Important Events From This day in History November 23rd
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1963 - U.S.A. -- Lyndon B. Johnson
1963: Following the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, becomes the new president of the United States .
1954 - U.S.A. -- Dow Jones recovers to 381.17
1954: 25 years after the 1929 Wall Street Crash the Dow Jones recovers to the pre crash high of 381.17
More about the Wall Street Crash
1945 Germany -- War Crime Trials
American prosecutors charged German troops of various war crimes. Hitler aids were present during these proceedings, and evidence was presented that Hitler's regime had used aggressive warfare techniques that had cost lives of millions of people. One of the biggest concerns was the announcement of the extermination of Polish and Polish-speaking individuals. Orders to kill them had been given by Hitler as early as 1939
1935 - Italy -- Declare War on France
Italy has made an unconfirmed announcement that they will declare war on France if France cuts them off from oil. This action did not seem to make much sense, however, considering that France was not a primary exporter of this particular commodity. Nevertheless, Great Britain vowed to protect France at this time.
1942 - U.S.A. -- Women's Coast Guard Auxiliary
1942: President Roosevelt yesterday signed legislation authorizing the establishment of a women's coast guard auxiliary, called the Spars, this will relieve officers and men for duty at sea by replacing them with women in shore establishments.
1953 - Korea -- Peace Talks
Russia has been approved to join in on the Korean peace talks. However, they were initiated in on the side of the Communists rather than as being neutral. The Korean peace conference had been already going on for about five weeks by this time.
The British science fiction television programme Doctor Who from the BBC is shown on TV for the first time. "the Doctor" played by William Hartnell in the first series travels through time and space in the TARDIS ( A blue 1950's
police box ) . Over 40 years featuring a number of doctors fighting alien baddies including the Daleks "Doctor Who" has gained a cult status in Britain and is also the longest-running science fiction television show in the world
1973 - Israel -- Ship Sinks
Five crewmen were drowned when the Cypriot freight ship sank into the sea. It sank into the Mediterranean about 18 miles from Tel Aviv.
1980 - Italy -- Earthquake
An earthquake between 6.5 and 6.8 on the Richter scale struck southern Italy centered on Conza, and the worst hit areas were Sant'Angelo di Lombardi, Lioni, Naples, Teora and Balvano, the death toll is believed to be in the region of 3,000 and has left over 300,000 homeless. In Balvano a small mountain village where more than 100 persons were reported killed, many of them in the collapse of a 600-year-old church during evening vespers services.
1983 - Switzerland -- Missile Talks Break Down
: Soviets walked out from a Geneva Missile Talks session. Members of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Association) urged the Russians to come back to the meeting table. However, the talks had already gone on for about two years, and the Russians were unlikely to be convinced very easily to return.
1984 - UK -- Oxford Circus Tube Station Fire
A fire at Oxford Circus Tube Station trapped over 1,000 underground in the station, luckily there were no fatalities but a number of those trapped were taken to a nearby hospital suffering from smoke inhalation.
1985 - Greece -- EgyptAir Flight 648 Hijacking
: Terrorists belonging to the Abu Nidal Palestinian terrorist Organization hijack EgyptAir Flight 648 shortly after takeoff from Athens. The pilot is forced to land the aircraft at Luqa Airport in Malta. After some negotiation some of the passengers were allowed off but as the terrorists became more desperate they began shooting passengers one every 15 minutes. As the situation worsened an Egyptian Combat Unit is bought in and on the 25th they attack the aircraft with explosives and stormed the aircraft. The commando raid ended in disaster leaving 56 (out of the remaining 88) passengers, two crew members, and one terrorist dead.
1995 - Germany -- Nato Forces Bosnia
NATO military forces being sent to Bosnia were expected to adhere to a very strict code. This code was called the "Rules of Engagement", included notification by NATO soldiers of any need to use force. Military troops being sent to Bosnia had the right to use any forces within reason to protect them.
1996 - Comoro Islands -- Hijacking
1996: Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 767 Flight ET961 flying from Addis Ababa to Nairobi is hijacked by three men, four hours later after running out of fuel it was forced to ditch into the sea, at least 100 people were killed when the plane disintegrated as it attempted to land .
2001: Although Russia seemed ambivalent about joining NATO, they also are very supportive of this organization. This country has wanted a vote within this organization for a long time. Talk of a Russian-NATO alliance was in the works at this time.
2001 - Hungary -- Convention on Cybercrime
Convention on Cybercrime is signed by members of the council of Europe, USA, Canada, Japan and the Republic of South Africa in Budapest, Hungary. The treaty objectives is to pursue a common criminal policy aimed at the protection of society against cybercrime, including computer-related forgery and fraud, child pornography and cyber terrorism. As with any piece of legislation the problems come from balancing civil liberty and privacy concerns with the need to catch criminal elements using the Internet for illegal uses.
2002 - Nigeria -- Miss World
The Miss World contest is forced to relocate to London from Abuja after riots by Muslim youths opposed to the show left more than 100 people dead and 500 injured in the city of Kaduna.
2005 - Liberia -- Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
2005 : Johnson Sirleaf is elected as the first woman President of an African country when she wins the Liberian Presidential elections. Her inauguration took place on January 16, 2006 with a number of international politicians attending and Condoleezza Rice, Laura Bush from the United States.
2006 - UK -- EX Russian Spy Litvinenko dies
Shortly after Alexander Litvinenko's death, the UK's Health Protection Agency said that tests had established that he had significant amounts of the radionuclide polonium-210 (210Po) in his body. The Polonium was only identified after his death. Doctors and police investigators had not been able to detect polonium before because it doesn't emit gamma rays (which are encountered with most radioactive isotopes). Litvinenko had ingested polonium-210, a poisonous radioactive isotope.
2013 - China -- Oil Pipeline Bursts
2013 : Over fifty people died after a leaking oil pipeline caught on fire and exploded in Qingdao, China. Over one-hundred others were injured. Several workers associated with the pipeline were later arrested for their irresponsibility in maintaining the pipeline.
23rd November Signs Of The Zodiac Sagittarius
The Beginning for Sagittarius, The Sign of The Archer
Celebrating Birthday's Today
Born This Day In History 23rd November
23rd November 1954
Known For :
American singer, songwriter who is also an accomplished pianist and accordion player. In 1994 he formed Bruce Hornsby and the Range and had a biggest hit "The Way It Is" which went to number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 in December, 1986. From the early 90's he appeared on stage with the Grateful Dead until the band's dissolution. In 98 he formed Bruce Hornsby and the Noise Makers which is still going and also works with Ricky Skaggs as "Ricky Skaggs & Bruce Hornsby" .
Miley Ray Cyrus
23rd November 1992
Destiny Hope Cyrus, Nashville, Tennessee, US
Known For :
Best known as Miley Stewart Hannah Montana in the television series Hannah Montana on the Disney Channel. She has also released two music albums Meet Miley Cyrus and Breakout which debuted at #1 on the Billboard 200. she is the daughter of the country singer Billy Ray Cyrus.
Born: November 23, 1804, Hillsborough, New Hampshire
Died: October 8, 1869, Concord, New Hampshire
Known For :
He was the 14th President of the US from 1853 to 1857
. During his term he encouraged the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act by Congress, a moment that historians believe contributed to the start of the Civil War. Prior to the presidency, Pierce was a US Senator and Representative for the state of New Hampshire.