Germany Jim Clark
1968 : Motor racing world champion Jim Clark is killed in a car crash during a Formula Two race at Hockenheim.
1969 - U.S.A. Stanley v. Georgia
1969 : The US Supreme Court rules on Stanley v. Georgia " 394 U.S. 557 (1969) " on the grounds of the 1st and 14th Amendments declaring "The State may not prohibit mere possession of obscene materials for personal use" and helping to define personal "right to privacy" in U.S. law.
1978 - U.S.A. Neutron Bomb Production Put On Hold
1978 : President Carter delays Neutron Bomb production. The Neutron Bomb is designed to kill people while minimizing damage to property unlike a conventional nuclear missile which destroys everything in it's path, this is achieved by producing a small blast but massive amounts of lethal radiation.
1986 - England Sinclair ZX Spectrum
1986 : Sir Clive Sinclair has sold the marketing and merchandising rights to his inventions which include the ZX Spectrum for £5m to computing rival Amstrad. Sir Clive Sinclair a brilliant inventor who introduced miniature televisions, pocket calculators and digital watches to Britain in the 1960s and 1970s, and the ZX80, a home computer priced at less than £100 in 1980, following on was the Sinclair ZX Spectrum which was the most popular home computer sold in England and was sold in the US as the TS2068 from Timex.
1990 - U.S.A. John M. Poindexter Convicted
1990 : Former national security adviser John M. Poindexter is convicted on multiple felony counts for conspiracy, obstruction of justice, defrauding the government, and the alteration and destruction of evidence pertaining to the Iran-Contra Affair . ( The convictions were reversed in 1991 )
1990 - Myanmar Ferry Sinks
1990 : A ferry sinks in a violent storm and strong winds in the Gyaing River in Myanmar and 215 of the ferry’s 240 passengers drowned.
1990 - Norway Ferry Sinks
1990 : The Scandinavian Star, a Danish-owned ferry, carrying 493 passengers and their cars and trucks from Oslo, Norway, to Frederikshaven, Denmark is engulfed in a fire. Most passengers make it to lifeboats, but due to panic and problems with most of the crew only speaking Portuguese 110 died, mainly from smoke inhalation.
1990 - U.S.A. Robert Mapplethorpe Photographs
1990 : A display of Robert Mapplethorpe photographs "The Perfect Moment" a traveling exhibition of his work opened at Cincinnati's Contemporary Arts Center, the center and its director were indicted on "pandering obscenity". The area of his work that caused the controversy was his frank, erotic photography of male nudes.
1994 - Rwanda Civil War
1994 : Civil War breaks out in Rwanda when Hutu extremists murder an estimated 800,000 innocent civilian Tutsis in the worst episode of genocide since World War II, Earlier in the day Rwandan armed forces killed 10 Belgian peacekeeping officers to discourage the International Community from intervening in the forthcoming Genocide
2001 - U.S.A. Cincinnati Riots
2001 : An unarmed black man wanted on 14 misdemeanor warrants was fatally shot by a white police officer in Cincinnati, sparking three days of riots.
2003 - U.S.A. Ku Klux Klan
2003 : The Supreme Court voted 6-3 to uphold a 50-year-old Virginia law making it a crime to burn a cross as an act of intimidation, The practice of "Burning A Cross" is widely associated with the Ku Klux Klan. The United States Supreme Court ruled that burning a cross at a Klan rally is protected by the First Amendment, but could not be burned as a form of intimidation.
2006 - U.S.A. More storms in the Midwest
2006 : At least eleven tornadoes have hit ten Tennessee counties, and an F3 tornado (with winds of 158-206 mph) killed seven people in Gallatin. Other tornadoes have killed three people in Warren County. A number of homes and businesses have been destroyed, and heavy rainfall and hail has fallen in some areas. Above average temperatures and the low level moisture in the boundary layer have coupled with upper level dynamics to form the severe weather. This is the second wave of deadly storms to hit Tennessee in less than a week.
2007 - U.S.A. Protests for Undocumented Immigrants
2007 : Thousands of people have marched in Los Angeles to demand citizenship rights for the illegal immigrants there. A 15,000-strong crowd that carried American flags and signs saying "Amnesty Now" have paraded through the streets in the direction of City Hall. Many people were protesting against the leaked White House plan by which illegal migrants would be charged considerable sums for work visas and residency.
2010 - Egypt to ask for the return of ancient artifacts
2010 : Antiquarians have gathered in Cairo to plan for the recovery of ancient artifacts they say were stolen from their countries. The two-day conference will be attended by delegates, deputy culture ministers and museum directors from sixteen countries. Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities (S.C.A.) has said that the forum will discuss 'the protection and restitution of cultural heritage.' Delegates have been asked to draw up lists of missing artifacts. The S.C.A. has asked for these to be returned to their country of origin. The conference will be calling on the United Nations cultural body, U.N.E.S.C.O., to amend its convention on the banning of export or ownership of the stolen antiquities that were acquired after 1970. The delegates include Libya, Greece, Italy, China and Peru. The artifacts in question will include the British Museum’s Rosetta Stone and Berlin’s bust of Queen Nefertiti.
2010 - Kyrgyzstan Protests
2010 : Protesters take control of a government office in Talas on April 6, and on April 7 clashes between protesters and police in the capital Bishkek turned violent. President Kurmanbek Bakiyev reportedly flees the country, as the government steps down and a new provisional government headed by Roza Otunbayeva is formed. Protests began following rising energy prices, sluggish economy, and follow the government's closure of several media outlets.
2011 - United Kingdom British Man Sails Across Atlantic on Raft
2011 : Former BBC presenter, Anthony Smith, sailed across the Atlantic Ocean with a crew of three on a twelve meter long raft made of pipes. The eighty-five year old made the sixty-six day journey from England to the Caribbean in hopes of raising awareness of the lack of clean water much of the world faces as well as money for the charity WaterAid. By the time the crew landed at St. Maarten, an island in the Caribbean Sea, they were able to raise over fifty thousands pounds for their charity.
2012 - United States Painter Thomas Kinkade Dies
2012 : Famous US painter Thomas Kinkade died at the age of fifty-four of natural causes. Kinkade was well-known for his paintings of landscapes, churches, cottages and other idyllic scenes.
2014 - Costa Rica Solis Wins Costa Rica Presidential Election
2014 : Luis Guillermo Solis won the presidential election in Costa Rica. Solis is a member of the Citzen Action Party, a leftist third party, and had seventy-eight percent of the vote in an overwhelming victory. The election of Solis was somewhat notable in that Costa Rica had a traditional two-party political system and Solis won the election from a third party. It is also important to note that up to forty-three percent of the voting population abstained.

Born This Day In History 7th April

Celebrating Birthdays Today
Billie Holiday
Born: Elinore Harris 7th April 1915 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died: July 17th 1959 New York City, New York, U.S.
Known For : Billie Holiday is known as one the great Jazz Singers of her time, many believe it was not her voice qualities which were OK but not stunning, but her delivery of music with a personal and intimate approach never bettered. She had a difficult upbringing and spent her life attracted to abusive men causing her misuse of drugs and alcohol throughout her life which eventually killed her ( died from cirrhosis of the liver ). Although her personal life was always in turmoil Her music and delivery left an impact on any who saw her perform. She co-wrote the "Lady Sings the Blues" which was also the name of her autobiography. Her life was portrayed on the big screen with a movie of same name featuring Diana Ross who portrayed Holiday.