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Other Pages From The Year 1951 Featuring Toys Clothes Fashion Accessories

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1951 Unemployment dipped to 3.3% in the US and new roads were built to take the ever increasing numbers of cars including the New Jersey Turnpike. Children were given more than any other time in previous history with guitar lessons and sets of Encyclopedias to improve their minds . The average family income was $3,700 per year and people had money to spend so cars became more luxurious and had more powerful engines with options for two tone paint, during this time things like turn signals were still an extra and most drivers still used hand signals to tell other drivers which way they were turning. Television continued to grow with popular programmes like "I Love Lucy" and the first tests for Color Television Pictures were broadcast from Empire State Building on June 25th . Europe continued to export many cars to the US including Volkswagen's and Austin's.

Cost of Living 1951

How Much things cost in 1951
Yearly Inflation Rate USA 7.88%
Yearly Inflation Rate UK 9.5%
Average Cost of new house $9.000.00 Average wages per year $3,510.00 Cost of a gallon of Gas 19 cents Average Cost of a new car $1,500.00 Loaf of Bread 16 cents LB of Hamburger Meat 50 cents Bacon per LB 52 cents Eggs per dozen 24 cents Water Jacket Heater ( Asbestos ) $4.59 Baby Diapers ( Cotton ) From $2.79 Children's Tricycle From $14.00
Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 2,115
Part of our 1950s Toys Selection of 250 Fifties Toys
Price: $7.65
Hopalong Cassidy Wrist Watch From The 1950s

From Fifties Fashion Section
Price: $3.69
Embroidery Helmet

Price: $23.98
Pyramid Jacket
From Our Fifties Furniture Page
Price: $177.50
Modern Bedroom Set
From Our Fifties Electrical
Price: $339.95
 Twenty-One Inch Silvertone Console

Technology 1951

  • First oral contraceptive ( the Pill )invented by Luis E. Miramontes
  • Direct dial coast-to-coast telephone service begins in the United States.
  • First Color Television Pictures broadcast from Empire State Building

Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )

Breeder Reactor USA converted Uranium to Plutonium

What Events Happened in 1951

  • Libya Gains Independence from Italy
  • 22nd Amendment is ratified which limits US presidential term of office to 8 yrs ( 2 terms ) Available as a downloadable image on our Public Domain Images Page
United States -- Nevada Nuclear Test
  • First nuclear bomb tests at Nevada test site.
More Information for the Nevada Nuclear Test Site
During January of 1951 the United States government began nuclear bomb testing at a test site in Nevada. After the initial development of the atomic bomb during the mid-1940s the U.S. had moved its test sites off of the country’s mainland and began using islands in the Pacific. Due to logistical and safety concerns the U.S. Government decided to move the testing back to the mainland in 1951 and chose a large portion of mountainous and desert land in Nevada, located about 65 miles away from Las Vegas, as their site. The first series of tests to be held at this new site was named Operation Ranger. Initially, many tests were atmospheric tests but because of the adverse health effects that were observed all of the tests were moved underground by 1962. A total of 928 nuclear tests were conducted at the Nevada Test Site between 1951 and 1992.

U.S. - Operation Greenhouse
  • The first thermonuclear weapon test takes place at the Enewetak Atoll during Operation Greenhouse.
More Information for Operation Greenhouse
The United States performs the first thermonuclear weapon test during May of 1951 as a part of “Operation Greenhouse.” The test was conducted at the Enewetak Atoll and the blast, named “George,” was the first successful small-scale demonstration of a non-weaponized hydrogen bomb. The test confirmed to scientists working on the project that the foundation of their design worked and it would be possible to create a large-scale hydrogen bomb. The U.S. would go on to to test the first full-scale thermonuclear hydrogen bomb during November of 1952 with “Ivy Mike” in “Operation Ivy.”

  • King Abdullah of Jordan assassinated on July20th in Jerusalem
  • Iran Nationalizes it's Oil Fields
United States -- "I Love Lucy"
  • The popular television show "I Love Lucy" premieres on CBS.
More Information and Timeline for I Love Lucy.
The classic television show “I Love Lucy” debuted on the CBS network on October 15th of 1951. The show starred comedienne Lucille Ball as the titular Lucy Ricardo, Cuban entertainer Desi Arnaz as Lucy’s husband Ricky, with Vivian Vance and William Frawley as their goofy landlords Fred and Ethel Mertz, and it revolved around Lucy’s comical antics. Arnaz and Ball were a real-life husband and wife and the show was based off a popular radio series that Ball had previously starred in. “I Love Lucy” was one of the first scripted television shows to be filmed using three different cameras and it was unusual that it was filmed in Hollywood using a live audience rather than in New York using a laugh track. The show was a huge success and was nominated for and won many Emmy awards while it aired. It ended in May of 1957 but remained popular in reruns and it is still regularly aired on cable TV.

United States - American in Paris Film
  • The popular film "An American in Paris" debuts this year.
More Information for An American in Paris
The classic film “An American in Paris” premiered in London during August of 1951. The musical film featured music from George and Ira Gershwin and the dance numbers were choreographed by the film’s star Gene Kelly. “An American in Paris” also starred Leslie Caron, Nina Foch, Oscar Lavant, and Georges Guetary and was directed by famed film maker Vincente Minnelli. The story focused on a complicated love triangle and was written by Alan Jay Lerner. The film won a total of six Academy Awards including “Best Picture.”

United States
United States -- The Day the Earth Stood Still Film
  • The popular film "The Day the Earth Stood Still" debuts.
More Information for "The Day the Earth Stood Still"
The classic science-fiction film “The Day the Earth Stood Still” debuted during September of 1951 in New York. The film told the story of an alien and his robot who traveled to Earth to deliver an important message to humankind. “The Day the Earth Stood Still” was praised by critics and considered to be one of the best movies to be released that year. It was directed by Robert Wise who is also known for directing popular films like 1961’s “West Side Story” and 1965’s “The Sound of Music.” In 1995 the film was chosen for preservation by the Library of Congress.

  • The Broker Commuter Train Crashes in Woodbridge, New Jersey
United States
U.S. - Disney's Alice in Wonderland
  • The Disney film adaptation of Alice in Wonderland debuts in theaters.
More Information for Alice in Wonderland Film
Walt Disney’s 13th animated feature film “Alice in Wonderland” is released during July of 1951. Disney had been trying to create the film adaptation of the classic Lewis Carroll novel since the 1930s but was unhappy with it until after the end of World War II. When the film was finally finished and released in 1951 it was considered a flop and received negative reviews from film critics. “Alice in Wonderland” soon became a cult favorite film and was re-released in the 1970s to a more favorable critical response.

  • President Harry S Truman fires General Douglas MacArthur as commander of United Nations Forces
  • United Nations forces recapture Seoul during the Korean War
  • The Festival of Britain opens at the Royal Festival Hall
  • Largest oil refinery in Europe opens at Fawley in Southampton, UK
  • The Great Flood of 1951 in Midwest United States

Europe. -- ECSC Created
  • The Treaty of Paris establishes the European Coal and Steel Community.
More Information for the ECSC
Six European nations sign the Treaty of Paris establishing the European Coal and Steel Community during April of 1951. The treaty was signed by Italy, France, Belgium, West Germany, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. The six countries joined together in an economic union in what was a precursor to the creation of the European Union. The treaty came into effect during July of the next 1952 and it remained in effect until 2002.

United States
U.S. - UNIVAC Commercial Computer
  • The first commercial computer, UNIVAC, is put into use at the U.S. Census Bureau.
More Information for UNIVAC
The first commercial computer to be created in the U.S., the UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer), was dedicated for use at the U.S. Census Bureau during June of 1951. The computer was designed by Presper Eckert and John Mauchly and was created by the Remington Rand company. Eckert and Mauchly had also created the first general-purpose computer (ENIAC) in 1946. The data-processing machine had 5,000 vacuum tubes, weighed about 16,000 pounds, and measured 14.5 by 7.5 by 9 feet in size. UNIVAC was an improved version of ENIAC and the first successful commercial computer created for civilian use. It could do about 1,000 calculations in a second, improving the efficiency of the Census Bureau.

Popular Culture

  • The term Rock N Roll is coined by Cleveland Disc Jockey Alan Freed
  • The Dennis the Menace comic strip appears in newspapers across the U.S. for the first time.

Popular Films

  • An American in Paris
  • The African Queen
  • A Streetcar Named Desire
  • The Day the Earth Stood Still

Popular Music

  • Perry Como
  • Mario Lanza
  • Nat King Cole
  • Tony Bennett

Popular TV

  • I Love Lucy
  • What's My Line? debuts on BBC Television.

Check out our Television Programmes From The 1950s whenever possible we have included a trailer to jog your memory. Series trailers and more information are found on the decade they started.

Born This Year

Sting October 2nd
Bob Geldof October 5th
Phil Collins January 30th
Jane Seymour February 15th

1951 Calendar

Major World Political Leaders

Australia Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies Brazil President Gaspar Dutra Till 31 January
Brazil President Getúlio Vargas From 31 January
Canada Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent

China Chairman of the People's Republic of China Mao Zedong

France President Vincent Auriol

Germany Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
India Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru

Italy Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi

Japan Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida Mexico President Miguel Alemán Valdés Russia / Soviet Union
Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars Joseph Stalin South Africa Prime Minister Daniel François Malan United States President Harry S. Truman United Kingdom Prime Minister Clement Attlee Till 26 October
United Kingdom Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill From 26 October

Political Elections

British General Election 1951 Winston Churchill ( Conservative ) defeats Clement Attlee ( Labour ) and Clement Davies ( Liberal )