Important Events From This day in History April 4th
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1968 USA - Martin Luther King Jr. Murdered
1968 : Martin Luther King Jr. is shot to death by James Earl Ray at a hotel in Memphis, Tennessee. His assassination led to riots in more than 100 US cities and a call from the United States President Lyndon Johnson for citizen's to reject the blind violence that has taken Dr King who had lived by non-violence.
James Earl Ray was convicted of his murder and sentenced to 99 years in prison.
1958 - UK - Aldermaston Peace March
1958 : 10,000 protesters arrive in Trafalgar Square, London as part of the CND / Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament the protesters including mothers pushing children in prams and singing peace songs, over the next four days march over 52 miles in rain and snow from London to the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment at Aldermaston. The march was held again in 1959
, 1961 and 1962 when over 150,000 took part. In 1963 anarchists became involved which resulted in bad press for the peaceful march.
1939 - U.S.A. - Glen Miller Records "Moonlight Serenade."
1939 : Glen Miller records the wildly popular "Moonlight Serenade." It becomes a standard throughout the big band era and beyond.
1964 - U.S.A. - The Beatles
1964 : The Beatles hold an unprecedented record of twelve positions on Billboard Hot 100 singles chart,
The songs were
"Can't Buy Me Love"
"Twist and Shout"
"She Loves You"
"I Want to Hold Your Hand"
"Please Please Me"
"I Saw Her Standing There"
"You Can't Do That"
"All My Loving"
"Roll Over Beethoven"
"From Me To You"
"Do You Want To Know A Secret"
"Thank You Girl" .
1973 - U.S.A. - New York's World Trade Center Completed
1973 : New York's World Trade Center The twin towers of the World Trade Center rising 1,350 feet above Manhattan officially became the world's tallest buildings.
1850 - U.S.A. - Los Angeles and San Francisco become cities
Following California becoming the 31st State in 1850
Los Angeles and San Francisco become Cities ( Los Angeles with a population of 1,610- April 4th ) and ( San Francisco with a population of 21,000 - April 16th ) on the same year.
1818 - U.S.A. - Stars And Stripes
: Congress decided the U.S. flag would consist of 13 red and white stripes represent the original Thirteen Colonies that rebelled against the British crown and became the first states in the Union, and 20 stars, with a new star to be added for every new state.
The act specified that new flag designs should become official on the first July 4th
(Independence Day) following admission of one or more new states.
1902 - UK - Scholarships for Americans at Oxford University
1902 : British industrialist Cecil Rhodes left $10 million in his will to provide scholarships for Americans at Oxford University in England.
1916 - France - World War I Battle Of The Somme
One of the most costly battles in modern wartime is fought near the Somme Region and over 2 years when this small area of countryside saw the deaths of over 1 million men from both sides of the war.
1920 - Palestine - Riots
: Violence erupts between Arab and Jewish residents in British-controlled Jerusalem from This Day to the April 7th
with 9 killed and 216 injured.
1933 - U.S.A. - Dirigible Airship The Akron
1933 : The dirigible airship The Akron crashes in New Jersey, killing 73 people in one of the first air disasters in history, it was the largest airship built in the United States when it took its first flight in August 1931
1949 - North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Established
1949 : The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is established by 12 Western nations: the United States, Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, Iceland, Canada, and Portugal
1967 - U.S.A. - Martin Luther King, Jr Says US Should Leave Vietnam
1967 : The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. says in a speech that the United States stop all bombing of North and South Vietnam and declare a unilateral truce in the hope that it would lead to peace talks.
1975 - Vietnam - Transport Plane Evacuating Vietnamese Orphans Crashes
1975 : A U.S. Air Force transport plane ( C-5A Galaxy cargo plane )which was part of "Operation Babylift" evacuating Vietnamese orphans crashed shortly after takeoff from Saigon, killing 138 people, including 127 of the orphans, this was just under half of those who were on board.
1979 - Pakistan - Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Hanged
1979 : Pakistan's former Prime Minister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, has been hanged in spite of international calls for clemency.
Many believed his trial and the sentence were manipulated by the ruling military regime, led by General Zia ul-Haq,.
He was sentenced to death for the murder of a political opponent following a trial which was widely condemned as unfair.
Mr Bhutto had been Pakistan's leader since 1973
and was deposed in a military coup 18 months earlier. The country stayed under martial law until 1985.
1984 - England - Greenham Common Peace Demonstrators
1984 : The women from the main peace camp at Greenham Common in Berkshire have been evicted with more than 30 arrested after bailiffs backed up by 300 police officers moved in. By the following day women had returned to Greenham Common to re-establish their camps around the smaller gates and remained at the base throughout the time Cruise missiles were there. The last of the missiles was flown back to the US in 1991 and most of the protesters left the site believing they had helped to keep the base in the Public Eye which forced the government to end the of Cruise missiles in England.
1991 - Scotland - Children Taken BY Social Services For Satanic Abuse Charges against Parents
1991 : Three children are taken from their families after allegations of satanic abuse in the Orkney Islands off Scotland. The case was thrown out of court by Sheriff David Kelbie who criticized the social workers who took the children away from their homes for failing to produce any evidence supporting the allegations.
1996 - U.S.A. - Jaguar New SK8
1996 : Jaguar introduced its new SK8 convertible at the New York International Auto Show.
2000 - UK - Freak Weather Causes Chaos
2000 : Unusual severe weather including blizzards and the coldest day in April on record brings chaos to Roads, Rail and Air Travel throughout the UK.
2003 - U.S.A. - Sammy Sosa hits his 500th homer
2003 : Chicago Cub's player Sammy Sosa hit his 500th homer in the seventh inning of a game against the Cincinnati Reds. His hit made him the 18th member of the 500 home run club .
2003 - Iraq - Saddam International Airport
2003 : During the 2003 invasion of Iraq U.S. forces seized Saddam International Airport outside Baghdad.
2006 - Iraq - Saddam Hussein Charged With Genocide
2006 : The Iraq tribunal announce criminal charges against Saddam Hussein and six others, accusing them of genocide and crimes against humanity stemming from a 1980s crackdown against Kurds
2006 - Kuwait - Women vote for first time in Kuwait
2006 : Women have voted for the first time in this year's Kuwaiti council by-elections,
and female candidates were among the eight
that were running for the seat in the Salmiya district. 60% of eligible voters
are women, and voting is in segregated polling
booths (a condition that was demanded by Islamist and tribal leaders). Women
were granted equal political rights in 2005,
and will be able to vote in 2007's legislative polls.
2008 - United States - Abraham Lincoln Letter is sold at auction
2008 : A letter written by Abraham Lincoln is sold at auction for $3.4 million in New
York. The 1864 reply to a petition by 195
children asking for the freedom of "all the slave children in this country"
has beaten the national record of $3.1 million.
Sotheby's have said that it was bought by an American collector by telephone.
The letter asks to "Please tell these little people
I am very glad their young hearts are so full of just and generous sympathy and
that, while I have not the power to grant all
they ask, I trust they will remember that God has, and that, as it seems, He wills
to do it."' The letter was dated April 5th, 1864.
2008 - United States - The Martin Luther King Shooting anniversary in Memphis
2008 : Crowds have gathered in Memphis to mark the fortieth anniversary of the assassination
of civil rights leader Martin Luther
King. Commemorations have taken place around the former Lorraine Motel, now a
civil rights museum, where he was shot
dead. Presidential hopefuls John McCain and Hillary Clinton have both marked the
event in Memphis, while the latter's
Democratic rival Barack Obama has spoken of it in Indiana. King's campaign for
equal rights by non-violent means has
inspired millions. The shooting was on April 4th, 1968.
2008 - United States - Shootings at a New York immigration center
2008 : A gunman has killed thirteen people after taking dozens hostage in New York. The
gunman was found dead inside
Binghampton's immigration center. Around forty people had escaped from the building,
but four others were critically injured
in the shooting.
2011 - Mexico - Shoot-out in Acapulco
2011 : A shoot-out between security forces and gunmen left three people dead in the Mexican resort city of Acapulco. One of the dead was a soldier while the other two were suspected gunmen. The two-hour long gun fight occurred after police and soldiers tried to stop gang members as they tried to set a shopping area on fire. Seven people were arrested and four people sustained injuries.
2012 - United States - Sculptor Elizabeth Catlett Dies
2012 : American artist Elizabeth Catlett died at the age of ninety-six. Catlett was known for being a sculptor and printmaker who was unafraid to create political statements in her art in order to highlight better rights for African-Americans and women. Catlett was barred from the US during the McCarthy era because of her political activisim and moved to Mexico.
2013 - United States - Famous Film Critic Dies
2013 : Widely respected and world renowned film critic Roger Ebert died at the age of seventy. Ebert had been suffering with thyroid cancer for several years and had lost his ability to talk after a jaw surgery related to the illness. Ebert had been most well known for his thumbs up or thumbs down rating system featured on a television show with his colleague Gene Siskel.
2014 - United States - Former President Art Exhibit Opens
2014 : An exhibit featuring paintings of world leaders by former US president George W. Bush opened at his Presidential Library in Dallas, Texas. The exhibit featured 24 different portraits of world leaders who the former president had met and worked closely with during his two terms.
Born This Day In History 4th April
Celebrating Birthdays Today
McKinley Morganfield 4th April 1915 Issaquena County, Mississippi, United States
Died: April 30th
1983 Westmont, Illinois, United States
Known For :
Muddy Waters was an American blues musician, if you watch and listen to the video you will understand why he was ranked #17 in Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. He took the soulful to passionate and fiery blues music from the Mississippi Delta and electrified it adding his own distinctive voice. His music which began to gain popularity in the late 1950's
and early 1960's
influenced many of the next generation of stars who ruled the music scene in the Sixties and Seventies including The Rolling Stones ( named after his 1950 song "Rollin' Stone" / "Catfish Blues"), Jimi Hendrix who heard him while in his boy hood. Eric Clapton ( Cream ) was another fan of Muddy Waters who said in an interview Muddy Waters music influenced his music career. He is also generally considered "the Father of Chicago blues".