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Other Pages From The Year 1953 Featuring Toys Clothes Fashion Accessories

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1953 saw the growth of the buy now pay later mentality with car makers leading the way by allowing longer and longer periods to pay for your new car. Queen Elizabeth II crowned queen of England. The unions gained strength with more and more workers belonging to unions, with wage and price controls ended and unemployment at 2.9% the increases in standard of living continued to grow and appear to have no boundaries. A teachers average salary was $4,254 and a pound of round steak was 90 cents. The first color television sets appear selling for $1,175, and transistor radios start to appear for sale.


Cost of Living 1953

How Much things cost in 1953
Yearly Inflation Rate USA 0.82%
Yearly Inflation Rate UK 2.2%
Average Cost of new house $9.550.00 Average wages per year $4,000.00 Cost of a gallon of Gas 20 cents Average Cost of a new car $1,650.00 Kodak Brownie Flash Six-20 Camera History $13.00 Chain Saw $225.00
Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 2,006
Part of our 1950s Toys Selection of 250 Fifties Toys
Price: $3.19
Giant Pan American Clipper From The 1950s


From Fifties Fashion Section
Price: $3.43
Metal Colored Platform

Price: $4.98
Circular Skirt Dress
From Our Fifties Furniture Page
Price: $11.95
Round Hassock
From Our Fifties Electrical
Price: $534.95
TV-Radio-Phono Combination





What Events Happened in 1953

Nepal
  • On on May 29th Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay perform the first successful ascent to the summit of Mount Everest.
Iran --- Nationalization in Iran
  • Shah of Iran restored to power
More Information and Timeline For Nationalization in Iran
1. 1950 - General Haj-ALi Razmara becomes the Prime Minister of Iran
2. March 1951 - Prime Minister Razmara is assassinated
3. March 1951 - Mohammed Mossadegh presents the idea of nationalization of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company to the Iranian Parliament and it is eventually approved by the Iranian Parliament
4. April 1951 - Mossadegh is elected as Iran's new Prime Minister
5. May 1951 - Britain imposes an embargo on Iranian oil and bans the exportation of goods to Iran in retaliation. Britain also mobilizes its navy as a show of force
6. June 1951 - The United States, under President Truman, tries to mediate the situation between Iran and Britain diplomatically, while Britain decides to take legal action against Iran in the International Court of Justice
7. July 1951 - The International Court of Justice rules that the conflict could not be resolved by the ICJ because it was a problem between a private company and the Iranian government and not a matter of treaties
8. 1952 - Iran decides to sever diplomatic ties with Great Britain
9. 1953 - A failed coup against Mossadegh forces Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi to flee from Iran
10. 1953 - A second coup against Mossadegh is successful with the help of the CIA and the Shah returns to power in Iran
Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi ruled as an authoritarian leader until 1979 when he was overthrown during the Iranian Revolution


Russia
  • Death of Soviet Premier Stalin
Korea --- The Korean War Ends
  • The Korean War ends after three years and one month
More Information and Timeline For The Korean War
1. 1945 - American & Soviet troops agree that the 38th parallel will be the military dividing line in Korea after WWII ends
2. 1948 - The Soviet Union aids in the creation of the People's Democratic Republic of North Korea
3. 1948 - The United States recognizes the Republic of South Korea
4. 1949 - US & Soviet troops withdraw from North and South Korea
5. June 1950 - North Korean troops invade South Korea
6. 1950 - US President Truman sends American troops under General MacArthur to the defense of South Korea, the United Nations approves and sends other troops
7. October 1950 - UN Forces recapture nearly all of South Korea below the 38th parallel and the UN authorizes troops to continue into the North
8. November 1950 - The Chinese Communist Army fights UN forces driving them back down the peninsula
9. 1951 - General MacArthur is dismissed from his command after months of insubordination
10. 1952 - Fighting continues amidst tense negotiations over whether or not there will be mandatory repatriation for Chinese and North Korean defectors
11. 1953 - US President Eisenhower informs the Chinese that he would not be afraid to use nuclear weapons or invade China in order to end this, North Korea decides to allow voluntary repatriation
12. July 1953 - An armistice is concluded at Panmunjom, it provided for a demilitarized zone and a conference to discuss the future of Korea, however, the conference never came to pass
During the Korean War 33,629 US troops, about 3,000 UN troops, about 50,000 South Koreans, and an estimated 1.5 million Communists from China and North Korea died.



Other Pages From The People History

Our 1950's  Quiz Just For Fun

U.S.
  • Dwight D Eisenhower President of the United States
U.S. --- Polio Vaccine
  • First Polio Vaccine Developed
More Information and Timeline For Polio Vaccine Creation
1. 1908 - Karl Landsteiner & Erwin Popper first identify Polio as a virus
2. 1916 - A large Polio epidemic hits the United States, causing 27,000 cases and 6,000 deaths nationwide
3. 1929 - Philip Drinker & Louis Shaw develop the "Iron Lung" or tank respirator to help keep patients breathing in the early stages of Polio
4. 1938 - FDR founds the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, later known as the March of Dimes
5. 1948 - Hilary Koprowski tests his Type II Poliovirus vaccine on himself after testing it on chimpanzees and sees no harmful side effects
6. 1951 - Jonas Salk and a team at the University of Pittsburgh create a way to cultivate the poliovirus in monkey kidney tissue
7. 1952 - 57,628 Polio cases are reported in the United States, with over 21,000 of them being paralytic cases
8. 1952 - Salk and his associates begin testing their inactivated (or killed-virus) polio vaccine on humans
9. 1953 - Salk gives himself and his family the polio vaccine
10. 1954 - Field trials of Salk's vaccine begin with over 1.3 million children
11. 1955 - Trial results state that the vaccine is 80% - 90% effective and the US Government grants a license to Salk's vaccine In 1955, distribution of the vaccine was suspended while more investigations were carried out after several reports that the virus did not work and paralyzed some children. Eleven people died from the vaccine while a few hundred were paralyzed from it, most likely as a result from certain manufacturers not using the proper production methods when creating the vaccination. The vaccination was allowed to continue after several changes were made to the production methods.




U.S.
  • President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed Executive Order 10450 on April 27th which defined controversial hiring and firing rules for Government Employment
U.S.
  • The FBI rounds up communist leaders who were advocating overthrow of the Government
U.S.
  • The U.S. Supreme Court gave power to enforce right-to-work laws
U.S.
  • F5 Tornado strikes Waco in Texas on May 11th leaving 114 dead and 597 injured, The Tornado was one of the many storm disasters for the development of a nationwide severe weather warning system.
UK
  • Royal Yacht Britannia Launched
UK
  • The strongest storms ever recorded break through flood defenses across the UK leaving 150 dead
UK
  • Queen Elizabeth II crowned queen of England on June 2nd in UK
France
  • Four million workers go on a massive strike in France
Russia
  • The Soviet Union crushes protests against the communist government of East Germany
UK
  • James D. Watson and Francis H.C. Crick announce discovery of the double-helix structure of DNA
Netherlands
  • North Sea flood of 1953 kills 1,835 people in the southwestern Netherlands
Turkey
  • An earthquake hits western Turkey killing 250
Kenya
  • Jomo Kenyatta the future leader of Kenya is sentenced to seven years hard labour
South East Asia
  • Hurricane in South-East Asia - over 1000 dead
UK
  • Rationing of sugar ends in the United Kingdom




Popular Culture

  • Ian Fleming publishes his first James Bond novel, Casino Royale in the United Kingdom
  • Playboy Magazine's 1st issue features Marilyn Monroe as its first cover girl and nude centerfold.
  • New York Yankees win fifth world series in a row

Check out our Television Programmes From The 50s whenever possible we have included a trailer to jog your memory. Series trailers and more information are found on the decade they started.

Popular Films

  • Peter Pan premieres
  • The Robe
  • From Here to Eternity
  • Shane
  • How to Marry a Millionaire
  • The War of The Worlds
  • Gentlemen Prefer Blondes with Marilyn Monroe

Born This Year

Tim Allen June 13th
Pierce Brosnan May 16th
John Edwards June 10th



Technology 1953

  • Albert Schweitzer was given the 1953 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • The first color television sets go on sale for about $1,175 in the US
  • New York adopts three color traffic lights
  • The Corvette the all American sports car goes on sale
  • Cigarette Smoking is reported as causing Lung Cancer
  • British Physicist Francis Crick and US Biologist James Watson unveil their famous Double Helix Model of DNA the materials in Chromosomes that control heredity

Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
Transistor Radio USA from Texas Instruments



1953 Calendar


Major World Political Leaders

Australia Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies Brazil President GetĂșlio Vargas Canada Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent

China Chairman of the People's Republic of China Mao Zedong

France President Vincent Auriol

Germany Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
India Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru

Italy Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi Till 2 August
Italy Prime Minister Giuseppe Pella From 17 August
Japan Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida Mexico President Adolfo Ruiz Cortines Russia / Soviet Union
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev South Africa Prime Minister Daniel François Malan United States President Harry S. Truman Till January 20,
United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower From January 20,
United Kingdom Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill

Political Elections


Canadian Federal Election 1953 Louis St. Laurent ( Liberal ) defeats George A. Drew ( Progressive Conservatives ).