For Those With Birthdays 31st March looking for specific year these years are Included on this date 1889, 1940, 1943, 1949, 1951, 1959, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1972, 1973, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995, 2004, 2005, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2014, Born This Day,

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What happened This day in History on March 31st

Easter Sunday 2013
1951 U.S.A. UNIVAC 31st March, 1943 : The first commercially built U.S. computer The UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) is sold to the United States Census Bureau costing about US$159,000. This computer was built by Remington Rand and had been designed principally by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, the inventors of the ENIAC ( 1947 )( the first general-purpose electronic computer ) known as the "Giant Brain". These computers did not use Transistors or micro chips but vacuum tubes ( Similar to what you find in old TV's from the fifties ) and were the size of a small house ( 680 Sq ft.

1959 India Dalai Lama 31st March, 1959: The spiritual leader of Tibet, the Dalai Lama, has crossed the border into India after a 15 day journey on foot from the Tibetan capital, Lhasa, over the Himalayan mountains seeking asylum. This follows the Chinese repression of the rebellion by Tibetans in Lhasa. The Dalai Lama, is granted political asylum in India.

1990 England Poll Tax Demonstrations 31st March, 1990 : The worst violence seen so far in the series of Anti Poll Tax demonstrations erupted in London during the largest rally when nearly 100,000 people take to the streets in protest at the new government levy. More than 400 were arrested and property was damaged with repairs estimated at £400,000 after the demonstration .
The Poll Tax ( Community Charge ) was introduced by Margaret Thatcher's Conservative government in 1989 (Scotland) and 1990 (England and Wales) and was a single flat rate per person tax on every working adult, at a rate set by the local authority. It was designed to replace the rating system of taxes ( which was based on valuation and rent value ) to fund local government. The tax was believed by many to move the tax burden from the rich to the poor, under earlier local taxes ( Rateable Value "Rates" ) those who owned the largest and most expensive property paid the most but under "Poll Tax" the tax was moved to the number of people living in the house.
The Poll Tax was formally abolished in 1993 /1994 with the new The Council Tax which resembled the old rating system that the Poll Tax had replaced.

1889 France The Eiffel Tower 31st March, : The Eiffel Tower, or the Tour Eiffel, was opened on March 31st, 1889 , and was the work of a Gustave Eiffel, who was a bridge engineer. It was made for the centenary of the French Revolution and was chosen instead of over one hundred other plans that were given.

1940 England Winston Churchill Warns Against German Invasion 31st March, 1940: The first sea lord of the admiralty Winston Churchill has warned that a million German troops are massed on the borders of Luxembourg, Belgium and Holland ready to strike and that England and it's allies must be prepared to protect other countries in the forthcoming conflict.

1949 Canada Newfoundland Joins Confederation 31st March, 1949 : Newfoundland and Labrador entered the Canadian confederation as the 10th province. The years each province joined the Canadian Confederation
1867 Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick
1870 Manitoba, Northwest Territories
1871 British Columbia
1873 Prince Edward Island
1898 Yukon
1905 Saskatchewan, Alberta
1949 Newfoundland
1999 Nunavut

1943 U.S.A. Oklahoma! 31st March, 1943 : The musical "Oklahoma!" debuts on Broadway. This play, written by the famed duo Rodgers and Hammerstein, was originally titled "Away We Go" and continues to be produced by theaters across the country.

1964 Brazil Brazilian coup d'état 31st March, 1964 : A military coup d'état in Brazil led by Gen. Humberto Castello Branco ousted Pres. Joao Goulart.

1966 England Harold Wilson 31st March, 1966: Harold Wilson wins sweeping victory as the Labour party wins the general election with a majority of about 100 seats in the House of Commons.

1968 U.S.A. Johnson Announces He Will Not Run 31st March, 1968 : President Johnson announces on nationwide television he would not run for another term of office saying "I shall not seek and I will not accept the nomination of my party as your President.".

1972 England CND March 31st March, 1972: The CND ( Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament ) organizes a four day demonstration against nuclear arms including a march to Aldermaston .

1973 U.S.A. Mississippi Floods 31st March, 1973: The Mississippi River reaches its peak level in St. Louis during a record 77-day flood. During the flooding 33 died and and millions of acres of farm land were unusable for a full year following the flood, also because the area's affected were in a known flood plain many residents had no insurance and lost everything they had worked for, this is also why the 33 died as they refused to evacuate the area.

1986 Great Britain Greater London Council Abolished 31st March, 1986: The GLC or Greater London Council is abolished after 97 years of local rule in London, England.

1991 Soviet Union The Warsaw Pact Ends 31st March, 1991: The Warsaw Pact a military alliance between the Soviet Union and its eastern European neighbors ends .

1992 Libya Sanctions Imposed On Libya 31st March, 1992: The U.N. Security Council voted to ban flights and arms sales to Libya, for shielding six men accused of blowing up Pan Am Flight 103 and a French airliner

1995 U.S.A. Selena Quintanilla-Pérez 31st March, 1995: Grammy award winning Mexican American singer Selena Quintanilla-Pérez was shot and murdered in a motel room by the woman who was the president of her fan club

1995 U.S.A. 1994 Major League Baseball Strike 31st March, 1995: Baseball players agreed to end a 232-day strike which had begun on August 12th , 1994, after a judge granted a preliminary injunction against club owners.
The strike led to the cancellation of 938 games overall, including the entire 1994 postseason and 1994 World Series.
Like nearly all strikes the Baseball player strike revolved around money with club owners demanding a salary cap in response to the worsening financial situation in baseball. Find Out More on our History of Baseball Page.

2004 Iraq Four US Contractors Ambushed and Murdered 31st March, 2004: Four Blackwater Security Consulting (BSC) employees are ambushed and murdered in Fallujah, Iraq.
The four armed contractors, Scott Helvenston, Jerko Zovko, Wesley Batalona and Michael Teague, were dragged from their cars, beaten, and set ablaze.
Photos of the horrendous crimes were released to news agencies worldwide, causing indignation and outrage in the United States and other countries.

2005 U.S.A. Terri Schiavo 31st March, 2005: Terri Schiavo, the center of the most heavily litigated right-to-die dispute in U.S. history, died today, 13 days after her feeding tube was removed.

2005 UK Children Conceived Using Donor Eggs or Sperm Can Trace Parents 31st March, 2005: New laws in the UK now give the right to those born using donor eggs or sperm will have the option to ask for the identity of their donor will be when they turn 18. The new law is not retrospective, so people who have already donated will not be affected, but those donating from now and the children born through those donations will have the right to trace their biological parent in through the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority the same way as children who are adopted can ask adoption agencies. The new laws are causing some concern by infertility clinics about the future because the number of donors is expected to drop significantly.

2009 United States The Supreme Court dismisses the smoking appeal by cigarette manufacturer Philip Morris 31st March, 2009: The Supreme Court has dismissed the appeal that's been made by the cigarette maker Philip Morris over the $79.5 millon award it gave to the widow of a long-term Oregon smoker. The court has upheld the 1999 ruling by the Oregon Supreme Court in favour of Mayola Williams. The judges have said that they were not passing judgement on the legal issues presented. Jesse Williams died of lung cancer in 1997, having smoked for forty years. It was Mrs Williams that sued the cigarette manufacturer for fraud on behalf of her husband. She said that Philip Morris had committed a 'massive market-directed fraud' for misleading people on whether smoking cigarettes wasn't addictive or dangerous.

United States 2011 United States Missing Cobra Found 31st March, 2011 : A deadly Egyptian cobra that had escaped New York's Bronx Zoo was found alive in the zoo's reptile house almost a week after its escape. The during its absence the snake had become a minor celebrity after someone set up a Twitter account in its name and started making humorous comments.

2013 Nigeria Troops Kill Militants

31st March, 2013 : Nigerian troops claim to have killed fourteen suspected militants that were a part of the Boko Haram rebel group in the city of Kano. The Nigerian military stated that the group had been planning attacks on Easter

2014 Japan Japan Accepts Whaling Ban

31st March, 2014 : Japan accepted the United Nation's International Court of Justice's ruling that Japan must stop whaling in the Antarctic in accordance with a ban on the practice. Australia had brought up the suit against Japan in 2010. Japan had claimed that they were only whaling for scientific purposes and that Australia's pursuit of this case was just a way for the country to impose its cultural norms on Japan.