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Important Events From This day in History December 13th

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13 Dec, 1972 - England -- Thalidomide
December 13th, 1972 : 300 British Thalidomide victims are being offered a compensation deal said to be worth £11.85 million over 10 years which is rejected by the victims. ( Eventually an agreement is reached providing £20.00 million.
Thalidomide became notorious in the mid 50's to early 60's when it was prescribed to pregnant women to ease morning sickness. and was marketed under the names Distaval, Talimol, Nibrol, Sedimide, Quietoplex, Contergan, Neurosedyn, and Softenon.
It was sold in 50 countries around the world and is blamed for causing approximately 10,000 children to be born with severe malformations.
Thalidomide is approved today for the treatment of Leprosy and Multiple Myeloma but strictly controlled in it's use. Find More What happened in 1972
 
13 Dec, 1903 - Tibet -- British Control
Great Britain wanted to maintain dominance in Tibet to counteract the Soviet Union's control over Manchuria and other parts of Asia. Tibet would also act as a buffer between Soviet controlled zones and India.
 
13 Dec, 1924 - Great Britain -- France Wartime Debt
France's World War I wartime debt to Great Britain amounted to 623,000,000 pounds and the French also owed the United States 798,000,000 pounds. Although the British government was going to approach France about repaying its debts, the British public was skeptical that France would ever pay anything back.
 
In The News December 13th Rape of Nanking, Gone With The Wind Premiers, James Dean, Archbishop Makarios, Susan B Anthony Dollar, Yasser Arafat, Brixton Riots , Kofi Annan , Saddam Hussein,

13 Dec, 1930 - U.S.A. -- Depression and Typhoid
Charlotte Dynn died in Milwaukee of typhoid fever and her family couldn't afford to feed their five remaining children, let alone pay for her funeral. However, during the Christmas season the funeral director, the cemetery's executive, and a pastor all arranged a free funeral for Charlotte.
 
13 Dec, 1937 - China -- Rape of Nanking
Japanese forces capture the city of Nanking and Japanese General Matsui Iwane orders the city of Nanking to be destroyed. Japanese troops launched a campaign of atrocities against civilians. including the massacre of an estimated 200,000 and the rape and mutilation of at least 20,000 women and girls of all ages .
 
13 Dec, 1939 - United States -- Gone With The Wind Premiers
Gone With The Wind Premiers in Atlanta, Georgia. The movie adapted from the novel by Margaret Mitchell published in 1936. The movie, starring Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh, Leslie Howard, Olivia de Havilland, and Hattie McDaniel set in the deep south tells a story of the Civil War and its aftermath from a white Southern viewpoint.
 
 
 
13 Dec, 1944 - France -- Allied Prisoners of War Freed
In Sarreguemines, France one thousand allied soldiers who had been German captives became free as the 39th division stormed their prison. The liberated group included Russian, Polish, Italian, Serbian, and Yugoslavian soldiers who smiled at their new liberty.
 
13 Dec, 1950 - U.S.A. -- James Dean
1950 : James Dean who is still unknown at that time appears in a Pepsi commercial, dancing with other teens around a jukebox 5 years before he becomes an icon for the teenage revolution in such films as Rebel Without a Cause
 
13 Dec, 1959 - Cyprus -- Archbishop Makarios
1959 : Archbishop Makarios is elected as the first President of the Republic of Cyprus in free elections winning with over 66% of the vote. His vice president is Dr Fazil Kutchuk a leading political figure from the Turkish community.
 
13 Dec, 1966 - Saudi Arabia -- King Saud
1966 : King Saud, previous king of Saudi Arabia was overthrown by his brother Fiesal. Saud was ailing and wanted to live in Egypt. Egypt's president, President Abdul Gamel Nasser, who King Saud is suspected of trying to assassinate, allowed the ailing former king to come to Egypt.
 
13 Dec, 1972 - China -- Schistosomiesis Epidemic
Near Shanghai in communist China there was an epidemic of schistosomiesis, so of course when two specialists in this illness came to visit from the U.S., they instantly became celebrities. Dr. H. F. Hsu and is wife Dr. S. Y .Li Hsu were medical doctors born in China who became Americans and had not been back to China for 23 years. They received a very friendly reception while sharing their medical knowledge.
 
13 Dec, 1978 - U.S.A. -- Susan B Anthony Dollar
December 13th, 1978 : The first Susan B. Anthony ( a key figure in the woman suffrage movement )dollar is minted but is not accepted by the public due to it's very similar appearance to the quarter
 
13 Dec, 1981 - Poland -- Martial Law Imposed
Martial law and a state of emergency is imposed by Poland's military rulers. Leaders of the Solidarity trade union have been placed under arrest for inciting the unrest and the army are on the streets in a massive show of military strength imposing strict censorship and a curfew.
 
13 Dec, 1988 - Switzerland -- Yasser Arafat
Following the refusal of the US to grant Yasser Arafat a Visitors Visa the United Nations is convened in Geneva, Switzerland so that PLO chairman Yasser Arafat can address the U.N. General Assembly .
 
13 Dec, 1989 - Syria -- Release of Amed Jibril
President Hafez Assad, Syria's president got an order from U.S. President George Bush to expel Amed Jibril or face being cut off from American diplomacy. Jibril was suspected of blowing up Pan Am flight 103 and killing 259 people, most of who were American citizens.
 
 
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13 Dec, 1995 - England -- Brixton Riots
Hundreds youths take to the streets at Brixton, in south London attacking police, ransacking shops and burning cars
 
 
13 Dec, 1996 - U.S.A. -- Kofi Annan
The U.N. Security Council chooses Kofi Annan of Ghana to be the United Nations seventh secretary-general.
 
 
13 Dec, 1996 - Ireland -- EU Finance Ministers
December 13th, 1996 : In Dublin, fifteen EU finance ministers debated for eleven hours about imposing fines on EU countries whose poor accounting practices jeopardized EU stability. The new common currency of the EU, the Euro, was to be launched in 1999.
 
 
13 Dec, 2000 - U.S.A. -- Texas 7 Escapees
Seven prisoners escape from the John Connally Unit maximum-security state prison near Kenedy, Texas, they were captured in January and due to them shooting and murdering a police officer during a crime receive the death sentence.
 
 
13 Dec, 2001 - India -- Parliament Attacked
Gunmen have broken through tight security to attack the parliament building in the Indian capital, New Delhi leaving At least 12 dead and 22 injured .
 
 
13 Dec, 2001 - U.S.A. -- Osama bin Laden Video
The Pentagon released a captured videotape of Osama bin Laden in which the al-Qaida leader said the deaths and destruction achieved by the September 11th attacks exceeded his ''most optimistic'' expectations.
 
 
13 Dec, 2001 - U.S.A. -- Pulls Out Of Anti Ballistic Missile Treaty
President George W. Bush served formal notice that the United States was pulling out of the More News and Events From 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with Russia.
 
 
13 Dec, 2002 - European Union -- 10 New Members
Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia are accepted into the European Union and will become members from 1st May 2004.
 
 
13 Dec, 2003 - Iraq -- Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein is captured by U.S. forces at a farmhouse in Adwar, near his hometown of Tikrit.
 
 
13 Dec, 2006 - Iran -- Deny Holocaust
In Tehran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad spoke to a crowd of people who deny the Holocaust ever existed and asserted, 'The Zionist regime will be wiped out the same way the Soviet Union was, and humanity will achieve freedom.' Hostility over this meeting could have sanctions placed on Iran by the United States.
 
 
13 Dec, 2006 - Belgian -- TV prank
Belgians reacted badly to the news that their country had been split in two. It wasn't until later that they were told it was part of a spoof. The Belgian public television station R.T.B.F. ran the bogus report, which said that the Dutch-speaking half of the nation had declared its independence. R.T.B.F. said that the program was meant to stir up debate, and thousands of people made panicked calls. Politicians made a complaint to the station.
 
 
13 Dec, 2006 - United States -- The political manipulation of scientific work
Some ten thousand researchers have signed a statement protesting about political interference in their scientific work. The statement, which includes the backing of fifty-two Nobel Laureates, demands a restoration of scientific integrity in government policy-making and announcements. According to the American Union of Concerned Scientists, a lot of data is being misrepresented for political reasons. Al Gore’s lecture on Climate Change: The Role of Science and the Media in Policy Making took place on the same day, where he said that it was imperative that scientists tell the people what is happening to the world.
 
 
13 Dec, 2007 - U.S.A. -- Wall Street Journal
Rupert Murdoch buys Dow Jones & Co. which includes The Wall Street Journal for $5 billion-plus
 
 
13 Dec, 2007 - U.S.A. -- Mitchell Report
Mitchell Report to the Commissioner of Baseball of an Independent Investigation into the Illegal use of anabolic steroids and human growth hormone by Players in Major League Baseball is released which names 89 Major League Baseball players who are alleged to have used them.
 
 
13 Dec, 2007 - U.S.A. -- Democratic candidates debate in Johnston, Iowa
The Democratic candidates for the presidency have held their last debate before the nominating elections begin with the Iowa caucuses of January 3rd. Their discussion was more polite and genial than their previous encounters. The candidates outlined their positions on issues ranging from the economy to Iraq, trade, energy and human rights. Recent polls in Iowa have shown Barack Obama edging ahead of national frontrunner Hillary Clinton. The participants were: Joe Biden (DE), Hillary Clinton (NY), Barack Obama (IL), Christoper Dodd (CT) and John Edwards.
 
 
13 Dec, 2007 - EU -- Lisbon Treaty
E.U. leaders have signed a treaty in Lisbon that is expected to alter the way in which the 27-nation body operates. The treaty creates an E.U. president, as well as a more powerful foreign policy chief. The document, signed at a ceremony at the city's Jeronimos Monastery, also scraps veto powers in many policy areas. It has been signed as a replacement for the E.U. constitution, which was abandoned in the wake of French and Dutch opposition to it.
 
13 Dec, 2007 - Pakistan -- Musharaff takes control of Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal
December 13th, 2007 : Pervez Musharraf has put the country's nuclear weapons under the control of the president, rather than its prime minister. On issuing an ordinance the president must have it ratified by parliament within six months. This move comes amid concern abroad that the country's nuclear arsenal falling into the hands of Islamist extremists.
 
13 Dec, 2009 - England -- Buckingham Palace denies Prince William is taking on more duties
Buckingham Palace has that claims of Prince William taking over a substantial part of the Queen's duties are 'total and utter fabrication.' British Newspapers have reported that the Queen was passing on more tasks to her grandson. One newspaper has said that the monarch is cutting her workload owing to her age. A royal spokesman told the BBC that Prince William was gradually taking on more engagements but there were no plans to by-pass Prince Charles.
 
 
13 Dec, 2011 - Belgium -- Gunman Attacks Liege, Belgium Killing Four
13th December, 2011 : A gunman fired on the center of Liege in Belgium and killed at least four people while injuring another 123. The man also threw grenades into the city center before he killed himself. The shooter was identified as Nordine Amrani, a 33 year old man who had previous firearms offences.
 
 
13 Dec, 2012 - United States -- TV Ads Volume Law
A law was implemented that would make it mandatory for television advertisements to be played at the same volume level as the main program. The FCC adopted the rules a year prior but allowed a one-year grace period to adjust.

 
 
13 Dec, 2013 - North Korea -- Top North Korean Official Executed
13th December, 2013 : It was announced by the North Korean media that leader Kim Jong-un's uncle, Chang Song-thaek, was executed for "acts of treachery." It was reported that he confessed to trying to overthrow the government at a military trial and was then executed. Chang had reportedly been a close mentor to Kim Jong-un as he took power in 2011.

 

Born This Day In History 13th December

Celebrating Birthday's Today
Jamie Foxx
Born: Eric Marlon Bishop 13th December 1967 Terrell, Texas, United States
Known For :
Jamie Foxx is an American actor, stand-up comedian, and singer and his movies include Any Given Sunday, Toys, Collateral, Jarhead, Miami Vice, and Dreamgirls, The Kingdom and Ray the biographical movie about Ray Charles where he played the starring role which won him an Academy Award for Best Actor. He has also had success in the music industry with a number of hit singles and Albums.

Dick Van Dyke
Born: Richard Wayne Van Dyke 13th December 1925 West Plains, Missouri, USA
Known For : American actor, comedian, writer, and producer best known for the television series "The Dick Van Dyke Show" which ran for five years from 1961 to 1966 and "Diagnosis Murder" which ran for 8 seasons from 1993 to 2001. His movie career included well known musicals including Mary Poppins, and Chitty Chitty Bang Bang,