What happened This day in History on April 4th
For Those With Birthdays 4th April
looking for specific year these years are Included on this date
1818, 1902, 1916, 1933, 1939, 1949, 1958, 1964, 1967, 1968, 1973, 1975, 1979, 1984, 1991, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, Born This Day,
| 1968 U.S.A. Martin Luther King Jr. Murdered
4th April 1968 : Martin Luther King Jr. is shot to death by James Earl Ray at a hotel in Memphis, Tennessee. His assassination led to riots in more than 100 US cities and a call from the United States President Lyndon Johnson for citizen's to reject the blind violence that has taken Dr King who had lived by non-violence.
James Earl Ray was convicted of his murder and sentenced to 99 years in prison.
| 1958 UK Aldermaston Peace March
4th April 1958 : 10,000 protesters arrive in Trafalgar Square, London as part of the CND / Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament the protesters including mothers pushing children in prams and singing peace songs, over the next four days march over 52 miles in rain and snow from London to the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment at Aldermaston. The march was held again in 1959, 1961 and 1962 when over 150,000 took part. In 1963 anarchists became involved which resulted in bad press for the peaceful march.
| 1939 U.S.A. Glen Miller Records "Moonlight Serenade."
4th April 1939 : Glen Miller records the wildly popular "Moonlight Serenade." It becomes a standard throughout the big band era and beyond.
1964 U.S.A. The Beatles
4th April 1964 : The Beatles hold an unprecedented record of twelve positions on Billboard Hot 100 singles chart,
The songs were
"Can't Buy Me Love"
"Twist and Shout"
"She Loves You"
"I Want to Hold Your Hand"
"Please Please Me"
"I Saw Her Standing There"
"You Can't Do That"
"All My Loving"
"Roll Over Beethoven"
"From Me To You"
"Do You Want To Know A Secret"
"Thank You Girl" .
1973 U.S.A. New York's World Trade Center Completed
4th April 1973 : New York's World Trade Center The twin towers of the World Trade Center rising 1,350 feet above Manhattan officially became the world's tallest buildings.
1818 U.S.A. Stars And Stripes
4th April 1818
: Congress decided the U.S. flag would consist of 13 red and white stripes represent the original Thirteen Colonies that rebelled against the British crown and became the first states in the Union, and 20 stars, with a new star to be added for every new state.
The act specified that new flag designs should become official on the first July 4th
(Independence Day) following admission of one or more new states.
1902 UK Scholarships for Americans at Oxford University
4th April 1902 : British industrialist Cecil Rhodes left $10 million in his will to provide scholarships for Americans at Oxford University in England.
1916 - 1918 France World War I Battle Of The Somme
4th April : One of the most costly battles in modern wartime is fought near the Somme Region and over 2 years when this small area of countryside saw the deaths of over 1 million men from both sides of the war.
1933 U.S.A. Dirigible Airship The Akron
4th April 1933 : The dirigible airship The Akron crashes in New Jersey, killing 73 people in one of the first air disasters in history, it was the largest airship built in the United States when it took its first flight in August 1931.
1949 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Established
4th April 1949 : The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is established by 12 Western nations: the United States, Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, Iceland, Canada, and Portugal
1967 U.S.A. Martin Luther King, Jr Says US Should Leave Vietnam
4th April 1967 : The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. says in a speech that the United States stop all bombing of North and South Vietnam and declare a unilateral truce in the hope that it would lead to peace talks.
1975 Vietnam Transport Plane Evacuating Vietnamese Orphans Crashes
4th April 1975 : A U.S. Air Force transport plane ( C-5A Galaxy cargo plane )which was part of "Operation Babylift" evacuating Vietnamese orphans crashed shortly after takeoff from Saigon, killing 138 people, including 127 of the orphans, this was just under half of those who were on board.
1979 Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Hanged
4th April 1979 : Pakistan's former Prime Minister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, has been hanged in spite of international calls for clemency.
Many believed his trial and the sentence were manipulated by the ruling military regime, led by General Zia ul-Haq,.
He was sentenced to death for the murder of a political opponent following a trial which was widely condemned as unfair.
Mr Bhutto had been Pakistan's leader since 1973 and was deposed in a military coup 18 months earlier. The country stayed under martial law until 1985.
1984 England Greenham Common Peace Demonstrators
4th April 1984 : The women from the main peace camp at Greenham Common in Berkshire have been evicted with more than 30 arrested after bailiffs backed up by 300 police officers moved in. By the following day women had returned to Greenham Common to re-establish their camps around the smaller gates and remained at the base throughout the time Cruise missiles were there. The last of the missiles was flown back to the US in 1991 and most of the protesters left the site believing they had helped to keep the base in the Public Eye which forced the government to end the of Cruise missiles in England.
1991 Scotland Children Taken BY Social Services For Satanic Abuse Charges against Parents
4th April 1991 : Three children are taken from their families after allegations of satanic abuse in the Orkney Islands off Scotland. The case was thrown out of court by Sheriff David Kelbie who criticized the social workers who took the children away from their homes for failing to produce any evidence supporting the allegations.
1996 U.S.A. Jaguar New SK8
4th April 1996 : Jaguar introduced its new SK8 convertible at the New York International Auto Show.
2000 UK Freak Weather Causes Chaos
4th April 2000 : Unusual severe weather including blizzards and the coldest day in April on record brings chaos to Roads, Rail and Air Travel throughout the UK.
2003 U.S.A. Sammy Sosa hits his 500th homer
4th April 2003 : Chicago Cub's player Sammy Sosa hit his 500th homer in the seventh inning of a game against the Cincinnati Reds. His hit made him the 18th member of the 500 home run club .
2003 Iraq Saddam International Airport
4th April 2003 : During the 2003 invasion of Iraq U.S. forces seized Saddam International Airport outside Baghdad.
2006 Iraq Saddam Hussein Charged With Genocide
4th April 2006 : The Iraq tribunal announce criminal charges against Saddam Hussein and six others, accusing them of genocide and crimes against humanity stemming from a 1980s crackdown against Kurds
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2006 Kuwait Women vote for first time in Kuwait
4th April 2006 : Women have voted for the first time in this year's Kuwaiti council by-elections,
and female candidates were among the eight
that were running for the seat in the Salmiya district. 60% of eligible voters
are women, and voting is in segregated polling
booths (a condition that was demanded by Islamist and tribal leaders). Women
were granted equal political rights in 2005,
and will be able to vote in 2007's legislative polls.
2008 United States Abraham Lincoln Letter is sold at auction
4th April 2008 : A letter written by Abraham Lincoln is sold at auction for $3.4 million in New
York. The 1864 reply to a petition by 195
children asking for the freedom of "all the slave children in this country"
has beaten the national record of $3.1 million.
Sotheby's have said that it was bought by an American collector by telephone.
The letter asks to "Please tell these little people
I am very glad their young hearts are so full of just and generous sympathy and
that, while I have not the power to grant all
they ask, I trust they will remember that God has, and that, as it seems, He wills
to do it."' The letter was dated April 5th, 1864.
2008 United States The Martin Luther King Shooting anniversary in Memphis
4th April 2008 : Crowds have gathered in Memphis to mark the fortieth anniversary of the assassination
of civil rights leader Martin Luther
King. Commemorations have taken place around the former Lorraine Motel, now a
civil rights museum, where he was shot
dead. Presidential hopefuls John McCain and Hillary Clinton have both marked the
event in Memphis, while the latter's
Democratic rival Barack Obama has spoken of it in Indiana. King's campaign for
equal rights by non-violent means has
inspired millions. The shooting was on April 4th, 1968.
2008 United States Shootings at a New York immigration center
4th April 2008 : A gunman has killed thirteen people after taking dozens hostage in New York. The
gunman was found dead inside
Binghampton's immigration center. Around forty people had escaped from the building,
but four others were critically injured
in the shooting.
2011 Mexico Shoot-out in Acapulco
4th April, 2011 : A shoot-out between security forces and gunmen left three people dead in the Mexican resort city of Acapulco. One of the dead was a soldier while the other two were suspected gunmen. The two-hour long gun fight occurred after police and soldiers tried to stop gang members as they tried to set a shopping area on fire. Seven people were arrested and four people sustained injuries.
2012 United States Sculptor Elizabeth Catlett Dies
4th April, 2012 : American artist Elizabeth Catlett died at the age of ninety-six. Catlett was known for being a sculptor and printmaker who was unafraid to create political statements in her art in order to highlight better rights for African-Americans and women. Catlett was barred from the US during the McCarthy era because of her political activisim and moved to Mexico.