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Important Events From This day in History December 28th

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1945 - U.S.A. -- Pledge of Allegiance
1945 : The US Congress officially recognized the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag.
The Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag should be rendered by standing at attention facing the flag with the right hand over the heart.
"I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."

1981 - U.S.A. -- First US Test Tube Baby
The first American born ''test-tube'' baby, conceived in a laboratory dish, has been born in an American hospital. Elizabeth Jordan Carr, weighing 5 pounds 12 ounces and described as ''perfectly healthy,'' was delivered yesterday morning at Norfolk General Hospital in Norfolk, Va

1900 - U.S.A. -- Lynching
In a famous case a Mrs. Lulu Jenkins of Chicago would be paid $4,000 in compensation for the lynching of her husband in Ripley County. Mr. Jenkins allegedly had a part in stealing a horse and was the victim of an angry mob. Two other men were slain as well.

1908 - Italy -- Messina Earthquake
The Messina Earthquake a category 7.5 according to today's Richter scale strikes the Straits of Messina in southern Italy, destroying the cities of Messina in Sicily and Reggio di Calabria on the Italian mainland. The earthquake and tsunami it caused killed between 50,000 and 150,000.

1922 - France -- Labour Disputes
Thursday, Dec. 28th , 1922 : Albert Thomas, who had been French Minister of Munitions, now served as leader of the International Labour Office of the League of Nations. He sought cooperation between American labour unions and the working people of Europe. Thomas said, "There is much chaos in Europe that the trade unions of America might help eradicate."

1932 - South Africa -- Gold Standard
South African Finance Minister Havenga said, "We are virtually off the gold standard" and an African government official commented, "The Union has been forced off the gold standard. We are in the same position as Great Britain was in September 1931."

1940 - Rumania -- Social disorder
Social disorder and the killing of political foes in Rumania gave Germany cause for concern about possible disruption in oil and food reserves. Germany was going to impose military force if the situation did not resolve itself. If Germany intervened it would cause the Soviet Union alarm.


1954 - Japan -- Suicides
In Japan the Welfare Ministry released the information that 20,000 Japanese suicides were committed in 1954. People who killed themselves represented the 9th leading cause of death in Japan.

1957 - Great Britain -- Foot and Mouth Epidemic
The Foot and Mouth epidemic in Britain reaches an all time high as the Norths largest abattoir is closed down due to 20 cases of foot-and-mouth disease found in carcasses. All remaining cattle, sheep and pigs at the abattoir will now be slaughtered under supervision of Ministry of Agriculture vets. In it's battle against the disease Over 30,000 animals have been slaughtered so far during this epidemic.

1957 - Germany -- Volkswagen Beetle
The Volkswagen Beetle reached it's 2 millionth vehicle .

1966 - Haiti -- Drumbeats
1966 : In Haiti Saturday evening is an important time for the poor. "At dusk drumbeats from the hills call them to ‘bamcouches' or poor man's parties, where voodoo dances and ceremonies can occasionally be viewed by tourists."

1973 - U.S.A. -- Endangered Species Act of 1973
President Nixon signs the "Endangered Species Act" to protect species and also "the ecosystems upon which they depend." It encompasses plants and invertebrates as well as vertebrates. The Endangered Species Act is administered by two federal agencies, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) who play the predominant role in law enforcement of the Act and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

1977 - England -- The Sex Pistols
The Sex Pistols had chosen to perform first for their British fans instead of their American ones. The band was to be on Saturday Night Live in America, but chose to perform at home in England because the one year British ban had been lifted off them.

1980 - England -- Breakfast TV
The ( IBA ) Independent Broadcasting Authority announces that the breakfast television contract will go to TV-am and will launch in 1983.
The BBC launched "Breakfast Time". in January 1983
TV-am Launched it's service in February 1983
In the ratings war between the BBC breakfast time and TV-AM, the BBC won but after a major change of presenters and the introduction of Greg Dyke's furry puppet Roland Rat TV-AM built it's audience numbers until they lost the franchise in 1990.

1984 - Mexico -- LPG Gas Explosion
A preventable tragedy in the giant gas-works on the outskirts of Mexico City left 500 dead and public facilities crammed with injured people. The LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) was stored in massive million-gallon containers which was a disastrous mistake. The gas should have been stored in smaller receptacles in various locations to prevent a calamity like this occurring.

1987 - Nepal -- Food Poisoning
1987 : A wedding party turned tragic when 12 people died and 150 people got food poisoning in Nepal. The illnesses and death were caused by eating tainted meat and consuming infected water.

1995 - Macao -- The Barrier Gate
A concrete structure called "The Barrier Gate" formerly a position only for foreign spies separated Macao, a Portuguese outpost, from mainland China. However, the people of Macao now could cross the border to Zhuhai in China to buy cheap produce and sundry goods, partaking of China's booming economy.

2003 - England -- Sky Marshals
Following the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the Twin Towers in 2001 the British Government agrees that Armed undercover "sky marshals" will be placed on some British passenger planes in the United States,

2005 - U.S.A. -- Ivan the Terrible
A U.S. immigration judge ordered retired auto worker John Demjanjuk, accused of being the Nazi concentration camp guard "Ivan the Terrible," a notorious SS guard at the Treblinka extermination camp who committed acts of extraordinarily savage violence and murder against camp prisoners. to be deported to his native Ukraine where he was tried convicted and sentenced to death for war crimes.

2006 - Russia -- Alexander V. Litvinenko
Alexander V. Litvinenko, who had formerly been a KGB agent, was poisoned with a radioactive substance and died in a London hospital. In a starling new development in the case Russia's Prosecutor General launched an investigation into the possible guilt of Yukos Oil leaders.

2006 - Russia -- Sanctions on Russian defence sales
2006 : Russia has accused the U.S. of illegally imposing sanctions against four Russian defence firms. Washington has said that these were selling banned items to Iran and Syria. The Russian foreign ministry said the U.S. was wrongly trying to force foreign firms to abide by American rules. The sanctions come into force on December 28, and are due to remain in place for two years.

2007 - Nepal -- Nepalese king to be stripped of his sovereignty
King Gyanendra of Nepal has been stripped of his powers on December 28th, after the country's provisional parliament voted to abolish the 239-year-old monarchy. He will remain in his palace until the beginning of 2008, when the decision will be rubber-stamped by the newly elected assembly that is establishing Nepal as a democratic federal republic.

2011 - Bosnia -- Bosnia Forms Government After 14 Months
Muslim, Croat, and Serb politicians in Bosnia agreed to form a central government after fourteen months of political deadlock. The parties agreed to pass a budget as part of the deal so that government institutions would have funding for the next year,

2013 - China -- One-Child Policy Restrictions Eased
The Chinese legislature formally changed a few parts of the country's controversial one-child policy. One change stated that couples would be allowed to have a second child if one or both of the parents were single children themselves. Another change to the policy was the removal of labor camp re-education as a punishment for having extra children.


Born This Day In History 28th December

Celebrating Birthday's Today

Maggie Smith
Born: 28th December 1934 Ilford Borough, Essex, England, UK
Known For :
Maggie Smith is a two times Academy Award winner ( The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie "Academy Award for Best Actress" ) and ( California Suite "Academy Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role" ) , Her acting career streches back more than 50 years to 1958 and movies include Othello, Oh! What a Lovely War, Death on the Nile, A Private Function, Hook, Sister Act, David Copperfield to name just a few winning five BAFTA Awards, two Academy Awards, two Golden Globes, an Emmy Award and a Tony Award. Younger Movie goers will know her best for her role as Minerva McGonagall in the Harry Potter series of movies

Woodrow Wilson
Born: December 28, 1856, Staunton, Virginia
Died: February 3, 1924, Washington, D.C.
Known For : Woodrow Wilson was the first President from a Southern state elected after the Civil War. Prior to his presidency (1913 to 1921), he was the Governor of New Jersey and the President of Princeton University. He married his second wife, Edith Bolling, while in office in 1915 and she effectively acted in his stead after he suffered a severe stroke in 1919. Wilson is credited with the creation of the League of Nations and bring the US into World War I.