1924 News, Events, Tech and Popular Culture
Major News Stories include Johnny Weissmuller wins three gold medals at the Paris Summer Olympics, J. Edgar Hoover appointed Director of the Bureau of Investigation, later becomes the FBI, Ellis Island closes, First Round The World Flight completed in 175 days
Jump To J. Edgar Hoover
- - Ellis Island
- - Indian Citizenship Act
- - Electrocardiogram
- - Popular Culture
- - Technology
- - Fashions
- - World Leaders
- - 1924 Calendar
United States --- Wrigley Building Finished
The Wrigley Building
in Chicago, Illinois, United States is completed.
More Information and Timeline For Wrigley Building
1. Location: 400-410 North Michigan Avenue, Near North Side, Chicago, Illinois.
2. Built as the headquarters for the successful Wrigley Gum Company.
3. Building started on November 11th
4. South tower 30 floors high were completed (425 ft high) in 1921.
5. Walkways between the towers added at the ground level and the third floor.
6. North tower 21 floors were completed in May
More Information and Timeline for J. Edgar Hoover
J. Edgar Hoover was appointed as the head of the Bureau of Investigation, later to be known as the Federal Bureau of Investigation or FBI, on May 10th.
1. J. Edgar Hoover had joins the Department of Justice in 1917.
2. By 1921 he had been named as the assistant director of the Bureau of Investigation. He was only 29 years old when he was appointed head of the United States' top law enforcement agency and was in charge for a record 48 years.
3. Hoover gains a reputation as a tough leader who has strict morals when he makes efforts to take down the gangsters in the 1930's
. The name is changed to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1935.
4. In the 1940s and 1950s he pointed FBI efforts at subverting Nazi and Communist spies.
5. By the 1960s and 1960s, he took interest in investigating members of the Civil Rights movement, protesters, and refocused efforts against organized crime.
6. J. Edgar Hoover died in 1972
while still head of the FBI. Hoover had been responsible for making the FBI a respected and important agency. He emphasized education and morality for his agents and enforced strict professionalism. On the other side of that coin, Hoover was also known for having a great hold on important figures and leaders of the time who respected his crime fighting efforts but also feared him, and despite his morality, Hoover was not an incorruptible man.
United States --- U.S. Army planes first round-the-world flight
Two U.S. Army planes complete the first round-the-world flight in 175 days.
More Information and Timeline for the 1st Round the World Flight
1. Four planes, the Seattle
, New Orleans
, and Chicago
, with a total of eight crew members take off from Seattle, Washington to attempt the first round-the-world flight on April 6th, 1924.
2. The Seattle
crashes into Alaskan mountains on April 30th, 1924 and is unable to continue the journey. The crew were uninjured.
3. On August 3rd, 1924 the Boston
was forced to land at sea over the Atlantic ocean and the plane was lost.
4. Once the remaining planes the Chicago
and New Orleans
land in Nova Scotia, they are joined by a prototype plane that was renamed as the Boston II
and the three planes complete the journey over the United States together.
5. The two original planes, the Chicago
and New Orleans
complete the over 26,000 mile trip in 175 days and return to Seattle, Washington on September 28th, 1924 joined by the crew of the Boston
in the Boston II
United States --- Ellis Island
closes as an immigration entry point to the US.
More Information and Timeline for Ellis Island
1. The first Ellis Island immigration station opens on the island January 1st
, 1892. The first immigrant processed there is Annie Moore from Ireland.
2. The Main Building is opened on December 17th of 1900. It was not large enough to accommodate the influx of immigrants prior to World War I.
3. In 1907, Ellis Island experiences its record year in terms of the number of immigrants entering the United States through this point. There were 1,004,756 immigrants who went through the station in this year, and the highest number in one day was 11,747 on April
4. During World War I, the US Navy takes over Ellis Island to use as a way station. Most of the people received are sick or injured soldiers with a sharp decline in immigration during the war years.
5. The Emergency Quota Act passed in 1921 begins to curtail the number of immigrants allowed into the country, and Ellis Island sees a decrease in traffic.
6. The Immigration Act of 1924 is passed and sharply cuts the number of immigrants allowed into the United States. Ellis Island changes from being an entry point into the country to being a detention and deportation point for illegal aliens and those who violated terms of admittance. It starts to go into disuse.
7. The center is used for detention of alien enemies during World War II and sees a burst of activity as a detention center during the late 1930s through to the early 1950's
8. In November of 1954
, Ellis Island and its thirty-three structures are officially closed.
U.S. --- Edwin Hubble Andromeda Nebula is actually a Galaxy
Astronomer Edwin Hubble concludes that the Andromeda Nebula is actually a Galaxy.
In December of 1924 famed astronomer Edwin Hubble announces that after conducting some research on the Andromeda Nebula he has determined that it was a galaxy and not actually a nebula. This discovery presented the first evidence that there were other galaxies in the universe outside of the Milky Way. Hubble continued his research and discovered over twenty other galaxies in his lifetime. Hubble went on to influence space research even more in 1929
when he published a paper that would lead to the scientific conclusion that the universe was ever-expanding and that his research could be used to determine the age of the universe. Hubble remained one of the most influential scientists in the early 20th century up until his death in 1953.
United States --- Indian Citizenship Act
More Information and Timeline for Indian Citizenship Act
- The Indian Citizenship Act passed on June 2nd which confers citizenship on all Native Americans born within the United States.
The Indian Citizenship Act is signed into law by President Coolidge on June 2nd of 1924. The purpose of the law was to grant US citizenship to Native Americans born on US soil and those who had not already become citizens in other ways.
The act gave citizenship to about 125,000 Native Americans. It made it so that indigenous people did not have to give up tribal citizenship or apply for US citizenship.
Many Native Americans still did not receive full citizenship rights through this law and many were still unable to vote until about 1948
Germany --- Dawes Plan
More Information and Timeline for Dawes Plan
- The Dawes Plan on German reparations is accepted by Germany.
After World War I, the US and British governments formed a committee headed by Charles G. Dawes to create a report on how to structure reparations to be paid by Germany as the presumed instigators of the war.
The plan allows for Germany to make smaller payments at first that would then increase over time as their economy grew stronger. It also placed strict controls and foreign supervision over the German economy and introduced a new German currency.
Germany accepted the Dawes plan on August 16th, 1924 and it helped to stabilize the country over the short-term after the war.
France --- Paris Olympics
More Information and Timeline for the 1924 Paris Olympics
1. The Paris Summer Olympic Games came to a close on July 27, 1924. These Olympic Games began on May 4th
, 1924 and were the first of the modern games to have a broad appeal.
2. The number of countries participating in these Olympics grew in a dramatic fashion and these games were widely covered by the world's press.
3. During these games American swimmer Johnny Weissmuller won three gold medals.
4. These were also the games in which Eric Liddell and Harold Abrahams, who the movie "Chariots of Fire" was based on, would run the 400m and 100m respectively to win gold medals.
5. A total of 3,089 athletes competed in 126 events, just 135 of those athletes were women.
Willem Einthoven wins the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the electrocardiogram.
World --- Electrocardiogram
Dutch physiologist Willem Einthoven is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in October of 1924. Einthoven had created his string galvanometer in 1901, an improved instrument to measure the heart in a refined and detailed manner. By 1903 he had created his electrocardiogram. Einthoven continued to improve his machine and conduct research with it. By 1924 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for his dedication to research surrounding the electrocardiogram and his improved version of the groundbreaking medical instrument. Modern electrocardiograms have improved greatly, but they are still rooted in Einthoven's research and techniques.
Calendar For The Year 1924
U.S. -- Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade - -
New York City the first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade
is held on November 27th
U.S. -- Airmail services - -
The first regular airmail services
start in the USA.
U.S. -- Hoof and Mouth - -
Hoof and Mouth
epidemic in California.
U.S. -- Tornadoes - -
25 people die in Los Angeles from Pneumonic plague
France -- Winter Olympic - -
The First ever Winter Olympic
games are held in Chamonix, France.
Northern Ireland -- - -
Northern Ireland Civil Rights
demonstrators gunned down by British Army Paratroopers.
Russia -- Joseph Stalin - -
dies and Joseph Stalin begins his bid for leadership.
- Ira Gershwin, George Gershwin and Irvine Berlin continue to dominate the music industry and Rhapsody in Blue is played for the very first time.
Jimmy Carter - - October 1st
Lee Iacocca - - October 15th
Doris Day - - April 3rd
Marlon Brando April 3rd
- The IBM corporation was founded.
Inventions, Inventors and Country (or attributed to First Use)
USA by Clarence Birdseye
Major World Political Leaders / Elections
Australia - - Prime Minister - - Stanley Bruce - -
Brazil - - President - - Artur Bernardes - -
Canada - - Prime Minister - - William Lyon Mackenzie King - -
Italy - - Prime Minister - - Benito Mussolini - -
Japan - - Prime Minister - - Gonbee Yamamoto - - until 7 January
Japan - - Prime Minister - - Keigo Kiyoura - - From 7 January
Japan - - Prime Minister - - Keigo Kiyoura - - until 11 June
Japan - - Prime Minister - - Takaaki Kato - - From 11 June
Mexico - - President - - Plutarco Elías Calles - - From December 1st
Mexico - - President - - Álvaro Obregón - - until 30 November
Russia/Soviet Union - - Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars - - Vladimir Lenin
South Africa - - Prime Minister - - Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts - - until 30 June
South Africa - - Prime Minister - - James Barry Munnik Hertzog - - From 30 June
United States - - President - - Calvin Coolidge - -
United Kingdom - - Prime Minister - - Stanley Baldwin - - until 16 January
United Kingdom - - Prime Minister - - Ramsay MacDonald - - From 22 January
United Kingdom - - Prime Minister - - Ramsay MacDonald - - until 4 November
United Kingdom - - Prime Minister - - Stanley Baldwin - - From 4 November
British General Election - - 1924 - - Stanley Baldwin (Conservative) defeats Ramsay MacDonald (Labor) and H. H. Asquith (Liberal).
United States Presidential Election - - 1924 - - Calvin Coolidge (Republican) Defeats John W. Davis (Democratic) and Robert M. La Follette, Sr. (Progressive).