December 11th
What Happened on the day you were born on This day in History

Today In 1913, 1923, 1936, 1941, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1950, 1961, 1967, 1975, 1979, 1981, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1993, 1994, 1997, 2001, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011, 2012, 2013, Born This Day,

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U.S. 1946 U.S.A. UNICEF Established 11th Dec. ,. , 1946 : The United Nations General Assembly establishes (UNICEF) United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated by World War II. Find More What happened in 1946

UK 1936 Great Britain King Edward VIII Abdicates 11th Dec. ,. , 1936 : Britain's King Edward VIII abdicates the throne in order to marry American divorcee Wallis Warfield Simpson, Edward had expressed his desire to marry his mistress, Mrs. Wallis Simpson, a twice-divorced American socialite but the the marriage was opposed by the government on religious, legal, political, and moral grounds.

Canada 1913 Canada To Much Cheese 11th Dec. ,. , 1913 : In Moose Jaw W.S. Fiddler, who was moving some theatre equipment, died as a result of his excessive overindulgence in cheese. He fell down dead in from of the Majestic Theatre at the age of 50. Doctors claimed that acute indigestion from eating excessive amounts of cheese led to heart failure.


U.S. 1936 U.S.A. American Jewish Congress 11th Dec. ,. , 1936 : The Olympic games were to be held in Berlin in 1936 and the American Jewish Congress protested the fact that Nazi Germany was not giving Jewish athletes equality with the other athletes.

Germany 1941 World War II War Declared ON America 11th Dec. ,. , 1941 : Hitler and Mussolini announce they are at war with America who retaliates with its own declaration of war .

Canada 1944 Canada Snow Storm 11th Dec. ,. , 1944 : The city of Toronto is battered with its worst-ever snowfall on a single day with 20 inches of snow falling and 21 people died as a result of the record storm .

Germany 1945 Germany General George S. Patton Jr 11th Dec. ,. , 1945 : News from Frankfurt Germany said that the famous tank General George S. Patton Jr. was suffering from a broken neck. A fracture of the third neck vertebrae was putting pressure on his spinal cord and the general became paralyzed.

1950 Korea US Troops December 11th, 1950 : Exhausted and frozen U.S. troops with shot up vehicles landed on the Hamhung shore in North Korea. The 20,000 American soldiers were engaged in a fifty mile long battle with Chinese communists.

Vietnam 1961 Vietnam First Direct US Military Involvement 11th Dec. ,. , 1961 : A U.S. aircraft carrier carrying Army helicopters arrived in Saigon the first direct American military support for South Vietnam's battle against Communist guerrillas.


Vietnam 1967 Vietnam Viet Cong 11th Dec. ,. , 1967 : Forty-six American soldiers were wounded and seven were killed in three confrontations with the Viet Cong 50 miles north of Saigon. Packages of heroine were found on some of the Viet Cong soldiers. An army doctor speculated that it makes them intoxicated so that they don’t fear getting injured or dying.

Iceland 1975 Iceland Cod War 11th Dec. ,. , 1975 : An Icelandic gunboat opens fire on unarmed British fishery support vessels in the North Atlantic Sea, as part of the ongoing COD WAR caused when Iceland extended its control over fishing rights from 50 to 200 nautical miles from its coast .

Cuba 1979 Cuba Castro Regime December 11th, 1979 : Huber Matos, a favoured lieutenant under Castro, came to despise his former leader. Matos was to spend 20 years in prison under inhuman conditions because he didn't’t believe in what Castro was doing. Matos claimed that Castro became communist rather than trying democracy because under communism he could rule Cuba for a lifetime.




Rhodesia / Zimbabwe 1979 Rhodesia Britain Gets Back Control 11th Dec. ,. , 1979 : The Rhodesian Parliament hands power back to Britain until democratic elections can take place. The country will be renamed Zimbabwe after the elections.

El Salvador 1981 El Salvador 900 killed in Massacre 11th Dec. ,. , 1981 : Salvadoran armed forces kill nearly 1000 civilians as part of an anti-guerrilla campaign in the village of El Mozote and surrounding areas in El Salvador. The news was suppressed for a month by the authorities but reporters from the New York Times and the Washington Post did visit and confirm the murders and exposed them in January 1982

U.S. 1985 U.S.A. The Unabomber 11th Dec. ,. , 1985 : The Unabomber kills his first victim, Hugh Scrutton who is killed in his computer store in Sacramento, California, by a mail package that explodes in his hands. The Unabomber had detonated his first bomb in May 1978 on the Chicago campus of the University of Illinois

Spain 1986 Spain Pesticides 11th Dec. ,. , 1986 : Scientists have discovered that pesticides have poisoned 5,000-10,000 birds during the previous September in Spain.. The enormous numbers of deaths occurred in a rice growing region on the Atlantic seaboard in southern Spain.

UK 1986 England AIDS December 11th, 1986 : As the number of people infected with the AIDS virus increases in England new campaigns are launched including the "Play Safe" campaign which aims to encourage people to have only one sexual partner and to use a condom as protection against diseases. And the "Aids: Don't die of ignorance". campaign which explains how the disease is spread.

U.S. 1990 U.S.A. Ivana Trump 11th Dec. ,. , 1990 : Ivana Trump a former Olympic athlete and fashion model filed for divorce from real estate mogul Donald Trump after he had an affair with a former beauty queen from Georgia, Marla Maples.

Malaysia 1993 Malaysia Tower Block Collapses 11th Dec. ,. , 1993 : One block of the Highland Towers apartment building collapses killing 48, the cause of the collapse was through structural failure caused by improper construction of the pilings. Following the collapse the other 2 towers that made up Highland Towers are closed and abandoned due to safety concerns.

1993 Ukraine Soldiers Visit US 11th Dec. ,. , 1993 : Ukrainian soldiers who a couple of years ago were sworn enemies of the U.S. were hosted at Fort Drum and got to see all the American military equipment. The U.S. Defense Department explained the visit “as part of our effort to expand the defense relationships between the U.S, Ukraine, and other countries.”

Russia 1994 Chechnya Russia Sends In Troops December 11th, 1994 : Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders tanks and troops into the rebel region of Chechnya to restore constitutional order, the mostly Muslim region had declared independence from Moscow and had been having problems with rebels who it is believed were funded by Moscow. The war continued for nearly 2 years when Chechnya was given substantial autonomy but not full independence.

World 1997 Japan Kyoto Protocol 11th Dec. ,. , 1997 : 150 countries agreed at a global warming conference in Kyoto, Japan, to take steps to control the greenhouse gas emissions, The objective of the Kyoto Protocol is to achieve "stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system

UK 2001 Great Britain Post Office Workers 11th Dec. ,. , 2001 : Consignia who now runs the Post Office service has announced up to 30,000 Post Office workers could lose their jobs over the next 18 months, as part of a £1.2bn cost-cutting package

Austria 2004 Austria Viktor Yushchenko 11th Dec. ,. , 2004 : After falling ill in September 2004 doctors in Austria determined that Ukrainian presidential candidate Viktor Yushchenko had been poisoned with dioxin, which caused the severe disfigurement and partial paralysis of his face.

Israel 2005 Israel Security Breech December 11th, 2005 : Israel demanded that Palestine provide more security at the newly opened Gaza border crossing with Egypt. Israel claimed that because Palestinians did not supply them with information on people crossing this border 15 militants got into Israel.

UK 2005 England Buncefield Oil Depot Explosions 11th Dec. ,. , 2005 : A series of massive explosions led to an enormous fire at one of Britain's largest oil depots ( Buncefield oil depot near Hemel Hempstead in Hertfordshire ) sending thick black smoke drifting up to 40 miles away.

United Nations 2006 United Nations Kofi Annan’s final speech 11th Dec. ,. , 2006 : Kofi Annan makes his last speech as U.N. secretary general, and calls upon the U.S. not to lose sight of its core principles during the fight on terror. Mr. Annan said that states should be accountable for their actions, and the U.N. was the only body where this could be assured. In Washington, State Department spokesman Sean McCormack said Mr Annan was entitled to his opinions.

Iran 2006 Iran Iran defends Holocaust denial 11th Dec. ,. , 2006 : Iran's foreign minister rejects criticism of the two-day conference being held in Iran that examined whether the Holocaust actually happened. Manouchehr Mottaki told its participants that the event did not seek to confirm or deny the Holocaust, but but allow people to "express their views freely". Israel's prime minister has condemned the gathering, and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has questioned the scale of the Holocaust, in which six million Jews died.

Algeria 2007 Algeria UN Building Bombed December 11th, 2007 : Al-Qaeda terrorists plant a car bomb at the United Nations office in Algiers killing 11 United Nations employees. The terrorists also plant a massive bomb the cities Constitutional Council Offices in the city killing up to 20 including a number of students in a bus who were passing the building.

U.S.A. 2007 U.S.A. The Federal Reserve cuts interest rates 11th Dec. ,. , 2007 : The Federal Reserve is cutting the key short-term interest rate by a quarter of a percentage point (to 4.25 percent). Its concern about the credit crisis has led to the cut in the rate at which financial institutions lend money to each other for very short periods, although it might not end their reluctance to lend externally. It has been admitted that this could push the economy towards recession. Concern that subprime mortgage problems might have made banks and other lenders reluctant to lend money for other activities is ongoing.

U.S.A. 2008 U.S.A. Bank of America says it will be cutting 30,000 to 35,000 jobs over the next three years 11th Dec. ,. , 2008 : The Bank of America Corporation says that it is planning on cutting 30,000 to 35,000 positions over the next three years as a result of its acquisition of Merrill Lynch & Co. and the current economic situation. They admit that the final number of job cuts won’t be known for some time. The companies together employ 307,000 people, including about 60,000 at New York-based Merrill Lynch. A Bank of America spokesman says the majority of job losses will come over 2009.

U.S.A. 2008 U.S.A. Car Companies Bail Out 11th Dec. ,. , 2008 : Negotiations are under way in the U.S. Senate to secure Republican backing for a $14 billion U.S. car industry bail-out bill. The Democrat Majority Leader Harry Reid says that talks are progressing, and the Senate should vote that day. The House of Representatives had passed the Democrat and White House-backed bill on December 10th, but the measure has faced opposition from Senate Republicans. Republican senators block the proposal on the 11th.

Panama 2011 Panama Manuel Noriega Returns to Panama 11th December, 2011 : Former leader of Panama, Manuel Noriega, was extradited back to Panama from France where he had been held. Noriega was taken straight to prison after being convicted (in absentia) of crimes that he had committed like murdering political opponents, embezzlement, and corruption in the 1980s when he was in power. The 77 year old Noriega had spent 20 years in prison in the United States after being arrested by US troops and convicted of several charges and was then transported to France in 2010 to serve time for crimes he was convicted of there, like money laundering. He was finally taken back to Panama after a French court approved a request from Panama.

Russia
2012 Russia Opera Singer Dies

11th December, 2012 : Russian opera singer Galina Vishnevskaya died at the age of eighty-six. Vishnevskaya had a forty yea rcareer and had performed many soprano roles in classic operas.



India
2013 India India Reinstates Anti-Gay Law

11th December, 2013 : The Indian Supreme Court upheld a 153-year-old colonial law that banned gay sex in the country. The law had been previously overturned by a Delhi High Court order in 2009. The law makes the offense punishable by up to ten years in prison. The move prompted the Indian government to announce considerations in making law that would decriminalize gay sex.