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Cost of Living 1953How Much things cost in 1953
Yearly Inflation Rate USA 0.82%
Yearly Inflation Rate UK 2.2%
Average Cost of new house $9.550.00 Average wages per year $4,000.00 Cost of a gallon of Gas 20 cents Average Cost of a new car $1,650.00 Kodak Brownie Flash Six-20 Camera History $13.00 Chain Saw $225.00
Below are some Prices for UK guides in Pounds Sterling
Average House Price 2,006
Part of our 1950s Toys Selection of 250 Fifties Toys
| From Fifties Fashion Section |
| From Our Fifties Furniture Page |
| From Our Fifties Electrical |
What Events Happened in 1953Nepal
- On on May 29th Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay perform the first successful ascent to the summit of Mount Everest.
- Shah of Iran restored to power
1. 1950 - General Haj-ALi Razmara becomes the Prime Minister of Iran
2. March 1951 - Prime Minister Razmara is assassinated
3. March 1951 - Mohammed Mossadegh presents the idea of nationalization of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company to the Iranian Parliament and it is eventually approved by the Iranian Parliament
4. April 1951 - Mossadegh is elected as Iran's new Prime Minister
5. May 1951 - Britain imposes an embargo on Iranian oil and bans the exportation of goods to Iran in retaliation. Britain also mobilizes its navy as a show of force
6. June 1951 - The United States, under President Truman, tries to mediate the situation between Iran and Britain diplomatically, while Britain decides to take legal action against Iran in the International Court of Justice
7. July 1951 - The International Court of Justice rules that the conflict could not be resolved by the ICJ because it was a problem between a private company and the Iranian government and not a matter of treaties
8. 1952 - Iran decides to sever diplomatic ties with Great Britain
9. 1953 - A failed coup against Mossadegh forces Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi to flee from Iran
10. 1953 - A second coup against Mossadegh is successful with the help of the CIA and the Shah returns to power in Iran
Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi ruled as an authoritarian leader until 1979 when he was overthrown during the Iranian Revolution
- Death of Soviet Premier Stalin
- The Korean War ends after three years and one month
1. 1945 - American & Soviet troops agree that the 38th parallel will be the military dividing line in Korea after WWII ends
2. 1948 - The Soviet Union aids in the creation of the People's Democratic Republic of North Korea
3. 1948 - The United States recognizes the Republic of South Korea
4. 1949 - US & Soviet troops withdraw from North and South Korea
5. June 1950 - North Korean troops invade South Korea
6. 1950 - US President Truman sends American troops under General MacArthur to the defense of South Korea, the United Nations approves and sends other troops
7. October 1950 - UN Forces recapture nearly all of South Korea below the 38th parallel and the UN authorizes troops to continue into the North
8. November 1950 - The Chinese Communist Army fights UN forces driving them back down the peninsula
9. 1951 - General MacArthur is dismissed from his command after months of insubordination
10. 1952 - Fighting continues amidst tense negotiations over whether or not there will be mandatory repatriation for Chinese and North Korean defectors
11. 1953 - US President Eisenhower informs the Chinese that he would not be afraid to use nuclear weapons or invade China in order to end this, North Korea decides to allow voluntary repatriation
12. July 1953 - An armistice is concluded at Panmunjom, it provided for a demilitarized zone and a conference to discuss the future of Korea, however, the conference never came to pass
During the Korean War 33,629 US troops, about 3,000 UN troops, about 50,000 South Koreans, and an estimated 1.5 million Communists from China and North Korea died.
- Dwight D. Eisenhower is inaugurated as the President of the United States
Dwight D. Eisenhower was inaugurated as the United States president during January of 1953. Republican Eisenhower and his running mate Richard Nixon defeated Democrat Adlai Stevenson with a total of 442 electoral votes to 89 and a popular vote of 55.2 percent to 44.3 percent. Eisenhower had previously been known for his service as a five-star general during World War II, eventually becoming the Supreme Allied Commander. He also acted as a Chief of Staff for the Army under President Truman, the governor of U.S. occupied Germany after WWII, the president of Columbia University and the Supreme Commander of NATO forces. During his two-term presidency he was credited with creating the U.S. highway system, strengthening Social Security, easing tensions with the U.S.S.R., creating NASA, helping to fully desegregate the Armed Forces, and signing some of the first modern civil rights laws.
- First Polio Vaccine Developed
1. 1908 - Karl Landsteiner & Erwin Popper first identify Polio as a virus
2. 1916 - A large Polio epidemic hits the United States, causing 27,000 cases and 6,000 deaths nationwide
3. 1929 - Philip Drinker & Louis Shaw develop the "Iron Lung" or tank respirator to help keep patients breathing in the early stages of Polio
4. 1938 - FDR founds the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, later known as the March of Dimes
5. 1948 - Hilary Koprowski tests his Type II Poliovirus vaccine on himself after testing it on chimpanzees and sees no harmful side effects
6. 1951 - Jonas Salk and a team at the University of Pittsburgh create a way to cultivate the poliovirus in monkey kidney tissue
7. 1952 - 57,628 Polio cases are reported in the United States, with over 21,000 of them being paralytic cases
8. 1952 - Salk and his associates begin testing their inactivated (or killed-virus) polio vaccine on humans
9. 1953 - Salk gives himself and his family the polio vaccine
10. 1954 - Field trials of Salk's vaccine begin with over 1.3 million children
11. 1955 - Trial results state that the vaccine is 80% - 90% effective and the US Government grants a license to Salk's vaccine In 1955, distribution of the vaccine was suspended while more investigations were carried out after several reports that the virus did not work and paralyzed some children. Eleven people died from the vaccine while a few hundred were paralyzed from it, most likely as a result from certain manufacturers not using the proper production methods when creating the vaccination. The vaccination was allowed to continue after several changes were made to the production methods.
- Earl Warren is appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Earl Warren is appointed as the Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on October 5th of 1953. Warren had previously been a three-term governor of the state of California and in 1948 he had been the republican candidate for vice president. Earl Warren was involved in several of the Supreme Court’s most important decisions on subjects like civil rights, most notably the decision that made segregation in public schools unconstitutional. He was also the head of the committee that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy. Warren remained Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court until he retired in 1969.
- President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed Executive Order 10450 on April 27th which defined controversial hiring and firing rules for Government Employment
- The FBI rounds up communist leaders who were advocating overthrow of the Government
- The U.S. Supreme Court gave power to enforce right-to-work laws
- F5 Tornado strikes Waco in Texas on May 11th leaving 114 dead and 597 injured, The Tornado was one of the many storm disasters for the development of a nationwide severe weather warning system.
- On on May 29th Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay perform the first successful ascent to the summit of Mount Everest.
1. Sir Edmund Hillary, an explorer from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Nepalese Sherpa, become the first people to successfully climb to the summit of Mount Everest in May of 1953.
2. The pair stayed at the summit for about fifteen minutes before they had to begin their descent due to low oxygen.
3. Before Hillary and Norgay accomplished the feat several other mountaineers had attempted to reach the summit of the highest mountain but had never been successful and many had even perished in the attempt.
- Royal Yacht Britannia Launched
- Cambodia becomes independent from France.
Cambodia declares its independence from France during November of 1953. King Sihanouk, having previously pushed for independence, took over as the country’s leader. Starting in 1946, Cambodian resistance fighters had launched armed attacks against French occupation in a push for independence. Cambodia had been under French-colonial rule for ninety years prior to its independence. After achieving independence the country remained the Kingdom of Cambodia until 1970 when Norodom Sihanouk was overthrown in a United States backed military coup.
- The strongest storms ever recorded break through flood defenses across the UK leaving 150 dead
- Queen Elizabeth II crowned queen of England on June 2nd in UK.
Queen Elizabeth II’s coronation took place June 2nd of 1953 in the United Kingdom. The coronation was held at Westminster Abbey where thousands of guests gathered to witness the historical event. Elizabeth’s father King George VI had passed away during February of the previous year, and not long after his death Elizabeth began her duties as a monarch. She was not formally crowned until the coronation as it was tradition to allow several months to pass for mourning of the previous monarch. It was the first coronation service to be broadcast on television.
- Four million workers go on a massive strike in France
- The Soviet Union crushes protests against the communist government of East Germany
- James D. Watson and Francis H.C. Crick announce discovery of the double-helix structure of DNA.
British physicist Francis Crick and American biologist James Watson discover the double-helix structure of human DNA in February of 1953. DNA had been studied since the mid-1800s, but they were the first to figure out that DNA was formed as a double helix, a ladder-like shape, that split up to replicate, unlocking how the passing on of genes worked. At about the same time scientists Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins were using x-rays to study DNA and were able to provided proof of the double helix structure in one of their images. Watson and Crick published their finding in April of that year. In 1962 Crick, Watson and Wilkins were awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology (Franklin had died several years earlier of cancer).
- North Sea flood of 1953 kills 1,835 people in the southwestern Netherlands
- An earthquake hits western Turkey killing 250
- Jomo Kenyatta the future leader of Kenya is sentenced to seven years hard labour
- Hurricane in South-East Asia - over 1000 dead
- Rationing of sugar ends in the United Kingdom
- Ian Fleming publishes his first James Bond novel, Casino Royale in the United Kingdom
- Playboy Magazine's 1st issue features Marilyn Monroe as its first cover girl and nude centerfold.
- New York Yankees win fifth world series in a row
Check out our Television Programmes From The 50s whenever possible we have included a trailer to jog your memory. Series trailers and more information are found on the decade they started.
- Peter Pan premieres
- The Robe
- From Here to Eternity
- How to Marry a Millionaire
- The War of The Worlds
- Gentlemen Prefer Blondes with Marilyn Monroe
Born This YearTim Allen June 13th
Pierce Brosnan May 16th
John Edwards June 10th
- Albert Schweitzer was given the 1953 Nobel Peace Prize.
- The first color television sets go on sale for about $1,175 in the US
- New York adopts three color traffic lights
- The Corvette the all American sports car goes on sale
- Cigarette Smoking is reported as causing Lung Cancer
- British Physicist Francis Crick and US Biologist James Watson unveil their famous Double Helix Model of DNA the materials in Chromosomes that control heredity
Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
Transistor Radio USA from Texas Instruments
Major World Political LeadersAustralia Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies Brazil President Getúlio Vargas Canada Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent
China Chairman of the People's Republic of China Mao Zedong
France President Vincent Auriol
Germany Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
India Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru
Italy Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi Till 2 August
Italy Prime Minister Giuseppe Pella From 17 August
Japan Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida Mexico President Adolfo Ruiz Cortines Russia / Soviet Union
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev South Africa Prime Minister Daniel François Malan United States President Harry S. Truman Till January 20,
United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower From January 20,
United Kingdom Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill
Canadian Federal Election 1953 Louis St. Laurent ( Liberal ) defeats George A. Drew ( Progressive Conservatives ).