The People History

Important Events From This day in History December 5th

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1945 - Bermuda - - Aircraft Lost In Bermuda Triangle
1945 : Five U.S. Navy Avenger torpedo bombers comprising Flight 19 take off from the Ft. Lauderdale Naval Air Station in Florida on a routine three hour training mission. Flight 19 was scheduled to take them due east for 120 miles, north for 73 miles, and then back over a final 120-mile leg that would return them to the naval base. They never returned. This area is known as the Bermuda Triangle and is renowned for causing instrument malfunctions including Compass and Radio Malfunctions. The Bermuda Triangle is said to stretch from the southern U.S. coast across to Bermuda and down to the Atlantic coast of Cuba and Santo Domingo.

1952 - UK -- London Killer Fog
A terrible deathly fog ( "The Great Smog" or "The Big Smoke" ) causes the death of thousands of Londoners it starts on 5th and ends on 9th. The smog had been created by a combination of the cold fog combining with sulfur pollutants caused through an increase of coal smoke due to increased burning of coal fires. Due to the knowledge gained from this deadly occurrence there was a rethink of causes of air pollution and new regulations were put in place including the Clean Air Acts of 1956 and of 1968, and the City of London (Various Powers) Act of 1954.

1977 - Bermuda - - Race Riots
1977 : In Hamilton, Bermuda British soldiers from the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers were called in to control race riots in the city. The riots went on for three days and caused $5 million in damages. Civilians and 5,000 tourists stayed hidden indoors. There had been two nights of fire bombing by youth, but severe rains quelled the violence.

1905 - UK - - Cabinet Resigns
A crisis in British politics was brewing. The premier of England, Arthur J. Balfour and his cabinet resigned and King Edward asked Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman to put together a new government. The old parliament was not to dissolve until the New Year. One of the major issues in British politics at this time was the question of home rule for Ireland.

1927 - Canada -- Roller Canary Championship
For the first time in history, a Roller Canary Championship, open to the entire world took place in the west. Defeating all other warbling birds owner William Latimer, President of the Western Canada Roller Canary Club, had the canary who was the undefeated champion. The Manitoba Free Press explained, "Each bird was given five minutes in which to sing, after which the cage was closed and the next bird given his chance.

1932 - Soviet Union -- Ration cards
The Soviet Union decided to shift the distribution of food, clothing, and other supplies to the factories, out of the hands of the government. Ration cards were to be given to the public and it was up to the factories to procure the goods.

1933 - U.S.A. -- 18th Amendment Ends
Prohibition comes to an end as Utah became the 36th state to ratify the 21st Amendment to the Constitution, repealing the 18th Amendment Available as a downloadable image on our Public Domain Images Page
18th Amendment / Prohibition Timeline

1948 - Singapore -- Airstrip
The small crown colony of Singapore, Cocos Island in the Indian Ocean, was being considered as an airstrip that would link Australia to Britain. After a contentious debate in the Singapore government it was decided to spend $2,500 to repair the airstrip for air traffic.

1950 - Korea -- Chinese Enter Pyongyang
Following the United nations retreat from North Korea, Chinese troops have entered the North Korean capital, Pyongyang.

1959 - Turkey -- President Eisenhower Visit
President Eisenhower was to visit Ankara, Turkey for seventeen hours and all over the country the Turkish citizens were wildly enthusiastic. Posters of "Turks like Ike too" were placed everywhere around the city. Turkey was a strong supporter of the Atlantic Pact.


1966 - South Vietnam -- U.S. Planes Attack Hanoi
U.S. war planes were retaliating for the largest loss of their planes since the beginning of the Vietnam War. They hit targets near Hanoi and shot down an enemy plane. Near Saigon thirty Viet Cong were killed as well as three Americans.

1977 - Egypt -- Breaks of Relations With Other Arab Countries
Following the hard line countries opposition to Egypt and signing the Declaration of Tripoli which includes sanctions against Egypt because President Anwar al-Sadat became the first Arab leader to recognize the state of Israel. President Anwar al-Sadat of Egypt has broken all relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria and South Yemen.


1987 - Haiti -- US Diplomats Withdrawn
One hundred and fifty American embassy workers and diplomats were withdrawn from Haiti due to the unstable political situation. They were expected to be home by Christmas. Eighty embassy employees were left behind to take care of essential services. Sixty-four million dollars in aid was withdrawn by President Reagan and Haiti's national elections were not held because voters were endangered.

1991 - UK -- Maxwell Empire Faces Bankruptcy
Following the death of Robert Maxwell administrators have been called in to try to salvage the Maxwell business empire, which includes the Mirror Group Newspapers and is at least £1bn in debt

1995 - Sri Lanka -- Tamil Tiger
Sri Lankan forces have taken back the city of Jaffna from Tamil Tiger guerrilla forces after a 7 week operation. The Tamil Tigers had been in control of the city for some time and had their own police force, law courts and were collecting taxes from the city population. The Tamil Tigers are a guerrilla force who are seeking to create a Tamil sovereign socialist state in the north and east of the country of Sri Lanka ( formerly Ceylon ).

1996 - U.S.A. -- Alan Greenspan
Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan questions whether the stock market is overvalued, saying in a speech in Washington, ''How do we know when irrational exuberance has unduly inflated asset values? that is thought to have led Japanese stocks to fall 3.2%

1999 - Northern Ireland -- IRA
In Belfast the Protestant-Catholic government was new and fragile. The main issue left to establish peace in Ireland was the disarming of the IRA, however some IRA militants said they had enough weapons to keep on fighting for another generation. General John de Chastelain, a Canadian disarmament leader, was planning a meeting with a chief IRA leader – possibly Brian Keenan -- to discuss where the IRA has its cache of weapons stashed.

2005 - UK -- Civil Partnership Act
The Civil Partnership Act comes into law. ( The Civil Partnership Act grants civil partnerships "which include same sex partnerships" in the United Kingdom with rights and responsibilities identical to civil marriage ).

2006 - Iraq -- US Soldiers Killed
Thirteen American soldiers were killed fighting in Iraq during the last week. Among the dead were four Marines who crashed in a Sea Knight helicopter which had mechanical failure.

2007 - U.S.A. -- Westroads Mall massacre
Robert A. Hawkins enters Von Maur department store in the Westroads Mall in Omaha,Nebraska and opens fire with a AK-47 7.62x39mm semi-automatic rifle killing eight people before taking his own life. He had left a suicide note earlier with the words " I just want to be famous" .

2008 - U.S.A. -- O.J. Simpson sentenced to up to thirty-three years in jail
O.J. Simpson, who was acquitted for the well-known double murder in Los Angeles is sentenced for up to thirty-three years in prison for robbing a pair of memorabilia dealers. He will not be eligible for parole for nine years.

2008 - Panama -- Russian destroyer goes through Panama Canal
Panama allows a Russian warship to sail through the trans-oceanic waterway on Friday, 5th. The destroyer, the Admiral Chabanenko, is the first Soviet/Russian military ship to use the fifty mile waterway since World War II. The U.S. government shows little concern about the destroyer's use of the canal, which had been off limits to the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

2009 - Copenhagen -- Protests in Europe ahead of Copenhagen climate summit
Tens of thousands of people across Europe have demonstrated for action on climate change two days before world leaders are gathering in Copenhagen for landmark talks on global warming. Protesters in London, Brussels, Paris, Stockholm and Dublin took to the streets to call for a far-reaching international agreement on reducing greenhouse gas emissions at the U.N-led talks that start on 7th. About twenty thousand people have marched through central London.

2011 - Russia -- Thousands of Russians Protest Against Putin Amid Elections
Thousands of Russians gathered in the streets of Moscow to protest against Prime Minister Putin after accusations of an unfair parliamentary election slanted in Putin's favor. The unrest comes soon after Putin announced he would run for president in the next election. Putin had held the presidency from 2000 until 2008, but was not allowed to run for a third consecutive term.

2012 - United States -- Jazz Pianist Dies
World-famous Jazz pianist Dave Brubeck died of heart failure at the age of ninety-one in Connecticut. Brubeck was considered a music legend and was most well-known for his single "Take Five".


2013 - South Africa -- Nelson Mandela Dies
The first black president of South Africa and anti-apartheid activist, Nelson Mandela, died at the age of ninety-five after suffering from a respiratory infection. Mandela had spent nearly thirty years in prison for fighting against apartheid in South Africa, after his release in the early 1990s he became the country's president and was revered worldwide as a fighter for freedoms. Many South Africans considered him the father of their modern nation.


Born This Day In History 5th December

Celebrating Birthday's Today
José Carreras
Born: 5th December 1946 Barcelona, Spain
Known For :
Best known as a member of the highly succcessful "Three Tenors" Plácido Domingo, José Carreras and Luciano Pavarotti who played in some of the largest stadiums around the world helping to make opera music popular with a wider public. They combined some of the best of opera with popular and broadway musical hits with their signature tune Nessun Dorma from Puccini's Turandot. Sadly Luciano Pavarotti passed away on 6 September 2007. He began his career in opera at just 11 years old with a performance at the Gran Teatre del Liceu ( Barcelona's great opera house) ,In his prime, Carreras's voice was considered one of the most beautiful tenor voices of the day.

Little Richard
Born: 5th December 1932 Richard Wayne Penniman, Macon, Georgia, U.S.
Known For :
American rock n roll and singer, songwriter and pianist who had a string of hits in the fifties including "Tutti Frutti," "Long Tall Sally" and "Good Golly, Miss Molly". He had a great stage presence which made him an idol of girls and boys alike. And Rolling Stone magazine chose him as the eighth greatest artist of all time.
Martin Van Buren
Born: December 5, 1782, Kinderhook, New York
Died: July 24, 1862, Kinderhook, New York
Known For : Martin Van Buren was the eighth President of the United States. He served from 1837 to 1841. Prior to the presidency, he had been Andrew Jackson’s Vice President, Secretary of State and Ambassador to the United Kingdom, the Governor of New York, and a US Senator.