1968 : Following the Poor Peoples March to Washington on June 19th organized by Martin Luther King Jr. the protesters built a small city of shanty's as temporary shelters made from boxes and whatever else they could find at the Mall in Washington. Estimates put the number of those living there at about 3,000 to 5,000. On June 24th "Resurrection City" was closed down by authorities and protesters go back to their own communities.
1901 : The first major exhibition of Pablo Picasso's artwork opens at a gallery on Paris' rue Lafitte, a street known for its prestigious art galleries.
1941 : Following the American decisions to freeze all Axis Assets, closing Italian Consulates and forbidding Italians from leaving the United States, the Italian Government has put similar restrictions in place for Americans in Italy also closing consulates and freezing US assets.
1948 : Soviets blockade West Berlin when they block all off all land and water routes between West Germany and West Berlin. This prompts the United States and Great Britain to organize the massive Berlin airlift.
Celebrating Birthday Today
Born: Roy Oliver Disney, June 24th, 1893, Chicago, Illinois
Died:December 20th, 1971, Los Angeles
Known For : Not to be confused with Roy Edward Disney. He started what became the Walt Disney Company with his younger brother Walt. He was the president of the company from 1945 to 1971 and its chairman after Walt died (between 1966 until 1971). Roy looked after the Disney Company's finances, and Walt bought out most of Roy's shares in 1929. He named Walt Disney World in Florida in praise of his brother's creativity. Roy E. Disney is his son.
1951 : Mexico has agreed to continue providing farm labor until the Bracero agreement runs out on July 15th. On June 15th the Mexican Government gave 30 days notice that it would end its migratory labor agreement. The Bracero Program was renewed and lasted to 1964 it was a guest worker program that ran from 1942 till 1964. The Mexican Farm Labor Program, informally known as the Bracero Program, sponsored some 4.5 million border crossings of guest workers from Mexico during it's 22 years and was started to provide agricultural labor during World War II due to the severe shortage in the US, it was also used to provide other unskilled workers during the World War II.
1957 : The United States Supreme Court ruled that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution, which guarantees free speech and freedom of the press.
1968 : A go slow by the National Union of Railwaymen's (NUR) has begun which will cause major disruption to the rail network. The Union is demanding 9% pay rise but British Rail have offered 3% . In many ways this was the beginning of major industrial unrest in Britain which continued to worsen in the 1970s and 80's becoming a vicious circle with high inflation causing large pay rise demands causing high inflation. Each sector did not wish to be left out on keeping up with inflation and over the next few years both public and private sector strikes became the norm often bringing the country and the economy to it's knees.
1969 : More merchants are accepting the new Master Charge Card.
1969 : A great week for movie releases including The Love Bug from Disney and True Grit starring John Wayne.
1975 : An Eastern Airlines jet crashes near John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City, killing 115 people , the New York area experienced severe thunderstorms with heavy winds and rain and the cause is blamed on a sudden wind shift created by the storm.
1983 : The Challenger space shuttle returns to earth landing at Edwards Air Force base in California after a successful six-day flight. This was also the first flight that has carried an American Woman into space Sally Ride. The first woman into space was the Soviet cosmonaut, Valentina Tereshkova.
1993 : A Yale University computer science professor David Gelernter is seriously injured and later dies while opening his mail when a padded envelope explodes in his hands. The attack was the latest in a string of bombings since 1978 that authorities believed to be related and a search for the so called Unabomber is started.
1997 : The United States Air Force released a report on the 1947 'Roswell Incident,' in which a flying disc had reportedly crashed near Roswell, New Mexico. The report, in response to witnesses that claimed to see the military recovering alien bodies, stated that the bodies were actually life-sized dummies.
1998 : A report prepared by the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the World Health Organisation (WHO), says the failure of prevention campaigns in many of the developing nations and the lack of funds and personnel to administer the latest breakthroughs in antiretroviral drugs (like AZT) means that there is a leveling off or even a decline in the spread of HIV in rich countries and an alarming increase in infection rates in the poorest countries of the world.
2001 : Reports are just coming out of a magnitude 7.9 earthquake striking the city of Arequipa in Southern Peru which has left at least 50 dead and many more injured. Authorities have declared the area a disaster zone. Details are slow to emerge as roads are blocked due to mudslides and electricity supplies and phone lines are cut off.
2002 : A passenger train has collided with a goods train and been derailed in Tanzania leaving over 200 dead and 500 severely injured.
2005 : At least twenty people had died after a gun fight occurred between Indian police and Maoist rebels in Bihar. The clashes happened after about one hundred rebels attacked a police station and two banks in East Champaran. Among the dead were two civilians, two police officers, and sixteen rebels.
2007 : Severe storms have struck Karachi in southern Pakistan leaving hundreds dead and most of the city without power. Power lines and trees have been bought down in the largest city in Pakistan causing a number of people to be electrocuted due to the downed power lines.
2009 : High school football coach Ed Thomas, was shot and killed in Parkersburg, Iowa in the Aplington-Parkersburg High School weight room by a twenty-four year old man. Students had been present in the school and weight room at the time but none were injured. Ed Thomas had been named the High School Football Coach of the Year in 2005, and had previously coached four current NFL players as students.
2010 : Julia Gillard became Australia's first female prime minister after she replaced Kevin Rudd when he was removed in a surprising leadership vote in the Labor Party. Rudd had declined to be on the ballot after he suspected an embarrassing defeat would ensue. Gillard vowed to revive the Labor Party and bring direction to a government she suspected had lost direction.
2011 : American actor Peter Falk died at the age of eighty-three in his Beverly Hills home. Falk was best known for his television role as detective Columbo and had won several Emmys for the role. Falk was also nominated for two Academy Awards during his lifetime.
2013 : Organizers of the Isle of Man music festival announced that it would be cancelled this year due to a lack of ticket sales. The event had been scheduled for July 6th.