What happened This day in History on May 14th

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For Those With Birthdays 14th May looking for specific year these years are Included on this date
1804, 1920, 1931, 1940, 1942, 1948, 1955, 1957, 1959, 1963, 1964, 1969, 1972, 1973, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2013, Born This Day,

1973 U.S.A. Skylab 14th May 1973 : Skylab, the first U.S. space station measuring 118 ft tall and weighing 77 tons, is launched into orbit around the earth.

1991 South Africa Winnie Mandela 14th May 1991 : Winnie Mandela, the wife of Nelson Mandela, is given a six-year prison sentence for her part in the kidnap of four youths suspected of being police informers, one of the kidnapped boys later died of his injuries.
Mrs Mandela's is believed to be behind the activities of her bodyguards - known as the "Mandela Football Club" who are involved in violence in the Soweto township including the notorious "necklace killings" which involved putting a tyre around a victim's neck and setting fire to it.


1804 U.S.A. The Lewis and Clark Expedition 14th May 1804 : The Lewis and Clark expedition started from Camp Dubois, near present day Hartford, Illinois on this day in 1804, They reached the Pacific Ocean on November 20th, 1805. They arrived back to St. Louis, Missouri on September 23rd 1806


1920 U.S.A. Airmail Service Extended Friday, 14th May 1920 : The airmail service continues to grow with a new service from Chicago to Omaha carrying 500 lbs of mail daily except Sundays and Holidays , the service will take about 5 1/2 hrs. The 1920s was a major growth period for Mail Delivery both domestic and later world wide

1931 India Mahatma Ghandi 14th May 1931 : Mahatma Ghandi the leader of the Indian Nationalist movement has agreed to talks with Britain in London to discuss More Independence from Britain in return for stopping the current boycott on foreign goods in India.

1940 England The Home Guard 14th May 1940 : The British Secretary of State for War Anthony Eden announced the creation of the Local Defence Volunteers ( LDV ) name changed in July of 1940 to "The Home Guard". The creation of the LDV was a direct result of Germany's conquest of Norway so quickly and the beginning of the invasion of France by German forces. Anthony Eden announced during the radio broadcast
Radio Broadcast Requesting Volunteers for The Home Guard
The government had expected 150,000 men to volunteer in total, but by the end of the first month 750,000 men had volunteered. By the end of June 1940, there were nearly 1.5 million volunteers.

1942 U.S.A. Air Travel 14th May 1942 : FDR has stated that all domestic air travel will be placed on a full wartime basis with the army operating or controlling the nations fleet of over 500 transport planes to help in the war effort.

1942 U.S.A. Women's Army Auxiliary Corps 14th May 1942 : Congress creates the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps ( WACS ), during the war General Douglas MacArthur called the WACs "my best soldiers", adding that they worked harder, complained less, and were better disciplined than men. Over the next 6 months similar women's units were set up including Navy WAVES, the SPARS of the Coast Guard and the (civil) Women Airforce Service Pilots.

1948 Israel Independent State 14th May 1948 : The independent state of Israel is proclaimed as British rule in Palestine came to an end. It has taken Israel 2000 years to gain nationhood status.


1955 Poland Warsaw Pact Signed 14th May 1955 : The Soviet Union and its Eastern Bloc allies including USSR, Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Albania sign a security pact in the Polish capital, Warsaw, after a three-day conference. The Warsaw Pact will provide close integration of military, economic and cultural policy between the eight Communist nations.

1957 England Petrol Rationing Ends 14th May 1957 : Petrol rationing, which has been in force in Britain and France for five months following the Suez crisis ends.
But surcharges on petrol prices and the four-day working week for many factories are to remain in place till oil supplies are normalized.






1959 U.S.A. Illegal Gambling Crackdown 14th May 1959 : Federal Agents carried out a series of raids across the nation as part of a nationwide crackdown on illegal lotteries and gambling . The raids were carried out on behalf of the Internal Revenue Service for tax dodging , most of the illegal gambling is controlled or run by mobsters.

1963 Kuwait 14th May 1963 : Kuwait is admitted to the United Nations

1964 Egypt Aswan Dam 14th May 1964 : Following US refusal to help finance building the Aswan Dam , President Gamal Abdul Nasser of Egypt and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev mark the beginning of the project by diverting the Nile.
The Aswan dam is financed and built with Russian help and thousands of cheering Egyptian and Russian construction workers as the Nile is diverted into the manmade channel which will allow the next stage of the Dam to begin.
The Aswan Dam came into operation in 1971 increasing good farming land in Egypt by one third, and creating the world's largest man-made lake Lake Nasser.

1969 Canada Drink Driving Laws 14th May 1969 : Drink Driving laws are introduced as past of the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1968-69 making it an offence to drive with a blood alcohol content (BAC) in excess of 80 mg/100 ml of blood ( 0.08% ). A number of other area of law were changed including gun control, Gambling, Abortion and contraception and Homosexuality.

1972 U.S.A. Anti War Demonstrations 14th May 1972 : After one week of anti war demonstrations which led to a number of deaths and many thousands of arrests calls have been made for 1 minute of silence in schools and colleges as a protest against the war in Vietnam




1986 Russia Chernobyl Accident 14th May 1986 : After 17 days with no statement from the Russian leader Mikhail Gorbachev today went on Russian TV today to tell the Russian people that the death toll has reached 9 and a further 299 are hospitalized with radiation poisoning from the Chernobyl accident on April 26th. Meanwhile fallout from the nuclear accident has been identified as far away as the USA.

1991 Japan Train Crash 14th May 1991 : Two trains carrying commuters crash head-on, killing more than 40 people and injuring 400 near Shigaraki, Japan.

1996 Bangladesh Tornado 14th May 1996 : A Tornado with winds reaching 125 MPH has killed more than 400 people and injured over 32,000 in Bangladesh

Indonesia 2005 Indonesia Earthquake Hits Near Sumatra 14th May, 2005 : An earthquake with a magnitude of 6.9 hit near the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The quake's epicenter was below the seabed in the Indian Ocean, and caused residents of Sumatra and nearby islands to flee their homes in fear of a tsunami.

China 2007 China China Launches Satellite for Nigeria 14th May, 2007 : Nigeria purchased a Chinese made satellite and had the Chinese company launch it for them, marking the first time another nation had bought Chinese satellite technology and launching services. Nigeria had been experiencing a boom in its communications services and the satellite was purchased and launched with the intention of expanding internet and telephone services in Africa. The launch was successful.

2008 Mexico Drug Cartels 14th May 2008 : As the violence has escalated between cartels in Mexico and the number of both senior and junior police officials murdered. Mexico's President Felipe Calderon has pledged to take back the streets from the cartels and has sent thousands of additional troops and police to combat the country's drug cartels in Sinaloa.

Burma 2009 Burma Opposition Leader Jailed in Burma 14th May, 2009 : Pro-democracy leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, was imprisoned in Burma after being charged with violating the conditions of her house arrest. The opposition leader had been under nearly continuous house arrest for nineteen years. The charges were brought against her after an American, John Yettaw, allegedly visited her home in secret for a couple of days.

Nepal 2012 Nepal Plane Crash Kills Fifteen
14th May, 2012 : A small plane that was carrying twenty-one people from Pokhara to Jomsom in Nepal crashed and left fifteen dead. The survivors were being treated at a hospital in Pokhara. Authorities did not know what caused the crash, but the aircraft had reported strong winds and was trying to fly back to Pokhara.



Belize
2013 Belize Mayan Pyramid Bulldozed

14th May, 2013 : Officials in Belize stated that one of the country's biggest Mayan temples was bulldozed by a construction company looking for gravel to use as road filler. The Noh Mul temple was thought to be over 2,300 years old and archaeologists stated that the destruction of old temples was a recurring problem in the country.