The People History

Important Events From This day in History December 12th

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1900 - Ireland -- Irish Party
In Dublin, Ireland Irish delegates convened to create what they called the "Irish Party" and denounced British atrocities in the Boer War. An applauded John Dillon proposed a resolution passed that "the South African war was entered upon in pursuance of a conspiracy to deprive two free nations of their liberty in the interests of capitalists and mine owners."

1901 - England -- Marconi
Marconi sends first wireless transmission over 2000 miles across the Atlantic Ocean from Poldhu in Cornwall, England, to Newfoundland, Canada . The transmission consisted of the Morse-code signal for the letter "s" which consists of three dots ( ... ).

1913 - France -- The Mona Lisa
The Mona Lisa is recovered Two years after it's theft from the Louvre Museum in Paris in Florence in Italian waiter Vincenzo Peruggia's hotel room.

1946 - U.S.A. -- United Nations Headquarters
The millionaire benefactor John D. Rockefella Jr. offers the United Nations a six-block tract of Manhattan real estate for the site of U.N. headquarters, which is accepted by the UN.

1917 - Israel -- Jerusalem
Major Vivian Gilbert of the British army revealed the inside story of how Jerusalem fell during the First World War. He said that an army cook was out looking for eggs and was presented with the keys to the city by the mayor. The British won the Holy Land back from the Turks.

1917 - France -- Train Derailed
500 French soldiers are killed when their train derails in Modane, France.

1917 - U.S.A. -- Boys Town
Father Edward Flanagan founds Boys Town dedicated to the care of at-risk children, with national headquarters in the village of Boys Town, Nebraska.

1925 - U.S.A. -- First Motel Opens
1925 : The first Motel opens the Milestone Mo-Tel of San Luis Obispo, California as the midpoint stop between Los Angeles to San Francisco and costing $1.25 per night per room, The word Motel was a shortening of the words Motorists and Hotel. A motel allowed the customers to park their car outside their room or chalet.

1937 - Italy -- Withdraws from the League of Nations
Benito Mussolini withdrew Italy from the League of Nations and challenged democracies to fight with his army. One hundred thousand fascists stood in the rain and someone shouted, "We are leaving a tumbling temple where there is no talk of peace, but where wars are prepared."

1937 - U.S.A. -- U.S. Navy Gunboat Panay
Japanese Aircraft sink the U.S. Gunboat Panay in Chinese Waters, Japan appologises and makes reparations, This happened during Japan's war of Invasion against China and is not part of the second world war.

1944 - Germany -- Mass Bombing By Allies
The U.S. 8th and 15th Air Force plus the RAF pummeled Germany in the biggest fighting force that was ever put in the air. Britain had 1,000 bombers and 800 fighters who bombed railways and other targets in Germany.

1956 - Africa -- Odongo
The movie "Odongo" revealed more about Africa than any movie before it ever had. Stars like MacDonald Carey, Rhonda Fleming, and a boy named Juma all gave cameo appearances, but the most praise went to the wildlife and scenes of Africa.

1963 - India -- Karruppanna Kamraj
1963 : Karruppanna Kamraj became a folk hero in India because he was determined to haul down the Union Jack and create an independent country. Kamraj was uneducated and ended up in a British prison for his seditious political activities, however, he managed the political underground even from jail. He ended up minister of Madras Province, and many wanted him as prime minister, but he did not speak Hindi which is India's main language.

1962 - Iceland -- Military Base
Although Iceland is remote and does not have an army or navy, it had become an important military air base since World War II. Iceland's parliament is the oldest government in existence -- it is 1,032 years old.

1963 - Kenya -- Independence
Kenya gained its independence from Britain and the Kenya African National Union (KANU) headed by Jomo Kenyatta takes over the country.

1969 -Italy -- Milan Bank Bombing
A bomb is exploded in a bank in Milan, Italy 13 people have been killed and more than 100 injured .

1975 - Canada -- Firearms Laws
1975 : A federal licensing of all firearms was recommended by the dean of law, Martin Friedland, who works at the University of Toronto. He said that gun users should have to pass a competency test and undergo a criminal record check.

1975 - England -- Balcombe Street Siege
A six-day siege has ends peacefully at Balcombe Street in London after four IRA gunmen freed their two hostages and gave themselves up to police.

1980 - England -- Leonardo da Vinci Auction
American oil tycoon Armand Hammer pays $5,126,000 at a London auction for a notebook containing writings written around 1508 by the legendary artist Leonardo da Vinci. When it went up for auction again in 1994 Bill Gates bought the Manuscript $30.8 million.

1988 - England -- Clapham Junction Rail Crash
Three trains are involved in a collision during morning rush hour at Clapham Junction in south London, with 35 dead and 100 others injured.

1989 - East Germany -- Going Forward
It was the first time since World War II that a prominent U.S. government official had gone to East Germany. Secretary of State James Baker met with East and West German politicians and talked about the new political realities since the crumbling of the Berlin Wall on November 9th.

1992 - Scotland -- The Princess Royal
The Princess Royal the Queens daughter Princess Anne remarries and becomes Mrs Timothy Laurence after a small family wedding in Scotland

1993 - Hungary -- More Chaplains Needed
Atheism is out and religion is with the Hungarian military which has 100,000 soldiers. After years of not having a single army chaplain Hungary wants one chaplain for every 1,000 soldiers. The change came about because a lot of the soldiers are Roman Catholics.

2000 - U.S.A. -- Bush v. Gore
The United States Supreme Court hands out it's ruling over the counting of ballets in Florida which allowed Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris's previous certification of George W. Bush as the winner of Florida's electoral votes to stand and effectively ending the 2000 presidential election in favor of George W. Bush.

2006 - U.S.A. -- Soldier Report
Lance Cpl. Ryan Fleming, home on leave from fighting in Al Anbar province Iraq, spoke to North Aiken Elementary school children about the good and bad experiences he had in that country. The Aiken Standard reported that Fleming as saying, "Insurgents bury bombs under roads and even put them in animal carcasses". The American soldiers are in constant danger from explosives. However, he said the positive part of his job was helping Iraqi kids.

2007 - Russia -- Kasparov abandons his race for the Russian presidency
The Russian opposition figure and former world chess champion, Garry Kasparov, will no longer be contesting the presidential election in March. Mr. Kasparov has said that his Other Russia bloc had faced difficulty arranging for its supporters to meet in Moscow (which is an official requirement for his candidacy) . Kasparov has announced that he is abandoning his bid for the presidency, although he did say that 'My electoral campaign finishes tomorrow.'

2008 - Switzerland -- Switzerland negates cross-border passport checks
Switzerland is not part of the European Union but has opened its borders to E.U. member states. Under the Schengen Agreement, which Switzerland has signed, cross-border passport checks are to be abolished. The move is the latest in a series of bilateral agreements which the Swiss government has been negotiating with Brussels as a means of not to being isolated from the Eurobloc trade zone. The Swiss people have approved joining the Schengen Agreement by a nationwide referendum.

2011 - Tunisia -- Moncef Marzouki Elected President of Tunisia
Moncef Marzouki, a human rights activist and opposition leader, was elected to be President of Tunisia by the Constituent Assembly. Marzouki had been in exile for twenty years and only returned to the country after former president Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali was forced out of office in January.

2011 - United States -- Occupy Protests Block West Coast Ports
Occupy Wall Street protesters along the US West coast blocked three ports in California, Oregon, and Washington, disrupting work in the ports. The protests were deemed successful after several workers at the different ports were sent home over safety concerns. The aim of the protests was to hurt profits of companies that run the harbors, but many truck drivers claim that they were the ones hurt by the protest as they could not deliver and pick up goods for transport.

2012 - North Korea -- North Korea Launches Rocket
North Korea successfully launched the Unha-3 long-range rocket defying international warnings. North Korea stated that they were able to place a satellite into orbit, but the international community believed that launch was to disguise testing their long-range missile technology.


2013 - Australia -- Court Overturns Australian Capital Territory Gay Marriage Law
An Australian High Court overturned a law that allowed gay marriage in the Australian Capital Territory. The law had been passed by the Australian Capital Territory Parliament in October, but the national government challenged it because it was not consistent with national laws which defined marriage between a man and a woman in 2004. The ruling overturned nearly thirty marriages that had been performed under the law.


Born This Day In History 12th December

Celebrating Birthday's Today
Edward G. Robinson
Born: Emanuel Goldenberg 12th December 1893 Bucharest, Romania
Died: 26th January 1973 Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Known For :
His family emigrated to the United States shortly after he was born and he won a scholarship to attend the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, he began his acting career aged 20 and his first big break came as the gangster Rico Bandello in Little Caesar (1931) and never looked back , He is best known for his roles as a gangster but also playing Dathan in Cecil B. DeMille's Biblical epic, The Ten Commandments, during his career in the movies he made over 100 films and although never winning an Oscar he did receive an honorary Oscar in 1973.

Frank Sinatra
Born: Francis Albert Sinatra 12th December 1915 Hoboken, New Jersey,
Died: 14th May 1998 Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Known For : American singer songwriter who is best remembered as "Ol Blue Eyes" who had a string of hits in the 40's and appeared in multiple movies winning an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in From Here to Eternity, In the Fifties ad music tastes changed he lost much of his popularity but in the 80's and 90's his albums again gained in popularity and from the early 80's till his death in 1998 he played to packed out audiences around the world. He was also a member of the much publicized group THE RAT PACK which included "Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis, Jr., Peter Lawford and Joey Bishop". Over the years during his life and following there has been much Folk Lore written about Sinatra's possible ties with the Mafia.