Find Out What happened 3rd June This Day in History on your birthday
1968 : Andy Warhol the American artist and a major driving force in the movement known as Pop art is shot and wounded in his New York film studio, The Factory, by actress Valerie Solanas who founded the "group" called S.C.U.M. (Society for Cutting up Men).
1928 : Captain Arrachart and Major Rignot are forced to stop during their flight in Constantinople. They were on their way to India while trying to set a long distance record. Bad weather was stated as the reason for their early landing.
1932 : The Broadway musical "The Band Wagon" opened in New York City. The comedic musical film about an aging star that tries to revive his career in a Broadway production. The film ranked #17 in the American Film Institutes list of best musicals in 2006.
1937 : The former King of England King Edward VIII of Great Britain and Northern Ireland marries Wallis Warfield Simpson, the American divorcee for whom he abdicated the British throne in December 1936.
1940 : Germans bombed Paris killing mostly civilians, including school children as part of it's reign of terror to keep the French under control.
1943 : The Russian army takes down 162 of 500 Nazi planes in one of the biggest air battles of World War II. The German attack lasted nearly 10 hours over Kursk.
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1959 : A riot takes place in one of the country's largest cities, Guayaquil, with a population of 275,000. The government blamed the riot on Communist influences. President Ponce instated martial law throughout the country earlier, while the Communist Party challenged the President's decree.
1961 : Clarence Gideon is arrested and charged with breaking into a poolroom in Florida. His case managed to change one the chief principles of American criminal justice. In Gideon v. Wainwright, in the Supreme Court it was ruled that a fair trial "cannot be realized if the poor man charged with [the] crime has to face his accusers without a lawyer to assist him." Due to Clarence Gideon's perseverance, every criminal suspect is entitled to representation by a lawyer.
1962 : An Air France Boeing 707 crashes on take-off at Orly Airport in Paris, killing 130 people on board.
1963 : Pope John XXIII the 261st Pope of the Roman Catholic Church died at age 81 less than 5 years after becoming Pope.
1965 : Following in the wake of Soviet cosmonaut Aleksei A. Leonov, who was the first man ever to walk in space, Major Edward H. White II becomes the first American astronaut to walk in space during the flight of Gemini 4.
1966 : The Gemini 9 spacecraft is set to take off at 7:30 am. The crew of astronauts were scheduled for a 3 day journey in space.
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Born: Bernard Schwartz, June 3rd, 1925, Manhattan, New York
Died: September 29th, 2010, Henderson, Nevada
Known For : Raised in the Bronx, he is well known for his New York accent. After working with submarines in the Navy, he started acting and became fiends with Rod Steiger and Walter Matthau. He was contracted to Universal Studios in 1948, and was given his first part in Criss Cross that year. Nominated for an Oscar in his part in 1958's The Defiant Ones, he is better known for his roles in Some Like It Hot, Spartacus and the Great Race. He is the father of Jamie Lee Curtis.Frosted Berry Cluster Hat
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1969 : While on NATO exercises in the South China Sea just off the coast of Vietnam the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne slices the smaller US destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in half killing 74 of the destroyers crew.
1972 : A Protestant march against the creation of "no-go" areas in Londonderry ends in a bloody battle between marchers and soldiers on the Craigavon Bridge.
1989 : Ayatollah Khomeini who had led the 1979 revolution and overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Persia and became the country's Supreme Leader of the new Islamic Republic of Iran dies.
1989 : Following student unrest spreading to the rest of the population China starts the use of troops to quell protesters which is not successful the first time in Tiananmen square.
1989 : A natural gas pipeline leaks gas close to a railroad track in the Ural Mountains and as two trains pass the build up of gas an explosion occurs creating a massive fireball which engulfs the trains killing over 500 of the passengers.
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Born: June 3rd, 1986, Mallorca, Spain
Known For : Rafael Nadal is one of the world's greatest professional tennis players. As of 2021, Nadal has won 20 Grand Slam titles, tied with rival Roger Federer. He is known for being the best on a clay court with 13 French Open titles, and 60 of his 86 Association of Professional Tennis (ATP) singles titles on clay. He is the record holder of longest-consecutive wins on a single surface with 81 wins on clay courts, the most in the Open Era. Nadal was ranked number one for the first time in 2008 and has ranked as number one for a cumulative 209 weeks in the ATP rankings. In 2008, Nadal represented Spain and won the gold medal for singles tennis at the Beijing Olympics.
1998 : A high speed train travelling in excess of 125 MPH comes off the rails in Eschede, 35 miles (50km) north of Hanover leaving at least 100 people dead and many more injured.
1999 : India and Pakistan are once again in conflict over the area of Kashmir with reports of hand-to-hand fighting and ground and air strikes by Indian forces on Pakistan backed guerrillas in areas close to the LOC (Line of Control) in Kashmir province which is separated into a Pakistan side and an India Side, the LOC was agreed in 1949 following a ceasefire between the two countries.
2004 : Following the terrorist attacks on an oil refinery in Saudi Arabia the price of oil has peaked to $42.45 a barrel, members of OPEC, the oil producing cartel, are meeting in Beirut today to agree to increase oil production in an attempt to stabilize the price.
2007 : Gay rights groups protested in the Latvian capital of Riga by holding the capital's second gay pride parade, despite discouragement and anger from conservatives in the country. Groups had attempted a gathering in 2006, but many angry protesters had harassed them and Latvian police were accused of ignoring the attacks at the time. This time the police provided a heavy presence at the event, outnumbering both the gay rights activists and the anti-gay protesters.
2008 : Over four hundred children in Texas who had been taken from a polygamist sect began returning to their families after a court ruled the officials who had conducted the raid on the ranch did not provide sufficient evidence that the children were in immediate danger. The court also placed restrictions on the return of the children, mandating that the parents take parenting classes and comply with all possible chide abuse investigations.
2008 : Following a lower market share of the US car market and sales down by an additional 25%, General Motors has announced it is closing four truck and sports utility vehicle (SUV) plants in the US, Canada and Mexico.
2009 : New Hampshire became the sixth state in the United States to make gay marriage legal. The governor, John Lynch, signed the legislation allowing same-sex marriage surrounded by supporters.
2011 : Controversial doctor, Jack Kevorkian, died at the age of eighty-three. Kevorkian was known as "Doctor Death" and had spent eight years in prison for aiding in assisted suicides of one hundred and thirty people. He was released from prison in 2007 and a movie about him and his life was made in 2010. Kevorkian advocated assisted suicide for terminally ill patients and his trial and conviction of murder for assisting a suicide sparked much debate on the subject.
2012 : Colombian drug lord Diego Rastrojo was arrested by police in Venezuela. Authorities have stated that he became the leader of the cartel in May and that they would hand him over to Colombian authorities.
2013 : The United States' oldest Senator, Frank Lautenberg, died at the age of eighty-nine after suffering from complications of pneumonia. Lautenberg had served over three decades during five different terms.