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Important Events From This day in History December 11th

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11 Dec, 1946 - U.S.A. -- UNICEF Established
The United Nations General Assembly establishes (UNICEF) United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated by World War II. Find More What happened in 1946
 
11 Dec, 1936 - Great Britain -- King Edward VIII Abdicates
1936 : Britain's King Edward VIII abdicates the throne in order to marry American divorcee Wallis Warfield Simpson, Edward had expressed his desire to marry his mistress, Mrs. Wallis Simpson, a twice-divorced American socialite but the the marriage was opposed by the government on religious, legal, political, and moral grounds.
 
11 Dec, 1913 - Canada -- To Much Cheese
In Moose Jaw W.S. Fiddler, who was moving some theatre equipment, died as a result of his excessive overindulgence in cheese. He fell down dead in from of the Majestic Theatre at the age of 50. Doctors claimed that acute indigestion from eating excessive amounts of cheese led to heart failure.
 
In The News December 11th Nobel Prizes, Czar Nicholas, Robert the Bruce, Santa Claus,  Boeing 707, The Grateful Dead, Otis Redding, Bishop Desmond Tutu

11 Dec, 1923 - Mexico -- Rebels
December 11th, 1923 : Rebels were fighting 28,000 of President Obregon's government troops in Vera Cruz and Jalisco. They captured 200 prisoners, many weapons, and horses. The fighting was very intense.
 
11 Dec, 1936 - U.S.A. -- American Jewish Congress
The Olympic games were to be held in Berlin in 1936 and the American Jewish Congress protested the fact that Nazi Germany was not giving Jewish athletes equality with the other athletes.
 
 
 
11 Dec, 1941 - World War II -- War Declared ON America
Hitler and Mussolini announce they are at war with America who retaliates with its own declaration of war .
 
11 Dec, 1944 - Canada -- Snow Storm
The city of Toronto is battered with its worst-ever snowfall on a single day with 20 inches of snow falling and 21 people died as a result of the record storm .
 
11 Dec, 1945 - Germany -- General George S. Patton Jr
News from Frankfurt Germany said that the famous tank General George S. Patton Jr. was suffering from a broken neck. A fracture of the third neck vertebrae was putting pressure on his spinal cord and the general became paralyzed.
 
11 Dec, 1950 - Korea -- US Troops
December 11th, 1950 : Exhausted and frozen U.S. troops with shot up vehicles landed on the Hamhung shore in North Korea. The 20,000 American soldiers were engaged in a fifty mile long battle with Chinese communists.
 
11 Dec, 1961 - Vietnam -- First Direct US Military Involvement
1961 : A U.S. aircraft carrier carrying Army helicopters arrived in Saigon the first direct American military support for South Vietnam's battle against Communist guerrillas.
 
11 Dec, 1967 - Vietnam -- Viet Cong
Forty-six American soldiers were wounded and seven were killed in three confrontations with the Viet Cong 50 miles north of Saigon. Packages of heroine were found on some of the Viet Cong soldiers. An army doctor speculated that it makes them intoxicated so that they don't fear getting injured or dying.
 
11 Dec, 1975 - Iceland -- Cod War
An Icelandic gunboat opens fire on unarmed British fishery support vessels in the North Atlantic Sea, as part of the ongoing COD WAR caused when Iceland extended its control over fishing rights from 50 to 200 nautical miles from its coast .
 
11 Dec, 1979 - Cuba -- Castro Regime
December 11th, 1979 : Huber Matos, a favoured lieutenant under Castro, came to despise his former leader. Matos was to spend 20 years in prison under inhuman conditions because he didn't't believe in what Castro was doing. Matos claimed that Castro became communist rather than trying democracy because under communism he could rule Cuba for a lifetime.
 
11 Dec, 1979 - Rhodesia -- Britain Gets Back Control
The Rhodesian Parliament hands power back to Britain until democratic elections can take place. The country will be renamed Zimbabwe after the elections.
 
11 Dec, 1981 - El Salvador -- 900 killed in Massacre
Salvadoran armed forces kill nearly 1000 civilians as part of an anti-guerrilla campaign in the village of El Mozote and surrounding areas in El Salvador. The news was suppressed for a month by the authorities but reporters from the New York Times and the Washington Post did visit and confirm the murders and exposed them in January 1982
 
 
Back In Time Gifts For All Occasions
 
11 Dec, 1985 - U.S.A. -- The Unabomber
The Unabomber kills his first victim, Hugh Scrutton who is killed in his computer store in Sacramento, California, by a mail package that explodes in his hands. The Unabomber had detonated his first bomb in May 1978 on the Chicago campus of the University of Illinois
 
 
11 Dec, 1986 - Spain -- Pesticides
Scientists have discovered that pesticides have poisoned 5,000-10,000 birds during the previous September in Spain.. The enormous numbers of deaths occurred in a rice growing region on the Atlantic seaboard in southern Spain.
 
 
11 Dec, 1986 - England -- AIDS
As the number of people infected with the AIDS virus increases in England new campaigns are launched including the "Play Safe" campaign which aims to encourage people to have only one sexual partner and to use a condom as protection against diseases. And the "Aids: Don't die of ignorance". campaign which explains how the disease is spread.
 
 
11 Dec, 1990 - U.S.A. -- Ivana Trump
Ivana Trump a former Olympic athlete and fashion model filed for divorce from real estate mogul Donald Trump after he had an affair with a former beauty queen from Georgia, Marla Maples.
 
 
11 Dec, 1993 - Malaysia -- Tower Block Collapses
One block of the Highland Towers apartment building collapses killing 48, the cause of the collapse was through structural failure caused by improper construction of the pilings. Following the collapse the other 2 towers that made up Highland Towers are closed and abandoned due to safety concerns.
 
 
11 Dec, 1993 - Ukraine -- Soldiers Visit US
Ukrainian soldiers who a couple of years ago were sworn enemies of the U.S. were hosted at Fort Drum and got to see all the American military equipment. The U.S. Defense Department explained the visit "as part of our effort to expand the defense relationships between the U.S, Ukraine, and other countries."
 
 
11 Dec, 1994 - Chechnya -- Russia Sends In Troops
December 11th, 1994 : Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders tanks and troops into the rebel region of Chechnya to restore constitutional order, the mostly Muslim region had declared independence from Moscow and had been having problems with rebels who it is believed were funded by Moscow. The war continued for nearly 2 years when Chechnya was given substantial autonomy but not full independence.
 
 
11 Dec, 1997 - Japan -- Kyoto Protocol
150 countries agreed at a global warming conference in Kyoto, Japan, to take steps to control the greenhouse gas emissions, The objective of the Kyoto Protocol is to achieve "stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system
 
 
11 Dec, 2001 - Great Britain -- Post Office Workers
Consignia who now runs the Post Office service has announced up to 30,000 Post Office workers could lose their jobs over the next 18 months, as part of a 1.2bn cost-cutting package
 
 
11 Dec, 2004 - Austria -- Viktor Yushchenko
After falling ill in September 2004 doctors in Austria determined that Ukrainian presidential candidate Viktor Yushchenko had been poisoned with dioxin, which caused the severe disfigurement and partial paralysis of his face.
 
 
11 Dec, 2005 - Israel -- Security Breech
Israel demanded that Palestine provide more security at the newly opened Gaza border crossing with Egypt. Israel claimed that because Palestinians did not supply them with information on people crossing this border 15 militants got into Israel.
 
 
11 Dec, 2005 - England -- Buncefield Oil Depot Explosions
A series of massive explosions led to an enormous fire at one of Britain's largest oil depots ( Buncefield oil depot near Hemel Hempstead in Hertfordshire ) sending thick black smoke drifting up to 40 miles away.
 
 
11 Dec, 2006 - United Nations -- Kofi Annan’s final speech
Kofi Annan makes his last speech as U.N. secretary general, and calls upon the U.S. not to lose sight of its core principles during the fight on terror. Mr. Annan said that states should be accountable for their actions, and the U.N. was the only body where this could be assured. In Washington, State Department spokesman Sean McCormack said Mr Annan was entitled to his opinions.
 
 
11 Dec, 2006 - Iran -- Iran defends Holocaust denial
Iran's foreign minister rejects criticism of the two-day conference being held in Iran that examined whether the Holocaust actually happened. Manouchehr Mottaki told its participants that the event did not seek to confirm or deny the Holocaust, but but allow people to "express their views freely". Israel's prime minister has condemned the gathering, and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has questioned the scale of the Holocaust, in which six million Jews died.
 
 
11 Dec, 2007 - Algeria -- UN Building Bombed
Al-Qaeda terrorists plant a car bomb at the United Nations office in Algiers killing 11 United Nations employees. The terrorists also plant a massive bomb the cities Constitutional Council Offices in the city killing up to 20 including a number of students in a bus who were passing the building.
 
 
11 Dec, 2007 - U.S.A. -- The Federal Reserve cuts interest rates
The Federal Reserve is cutting the key short-term interest rate by a quarter of a percentage point (to 4.25 percent). Its concern about the credit crisis has led to the cut in the rate at which financial institutions lend money to each other for very short periods, although it might not end their reluctance to lend externally. It has been admitted that this could push the economy towards recession. Concern that subprime mortgage problems might have made banks and other lenders reluctant to lend money for other activities is ongoing.
 
 
11 Dec, 2008 - U.S.A. -- Bank of America says it will be cutting 30,000 to 35,000 jobs over the next three years
The Bank of America Corporation says that it is planning on cutting 30,000 to 35,000 positions over the next three years as a result of its acquisition of Merrill Lynch & Co. and the current economic situation. They admit that the final number of job cuts won’t be known for some time. The companies together employ 307,000 people, including about 60,000 at New York-based Merrill Lynch. A Bank of America spokesman says the majority of job losses will come over 2009.
 
 
11 Dec, 2008 - U.S.A. -- Car Companies Bail Out
Negotiations are under way in the U.S. Senate to secure Republican backing for a $14 billion U.S. car industry bail-out bill. The Democrat Majority Leader Harry Reid says that talks are progressing, and the Senate should vote that day. The House of Representatives had passed the Democrat and White House-backed bill on December 10th, but the measure has faced opposition from Senate Republicans. Republican senators block the proposal on the 11th.
 
 
11 Dec, 2011 - Panama -- Manuel Noriega Returns to Panama
11th December, 2011 : Former leader of Panama, Manuel Noriega, was extradited back to Panama from France where he had been held. Noriega was taken straight to prison after being convicted (in absentia) of crimes that he had committed like murdering political opponents, embezzlement, and corruption in the 1980s when he was in power. The 77 year old Noriega had spent 20 years in prison in the United States after being arrested by US troops and convicted of several charges and was then transported to France in 2010 to serve time for crimes he was convicted of there, like money laundering. He was finally taken back to Panama after a French court approved a request from Panama.
 
 
11 Dec, 2012 - Russia -- Opera Singer Dies
Russian opera singer Galina Vishnevskaya died at the age of eighty-six. Vishnevskaya had a forty yea rcareer and had performed many soprano roles in classic operas.

 
 
11 Dec, 2013 - India -- India Reinstates Anti-Gay Law
The Indian Supreme Court upheld a 153-year-old colonial law that banned gay sex in the country. The law had been previously overturned by a Delhi High Court order in 2009. The law makes the offense punishable by up to ten years in prison. The move prompted the Indian government to announce considerations in making law that would decriminalize gay sex.

 
 

Born This Day In History 11th December

Celebrating Birthday's Today
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn
Born: 11th December 1918 Kislovodsk, Russian SFSR
Died: August 3rd, 2008 Moscow, Russia
Known For :
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn is best known and remembered as a novelist, and historian who made the world aware of the Gulag, the Soviet Union's forced labor camp system in his books "The Gulag Archipelago" and "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich". In 1970 Solzhenitsyn was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature and shortly after in 1974 he was exiled from the Soviet Union. Following his exile he lived first in West Germany then Switzerland, He then moved to the United States where he lived for the next 20 years where hew continued his writing working on his cyclical history of the Russian Revolution of 1917, The Red Wheel. Surprisingly among other things, he also condemned materialism in modern western culture, but did admire the political liberty which was one of the enduring strengths of western democratic societies. Following the return of his Soviet citizenship in 1994 he moved back to Moscow where he lived until his death in 2008.

Christina Onassis
Born: 11th December 1950 New York City, New York
Died: 19th November 1988 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Known For : The extrememly rich daughter of Greek billionaire Aristotle Onassis and Athina Livanos. She was the apple of her fathers eye and he had the Christina O one of the world's longest private yachts at 325 feet 3 inches named after her. Following the death of her father she successfully ran the Onassis shipping empire after her father's death. What may not be as well known was she hated Jacqueline Kennedy believing her to be a gold digger only interested in her family's money.