Although mobile phones have taken over our current society, they have been around for several decades in some form or another. Beginning in the late 1940s, the technology that would later be used in today’s cell phones was created and the idea of a mobile phone was introduced. This cell technology was first used in mobile rigs which was mainly used in taxis, police cars and other emergency vehicles and situations. Truckers also used a form of this technology to communicate with each other. Little did they know how far their idea would advance to make it accessible to the majority of the population.
The first mobile phones, referred to as First Generation or 1G, were introduced to the public market in 1983 by the Motorola Company. These first mobile phones used analog technology which was much less reliable than the digital technology we use today. The analog phones also had a great deal more static and noise interference than we are accustomed to today. The first mobile phones during this era were confined to car phones and they were permanently installed in the floorboard of automobiles. After a few years, they became mobile and consumers could take the phones with them outside of the car. However, they were the size of a large briefcase and very inconvenient. The main purpose of this First Generation technology was for voice traffic, but consumers felt insecure about people listening in on their conversations. These new mobile phones were also rather expensive, many of them costing hundreds of dollars. They were more of a status symbol during the decade rather than a means of convenience.
During the 1990s, great improvements were made in the mobile phone technology. These phones used Second Generation, or 2G technology. In 1990, the first cell phone call was made using the new digital technology that became characteristic of this era. The Second Generation cellular phone technology was faster and much quieter than its analog predecessor. As a result, it became even more popular than previous models, too. The new technology also made them capable of being smaller rather than the large briefcase-sized units from the 1980s. Smaller batteries and other technology that made the phones more energy-efficient helped contribute to their smaller sizes and their popularity. Companies also strived to make the prices more affordable than the mobile phones of the 1980s. You could buy a decent cell phone with 2G technology for approximately $200 along with an airtime service. The cell phone industry was beginning to take off.
The Third Generation technology, or 3G, is what many people currently use in their digital cellular phones today. This technology was created very soon after the excitement that the 2G technology created. This new technology is not only capable of transferring voice data (such as a phone call), but it is also able to transfer other types of data, including emails, information and instant messages. These capabilities have helped to increase the amount of sales and the popularity of these new phones. Many users prefer to use the instant messaging capabilities to “text” other users rather than call them in the form of a traditional phone call. Many cell phone companies offer free and very affordable phones for consumers who sign-up with their airtime service for a contractual period. Prices for the services range but the competition in the industry is helping to keep them more affordable than they have been in previous years.
You would think that there is little more that you could do with cellular phone technology. This is, however, not the case. There are currently plans in place to develop a Fourth Generation – 4G – technology. Goals for this new set of standards include a combination of technologies that will make information transfer and internet capabilities faster and more affordable for cellular phones. At this time, there is no one definition that can be attributed to 4G technology because researchers are still striving to make advances and build upon the technology that already exists.
The mobile phone industry continues to grow by leaps and bounds as it has in the past few decades. Even though it started a little more than 20 years ago, manufacturers have created an abundance of new technologies that keep cell phone users coming back for more. They continue to increase the number of capabilities and services to accommodate the growing needs of today’s “on the go” culture. Waiting anxiously is the only way to find out what they will think of next.
As the number and quality of WI/FI points become available and with the growth of Smart Phones that not only provide the basic functions expected in a mobile phone but provide so much more the market is changing and brand new players have entered the market including Apple with the successful Iphone and Research Machines with the equally successful Blackberry. In 2008 a new player enters the market providing an open source operating system for mobile phones that manufacturers can use and adapt, the new player is Google who make the Android operating system available and the first phone to appear is the G1 from T-Mobile, because the OS is open source the number of applications available is expected to grow and sites like The Android Library who provide a library of the latest free and commercial applications will grow. It remains to be seen if this latest entry of an Operating System in the Smartphone market will make a significant impact but many feel this could be the future for the market
Nearly all phones sold now run Android or Apple OS
5G Tech which is much faster is the new standard
The 3 major Manufacturers are Samsung, Huawei and Apple
Samsung: 77 million (23% market share) Android
Apple: 57 million (17% market share) Apple OS
Xiaomi: 49 million (15% market share) MIUI operating system
One of the features which has evolved is the quality of lenses used in smart phones which now are on par with early digital cameras and the S/W has also allowed much improved editing and presentation of both photos and Video