December 1st
What Happened on the day you were born on This day in History
For Those With Birthdays 1st December or looking for specific year these years are Included on this date 1900, 1913, 1919, 1924, 1932, 1934, 1942, 1943,1947, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1965, 1969, 1973, 1974, 1977, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, Born This Day,
UK 1942 Great Britain Care from the cradle to the grave. December 1st, 1942 : The British Coalition Government accepts The Beveridge report which propose a series of changes designed to provide plans for a welfare state offering care to all from the cradle to the grave. Find More What happened in 1942

U.S. 1955 U.S.A. Rosa Parks Dec. 1st , 1955 : Rosa Parks sets off a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama when she refuses to give up her seat in the “colored” section of a bus to make room for a white passenger. Led by Martin Luther King, Jr., the boycott lasted for over a year and resulted in the desegregation of the busses. This is often thought of as the event that started the Civil Rights Movement nationwide

Afghanistan 1901 Afghanistan Claims By England and Russia Dec. 1st , 1901 : Both England and Russia have laid claim to parts of Afghanistan and have been in constant conflict over it. However, a new ruler in Afghanistan may bring stability to the region. Unlike his unpopular father who created hardships for his people, his son, the new leader, planned to pay the military more and to reduce taxes.

U.S. 1913 U.S.A. Ford Introduces Assembly Line Dec. 1st , 1913 : The Ford Motor Company introduced the continuous moving assembly line which could produce a complete car every two-and-a-half minutes. This change is one of the most significant changes in Car production and allowed Ford to sell cars cheaper than any other manufacturer which forced the others to also move to automated production lines.

UK 1919 Great Britain Lady Astor Dec. 1st , 1919 : Lady Astor an American by birth is sworn in as the first female member of the British Parliament. A little known fact is that the first woman elected to the British Parliament was Constance Markiewicz, but she did not take up her seat because of her Irish nationalist views.

U.S. 1924 U.S.A. Nationwide Farm Census Dec. 1st , 1924 : A nationwide farm census was underway from December 1, 1924 until January 31st, 1935. More than 6 million farms were to be covered by an army of 10,000 -20,000 enumerators. Farmers filled out surveys to prepare them for the census.

Canada 1932 Canada Sewer and Gas Pipes Blasts in City Dec. 1st , 1932 : In Northern Montréal, residents were panicked in the night when blasts from sewer and gas pipes occurred over a six square mile radius. Manhole covers blasted into the air and a three story building was reduced to rubble. A mile away a gas station blew up. Most victims were relatively unharmed and the cause of the explosion was not determined.

Russia 1934 Soviet Union Stalin Purge December 1st, 1934 : Josef Stalin begins a purge of real and perceived enemies and the head of the Communist Party in Leningrad, Sergei M. Kirov, is one of those assassinated

U.S. 1942 World War II Gas Rationing December 1st, 1942 : Nationwide gasoline rationing goes into effect with most drivers receiving coupons for 3 gallons per week generally supported by the population, although there was some black market activity.

Iran 1943 Iran Winston Churchill, President Franklin D Roosevelt and Marshal Joseph Stalin Dec. 1st , 1943 : The Allied leaders of Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union having met together for the first time in Tehran, the capital of Iran. have agreed to work together to win the war in Europe and in Asia and establish an "enduring peace". The leaders Winston Churchill, President Franklin D Roosevelt and Marshal Joseph Stalin had never met together in one place

France 1947 France Paris Subway Dec. 1st , 1947 : The Paris subway stopped running and electric power was cut as the General Confederation of Labour, a communist party, protested the government’s proposal to force them back to work. The GCL demanded $9.50 - $12.00 a month more in wages, but the government promised non-striking workers $240.00 for the month of November. Over 2 million French workers remained inactive due to the strike.

U.S. 1958 U.S.A. School Fire Dec. 1st , 1958 : A fire at Our Lady of Angels School grade school in Chicago grade leaves 90 children dead due to poor fire prevention including no sprinklers and no fire drills .

U.S. 1959 U.S.A. Antarctica Dec. 1st , 1959 : Representatives of 12 countries, including the United States, sign a treaty setting aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, free from military activity

Russia 1956 Russia Olympic Record Dec. 1st , 1956 : Russian Sgt. Vassili Borissov broke the Olympic record by 15 points in the 300 metre rifle shoot. The Sgt. Totaled 1,138 points and his partner, Allan Erdman won 1,137 points putting him in second place. The third place went to Viino Ylonen of Finland.

UK 1965 England Agriculture Bill Dec. 1st , 1965 : A new Agriculture Bill which has put forward a plan to improve production in farming and decrease Britain's reliance on beef imports.

Cuba 1965 Cuba Refugee Airlift December 1st, 1965 : An airlift of refugees from Cuba to the United States begins .

U.S. 1969 U.S.A. Draft Lottery Dec. 1st , 1969 : The U.S. government holds its first draft lottery since World War II when the Selective Service System of the United States held a lottery to determine the order of draft (induction) into the U.S. Army for the Vietnam War.



South Africa 1969 South Africa Economic Benefits Dec. 1st , 1969 : South Africa was reaping the economic benefits from the six month long blockage of the Suez Canal. The Arab-Israeli war stopped shipping from going through the Canal, so approximately 7,000 boats stopped in South Africa for food, fuel, fresh fruit, and other necessities.

Papua New Guinea 1973 Papua New Guinea Independence Dec. 1st , 1973 : Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia

U.S. 1974 United States Plane Crash Dec. 1st , 1974 : TWA Flight 514 crashes into Mount Weather, Virginia while making it's landing approach to Washington Dulles International airport killing all passengers and crew.

Libya 1977 Libya Protestors December 1st, 1977 : In Libya protesters lined the streets enraged at Egyptian leader Anwar Sadat’s visit and proposal to have peace with Israel. JANA a major news source in Libya declared that its goal was to be, “…embodying the will of the Arab nation to fight all imperialist and Zionist conspiracies and to frustrate the surrender and deceit settlement.”

Spain 1987 Spain High Tech Factory Dec. 1st , 1987 : King Juan Carlos and Spain have gone high-tech. North of Madrid a $220 million microchip plant has been built. The factory is expected to produce 20 million microchips by 1991 and has 300 technicians.

Pakistan 1988 Pakistan Benazir Bhutto December 1st, 1988 : Benazir Bhutto the leader of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) is chosen and sworn in the next day as Prime Minister of Pakistan of the new coalition government.

UK 1990 Britain / France Tunnel links UK to Europe Dec. 1st , 1990 : Construction workers drill through the final wall of rock to join the two halves of the Channel Tunnel and link Britain to France

1991 Ukraine Independence December 1st, 1991 : Voters in the Ukraine vote for independence from the Soviet Union.

Iraq 1997 Iraq U.N. Sanctions Dec. 1st , 1997 : Although Iraq wanted the complete lifting of U.N. sanctions, it finally agreed to participate in an oil- for- food proposal. This would allow Iraq to export $2 billion worth of its oil to purchase food and medicine.

U.S. 1997 U.S.A. Shooting Dec. 1st , 1997 : Three students were victims of a shooting on this date, and they all died. Five others were severely injured during this outrage. This terrible crime took place at Heath High School in Paducah, Kentucky.

U.S. 1998 U.S.A. Exxon buys Mobil Dec. 1st , 1998 : Exxon buys Mobil for $73.7 billion creating the worlds largest oil company Exxon-Mobil

World 1999 World Mapping of Human Chromosome 22 Dec. 1st , 1999 : An international consortium of sequencing centers and collaborators from the chromosome 22 genetics community released into the public domain the genetic code of the 33.5 million bps that comprise the euchromatic portion of human chromosome 22.

Israel 2001 Israel Suicide Bombers Dec. 1st , 2001 : Two suicide bombers blew themselves up in back-to-back explosions at a downtown Jerusalem pedestrian mall, killing 11 bystanders

U.S. 2001 United States End Of TWA Dec. 1st , 2001 : The last Trans World Airlines ( TWA ) flight "Flight 220" flies into St. Louis International Airport ending 76 years of TWA operations following TWA’s purchase by American Airlines.

UK 2001 UK Entrance Fees End For Major UK Museums Dec. 1st , 2001 : The entrance fees for 13 of the most popular museums in Britain have ended thanks to a pledge made during the last General Election making them available to everyone.
Natural History Museum
Science Museum
Victoria & Albert
National Railway Museum in York
National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside
National Maritime Museum
National Railway Museum
Imperial War Museum
Museum of Science and Industry
Museum of London
Royal Armouries
Theatre Museum


Iran 2004 Iran Nuclear Power Program Dec. 1st , 2004 : The majority of Iranians view their nuclear power program with pride, even though it is a thorn in the flesh of the Bush administration. Iran keeps maintaining that it is using nuclear power for electricity, but many countries fear that they are trying to develop a nuclear bomb.

Mexico 2006 Mexico New President of Mexico December 1st, 2006 : Felipe Calderón becomes President of Mexico during a midnight ceremony in Mexico City. A conservative, he had been warned of the threat of disruption from opposition politicians to his inauguration ceremony. Members of the left-wing PRD have said that he won the election by fraud. He studied law Mexico City and did postgraduate studies in economics at the Autonomous Technological Institute of Mexico. In 2000 he completed a master’s degree in public administration at Harvard University.


United States 2006 United States The Archdiocese of Los Angeles settles sexual abuse claims Dec. 1st , 2006 : The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles agrees to pay $60 million to settle lawsuits against claims of sexual abuse by its priests. The settlement is for forty-five cases, although there are still five hundred outstanding. One of the largest settlements since the allegations that started in 2002.


United States 2008 United States Hillary Clinton nominated as Secretary of State Dec. 1st , 2008 : Barack Obama nominates Hillary Clinton to be his Secretary of State. He has described the former first lady and opponant for the nomination as a woman of 'tremendous stature.' Also announced have been his nominations for the current Defence Secretary, Robert Gates ro retain his position, retired General James Jones as a National Security Adviser, Eric Holder as Attorney-General and Arizona Governor Janet Napolitano as Secretary of Homeland Security.


Venice 2008 Venice Venice flooding Dec. 1st , 2008 : Venice has had the biggest floods in more than twenty years, with waters rising about five feet above normal levels. Many of Venice's streets, including St. Mark's Square, have been submerged. The Adriatic city has flooding for about two hundred days every year, and the Venetian authorities have been planning to complete an underwater dam by 2011.


Europe 2009 Europe Treaty of Lisbon December 1st, 2009 : The Treaty of Lisbon comes into force in European Union (EU) member states. The event has been marked with celebrations, fireworks and speeches in the Portuguese capital, but some have claimed that the treatise have accomplished what Hitler, Mussolini and Napoléon never could. The European Commission President has said that the Lisbon Treaty symbolises a 'free and democratic' Europe, but other critics say the treaty will cede too many national powers to Brussels. Hour-long celebrations have taken place at a custom-built venue close to Lisbon's River Tagus, and José Barroso has called the Lisbon Treaty 'the symbol of a reunited, free and democratic Europe.'
This Day In History For Tomorrow December 2nd Day After December 3rd
and the for the following 5 days 4th , 5th , 6th , 7th , 8th ,

Hungary 2011 Hungary Hungary Outlaws Homelessness 1st December, 2011 : A new law that came into force in Hungary effectively outlaws homelessness. The new regulation states that people who are found to be sleeping on the streets will receive a warning and if they are found to be on the streets again they could be imprisoned or forced to pay a $600 fine. The law is condemned by charities who say that it is unfair and unenforceable because there are not enough places for the homeless in shelters.

Mexico
2012 Mexico Mexican President Sworn In

1st December, 2012 : Newly elected president of Mexico Enrique Pena Nieto was sworn in, marking the return to power of the PRI political party after twelve years. There was heavy security during the inauguration and police clashed with protesters.



Ukraine
2013 Ukraine Massive Protests in Kiev

1st December, 2013 : Thousands of people gathered in protest after Ukraine's president Viktor Yanukovych didn't sign an EU trade deal. The pro-Europe protesters congregated in Independence Square in Kiev, despite a court order making it illegal to do so. Several people were injured and there were reports of deaths after police were ordered to clear the protesters.